11292 / 14704 Results
  • January 27, 2008

    Telling the Israeli High Court that Israel must wage “economic warfare” on Gaza, the Israeli DMin. announces plans to cut electricity to Gaza by 5% beginning on 2/7 and to continue restricting...

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  • January 26, 2008

    On the Israeli side of the Erez crossing into Gaza, more than 1,000 Israeli Palestinians and left-wing peace activists rally to urge Israel to lift the siege on Gaza, while in Gaza City, 100s of...

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  • January 25, 2008

    Egyptian border and riot police in armored vehicles make a brief attempt to herd Palestinians back across the Rafah border into Gaza, firing into the air and using batons, water cannon, tear gas,...

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  • January 24, 2008

    With the Rafah border breached, Israel halts emergency imports authorized on 1/22, arguing that Gazans can now get food and fuel fr. Egypt. Meanwhile, the IDF makes an air strike on a car nr. the...

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  • January 23, 2008

    Before dawn, Hamas mbrs. detonate explosives at 17 points along the 7-mi.-long Rafah border wall, allowing 10,000s of Palestinians to stream into Egypt to buy food, fuel, medicine, cement,...

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  • January 22, 2008

    With the UN Security Council set to open debate on a res. critical of Israel’s actions in Gaza, the Israeli DMin. authorizes the entry to Gaza of a week’s supply of cooking gas, fuel for hospitals...

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  • January 21, 2008

    The World Food Program and UNRWA, which distribute food to 887,000 Gazans, say that because of Israel’s restrictions on food and fuel imports, they will have to cease operations by 1/24 and 1/25,...

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  • January 20, 2008

    Gaza’s power plant, which supplies up to 43% of Gaza’s power, ceases operation after running out of fuel due to Israel’s closure. The majority of Gazans, already used to going without power for 4...

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  • January 19, 2008

    Palestinians fire 3 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, causing no damage or injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in ‘Aqraba, nr. Hebron; patrols in, fires on...

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  • January 18, 2008

    The IDF bars all imports into Gaza, including fuel, food, medicine; makes an air strike destroying the empty PA Interior Min. building in Gaza City (heavily damaged in a 7/06 air strike), killing...

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  • January 17, 2008

    The IDF makes an air strike on a car in Bayt Lahiya, assassinating PRC cmdr. Raed Abu al-Ful, also killing a Palestinian woman traveling with him; makes an air strike on another car in Bayt Lahiya...

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  • January 16, 2008

    The IDF makes an air strike on Gaza City, targeting a car carrying PRC mbrs., hitting another car instead, killing 3 Palestinian civilians (including a 5-yr.-old boy), wounding other bystanders;...

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  • January 15, 2008

    The IDF makes a major pre-dawn incursion into Gaza City, sending in tanks and helicopters, clashing with local Palestinians, and conducting at least 4 air strikes, leaving at least 17 Palestinians...

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  • January 12, 2008

    The IDF makes air strikes on a Hamas training camp nr. Khan Yunis, killing 2 Hamas mbrs. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Bethlehem, Hebron (firing percussion...

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  • January 11, 2008

    The IDF patrols in Aqaba e. of Tubas; raids, searches a home in ‘Aqraba nr. Nablus; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international...

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  • January 9, 2008

    Pres. Bush begins a 4-day visit to Israel and the West Bank as part of a greater regional tour focused on improving stability in Iraq and confronting the perceived threat from Iran. Advancing the...

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  • January 8, 2008

    The Israeli navy fires on Palestinian fishing boats that stray nr. the border with Egypt, sinking 1; armed Palestinians on shore fire toward the navy vessels, prompting the IDF to call in...

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  • January 7, 2008

    In Gaza, the IDF exchanges fire with 2 Islamic Jihad mbrs. (1 a woman) across the border nr. Bayt Hanun, killing both; sends armored vehicles, bulldozers into the Erez industrial zone under cover...

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  • January 6, 2008

    In Gaza, the IDF sends tanks and bulldozers, supported by air craft, into al-Bureij r.c., clashing with local gunmen, killing 4 Palestinians (including at least 3 civilians), wounding at least 40...

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  • January 5, 2008

    In the West Bank, the IDF ends a 3-day search and arrest campaign in and around Nablus, leaving 1 Palestinian brain dead, 38 civilians injured (including 19 children), at least 50 Palestinians...

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  • January 4, 2008

    Overnight, the IDF sends troops, bulldozers into areas northeast of Bayt Hanun, clashing with local gunmen, killing 2 Hamas mbrs., leveling 120 d. of land before withdrawing in late morning. In...

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  • January 3, 2008

    Overnight, the IDF sends troops, tanks, helicopter gunships into Khan Yunis in a major raid, clashing with armed Palestinians (killing at least 2 Hamas mbrs., wounding at least 22 Palestinians,...

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  • January 2, 2008

    Overnight, the IDF sends troops into Gaza City, clashing with local gunmen and calling in air strikes in support, killing 7 Palestinian gunmen (including 4 Hamas, 2 PRC mbrs.), wounding 4...

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  • January 1, 2008

    IDF troops on the Gaza border e. of al-Bureij r.c. fire on Hamas mbrs. along the border fence, killing 1 Hamas mbr., then fire on Palestinians who attempt to evacuate his body, wounding 2...

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  • December 31, 2007

    The IDF sends armored vehicles, bulldozers into Gaza s. of Bayt Hanun to level land; local Palestinian gunmen exchange fire with the troops, leaving no injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts...

