435 / 15241 Results
  • October 4, 1998

    Egyptian pres. Mubarak meets with Syrian pres. Asad in Damascus on 1st leg of shuttle aimed at reducing avoiding military conflict btwn. Syria, Turkey. Syria also accepts Iran's offer to mediate....

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  • October 2, 1998

    Israel seals borders with the occupied territories to prevent what DM Mordechai claims are plans for an "unprecedented, horrific" attack by Hamas. (MM 10/2; ITV 10/2 in WNC 10/6; WT 10/3)

    ...

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  • October 1, 1998

    In Cairo, Arafat briefs Pres. Mubarak on his talks with Pres. Clinton, Secy. Albright; discusses idea of holding international summit on the peace process. (MENA 10/1 in WNC 10/2)

    Turkey...

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  • September 30, 1998

    Turkey's national security council discusses accusations that Syria is aiding the PKK; considers imposing diplomatic, economic sanctions on Syria. (WT 9/30; MIL, Zaman 10/1 in WNC 10/6; NYT...

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  • September 26, 1998

    In New York, Secy. Albright meets with PM Netanyahu, Arafat, Egyptian FM Musa, Lebanese PM Hariri. Arafat, Musa also meet. (MENA, RL 9/26, MENA 9/27 in WNC 9/29; WT 9/28; MEI 10/2)

    Turkey...

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  • September 25, 1998

    The state-owned Israel Aircraft Industries wins a $71-m. contract with Turkey to upgrade 48 Turkish F-5 aircraft. (MM 9/25; JP 10/3)

    In s. Lebanon, 2 SLA mbrs. are wounded in a clash with...

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  • September 8, 1998

    U.S. special envoy Ross arrives in the Middle East for the 1st time in 4 mos. (WT 9/9; WP 9/10; MEI 9/18)

    CIA offers the PSF Israeli modifications to the 12/97 memorandum of understanding (...

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  • September 7, 1998

    In Jerusalem, Turkish PM Yilmaz, Israel PM Netanyahu hold talks on trade ties. (MM 9/7; IDF Radio 9/7 in WNC 9/9; MM 9/8; IRNA 9/9 in WNC 9/11; JP 9/19)

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  • September 5, 1998

    Turkish PM Mesut Yilmaz arrives in Jordan for 2-day talks on bilateral relations with Crown Prince Hassan, marking 1st leg of Middle East tour. (JTV, Petra-JNA, al-Ra'i, RJ 9/6, JT, RJ, RL...

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  • September 1, 1998

    Some 70,000 Iranian troops begin exercises nr. the Afghanistan border. The Taliban fears an attack. Up to 11 Iranian diplomats are believed dead after disappearing during the Taliban's takeover of...

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  • August 24, 1998

    UN Security Council (UNSC) holds an informal, closed-door mtg. on U.S. strikes on Sudan, Afghanistan; decides to take no action to reprimand the U.S. (MM 8/24, 8/25, 8/27)

    Arab League holds...

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  • July 31, 1998

    Arafat makes 1-day official visit to Turkey. (SA 7/31 in WNC 8/10; Milliyet 8/5 in WNC 8/6; MM 8/6) (see Peace Monitor)

    In Cairo, EU special envoy Moratinos meets with FM Musa on...

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  • July 25, 1998

    Israeli DM Mordechai meets with PA negotiator Abbas, offers "concessions" on Israel's FRD plan. On the basis of the proposal, Abbas agrees to resume the working teams talks. (IDF Radio 7/26, HA,...

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  • July 23, 1998

    Arafat meets with Netanyahu's coalition chmn. Meir Shitreet. (ITV 7/23 in WNC 7/27; MM 7/24; MA 7/24 in WNC 7/28; NYT 7/25; MM 7/28)

    CPMAJO initiates ad campaign in major U.S. papers, sends...

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  • July 22, 1998

    Despite 7 phone appeals by Israeli DM Mordechai, U.S. rejects Israel's request for new round of American mediation. (CSM, MM, NYT, WP, WT 7/23; MEI 7/31)

    PA negotiator Abbas goes to Amman...

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  • July 18, 1998

    In Tehran, EU, Iran hold 1st talks since Iran suspended dialogue in 4/97 after a German court implicated the Iranian government in the 1992 murder of Kurdish dissidents in Berlin. (WP 7/19; see...

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  • July 6, 1998

    PM Netanyahu gives diplomatic address to the Knesset for the 1st time in 8 mos. Most of his speech attacks the Labor-led opposition. (MM 7/7)

    Knesset Justice Comm. approves for 1st reading...

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  • July 3, 1998

    Orient House head Faisal Husseini makes 1-day trip to Ankara to meet with Turkish pres. Demirel, FM Cem. (Anatolia 7/2 in WNC 7/6)

    Syrian pres. Asad appoints Gen. Ali Aslan to...

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  • July 1, 1998

    PM Netanyahu's security cabinet holds session to discuss the "growing Palestinization and religious radicalization among Israeli Arabs." (MA 7/7 in WNC 7/13)

    Israeli pres. Weizman, PM...

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  • June 23, 1998

    Pres. Clinton vetoes the IMPSA; says bill is inflexible, will not stop missile proliferation, will needlessly harm relations with Russia. IMPSA passed by 392-22 in the House on 11/12/97, 90-4 in...

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  • June 22, 1998

    IDF demolishes 23d Palestinian home this mo., bringing to 81 the number of Palestinian homes demolished since the beginning of the year. By comparison, 171 Palestinian homes were demolished in...

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  • June 21, 1998

    Ignoring U.S. protests, Israel's cabinet unanimously approves 6/18 plan to extend Jerusalem's municipal authority. PA calls move "de facto annexation" of the settlements. Netanyahu accuses PA of...

