185 / 15258 Results
  • August 12, 1994

    U.S. opposes formal UNSC mtg. on recent Israeli attacks on southern Lebanon, saying it would disrupt peace negotiations.  (WT 8/13)

    2 Palestinians killed, 1 wounded by Israeli police...

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  • March 14, 1994

    Israeli police detain Rabbi Moshe Levinger, leader of Hebron settlers, then release him on $1,700 bond after questioning him about 11/93 incident in which he intruded into Haram al-Ibrahimi and...

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  • March 5, 1994

    Peace Now and 4 Israeli-Arab groups hold demonstration against settlements in Tel Aviv attended by 40,000, largest Israeli protest since 1982 war in Lebanon. 5,000 Israeli Arabs participate....

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  • January 6, 1994

    Israeli FM Peres and PLO Exec. Comm. mbr. Mahmud 'Abbas release statement saying PLO-Israel talks on Israeli withdrawal fr. Gaza and Jericho will resume in Taba, Egypt, "based on the Declaration...

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  • October 7, 1993

    Fateh mbrs. held prisoner by Israel demand release before Israel-PLO accord enters into force, threaten to obstruct implementation if kept in jail. 3,000 supporters of PLO and Peace Now march on...

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  • August 25, 1993

    PLO Pol. Dept. head Faruq Qaddumi holds talks with Syrian FM al-Shar'a, other Syrian leaders in Damascus. (RMC, SARR 8/25 in FBIS 8/26)

    Sources in Israeli PM Rabin's office quoted by JP say...

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  • April 19, 1993

    Pres. Asad meets with Chmn. Arafat, PLO officials, and delegation mbrs. in Latakiafirst Asad-Arafat meeting in over a year. PLO group then travels to Amman. (WP, WT 4/20; RJN, SARR 4/20 in FBIS 4/...

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  • March 2, 1993

    Faisal Husseini and Haydar 'Abd al-Shafi condemn 3/1 killings in Tel Aviv. Husseini receives letter from Secy. of State Christopher through U.S. consul-general in Jerusalem. (Qol Yisra'el, HaAretz...

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  • January 17, 1993

    Israeli Supreme Court begins hearing to determine final ruling on the legality of the 12/17 deportation of 415 Palestinians to Lebanon. (MM, NYT 1/18)

    Deported Palestinian symbolically...

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  • November 30, 1992

    Israeli govt. submits proposed amendment to Knesset that would permit contacts with the PLO. (Qol Yisra'el 11/30 in FBIS 12/1)

    Ramallah-based Palestinian Public Opinion Research Center...

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  • August 16, 1992

    Housing Min. Benyamin Ben-Eliezer meets with reps. of Peace Now, who urge him to immediately suspend construction on the 10,000 housing units in the o.t. that are being allowed to continue, charge...

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  • July 22, 1992

    Secy. of State Baker meets with Pres. Mubarak in Cairo, then travels to Damascus to meet with Pres. Asad, FM Faruk al-Shara'. (Syrian Arab Republic Radio 7/22 in FBIS 7/22; WP 7/23)

    Peace...

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  • January 22, 1992

    FM Levy arrives in Beijing as prelude to previously-announced decision that Israel, China will soon establish diplomatic relations. China announces it will attend multilateral talks scheduled to...

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  • December 16, 1991

    UN Gen. Assembly votes to repeal resolution 3379, passed in 1975, which characterized Zionism as a "form of racism and racial discrimination." Vote was 111 in favor, 25 against, 13 abstentions (...

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  • September 16, 1991

    U.S. Secy. of State Baker meets with PM Shamir in Jerusalem, discusses loan guarantee controversy. Baker also delivers a draft letter outlining U.S. "assurances" to Israel and the Palestinians...

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  • July 14, 1991

    Following decades of Syrian commitment to confrontation, Pres. al-Asad agrees to attend Middle East peace conference in letter answering Bush's 6/1 letter to him urging flexibility in Syria's...

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  • March 26, 1991

    Bush admin. abandons policy of shooting down combat helicopters that Iraqi gov't. is using against rebels, saying they are not part of temporary cease-fire agreement. Admin. says helicopters will...

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  • January 12, 1991

    After 3 days of debate, both houses of Congress vote to give Pres. Bush authority to go to war against Iraq. Senate approves use of military force by 52-47 vote; House vote is 250-183 [NYT, LAT,...

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  • September 26, 1990

    Sec. Baker holds 4-hour meeting with Soviet F.M. Shevardnadze in New York on Gulf situation; agree on need to increase pressure on Iraq. Baker begins meeting by praising Shevardnadze's UN speech [...