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  • December 30, 2007

    For unclear reasons, IDF soldiers at the Erez crossing fire on 700 Palestinians returning from the Hajj in coordination with Israel and the PA, killing 1 Palestinian woman, wounding at least 1....

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  • December 29, 2007

    The IDF sends tanks, bulldozers into c. Gaza to level land along the border nr. Abu al-Ajin. Islamic Jihad mbr. Ibrahim al-Louh, injured in the 12/27 IDF assassination of central Gaza cmdr....

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  • December 28, 2007

    In the West Bank, the IDF fatally shoots the bodyguard for PA chief negotiator Ahmad Qurai‘ during an arrest raid on his Ramallah home, claiming he supplied weapons to Palestinian factions;...

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  • December 27, 2007

    The IDF makes an air strike on a car in central Gaza, assassinating Islamic Jihad’s central Gaza cmdr. Muhammad Abu Murshud, wounding 2 Islamic Jihad mbrs. and 3 bystanders; makes an air strike on...

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  • December 25, 2007

    In Gaza, 8 Palestinians are injured when a smuggling tunnel under the Rafah border collapses. In the West Bank, the IDF demolishes a Palestinian home in East Jerusalem; conducts late-night arrest...

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Telling the Israeli High Court that Israel must wage “economic warfare” on Gaza, the Israeli DMin. announces plans to cut electricity to Gaza by 5% beginning on 2/7 and to continue restricting fuel shipments, though it will allow weekly EU-funded deliveries of industrial fuel to keep Gaza’s power plant operating at a level to meet “minimum humanitarian criteria.” Meanwhile, Egypt blocks deliveries to Egyptian Rafah, hoping that Palestinians will return to Gaza if there is nothing to buy. The IDF makes an air strike on a Hamas-affiliated police post nr. Rafah, damaging 2 cars, 8 nearby homes, and a mosque but causing no injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Nablus and Hebron, in Jenin town and r.c. (WP 1/28; OCHA 1/30; PCHR 1/31)

On the Israeli side of the Erez crossing into Gaza, more than 1,000 Israeli Palestinians and left-wing peace activists rally to urge Israel to lift the siege on Gaza, while in Gaza City, 100s of Palestinians hold a parallel demonstration “to join the hands of Israeli and Palestinian peace activists who want to end the siege and all forms of violence.” In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Hebron. Jewish settlers stone Palestinian vehicles driving on Wadi Qana Road nr. Qalqilya, damaging 1 but causing no injuries. (NYT, WT 1/27; OCHA 1/30; PCHR 1/31)

PFLP founder George Habash dies of a heart attack in Amman at age 82. (AP, NYT, REU, WP, WT 1/27; NYT 1/28)

Egyptian border and riot police in armored vehicles make a brief attempt to herd Palestinians back across the Rafah border into Gaza, firing into the air and using batons, water cannon, tear gas, dogs. They are overwhelmed by the estimated 120,000 Palestinians (many of whom throw stones, injuring 38 policemen), eventually retreating, allowing the crossings to continue. Hamas mbrs. use bulldozers to make at least 1 new opening in the Rafah border fence. Meanwhile, the IDF makes an air strike on a car in Rafah, assassinating Hamas’s local cmdr. Muhammad Harb (reportedly in charge of breaching the Rafah border) and Hamas mbr. Sami al-Hamada, seriously wounding a 3d Hamas mbr. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in Bayt Umar, clashing with armed Palestinians, killing 1 Palestinian gunman; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international activists taking part in nonviolent demonstrations against the separation wall in Bil‘in (injuring 7; arresting 4, including an American). A Jewish settler injures 2 Palestinian men in a deliberate hit-and-run nr. Hebron. Unidentified assailants detonate a bomb outside police headquarters in Gaza City, causing no injuries. (NYT, WP, WT 1/26; OCHA 1/30; PCHR 1/31)

With the Rafah border breached, Israel halts emergency imports authorized on 1/22, arguing that Gazans can now get food and fuel fr. Egypt. Meanwhile, the IDF makes an air strike on a car nr. the Rafah border, assassinating Izzeddin al-Qassam Brigades mbrs. Zayid ‘Abd al-‘Aal and Ibrahim al-‘Absi; sends troops into areas e. of Rafah to conduct arrest raids, detaining and taking back to Israel 25 Palestinians possibly connected to the 1/23 border breach. In the West Bank, 2 Palestinians fr. Bayt Umar nr. Hebron infiltrate Kefar Etzion settlement, stab and wound 3 Jewish settlers before being shot dead by settlement security officers; no group takes responsibility. The IDF sends troops into Bayt Umar, fires on residential areas, occupies the homes of the 2 Kefar Etzion attackers, interrogates their families, fires on stone-throwing Palestinians who confront them, killing 1 Palestinian teenager, wounding 2 Palestinians; later, IDF troops posted at the entrance to the village fire on a funeral procession for 1 of the assailants, injuring 1 mourner. A Palestinian gunman fires on Israeli border police outside Shu‘fat r.c. nr. Jerusalem, killing 1 Israeli border policeman, wounding another, escaping unharmed; no group takes responsibility. The IDF also conducts arrest raids, house searches in Azun, nr. Hebron. Jewish settlers fr. Karme Tzur in Hebron, guarded by IDF troops, add 5 mobile homes to an unauthorized outpost nearby in Halhul. (AP 1/24; NYT, WP, WT 1/25; OCHA 1/30; PCHR 1/31)