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  • June 17, 1998

    At a speech to the Asia Society in New York, Secy. Albright unveils a new policy initiative on Iran that could lead to normalized relations. Sanctions will remain in place for now, but U.S. plans...

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  • June 10, 1998

    In Cairo, Pres. Mubarak, Saudi FM Prince Saud al-Faysal discuss peace process, possible Arab summit. (MENA 6/10 in WNC 6/11; MENA 6/12 in WNC 6/15)

    In Gaza, Arafat, Jordanian PM Majali...

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  • June 9, 1998

    PC gives Arafat until 6/15 to reshuffle the Executive Authority (EA; the PA's cabinet) or face no-confidence vote (he has not faced a no-confidence vote since the 1996 elections). (WP 6/12; MEI 7/...

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  • June 6, 1998

    Jordan's Justice M Riyad al-Shaka ends 4-day visit to the PA areas, where he met with Arafat, PA legal and judicial authorities. (RJ 6/6 in WNC 6/9)

    n Amman, Jordan, Turkey reach...

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  • May 26, 1998

    PM Netanyahu arrives in China for 3-day visit. (MM 5/26)

    In Cairo, Arafat attends Arab League mtg. called to commemorate the 50th anniversary of al-Nakba; calls for Arab summit on the peace...

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  • May 21, 1998

    Syrian FM Faruq al-Shara` arrives in Washington for 2-day official visit. (YA 5/21 in WNC 5/23; MM 5/22)

    In Moscow, Israel's Trade M Natan Sharanksy gives Russian officials list of Russian...

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  • May 14, 1998

    In Washington, Secy. Albright, PM Netanyahu hold 2d day of fruitless talks aimed at restarting peace talks. Lower-level teams headed by U.S. special envoy Ross, Israeli Cabinet Secy....

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  • May 8, 1998

    After mtg. with U.S. special envoy Ross, PM Netanyahu announces he will not attend 5/11 Washington summit, saying that the deadline does not afford Israel enough time to come to terms...

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Egyptian pres. Mubarak meets with Syrian pres. Asad in Damascus on 1st leg of shuttle aimed at reducing avoiding military conflict btwn. Syria, Turkey. Syria also accepts Iran's offer to mediate. To reassure Syria, Israel scales back its routine maneuvers in the Golan. (IRIB Television, Radio Kuwait, SATN 10/4, ATL, MENA, RL, VOA 10/5 in WNC 10/6; CSM, MM, NYT, WP, WT 10/5; HUR, Sabah 10/5, MA, al-Quds 10/6 in WNC 10/7; al-Quds al-Arabi 10/5 in WNC 10/14; MM 10/6, 10/7; WP 10/8) (see 10/3)

U.S. holds 1-day naval exercise with Algeria as part of a quiet effort to rebuild ties; says maneuvers are a reward to Algeria for allowing foreign groups to investigate human rights allegations, not backing of it's war against Islamists. However, State Dept. says that "we're not going to . . . join their war until we're sure they are for reform and the human rights situation gets better." (WP 11/12)

Clashes btwn. Palestinians, IDF continue in Hebron, spread to Halhul. IDF says curfew will remain in place indefinitely. PSF arrests 2 prominent Hamas activists, 10 other suspected Hamas mbrs. in Hebron. (ITV 10/4 in WNC 10/6; HA [Internet] 10/6; PR 10/9)

Jewish settlers at the Ma'ate Hever settlement nr. Hebron move their boundary fences to enclose another 7 acres of Palestinian land. (MEI 10/16)

Israel seals borders with the occupied territories to prevent what DM Mordechai claims are plans for an "unprecedented, horrific" attack by Hamas. (MM 10/2; ITV 10/2 in WNC 10/6; WT 10/3)

Syria calls for dialogue with Turkey on security issues, accuses Israel of being behind Turkey's recent belligerent tone. (MM 10/2; SANA 10/2 in WNC 10/5; Sabah, SATN 10/2, ATL, JT, SA, SATN 10/3 in WNC 10/6; WP, WT 10/3; NYT 10/4; Anatolia 10/5 in WNC 10/7) (see 10/1)

A British analysts claims that Israel is the government referred to in a passage of the Starr report (see 9/19) in which Lewinsky testified that Clinton said that he suspected a foreign emb. of tapping his phones. The analyst claims that Mossad installed the tap after the FBI began looking into reports of an Israeli mole, Mega, in the administration (see 5/6/97); used its recordings of more than 30 sexually explicit calls btwn. Lewinsky, Clinton to force Clinton to call off the Mega investigation. A Washington source confirms that Israeli bugging, blackmail halted the FBI hunt. (MEI 10/2; see also MM 9/18)

In Hebron, 7 Palestinians are injured as clashes with the IDF continue. (WT 10/3)

Jewish settlers fr. Yitzhar settlement nr. Nablus fire on Palestinians in the neighboring village of Burin. In East Jerusalem, settlers throw molotov cocktails at a Palestinian home causing light damage. (PR 10/9)

In Cairo, Arafat briefs Pres. Mubarak on his talks with Pres. Clinton, Secy. Albright; discusses idea of holding international summit on the peace process. (MENA 10/1 in WNC 10/2)

Turkey sends 10,000 troops to its border with Syria. Pres. Suleyman Demirel threatens "counter" Syrian support Kurdish separatists. (ATL 10/1 in WNC 10/2; HUR 10/1, ATL 10/2 in WNC 10/5; HUR 10/2 in WNC 10/6; MM, WP, WT 10/2; MM 10/6; MEI 10/16) (see 9/30)