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  • May 26, 1990

    Compromise proposal under which UN Sec. Council would send special envoys to investigate violence in O.T. falls through as U.S. supports Israel's opposition to proposal [WP 5/27].

    UNLU...

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  • April 15, 1990

    In Jerusalem, Senator Bob Dole urges Israel to move toward peace talks, says American support for Israel diminishes with every report of violence in O.T. [WT, LAT 4/16].

    Israeli Peace Now...

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  • January 17, 1990

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: With Soviet Jewish immigrants arriving in Israel at rate of more than 1,000 per week, Israeli officials acknowledge they do not have...

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  • January 14, 1990

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Speaking to Likud members, P.M. Shamir responds to comments about increasing Soviet Jewish immigration, saying "big immigration requires...

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  • May 26, 1989

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: D. M. Rabin states that Israel is holding 11,000 Palestinians behind bars [FBIS 5/26]. Peace Now calls for evacuation of Kiryat Arba on...

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  • December 10, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Jerusalem Post reports Peace Now has launched "Talk peace with the PLO now" campaign UP 12/10].

    Military Action

    ...

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  • July 31, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Arab World: King Hussein surrenders claims of sovereignty over W. Bank; calls on the PLO to take responsibility for W. Bank [NYT 7/31].

    Military

    ...

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  • May 28, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Peace Now holds rally in Huwara on the W. Bank, attended by some 2,000 Israelis, but officials ruled Arabs could not attend [NYT 5/28]....

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  • February 13, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Jerusalem, thousands join in Peace Now demonstrations. Protest in Haifa draws close to 5,000 Israeli Arabs and Jews [WP 2/14]....

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  • January 23, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Nazareth, more than 7,000 Israeli Palestinians demonstrate peacefully in solidarity with Palestinians in occupied territories. MK '...

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  • January 17, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli Labor Minister Moshe Katsav says workers from S. Lebanon and Europe will join Israeli high school students to replace...

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U.S. opposes formal UNSC mtg. on recent Israeli attacks on southern Lebanon, saying it would disrupt peace negotiations.  (WT 8/13)

2 Palestinians killed, 1 wounded by Israeli police following a shootout north of Jerusalem; 2 police officers, 1 "volunteer" wounded.  Hamas takes responsibility for the attack.  (WP 8/13)

King Hussein announces he will attend Mulid al-Nabi prayers at al-Aqsa Mosque 8/19 on a personal visit at invitation of Israeli leaders.  PLO Chmn. Arafat objects to Israeli invitations, stating invitations to Jerusalem should be extended by him, and invites the king himself.  (MM 8/12)

Greece and Netherlands announce they will open assistance missions in Jericho. Israeli F Min. stresses missions will lack diplomatic or consular status.  (Davar 8/11 in FBIS 8/11; MM 8/12)

Israeli TV reports Iraq relayed a message to Israel expressing readiness to discuss peace now that the Palestinian situation is being resolved.  (WT 8/13)

Israeli police detain Rabbi Moshe Levinger, leader of Hebron settlers, then release him on $1,700 bond after questioning him about 11/93 incident in which he intruded into Haram al-Ibrahimi and threatened mosque official. Also questioned is his wife, Miriam, for 10/93 rampage through Palestinian market in Hebron. (CSM, NYT, WT 3/15)

Israeli police seek to confiscate 23 IDF issued submachine guns fr. settlers, out of 9,000 distributed. (NYT, WT 3/15)

Kach destroys mbrship. lists, other evidence in Jerusalem offices after being banned by 3/13 cabinet decision. Kahane Chai, also banned, closes its Jerusalem office. (NYT, WT 3/15)

Peace Now issues report estimating cost of relocating settlers in Israel proper at $2.5 b. (MM 3/15)

Israeli officials, U.S. Middle East talks coordinator Dennis Ross meet PLO Chmn. Arafat in Tunis to discuss resuming Israel-PLO negotiations. (CSM, NYT, WP, WT 3/15; WP, WT 3/16)

Secy. of State Warren Christopher meets Russian FM Andrei Kozyrev in Vladivostok, urges Russia to coordinate its efforts on Middle East peace with U.S. (CSM, WP 3/15)

Peace Now and 4 Israeli-Arab groups hold demonstration against settlements in Tel Aviv attended by 40,000, largest Israeli protest since 1982 war in Lebanon. 5,000 Israeli Arabs participate. Clashes in East Jerusalem btwn. protestors and border police wound 20. Fighting also takes place in Hebron, Bethlehem. (NYT, WP, WT 3/6)