Before dawn, Hamas mbrs. detonate explosives at 17 points along the 7-mi.-long Rafah border wall, allowing 10,000s of Palestinians to stream into Egypt to buy food, fuel, medicine, cement, livestock, and other goods that have been banned by Israel since 6/07; Gazans who have been stranded in Egypt reenter Gaza. (For details on the border breach, see the Quarterly Update.) Egyptian pres. Husni Mubarak authorizes border police to stand down, saying Egypt will not be party to starving the Palestinians, but makes it clear that Egypt expects Gazans to return home quickly. IDF troops on the n. Gaza border fatally shoot a Palestinian farmer working his land northwest of Bayt Lahiya. The IDF also levels land inside Gaza northeast of Bayt Hanun, uprooting 350 d. of olive and citrus groves. A Palestinian is injured when 2 rockets to be fired into Israel explode at the launch site. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, searches in and around Hebron (including surrounding and searching a medical clinic, interrogating staff and patients, arresting 2 staff mbrs.), in Balata r.c., and nr. Jenin, Salfit; raids a hospital in Bethlehem, confiscating 3 computers and a diagnostic machine that tests for osteoporosis; returns 200 olive trees to a farmer in Qaryut nr. Nablus who had 300 trees stolen by Jewish settlers fr. Shilo settlement in 6/07. A Palestinian civilian dies of injuries received during IDF operations in Nablus on 1/3. (HA, Independent, JAZ, NYT 1/23; NYT, PCHR, WP, WT 1/24; WP 1/28; OCHA 1/30; PCHR 1/31)

With the UN Security Council set to open debate on a res. critical of Israel’s actions in Gaza, the Israeli DMin. authorizes the entry to Gaza of a week’s supply of cooking gas, fuel for hospitals and power plants, and 50 trucks of humanitarian aid. Meanwhile, the IDF makes an incursion into al-Shuka, firing on residential areas, conducting arrest raids, exchanging fire with local Palestinians, killing 1 armed Palestinian, wounding 1 Palestinian, arresting 16 (including 3 under age 18). Palestinians fire 17 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, causing no damage or injuries. Some 5,000 Palestinian women storm the Rafah crossing, demanding that Egypt open it for departure of Palestinians seeking medical care abroad and the import of goods and food; Egyptian border police use clubs, water cannon to keep them at bay, injuring 9; Hamas-affiliated security forces fire in the air to disrupt the riot, wounding 1 Egyptian policeman. Palestinian Red Crescent Society employees across the West Bank stage sit-ins to protest PA salary payment problems. An Islamic Jihad mbr. wounded in a 1/20 IDF missile strike e. of Gaza City dies. (IFM, NYT 1/22; NYT, OCHA, WP, WT 1/23; PCHR 1/24)

The World Food Program and UNRWA, which distribute food to 887,000 Gazans, say that because of Israel’s restrictions on food and fuel imports, they will have to cease operations by 1/24 and 1/25, respectively. Bakeries are expected to run out of flour within days, and meat prices have doubled in the past 10 days. The UN reports 40–50% of Gazans no longer have access to running water. In Gaza City, 1,500 Palestinians attend a PPCAS rally urging Israel to lift the siege. Reform and Change legislators lead a peaceful demonstration of 1,000 Palestinians at the Rafah border, appealing to Egypt to open the crossing. Palestinians fire 8 rockets and mortars fr. Gaza into Israel, causing no damage or injuries. Egyptian security forces uncover a smuggling tunnel on the Rafah border, exchange gunfire with the tunnel’s Egyptian owners, leaving 1 dead, 1 injured. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Nablus, nr. Hebron; fires on 10s of Palestinians in al-Shayukh nr. Hebron holding a nonviolent protest against Israel’s siege of Gaza, wounding 1. A 2d AMB mbr. wounded in a 1/15 IDF missile strike dies (see 1/17). (NYT, WP, WT 1/22; OCHA, WP 1/23; PCHR 1/24)

Gaza’s power plant, which supplies up to 43% of Gaza’s power, ceases operation after running out of fuel due to Israel’s closure. The majority of Gazans, already used to going without power for 4 hrs./day because of Israeli limits on fuel imports, face cuts of 12 hrs./day. Electricity and fuel cuts prevent Gaza municipal authorities fr. treating wastewater, forcing them to begin dumping 40 m. liters/day of untreated sewage into the Mediterranean. Reps. of the military wings of Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and the PRCs hold a press conference in Rafah, threaten to use explosives to destroy the Gaza border fence with Egypt if Egypt does not take action within 24 hrs. to reopen the Rafah crossing and ease the siege. Meanwhile, Israel allows 70 Gaza medical cases into Israel for treatment. The IDF makes an air strike on AMB mbrs. Ibrahim al-Ghuti and As‘ad Abu Shari‘a as they walk across a bridge in Gaza City in an apparent assassination attempt, killing Ghuti, wounding Abu Shari‘a and 2 bystanders; makes an incursion into al-Shuka, raiding and searching homes, detaining 100 Palestinians for questioning, releasing all but 8 before withdrawing in the evening; makes at least 1 air strike on n. Gaza, allegedly targeting a rocket launching site, killing 1 Palestinian; fires a missile across the border e. of Gaza City, wounding 1 Islamic Jihad mbr. Palestinians fire 2 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, causing damage but no injuries. In Gaza City, 2,000 Palestinians organized by the Palestinian Popular Comm. Against the Siege (PPCAS) hold a candlelight vigil to protest the Israeli siege; 400 Palestinians hold a similar rally in Nussayrat r.c. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in Dahaysha r.c., Hebron, and nr. Ramallah, Tulkarm (heavily damaging a Palestinian home, displacing a family of 5). (JP 1/20; JAZ, NYT, WP, WT 1/21; NYT, WP 1/22; OCHA 1/23; PCHR 1/24)