El Al confirms that the cargo plane that crashed in Amsterdam in 1992 carried DMMP with the permission of the U.S. Dept. of Commerce. (Globes [Internet] 10/1 in WNC 10/2; NYT, WP 10/2; al-Bath 10/2 in WNC 10/6; WP 10/3; MEI 10/16) (see 10/1)

Palestinians, IDF troops clash in Hebron for 2d day, injuring 8 Palestinians. (HA [Internet], WP 10/2)

Turkey's national security council discusses accusations that Syria is aiding the PKK; considers imposing diplomatic, economic sanctions on Syria. (WT 9/30; MIL, Zaman 10/1 in WNC 10/6; NYT 10/4) (see 9/1)

In Hebron, an unidentified Palestinian throws 2 grenades at an IDF post, wounding 13 soldiers, 11 Palestinians, 1 Israeli border policeman. IDF shoots, wounds the attacker, who flees into PA-controlled territory. IDF reimposes curfew on Palestinian residents in Israeli-controlled area of the city. (ITV 9/30 in WNC 10/2; LAW, MM, NYT, WP, WT 10/1; CSM 10/2; WJW 10/8; PR 10/9; JP 10/10)

In Biddu, West Bank, 100s of Palestinians clash with IDF troops after the funeral of the alleged Hamas mbr. killed 9/29. 6 Palestinians are injured. (MM, WP 10/1)

Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad reports that the El Al cargo plane that crashed in Amsterdam in 1992 was carrying 3 of the 4 chemicals used to make sarin nerve gas, including 50 gallons of dimethyl methylpohsphonate (DMMP). According to the plane's cargo manifest, the chemicals were sent fr. a U.S. factory in Pennsylvania to the top secret Israeli Institute for Biological Research. (ITV 9/30 in WNC 10/2; MM, WT 10/1; NRC Handelsblad 10/3 in WNC 10/6; WT 10/7; JP 10/10; Sunday Times [London] 10/4; MEI 10/16)

In New York, Secy. Albright meets with PM Netanyahu, Arafat, Egyptian FM Musa, Lebanese PM Hariri. Arafat, Musa also meet. (MENA, RL 9/26, MENA 9/27 in WNC 9/29; WT 9/28; MEI 10/2)

Turkey upgrades its diplomatic relations with Iraq to the ambassadorial level in response to a U.S.-backed agmt. btwn. the KDP, PUK (see 9/17), which it fears will encourage Kurdish separatists in Turkey. (ATL 9/26 in WNC 9/29; NYT, WT 9/27; MM 10/1; MIL 10/3 in WNC 10/14 MM 10/9)

In Maryland, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah meets with executives fr. 7 U.S. oil companies to discuss allowing them back into the kingdom for the 1st time since the Saudi oil industry was nationalized in 1973. (WP 9/30; MEI 10/2)

Iran resumes maneuvers on the border with Afghanistan. (WP, WT 9/27) (see 9/16)

The state-owned Israel Aircraft Industries wins a $71-m. contract with Turkey to upgrade 48 Turkish F-5 aircraft. (MM 9/25; JP 10/3)

In s. Lebanon, 2 SLA mbrs. are wounded in a clash with Hizballah. In 2 other incidents, 2 Lebanese civilians are wounded by IDF shelling. (VOL 9/25 in WNC 9/28; VOL 9/26 in WNC 9/29)

U.S. special envoy Ross arrives in the Middle East for the 1st time in 4 mos. (WT 9/9; WP 9/10; MEI 9/18)

CIA offers the PSF Israeli modifications to the 12/97 memorandum of understanding (MOU) on Israeli-PA security cooperation rejected by PM Netanyahu. (MM 9/11)

In Amman, PA negotiator Abbas briefs Crown Prince Hassan on talks with Israel. (Petra-JNA 9/8 in WNC 9/9)

Turkish PM Yilmaz meets with Arafat in Ramallah. (MM 9/8; JP 9/19)

The Lebanese army breaks up an armed clash btwn. Amal, Hizballah mbrs. nr. Sidon. (VOL 9/8 in WNC 9/9) (see 5/10)

In Jerusalem, Turkish PM Yilmaz, Israel PM Netanyahu hold talks on trade ties. (MM 9/7; IDF Radio 9/7 in WNC 9/9; MM 9/8; IRNA 9/9 in WNC 9/11; JP 9/19)

Turkish PM Mesut Yilmaz arrives in Jordan for 2-day talks on bilateral relations with Crown Prince Hassan, marking 1st leg of Middle East tour. (JTV, Petra-JNA, al-Ra'i, RJ 9/6, JT, RJ, RL, SATN 9/7, JT 9/8 in WNC 9/9; MM 9/7; al-Majd 9/28 in WNC 9/29)

Nr. Jerusalem, at least 5 Palestinians, 5 Israeli policemen are wounded when IDF opens fire with rubber bullets on Palestinian protesters at Shuafat refugee camp. Shuafat resident Muhammad al-Karaki dies when an Israeli ambulance refuses to enter the camp without military escort. (WP 9/6; LAW 9/7; PR 9/11)

An Israeli judge rules that American teenager Samuel Sheinbein, wanted for murder in Maryland, is technically an Israeli citizen but may be extradited because his tie to Israel is only that of an "outside observer." Sheinbein's lawyer immediately appeals the ruling, which could have important impact on Israeli immigration. (NYT, WP, WT 9/7; WJW 9/10; MA 10/6 in WNC 10/7) (see 3/2)

Some 70,000 Iranian troops begin exercises nr. the Afghanistan border. The Taliban fears an attack. Up to 11 Iranian diplomats are believed dead after disappearing during the Taliban's takeover of the n. Afghan city of Mazar-e Sharif on 8/8. (NYT, WP, WT 9/2; MEI, MM, NYT, WT 9/4; WP, WT 9/5; NYT 9/6; MM 9/7; MM, WP 9/8; MM 9/9; GIU 9/11)

New Jordanian press law goes into force. Critics fear it will be a "penal code" for journalists, forbidding any criticism of the government. Optimists hope that the Royal Press Commission will use the vague language of the law to allow "soft interpretation" of restrictions. (JT 9/2 in WNC 9/3; al-Dustur 9/2 in WNC 9/9) (see 4/18)

Abdullah Ocalan, head of the Turkish separatist group the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), declares an unconditional, unilateral cease-fire with Turkey, which Turkey rejects. (MED Television 9/11 in WNC 9/16; MM 10/7; MEI 10/16; MED Television 10/19 in WNC 10/22)

In s. Lebanon, Hizballah attacks an IDF convoy, injuring 1 soldier. Israeli retaliatory shelling injures 1 civilian. (RL, VOL 9/1 in WNC 9/2)

UN Security Council (UNSC) holds an informal, closed-door mtg. on U.S. strikes on Sudan, Afghanistan; decides to take no action to reprimand the U.S. (MM 8/24, 8/25, 8/27)

Arab League holds emergency session, condemns 8/20 U.S. attack on Sudan; does not mention Afghanistan. Meanwhile, the U.S. claims that senior Iraqi scientists were helping to produce elements of the nerve agent VX at the targeted Sudanese factory. (MENA, RE 8/24 in WNC 8/26; NYT 8/25)

Israeli Finance Min. approves transfer of $23.4 m. fr. urban building to settlements. (Globes [Internet] 8/24 in WNC 8/26)

Turkey rejects Syria's proposal to revive water talks of the Turkish-Syrian-Iraqi Joint Technical Comm., which has not met in 6 yrs. (ATL 8/25 in WNC 8/27)

Arafat makes 1-day official visit to Turkey. (SA 7/31 in WNC 8/10; Milliyet 8/5 in WNC 8/6; MM 8/6) (see Peace Monitor)

In Cairo, EU special envoy Moratinos meets with FM Musa on peace process, possible international summit. (RE 7/31 in WNC 8/6; MENA 8/1 in WNC 8/7)

Israel's Labor party punishes MK Orr for his anti-Sephardic statements by removing him fr. all his posts in the Labor parliamentary faction but does not ask for his resignation fr. the Knesset or the party. (MM 7/31, 8/3) (see 7/29)

In s. Lebanon, a car driven by an SLA mbr. triggers a roadside bomb, killing the SLA mbr., his sister. (VOL 8/4 in WNC 8/6)

The UNSC extends the UNIFIL mandate for s. Lebanon for another 6 mos. (RL 7/31 in WNC 8/10)

Israeli DM Mordechai meets with PA negotiator Abbas, offers "concessions" on Israel's FRD plan. On the basis of the proposal, Abbas agrees to resume the working teams talks. (IDF Radio 7/26, HA, MA 7/27 in WNC 7/28; IGPO 7/27; ITV, al-Quds 7/27 in WNC 7/29; MM, PR 7/31)

Israeli Internal Security M Kahalani, MK Yehuda Harel meet with Arafat adviser Abbas. Abbas suggests that Israel release 100 Palestinian security prisoners as a good will gesture. Kahalani says he will raise the idea with Netanyahu. (IGPO 7/26; YA 7/30 in WNC 8/6; MEI 7/31)

In Tel Aviv, Israel, Turkey open talks on military issues ranging fr. joint production of defensive missiles to Israeli technological support to enhance Turkey's border security. (Milliyet 7/25 in WNC 7/28)

IDF storms the town of Arnun in s. Lebanon. 3 people are killed in an explosion there, possibly when the IDF blows up a house. (RL 7/25 in WNC 7/28)

Arafat meets with Netanyahu's coalition chmn. Meir Shitreet. (ITV 7/23 in WNC 7/27; MM 7/24; MA 7/24 in WNC 7/28; NYT 7/25; MM 7/28)

CPMAJO initiates ad campaign in major U.S. papers, sends letter to Arafat calling on him to reprimand Palestinian journalists, officials who deny or belittle the Holocaust. Zionist Organization of America pres. Morton Klein, an outspoken opponent of the peace process, started the CPMAJO initiative based on unattributed reports in the Palestinian press. PA says that does not deny the Holocaust; thinks "recognition of the immorality of the Holocaust is a basic moral component"; does not understand why CPMAJO is pursuing the unconfirmed reports at a crucial time in the peace process; notes that the PA has no authority over the content of the Palestinian press, criticisms should be directed to the papers directly. (NYT 7/24)

Turkish PM Mesut Yilmaz gives a public address full of veiled threats to Syria. Syria accuses Turkey of escalating tensions. (MM 7/24, 7/27, 7/31) (see 7/1)

Despite 7 phone appeals by Israeli DM Mordechai, U.S. rejects Israel's request for new round of American mediation. (CSM, MM, NYT, WP, WT 7/23; MEI 7/31)

PA negotiator Abbas goes to Amman to meet with Crown Prince Hassan, who offers to host a round of negotiations. (JTV 7/22 in WNC 7/24; MM, NYT, WT 7/23)

Netanyahu spokesman David Bar-Ilan says that Israel feels that "the Americans now realize that we've gone a very long distance to make [an FRD agmt.] doable." Similarly, CPMAJO head Malcolm Hoenlein describes the tense days in 5/98 following Secy. Albright's 5/4 issuance of a deadline for Israel to accept the U.S. FRD proposal as "a short period of time," now passed. (WP 7/23)