Palestinians fire 3 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, causing no damage or injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in ‘Aqraba, nr. Hebron; patrols in, fires on residential areas of Nablus, causing no injuries; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinians holding a nonviolent demonstrations against the separation wall in Zabbuba nr. Jenin, injuring 1, arresting 3. Dozens of Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba rampage through Palestinian neighborhoods of Hebron, vandalizing homes, beating at least 6 Palestinians (including a journalist covering the incident), damaging 10s of homes; the IDF observes but does not intervene. (PCHR 1/19; NYT 1/20; OCHA 1/23; PCHR 1/24)

The IDF bars all imports into Gaza, including fuel, food, medicine; makes an air strike destroying the empty PA Interior Min. building in Gaza City (heavily damaged in a 7/06 air strike), killing 1 Palestinian bystander, wounding 46 (including 3 women, 19 children playing soccer nearby); makes a 2d air strike targeting an alleged rocketlaunching squad in Jabaliya r.c., killing 2 Hamas mbrs., wounding 3 bystanders; makes a 3d air strike destroying a Hamasaffiliated security facility in central Gaza; sends troops, bulldozers into Khuza to level lands, firing on residential areas, wounding a 9-yr.-old Palestinian boy; makes a late-night incursion into areas nr. Jabaliya r.c., raiding 2 Palestinian homes, making 2 air strikes on armed Palestinians who confront them, killing 2 Hamas mbrs., wounding 2 bystanders, arresting 8 Palestinians, demolishing 1 Palestinian home, damaging 3 others, bulldozing 4 d. of olive trees. Palestinian factions, including Hamas, fire 31 rockets fr. Gaza toward Israel; 16 land inside Israel, causing damage but no injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Tulkarm; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international activists taking part in nonviolent demonstrations against the separation wall in Bil‘in (injuring 3). A Hamas mbr. wounded in an 1/17 IDF air strike on Gaza City dies. (NYT, PCHR, WP, WT 1/19; NYT 1/20; OCHA 1/23; PCHR 1/24)

The IDF makes an air strike on a car in Bayt Lahiya, assassinating PRC cmdr. Raed Abu al-Ful, also killing a Palestinian woman traveling with him; makes an air strike on another car in Bayt Lahiya carrying suspected militants, missing the car, killing a Palestinian woman and child nearby, seriously wounding 6 bystanders (including 3 children); makes an air strike on Gaza City, killing 2 Hamas mbrs., wounding 4; fires on unarmed Palestinians who stray nr. the border fence e. of Dayr al-Balah, wounding 1; sends tanks, a bulldozer into Gaza to level land nr. al-Maghazi r.c. and nearby alMusaddar. Palestinians fire about 40 rockets fr. Gaza toward Israel, half of which land inside Israel, hitting 2 houses, damaging a road, lightly injuring 4 Israelis. Olmert vows to wage “war” on Gaza to stop rocket attacks, orders Gaza’s crossing sealed completely for several days to punish Gazans. The PA warns that escalated IDF offensives in Gaza jeopardize peace talks. In the West Bank, the IDF sends undercover units into Balata r.c. nr. Nablus, where they surround and fire on a Palestinian home (wounding a 3-yr.-old boy), sparking an exchange of gunfire that leaves 1 wanted Palestinian dead, another wounded, 4 Palestinians under arrest; sends undercover units into Tulkarm, detaining 25 Palestinians; conducts additional arrest raids, house searches in villages nr. Tulkarm, Hebron, Ramallah; sends troops into al-Bireh and Jenin to set up roadblocks and conduct ID checks, making no arrests; patrols in ‘Aqaba nr. Tubas. An AMB mbr. wounded in a 1/15 IDF missile strike dies. (NYT, WP 1/18; NYT, PCHR 1/19; OCHA 1/23; PCHR 1/24)

The IDF makes an air strike on Gaza City, targeting a car carrying PRC mbrs., hitting another car instead, killing 3 Palestinian civilians (including a 5-yr.-old boy), wounding other bystanders; makes an air strike on a car nr. al-Bureij r.c., assassinating PRC mbrs. Wa’il Ahil and Muhammad Safadi, wounding 1 bystander; fires a missile across the border at PRC mbrs. nr. Jabaliya r.c., seriously wounding 2; for unknown reasons makes an air strike on a tract of agricultural land (exact location not reported), wounding a 65-yr.-old Palestinian man. Palestinians fire 50 rockets and mortars fr. Gaza toward Israel; 19 land inside Israel, causing no damage or injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF evicts 5 bedouin families (30 Palestinians) living nr. Jerusalem; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Hebron, in Silwad nr. Ramallah, nr. Tulkarm; patrols in, fires on residential areas of Nablus; evacuates 2 unauthorized settlement outposts, removing 20 settlers; fires rubber-coated steel bullets at demonstrators in Hebron protesting IDF attacks on Gaza, wounding 4. Jewish settlers fr. Keddumim stone Palestinian vehicles traveling on Road 55 nr. Qalqilya, damaging 2. (PCHR, WP 1/17; PCHR 1/19; OCHA 1/23; PCHR 1/24)