Knesset passes (78-31, with 1 abstention) preliminary reading of a bill that would require an absolute Knesset majority of 61 MKs, a public referendum majority to approve any territorial concessions on, changes in the status of the Golan Heights. 11 MKs voting for the measure are Labor mbrs. Bill must pass 3 more readings before it becomes law. (MM 7/23; Tishrin 7/25 in WNC 7/30; JP 8/1)

Iran successfully tests medium-range missile that could hit all of Israel and Saudi Arabia, most of Turkey. (NYT, WP, WT 7/23; CSM, MM, NYT, WT 7/24; NYT, WP 7/25; MM, WP 7/30; MEI, MM 7/31; JP 8/1; MM 8/3, 8/4)

Yemeni troops attempt to secure control of the disputed island of Duwayma in the Red Sea but fail to oust the Saudi Arabian troops, leaving both countries with a military presence on the island. (MM, WP 7/23; MM 7/24) (see 7/19)

In Tehran, EU, Iran hold 1st talks since Iran suspended dialogue in 4/97 after a German court implicated the Iranian government in the 1992 murder of Kurdish dissidents in Berlin. (WP 7/19; see also MM 6/29) (see 9/6/97)

In Hebron, Israeli authorities arrest 6 mbrs. of the Israeli Human Rights Defenders Team who came to the city to paint over anti-Arab graffiti. The 6 are released 5 hrs. later after signing a statement promising not to return to Hebron for 1 mo. (PR 7/24)

Turkey complains that Syria's damming of the Asi river is preventing adequate water flow to the Hatay/Alexandretta province, threatening crops there. (Anatolia 7/18 in WNC 7/21)

PM Netanyahu gives diplomatic address to the Knesset for the 1st time in 8 mos. Most of his speech attacks the Labor-led opposition. (MM 7/7)

Knesset Justice Comm. approves for 1st reading a bill that would extend Israeli civilian law, administrative systems to Jewish settlements in the West Bank, Gaza. (MM 7/7)

Turkish FM Cem arrives in Israel for talks on strengthening bilateral relations, urges Israel to accept U.S. FRD plan. (Anatolia 7/6 in WNC 7/7; YA 7/7, Anatolia 7/9 in WNC 7/13; CSM 7/10; ITV 7/11 in WNC 7/14; Miliyyet 7/11 in WNC 7/15; MEI 7/17; JP 7/18)

In s. Lebanon, the IDF arrests 7 SLA mbrs. associated with SLA intelligence officer Raja Ward, who defected to the Lebanese army in 6/98. (RL 7/6 in WNC 7/7; MM 7/10)

Orient House head Faisal Husseini makes 1-day trip to Ankara to meet with Turkish pres. Demirel, FM Cem. (Anatolia 7/2 in WNC 7/6)

Syrian pres. Asad appoints Gen. Ali Aslan to replace Gen. Hikmat Shihabi, who is retiring, as chief of staff for the Syrian armed forces. Aslan, an Alawite with a distinguished military career and no record of political involvement, is currently dept. chief of staff. (MM 7/3; al-Quds al-Arabi 7/3, al-Aswaq 7/4 in WNC 7/7; al-Quds al-Arabi 7/5 in WNC 7/13; PR 7/17)

The UN asks Spain to provide a brigade of soldiers to work in UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) to replace Norwegian troops. Norway decided in 6/98 to reduce its UNIFIL force by 66% at the end of 1998 for financial reasons. (ABC [Madrid] 7/3 in WNC 7/7)

PM Netanyahu's security cabinet holds session to discuss the "growing Palestinization and religious radicalization among Israeli Arabs." (MA 7/7 in WNC 7/13)

Israeli pres. Weizman, PM Netanyahu meet for 1st time in over a mo., agree to halt their public debate over the peace process. (MM 7/1; CSM, MM, WP 7/2; JP 7/11) (see 6/30)

Israeli air force (IAF) cmdr. Eytan Ben-Eliyahu says that most of the present aircraft fleet is outdated, the IAF needs 100 modern fighter jets. (YA 7/1 in WNC 7/6) (see 6/28)

1st civil guard is formed in the Jewish settlement of Beitar Ilit. Other guard centers are being set up in Kiryat Arba, Ma'ale Adumim, Givat Ze'ev settlements. Units are planned in Efrat, Har Hadar, Oranit settlements. (PR 7/10) (see 6/11)

Syrian FMin. Undersecy. Adnan Umran arrives in Turkey for 2-day visit to discuss normalizing diplomatic relations. (WT 7/1; Anatolia 7/1 in WNC 7/2; Anatolia 7/1, 7/2 in WNC 7/6; WT 7/3; Milliyet 7/4 in WNC 7/7; MEI 7/31)

In Cairo, Egypt, Iran discuss enhancing media cooperation. (IRNA 7/1 in WNC 7/6)

Group representing 800 U.S. finance officials threatens to boycott Swiss banks unless they settle Holocaust era claims. U.S. administration opposes the threat of sanctions, which could disrupt U.S.-Swiss relations, trigger free trade dispute. (WT 7/3)

Israel reinforces troops in s. Lebanon, sending in more than 20 vehicles, including Merkava tanks, 175-mm. guns, surveillance cameras. (RL 7/1 in WNC 7/2)

Pres. Clinton vetoes the IMPSA; says bill is inflexible, will not stop missile proliferation, will needlessly harm relations with Russia. IMPSA passed by 392-22 in the House on 11/12/97, 90-4 in Senate on 5/22/98, meaning chances that veto will be overridden are high. (YA 6/26 in WNC 6/29; Near East Report 6/29)