The IDF makes a major pre-dawn incursion into Gaza City, sending in tanks and helicopters, clashing with local Palestinians, and conducting at least 4 air strikes, leaving at least 17 Palestinians dead (5 bystanders; 12 Hamas mbrs., including the son of senior Hamas mbr. Mahmud al-Zahar, whose oldest son was killed when the IDF attempted to assassinate him in 2003), around 55 wounded by the time troops withdraw in the evening. The IDF also sends troops into al-Qarara, firing on residential areas, wounding a 71-yr.-old Palestinian man, bulldozing 20 d. of agricultural land before withdrawing in the evening; fires a missile across the border at armed AMB mbrs. e. of Gaza City, wounding 4; sends armored vehicles, bulldozers back into the Erez industrial zone (see 1/14) under cover of heavy fire to continue land-leveling operations (no injuries are reported). In retaliation for the Gaza City incursion, Palestinians fire around 25 mortars and 25 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, hitting a house, moderately injuring 4 Israelis; Hamas claims responsibility for 17 of the mortars and 3 of the rockets, marking the 1st time since 6/07 that it has fired rockets. A Hamas gunman also fires across the border into Israel, killing an Ecuadorian laborer on an Israeli farm. In the West Bank, the IDF raids Qabatya nr. Jenin, fatally shoots local Islamic Jihad cmdr. Walid Obaydi in an apparent assassination, also wounding 2 other Palestinians (Obaydi has been on Israel’s most wanted list for 7 yrs.; the IDF attempted to assassinate him on 8/9/07 in Jenin r.c.); sends undercover units into Nablus to ambush and arrest a wanted PFLP mbr.; conducts separate late-night arrest raids, house searches in Nablus; bulldozes 40 d. of almond and olive trees, 6 wells nr. Hebron. Jewish settlers fr. Beit Hadasah throw Molotov cocktails into a Palestinian home, causing damage; the IDF intervenes, detains 2 of the Palestinian homeowner’s sons for questioning. (NYT, OCHA, WP, WT 1/16; PCHR 1/17)

The IDF makes air strikes on a Hamas training camp nr. Khan Yunis, killing 2 Hamas mbrs. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Bethlehem, Hebron (firing percussion grenades into 4 stores, starting fires that cause heavy damage), Jenin; patrols in alBireh, Asira al-Shamaliyya, Ramallah. Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba rampage through Palestinian areas of Hebron, attacking buildings with iron bars, bottles, stones; the IDF intervenes when Palestinian residents confront the settlers, firing tear gas and rubber-coated steel bullets at the Palestinians, wounding 11 and arresting 4. In Bayt Lahiya, Palestinian gunmen loot, burn the private American International School, leaving fliers claiming that the attack was staged by the previously unknown Army of Believers—al-Qa‘ida Branch on the Land of Palestine. (WP 1/13; OCHA 1/16; PCHR 1/17)

The IDF patrols in Aqaba e. of Tubas; raids, searches a home in ‘Aqraba nr. Nablus; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international activists taking part in nonviolent demonstrations against the separation wall in Bil‘in (injuring 1). Unidentified assailants detonate a bomb nr. a police patrol in al-Bureij r.c., wounding 2 Hamas-affiliated policemen. (OCHA 1/16; PCHR 1/17)

Pres. Bush begins a 4-day visit to Israel and the West Bank as part of a greater regional tour focused on improving stability in Iraq and confronting the perceived threat from Iran. Advancing the Annapolis peace process is billed as a secondary goal (see Quarterly Update for details). Today, Bush meets with Olmert. (NYT, WP, WT 1/10)

Israel imposes a curfew on Palestinian areas surrounding Jerusalem through the end of Bush’s visit on 1/12. The IDF makes an air strike on Gaza targeting a rocket-launching site s. of Gaza City, killing 1 PRC mbr., wounding 5; fires a surface-to-surface missile at a rocket-launching site nr. Bayt Lahiya, striking near a farm, killing a Palestinian woman and child, wounding 4 other civilians (including 2 children); shoots, wounds an unarmed Palestinian teenager who strays nr. the border fence nr. Bayt Lahiya; makes several ground incursions into Gaza. Palestinians fire 20 rockets, mortars fr. Gaza into Israel, causing damage but no injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF bulldozes 80 d. of land and 3,200 trees outside Hebron for construction of the separation wall; sends undercover units into Qalqilya to arrest a wanted Palestinian; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Hebron, Tubas. In Gaza, 10,000 Palestinians attend a protest rally against Bush’s visit organized by Hamas. (PCHR, WP, WT 1/10; OCHA 1/16; PCHR 1/17)

The Israeli navy fires on Palestinian fishing boats that stray nr. the border with Egypt, sinking 1; armed Palestinians on shore fire toward the navy vessels, prompting the IDF to call in helicopter air strikes on a naval police post, damaging it and a nearby mosque; no injuries are reported. The IDF sends tanks, bulldozers into Gaza e. of Dayr al-Balah to level land along the border, firing on Palestinian farmers in the area, causing no injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in Abu Dis, nr. Tulkarm. In Nablus, 11 AMB mbrs. turn themselves into the PA police, hoping to be granted amnesty by Israel under the terms of Israel’s 7/07 amnesty offer to the AMB (see Quarterly Update in JPS 145); Israel does not agree. (OCHA 2/9; PCHR 1/10)