Pres. Clinton sends letter of response to CPMAJO's 5/14 letter, saying that the U.S. will not pressure Israel to take decisions, will not make decisions on Israel's behalf on matters which concern Israeli security. (PR 7/3)

Egyptian FM Musa arrives in Saudi Arabia for talks on bilateral relations, possible Arab summit. (MENA 6/23 in WNC 6/25)

PA, Turkey signed education cooperation agmt. for 1998 to 2000. (Anatolia 6/23 in WNC 6/25)

IDF demolishes 5 Palestinian homes nr. Hebron, evicts 30 bedouin families. (LAW 6/25; PR 6/26)

New U.S. amb. to Syria, Ryan Crocker, presents his credential to FM Shara`. Crocker has also served as amb. to Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Qatar. (MM, WP 6/24)

Saudi Arabia, Yemen say that they have agreed on demarcation of 66% of their common border. Border fr. Jabal al-Thar to Ras al-Mawaj, 3 Red Sea islands remain in dispute. The 2 countries clashed over the boundary placement in 1994, 1995. (WT 6/24) (see 5/26)

IDF demolishes 23d Palestinian home this mo., bringing to 81 the number of Palestinian homes demolished since the beginning of the year. By comparison, 171 Palestinian homes were demolished in 1997. (NYT, WT 6/23) (see 6/18)

Mbrs. of Elad settler group raid a Palestinian bakery in East Jerusalem, claim that it is located on land which is to be confiscated by Israel. (PR 6/26)

Egypt, Turkey sign memorandum of understanding on construction of pipeline which would transport natural gas fr. Egypt to Turkey via the Mediterranean. (Anatolia 6/22 in WNC 6/23)

UNSCOM claims to have proof, based on evidence obtained in confidential U.S. army laboratory analysis, that Iraq put VX nerve gas in missile warheads before the 1991 Gulf War. (WP 6/23; MM 6/24, 6/25) (see 6/18)

Hamas's Shaykh Yasin arrives in Egypt fr. the Sudan on his way home to Gaza. (MENA 6/22 in WNC 6/23) (see 6/8)

Lebanese authorities arrest 10 suspects in connection with grenade attack nr. U.S. embassy 6/21. (RL 6/22 in WNC 6/23)

Ignoring U.S. protests, Israel's cabinet unanimously approves 6/18 plan to extend Jerusalem's municipal authority. PA calls move "de facto annexation" of the settlements. Netanyahu accuses PA of creating an "artificial storm" for political gain, says "those who make a fuss over the plan are the ones who undermine the [peace] process." Israelis in areas likely to be annexed complain that their taxes would rise by being brought under the poorer Jerusalem municipality. (CSM, MM, NYT, WP, WT 6/22; MA 6/22 in WNC 6/23; RJ 6/23 in WNC 6/25; MEI, PR 7/3) (see 6/20)

Arafat sends letter to Albright urging her to publish the U.S. FRD plan. (IDF Radio 6/22 in WNC 6/23)

PA Higher Education M Hanan Ashrawi arrives in Turkey on 4-day official visit aimed at improving bilateral relations, education cooperation. (Anatolia 6/22 in WNC 6/23)

The settler group Elad takes over another Palestinian home in Silwan, plans to occupy 4 more homes soon. (ITV 6/21 in WNC 6/23; AFP 6/25 in WNC 6/16) (see 6/8)

3 linked grenades explode in Christian East Beirut, half a mile fr. the U.S. embassy, injuring no one. U.S. officials say embassy was not a target. (AFP, MENA, RL, VOL 6/21, AFP, RL, VOL 6/22 in WNC 6/23; WP, WT 6/22; MM 6/23; al-Safir 6/24 in WNC 6/26; WT 6/25) (see 6/19)

Kuwait grants Syria a $26.3-m. loan toward the Nahr Sinn irrigation project. (SANA 6/21 in WNC 6/23)

Iran beats the U.S. (2-1) at World Cup soccer match in Lyon, France. (MM, NYT, WT, WP 6/22; CSM 6/23; YA 6/23 in WNC 6/25; MEI, MM 7/3)

At a speech to the Asia Society in New York, Secy. Albright unveils a new policy initiative on Iran that could lead to normalized relations. Sanctions will remain in place for now, but U.S. plans to make confidence building gestures. (NYT, WP, WT 6/18; CSM, MM 6/19; ITV 6/21 in WNC 6/23; MEI 7/3)

Cyprus terminates contract with an Israeli company to replace the security system protecting the Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, saying it has learned that several technicians working on the project are fmr. Mossad agents. Israel calls accusations baseless. (Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Radio 6/17, O Filelevtheros 6/18 in WNC 6/19; I Simerini 6/24 in WNC 6/25)

After 2 days of talks, Iran, Turkey sign border security agmt. (IRNA 6/17 in WNC 6/18; IRNA 6/18 in WNC 6/19)

Jordanian PM Majali ends 2-day visit to Morocco after signing several agmts. including a free trade agmt., protocols on building cultural, social, economic ties; leaves for Libya. (JTV 6/17, JT, SA 6/18 in WNC 6/19; JANA [Tripoli] 6/19 in WNC 6/22; RJ 6/20 in WNC 6/23)

After 2 days of talks in Baghdad, Egypt, Iraq agree to expand trade relations. Trade M Ahmad Gueily's visit is the 1st to Iraq by an Egyptian official since the Gulf War. (WP 6/18)

State Dept. says that it is planning new effort funded by Congress to build up opposition to Iraqi pres. Saddam Hussein by working with 73 opposition groups outside Iraq. (WP 6/18) (see 2/18)

2 Israeli teenagers fr. settlement nr. Hebron are jailed for killing a Palestinian farmer by hitting him with a wooden pole fr. a passing van. (MM, NYT 6/18; PR 6/19)

IDF demolishes 2 Palestinian homes in Bayt Hanina, n. of Jerusalem, for being built without a permit in an area zoned as "open space." (LAW 6/17) (see 6/15)

Israeli court convicts Israeli businessman Nahum Manbar, arrested 3/27/97, of selling chemical weapons equipment to Iran fr. 1990 to 1995. (WP 6/18; WT 6/19; IRNA 6/19 in WNC 6/23; JP 6/27)

In Cairo, Pres. Mubarak, Saudi FM Prince Saud al-Faysal discuss peace process, possible Arab summit. (MENA 6/10 in WNC 6/11; MENA 6/12 in WNC 6/15)

In Gaza, Arafat, Jordanian PM Majali discuss peace process, possible Arab summit. Majali hands Arafat a letter fr. King Hussein, outlining Netanyahu's position on FRD as transmitted to the king via Israeli DM Mordechai on 6/7. (JTV 6/10 in WNC 6/12; Shihan 6/27 in WNC 6/30; al-Dustur 7/1 in WNC 7/2) 

Syrian FM Shara` meets with PLO Exec. Comm. mbr. and Arafat adviser on refugee affairs As`ad `Abd al-Rahman to reopen discussion on refugee issues. (RMC 6/12 in WNC 6/15)

During their 2d day of talks, Iran, Turkey sign memorandum of understanding on setting up a joint chamber of commerce, beginning engineering and technical cooperation on natural gas. (IRIB Television 6/10, MENA 6/11 in WNC 6/12; IRNA 6/11, 6/13 in WNC 6/17)

In Hebron district, IDF bulldozes 70 dunams of Palestinians orchards, saying it has warned Palestinians not to farm "state land." Trees on the land were 5+n10 yrs. old. (Christian Peacemaker Teams press release 7/14)

In East Jerusalem, Israeli peace activists protesting settlement activity clash with Israeli police. (CSM 6/11)

Some 50 Christian human rights activists stage sit-in to protest settler's occupation of Silwan homes 5/8. (WT 6/11)

PC gives Arafat until 6/15 to reshuffle the Executive Authority (EA; the PA's cabinet) or face no-confidence vote (he has not faced a no-confidence vote since the 1996 elections). (WP 6/12; MEI 7/3)

In Cairo, U.S. Asst. Secy. of State for Near East Affairs Martin Indyk briefs Pres. Mubarak on U.S. efforts to persuade Israel to accept the U.S. FRD proposal. (MENA, RE 6/9 in WNC 6/10; ITV, MENA 6/9 in WNC 6/11; MENA 6/9 in WNC 6/17)

In Vienna, Jordan's Crown Prince Hassan discusses peace process with Chancellor Viktor Klima, who assumes the presidency of the EU on 7/1. (RJ 6/9 in WNC 6/10, 6/11; Der Standard 6/12 in WNC 6/15)

In Tel Aviv, Jordan, Israel discuss import of Jordanian agricultural goods, farm products to Israel, PA self-rule areas. (JT 6/11 in WNC 6/12)

Iran, Turkey convene economic summit in Tehran. (IRIB Television 6/9 in WNC 6/11; IRNA 6/10 in WNC 6/12)

In keeping with UN Res. ES-10/5 of 3/17, Switzerland opens in Geneva a 3-day experts-level mtg. btwn. Israel, the PLO, with the International Comm. of the Red Cross, to examine measures that would contribute to the effective application of the Fourth Geneva Conventions in the occupied territories. (Palestine and the UN 6/98)

Israeli Interior Min. approves construction of 58 housing units for Jewish settlers nr. the Mount of Olives in East Jerusalem. (Palestine and the UN 6/98)

U.S. government arrests without charge Muhammad Salah, a naturalized U.S. citizen once arrested in Israel for being a mbr. of Hamas; seizes his home, bank accounts worth $1.4 m.; hopes its investigation will lead to an indictment on charges of funding Hamas "terrorism." (NYT 6/14; JP 6/20; Shihan 7/11 in WNC 7/14)

Jordan's Justice M Riyad al-Shaka ends 4-day visit to the PA areas, where he met with Arafat, PA legal and judicial authorities. (RJ 6/6 in WNC 6/9)

n Amman, Jordan, Turkey reach preliminary agmt. under which air force pilots fr. the 2 countries would be able to use each other's airspace for military training purposes. (Petra-JNA 6/6, AFP 6/8 in WNC 6/9; Anatolia 6/10 in WNC 6/11)

In s. Lebanon, a 120-mm shell fired by the SLA lands in the UN compound housing the Nepalese contingent, causing extensive damage, no injuries. UN sends official protest to Israel. (RL 6/8 in WNC 6/9)

PM Netanyahu arrives in China for 3-day visit. (MM 5/26)

In Cairo, Arafat attends Arab League mtg. called to commemorate the 50th anniversary of al-Nakba; calls for Arab summit on the peace process. (MENA, RE 5/26 in WNC 5/27)

Egyptian FM `Amr Musa arrives in Amman for talks with King Hussein on Mubarak's trip to France, possible Arab summit; says Pres. Mubarak is discussing summit idea with other Arab leaders, including Morocco's King Hassan, who arrived in Cairo today for 3-day official visit, and Syria's Pres. Asad. (MENA, RE, RJ 5/26 in WNC 5/27; MM 5/27, 5/28)

In Tel Aviv, Israel's DM Yitzhak Mordechai meets with Turkey's dep. chief of staff, Gen. Cevik Bir, for talks on the peace process, furthering military cooperation, possible joint arms projects. (WT 5/27)

Saudi Arabia's FM Prince Saud al-Faisal arrives in Iran for 2-day talks on improving bilateral ties. (WT 5/27)