In Gaza, the IDF exchanges fire with 2 Islamic Jihad mbrs. (1 a woman) across the border nr. Bayt Hanun, killing both; sends armored vehicles, bulldozers into the Erez industrial zone under cover of heavy fire to level land (no injuries are reported). In Gaza City, 2 Islamic Jihad mbrs. are injured when explosives they are handling detonate prematurely. In the West Bank, the IDF fatally shoots an armed Islamic Jihad mbr. who approaches a checkpoint outside Jenin; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Hebron, in Qalqilya (severely damaging 2 Palestinian homes, displacing 16 Palestinians), and nr. Jenin, Nablus. (NYT 1/8; OCHA 2/9; PCHR 1/10)

In Gaza, the IDF sends tanks and bulldozers, supported by air craft, into al-Bureij r.c., clashing with local gunmen, killing 4 Palestinians (including at least 3 civilians), wounding at least 40 (including at least 3 women, 15 children, 15 gunmen), detaining 60 for questioning, demolishing 1 Palestinian home, seriously damaging 10 others, bulldozing 90 d. of olive groves and 20 beehives before withdrawing in the afternoon; 5 IDF soldiers are wounded by an antitank missile fired at their vehicle. Palestinians fire 17 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, causing no damage or injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Nablus and Jenin town and r.c., and nr. Hebron. A Palestinian shepherd is killed when he accidentally triggers an IDF landmine in the Jordan Valley. (WP, WT 1/7; OCHA 2/9; PCHR 1/10)

In the West Bank, the IDF ends a 3-day search and arrest campaign in and around Nablus, leaving 1 Palestinian brain dead, 38 civilians injured (including 19 children), at least 50 Palestinians arrested (mostly Fatah and AMB, but including 1 paramedic, 1 child), 1 store demolished, 123 homes and stores damaged. In Gaza, the IDF fires missiles at 2 groups of armed Palestinian nr. the border e. of Gaza City, killing 2 armed Palestinians, wounding 2. Heavy rain collapses 5 smuggling tunnels on the Rafah border, causing no injuries. (NYT 1/6; OCHA 2/9; PCHR 1/10)

Overnight, the IDF sends troops, bulldozers into areas northeast of Bayt Hanun, clashing with local gunmen, killing 2 Hamas mbrs., leveling 120 d. of land before withdrawing in late morning. In the West Bank, the IDF continues operations in and around Nablus; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Hebron; fires rubbercoated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international activists taking part in nonviolent demonstrations against the separation wall in Bil‘in (injuring 4) and Bayt Umar nr. Hebron (injuring a journalist, 2 protesters). (NYT, WP 1/4; WT 1/5; NYT 1/6; OCHA 2/9; PCHR 1/10)

Overnight, the IDF sends troops, tanks, helicopter gunships into Khan Yunis in a major raid, clashing with armed Palestinians (killing at least 2 Hamas mbrs., wounding at least 22 Palestinians, including at least 5 children on their way to school), shelling and then bulldozing a Palestinian home that allegedly provided cover for gunmen (killing 5 mbrs. of a Palestinian family, wounding 2 others), bulldozing 29 d. of agricultural land. Early in the morning, Palestinians fire a Grad-type rocket fr. Gaza into Israel, striking nr. Ashqelon, causing no damage or injuries but marking the deepest rocket strike to date; also fire several homemade rockets, damaging an Israeli home is Sederot. During the day, the IDF makes air strikes destroying the homes of 2 senior Islamic Jihad cmdrs. (previously killed by the IDF), a Gaza City warehouse, and at least 1 other target associated with Islamic Jihad (no casualties are reported in these strikes); makes an air strike on a Hamas post in Rafah, killing a Fatah mbr. in detention there, wounding 2 Hamas mbrs., 2 bystanders; sends troops into Gaza City, sparking clashes with local gunmen and calling in air strikes in support, killing 1 armed Palestinian, wounding 2. Overnight, in the West Bank, the IDF launches a major raid into Nablus and neighboring ‘Ayn Bayt alMa’ r.c., imposing a round-the-clock curfew, sending in at least 70 military vehicles and bulldozers, occupying homes as observation posts, arresting 3 senior AMB mbrs., sparking demonstrations, clashing with local Palestinians, leaving 33 injured (many by rubber bullets); the PA, which has daytime security control of Nablus, denounces Israel for attempting to undermine its efforts to expand security control before Bush arrives in the region on 1/9; the raid is ongoing at the end of the day. The IDF also demolishes 12 bedouin tents outside Jericho (displacing 80 Palestinians); issues a military order confiscating 9 d. of Palestinian land nr. Salfit for military purposes; patrols in, fires on residential areas of Far‘un nr. Tulkarm, wounding 1 unarmed teenager; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Tulkarm; bulldozes 20 d. of agricultural land in the central Jordan Valley, claiming it is state land. (NYT, WP, WT 1/4; OCHA 2/9; PCHR 1/10; OCHA 1/30)

Overnight, the IDF sends troops into Gaza City, clashing with local gunmen and calling in air strikes in support, killing 7 Palestinian gunmen (including 4 Hamas, 2 PRC mbrs.), wounding 4 bystanders. In an apparent assassination attempt, the IDF fires a missile at a car nr. Nussayrat r.c. driven by a senior PRC mbr., leaving him unharmed but injuring 3 PRC mbrs. traveling with him. Citing humanitarian concerns, Egypt allows 2,152 Palestinian pilgrims, including at least 1 senior Hamas official, to return to Gaza via the Rafah crossing, angering Israel; 1,000s of Hamas supporters rally at the crossing to welcome the pilgrims home. In the West Bank, the IDF bulldozes 7 bedouin tents nr. Mikhmas outside Ramallah, displacing 60 Palestinians; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Hebron and nr. Bethlehem, Ramallah; patrols in, fires on residential areas of Jenin town and r.c.; occupies a vacant Palestinian home in Kafr Dan nr. Jenin as an observation post; patrols in Tulkarm, firing live ammunition at stone-throwing youths who confront them, wounding 1 teenager. Jewish settlers fr. Matityahu settlement attempt to set up 2 trailers on Palestinian land in Bil‘in; the IDF removes the settlers. (NYT, PCHR, WP, WT 1/3; OCHA 2/9; PCHR 1/10)

IDF troops on the Gaza border e. of al-Bureij r.c. fire on Hamas mbrs. along the border fence, killing 1 Hamas mbr., then fire on Palestinians who attempt to evacuate his body, wounding 2 civilians; fatally shoot an unarmed Palestinian who strays nr. the border fence nr. Bayt Hanun. The IDF also sends tanks, armored vehicles, bulldozers into the Erez industrial zone and into Gaza nr. the Kerem Shalom crossing to level land. In the West Bank, the IDF raids, searches a school in Hebron, making no arrests; conducts arrest raids, house searches in al-Arub r.c. and nr. Hebron, Tulkarm. Israel’s Internal Security Min. bans the East Jerusalem–based National Commission Against Social Problems fr. holding its annual mtg. on the grounds that it is affiliated with the PA, which is barred fr. conducting official business in the city. Jewish settlers fr. Efrat and El Azara set fire to a 700-yr.-old mosque in nearby al-Khadir. Jewish settlers place 2 mobile homes on Palestinian land in Bil‘in that the Israeli High Court ruled on 9/4/07 should be returned to the village, attack local Palestinians who attempt to stage a sit-in to block them; Israeli police remove the settlers. In Gaza, Fatah-Hamas clashes continue overnight, leaving at least another 3 Palestinians dead and 30 injured. In Nablus, unidentified gunmen fire on the car of a Hamas-affiliated municipal official, wounding his wife. (REU 1/1; NYT, OCHA, WT 1/2; PCHR 1/3)

The IDF sends armored vehicles, bulldozers into Gaza s. of Bayt Hanun to level land; local Palestinian gunmen exchange fire with the troops, leaving no injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in Tulkarm town and r.c., nr. Jenin; uproots 100 Palestinian olive trees in al-Rihiyya nr. Hebron, sparking clashes with local Palestinians, injuring 1 boy. In Hebron, IDF soldiers angry over the 12/28 death of 2 settlers raid and vandalize a Palestinian home near the site of the killings, causing damage but no injuries. Jewish settlers fr. Gush Etzion stone Palestinian vehicles on roads nr. the settlement, damaging 3. Fatah mbrs., Hamas-affiliated security forces clash in Gaza, leaving 5 Palestinians (2 bystanders, 2 Hamas mbrs., 1 Fatah mbr.) dead, at least 30 injured; clashes start in Khan Yunis and spread to Bayt Lahiya, Dayr al-Balah, Gaza City, Jabaliya r.c., al-Maghazi r.c., Nussayrat r.c., and Rafah. Hamas officials say that the fighting began when Fatah mbrs. opened fire on worshipers leaving a mosque in Khan Yunis, killing a local Hamas figure and a 10-yr.-old boy. Separately, suspected unidentified assailants kidnap, assault, release a local Fatah leader in Gaza City; the family accuses Hamas, but Hamas blames internal Fatah disputes. The 2,000 Palestinian pilgrims denied reentry into Gaza by Egypt via the Rafah crossing (see 12/30) riot at a detention camp in al-Arish where Egypt is holding them; no serious injuries are reported. In Rafah, 15,000 Palestinians protest Egypt’s actions. In Battir, nr. Bethlehem, PFLP and Fatah mbrs. clash; no injuries are reported. (NYT, WP, WT 1/1; OCHA 1/2; PCHR 1/3)

For unclear reasons, IDF soldiers at the Erez crossing fire on 700 Palestinians returning from the Hajj in coordination with Israel and the PA, killing 1 Palestinian woman, wounding at least 1. Meanwhile, Palestinian pilgrims who left Gaza under a deal brokered by Hamas (see 12/5) begin to return via Egypt, where Egypt, under pressure fr. Israel, bars their passage through the Rafah crossing, saying they must go via the Israeli-controlled Kerem Shalom crossing; the pilgrims refuse, believing they would be arrested for their Hamas connections. Meanwhile, the IDF fires on Hamas mbrs. laying a roadside bomb nr. the s. Gaza border fence, killing 1 Hamas mbr., wounding a bystander. The Israeli navy fires on Palestinian fishing boats off the Rafah coast, forcing them to return to shore. Hamas mbrs. fire 3 mortars fr. Rafah toward the IDF post at Kerem Shalom; the IDF responds with heavy gunfire; no injuries are reported. In the West Bank, the IDF patrols in Tulkarm; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Hebron (including arresting a 10-yr.-old boy, heavily damaging 1 home), nr. Jenin. Jewish settlers throw stones, bottles at Palestinian cars traveling a main road linking Hebron and Bethlehem, damaging 1 car; the IDF observes but does not intervene. Hamas-affiliated police raid an area of Bayt Hanun to arrest a wanted Fatah mbr., fire in the air to disperse angry residents who confront them, wounding 2 (see 12/28). A similar confrontation takes place in Khan Yunis, with heavy fire but no injuries reported. Suspected Fatah mbrs. fire on a police patrol in Rafah, causing no injuries. (NYT 12/31; OCHA 1/2; PCHR 1/3)