Hamas's Shaykh Yasin visits Syria's Yarmuk refugee camp, where he receives warm welcome fr. Palestinian refuges. (WP 6/11) (see 5/25)

In East Jerusalem, Israeli border policemen clash with Palestinians protesting illegal construction by Jewish settlers (see 5/25). To halt violence, Israel's Jerusalem mayor Ehud Olmert bans the construction in the name of Israel's Antiquities Dept., orders the demolition of the settlers' illegal dwellings. (ITV 5/26 in WNC 5/27; MM, NYT 5/27; WJW 5/28; MM 6/3; MEI 6/5; WT 6/9)

Yemen reports that over the past 2 days, Saudi troops have seized the island of Harim in the Red Sea as part of an attempt to pressure Sana' to make territorial concessions in the 2 countries' border demarcation negotiations, which just resumed last wk. The island is 1 of 3 uninhabited but strategically significant Red Sea islands in dispute. (MM 5/26)

3 SLA mbrs., 3 Hizballah mbrs. are killed in 2 clashes in s. Lebanon. 4 civilians are injured, over 100 flee their homes. (ITV, RL, VOL 5/26 in WNC 5/27)

Syrian FM Faruq al-Shara` arrives in Washington for 2-day official visit. (YA 5/21 in WNC 5/23; MM 5/22)

In Moscow, Israel's Trade M Natan Sharanksy gives Russian officials list of Russian firms that are allegedly providing military technology to Iran. Russia says it is doing its best to block illegal transfers, asks Israel to stop pressuring U.S. to impose sanctions on Russian firms trading with Iran. (Interfax [Moscow], MA, QY 5/21 in WNC 5/23; WT 5/22; HA, MA 5/22 in WNC 5/27) (see 5/18)

Iran agrees to sell Turkey 3 b. cu. m. of natural gas beginning in 1999. (Anatolia, Milliyet 5/22 in WNC 5/27)

Pres. Clinton gives order to reduce the number of military personnel in the Gulf by roughly half now that the crisis with Iraq, which flared in 2/98, seems to have passed. (NYT, WP 5/27; WP 6/7)

In s. Lebanon, 3 civilians, 2 Hizballah mbrs. are killed during clash btwn. Hizballah, IDF. (RL 5/21 in WNC 5/23)

In Washington, Secy. Albright, PM Netanyahu hold 2d day of fruitless talks aimed at restarting peace talks. Lower-level teams headed by U.S. special envoy Ross, Israeli Cabinet Secy. Nave will work over the weekend. Netanyahu spends rest of day making courtesy calls to mbrs. of Congress, attending lunch in his honor hosted by the Comm. on International Relations; does not lobby mbrs. to pressure administration to moderate its position. (MM 5/14; NYT, WP, WT 5/15)

100,000s of Palestinians across the West Bank, Gaza, Jerusalem turn out for 2-minute moment of silence, nonviolent "March of 1 Million" to mark 50 yrs. of dispossession (known as al-Nakba). Marches in several areas (including, Bethlehem, Gaza, Hebron, Jericho, Jerusalem, Jinin, Nablus, Ramallah) devolve into clashes with IDF, which fires live ammunition, rubber bullets, killing 5 Palestinians, wounding 200-400, making this the worst day of violence in the territories since 9/25/96. 20 Israeli soldiers, policemen and 2 civilians are also injured. Netanyahu calls demonstrations a PA "pressure tactic." (LAW, MM 5/14; IDF Radio, ITV 5/14 in WNC 5/15; NYT, WP, WT 5/15; JTV 5/14, Anatolia [Ankara], Corriere della Sera [Milan] 5/15 in WNC 5/18; LAW 5/18; WP 5/19)

50,000 Palestinians in Syria hold march in Yarmuk refugee camp to commemorate al-Nakba. (JP 5/23)

In Jerusalem, fire damages one of the wooden doors of the al-Aqsa Mosque compound. Israel police suspect Jewish extremists. (RJ 5/14 in WNC 5/15; WP 5/15)

In Ankara, Iran, Turkey hold talks on expanding ties. (IRNA 5/14 in WNC 5/18) (see 5/4)

In Ankara, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey hold follow-up discussions on the Baku-Ceyhan pipeline project. (Anatolia [Ankara] 5/14 in WNC 5/15) (see 4/26)

IDF expels 3 Lebanese civilians fr. s. Lebanon security zone for celebrating release of relative fr. SLA custody. (AFP 5/14 in WNC 5/15; RL 5/15 in WNC 5/18)

After mtg. with U.S. special envoy Ross, PM Netanyahu announces he will not attend 5/11 Washington summit, saying that the deadline does not afford Israel enough time to come to terms with the U.S. proposal. U.S. says it would consider a brief postponement if Israel seems to be moving toward a deal. (MM 5/8; IDF Radio, ITV, QY 5/8 in WNC 5/11; NYT, WP, WT 5/9)

In Rome, Lebanese pres. Hrawi discusses Israel's conditional withdrawal proposal, peace process with Pres. Scalfaro. (RL 5/9 in WNC 5/12) (see 3/31)

Uri Bar-Ner presents his credentials as Israeli amb. to Turkey, a post left vacant for 8 mos. (Anatolia [Ankara] 5/8 in WNC 5/12)

In s. Lebanon, 8 civilians are injured by IDF shelling. 1 SLA mbr. is killed in separate incident. (RL, VOL 5/8 in WNC 5/11)

In Beirut, shooting breaks out btwn. Hizballah, Amal mbrs., leaving 5 wounded. Lebanese army units intervene to halt fighting, wounding 2 others. (RL 5/9 in WNC 5/12)