The IDF sends tanks, bulldozers into c. Gaza to level land along the border nr. Abu al-Ajin. Islamic Jihad mbr. Ibrahim al-Louh, injured in the 12/27 IDF assassination of central Gaza cmdr. Murshud, dies. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in Nablus, nr. Bethlehem. A Jewish settler kills a Palestinian in a deliberate hit-and-run nr. Bil‘in. Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba vandalize a Palestinian car. Some 500 Islamic Jihad, PRC mbrs. rally at the Rafah crossing to protest its continued closure; PRC mbrs. detonate 2 bombs nr. the border wall, causing no damage or injuries. Hamas-affiliated police fire warning shots at a busload of Islamic Jihad mbrs. who fail to stop at a checkpoint outside al-Bureij r.c., wounding 2 Islamic Jihad mbrs. Hamas-affiliated police raid an area of Rafah to arrest wanted Fatah mbrs., sparking clashes that leave 3 Fatah mbrs., 1 policeman injured. In Khan Yunis, Fatah mbrs. start a brawl with Hamas-affiliated police who remove pro-Fatah banners, leaving 3 Palestinians injured. (OCHA 1/2; PCHR 1/3)

In the West Bank, the IDF fatally shoots the bodyguard for PA chief negotiator Ahmad Qurai‘ during an arrest raid on his Ramallah home, claiming he supplied weapons to Palestinian factions; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Hebron; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international activists taking part in nonviolent demonstrations against the separation wall in Bil‘in (lightly injuring 2). Armed Palestinians ambush, fatally shoot 2 offduty IDF soldiers (settlers fr. Kiryat Arba) hiking nr. Hebron; the soldiers manage to fire back, killing 1 Palestinian gunman, wounding 1; 2 others are believed to have escaped; responsibility is claimed jointly by the AMB and Islamic Jihad, and separately by Islamic Jihad and Hamas; the PA immediately denounces the attack. Jewish settlers fr. Gush Etzion nr. Bethlehem, angry over the attack, stone Palestinian vehicles driving nr. the settlement, damaging a taxi. In Gaza City, Hamas-affiliated security forces raid the Fatah-affiliated al-Azhar University, arresting 40 Fatah mbrs., confiscating 100s of banners they are preparing for rallies to mark Fatah’s 43d anniversary; prevent a smaller Fatah anniversary rally fr. being held in Nussayrat r.c. Hamas-affiliated police raid an area of Bayt Hanun to arrest a wanted Fatah mbr.; fire in the air to disperse angry residents who confront them with stones; no injuries are reported. Suspected Fatah mbrs. fire on a Hamas-affiliated internal security detention center in Gaza City, wounding 2 internal security officers. Some 1,000 Hamas supporters hold a rally in al-Bureij r.c. to honor Islamic Jihad’s Abu Hassanian, assassinated on 12/27. (NYT, WP, WT 12/29; WP 12/30; NYT 1/1; OCHA 1/2; PCHR 1/3)

The IDF makes an air strike on a car in central Gaza, assassinating Islamic Jihad’s central Gaza cmdr. Muhammad Abu Murshud, wounding 2 Islamic Jihad mbrs. and 3 bystanders; makes an air strike on a car nr. al-Bureij r.c., assassinating local Islamic Jihad cmdr. Muhammad Ahmad Abu Hassanian, a relative traveling with him, and wounding 6 bystanders (including 2 children). The IDF sends troops and bulldozers into Abasan under cover of artillery fire, clashing with local gunmen, killing 1 Hamas and 2 Islamic Jihad mbrs., wounding 4 bystanders, demolishing 1 Palestinian home, heavily damaging a 2d home, bulldozing several greenhouses, an irrigation network, 20 beehives, and 160 d. of agricultural land. In the West Bank, the IDF sends undercover units in cars with Palestinian license plates into Beitunia nr. Ramallah (where they assassinate PA presidential guard mbr. Mu‘tassim al-Sharif, whom the IDF says is a wanted AMB mbr.), into Jenin r.c. (to arrest a wanted Islamic Jihad mbr.); conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Tulkarm town and r.c. Israelis uproot 10s of Palestinian olive trees located on the western side of the separation wall in the divided village of Dayr al-Asal nr. Hebron. (REU 12/27; NYT, WP 12/28; OCHA 1/2; PCHR 1/3)

In Gaza, 8 Palestinians are injured when a smuggling tunnel under the Rafah border collapses. In the West Bank, the IDF demolishes a Palestinian home in East Jerusalem; conducts late-night arrest raids, house searches in and around Nablus. Jewish settlers fr. Gilad outpost nr. Nablus attack, beat, mace 3 Palestinians farming their land nearby, breaking the arm of 1. Jewish settlers fr. Harsina in Hebron vandalize several Palestinian homes; the IDF intervenes to arrest a B’Tselem field worker who arrives to document the incident. (OCHA 12/26; PCHR 12/27)