Maj. Gen. Walter Morland Hutton, chief of staff of Jordan Arab Legion 1953-56, dies in Cornwall, England, at age 81. Hutton dismissed by King Hussein along with Arab Legion commander Lt. Gen John Bagot Glubb ("Glubb Pasha") in nationalization of Jordanian armed forces. (NYT 3/14)

Israeli FM Peres and PLO Exec. Comm. mbr. Mahmud 'Abbas release statement saying PLO-Israel talks on Israeli withdrawal fr. Gaza and Jericho will resume in Taba, Egypt, "based on the Declaration of Principles and the Cairo understandings." (Qol Yisra'el 1/6 in FBIS 1/6; MM, WT 1/6; CSM, WP 1/7)

Talks in Tunis btwn. PLO leadership, Palestinian delegation demanding reform conclude. (al-Sharq al-Awsat 1/6 in FBIS 1/10; MM 1/7)

Israeli PM Rabin visits Allenby Bridge to reaffirm that Israel will control border crossings during autonomy period. (NYT, WP, WT 1/7)

Alleged Islamic Jihad mbr. stabs IDF soldier in Jerusalem and is shot dead. (Qol Yisra'el 1/6 in FBIS 1/6; MM 1/6; WP 1/7)

Frmr. Israeli PM Yitzhak Shamir, in radio interview, comments on 1/5 bomb incident in New York, saying "Peace Now has caused the State of Israel more harm than would have been caused had the bombs gone off." Shamir faces criticism for remarks, claims he meant to say opposite of what he did. (NYT 1/8; WJW 1/13)

Fateh mbrs. held prisoner by Israel demand release before Israel-PLO accord enters into force, threaten to obstruct implementation if kept in jail. 3,000 supporters of PLO and Peace Now march on Jenid prison in Nablus to demand release of all Palestinian political prisoners. Protest coincides with death of Jenid prisoner Ahmad 'Adil Hasan Ismail, 43, during morning exercise. (MM 10/7; CSM, NYT 10/8)

"Force 17" security force arrests 10 bodyguards of PLO Chmn. Arafat, PLO Exec. Comm. mbr. Yasir 'Abd-Rabbuh, and Ahmad Qurai' in Tunis for plotting to assassinate top PLO officials, according to PLO sources. Also arrested are 5 aides of Fateh official Hani al-Hasan, who had met with PFLP-GC head Ahmad Jibril. (WT 10/10)

Opposition Palestinian factions open talks in Damascus aimed at challenging PLO-Israel accord and PLO leadership of intifada. (WT 10/10)

Egyptian Gen. Saad El-Shazly, architect of 1973 crossing of Suez Canal, released fr. prison in amnesty marking 20th anniversary of 1973 war. Shazly had been imprisoned 3/92 for revealing military secrets in his book on the war. (MM 10/8)

PLO Pol. Dept. head Faruq Qaddumi holds talks with Syrian FM al-Shar'a, other Syrian leaders in Damascus. (RMC, SARR 8/25 in FBIS 8/26)

Sources in Israeli PM Rabin's office quoted by JP say Rabin told Secy. of State Christopher Israel will withdraw fr. southern Lebanon 6 to 9 mos. after an agreement with Lebanon is signed and implemented. Rabin tells Knesset comm. Israeli conditions include integration of SLA into Lebanese army, security arrangements to be reached by bilateral comm., and disarming of Hizballah. Rabin also asserts that Israel will withdraw on, but not fr., the Golan to reach accord with Syria. Lebanese FM Faris Buwayz rejects Israeli conditions, saying Israel must withdraw fr. southern Lebanon as a precondition for any agreement. (MM 8/25; VOM, VOL 8/25 in FBIS 8/26; MM 8/26)

Israeli High Court rejects Peace Now petition challenging legality of Israeli settlements in o.t. (WT 8/26)

Settler leaders establish new settlement of 7 families, 20 individuals, Dor Golan, near Moshav Shaal in Golan. PM Rabin's office does not regard site as settlement, while FM Peres says it may be dismantled. Settlement leaders say 8,000 new settlers will come to Golan in coming year. (Qol Yisra'el 8/25, IDF Radio 8/26 in FBIS 8/26; MM 8/26)

Pres. Asad meets with Chmn. Arafat, PLO officials, and delegation mbrs. in Latakiafirst Asad-Arafat meeting in over a year. PLO group then travels to Amman. (WP, WT 4/20; RJN, SARR 4/20 in FBIS 4/20)

Peace Now calls on PM Rabin to seize the moment for peace, presents 10 principles. (MM 4/19)

Ten Palestinian rejectionist factions issue statement condemning current diplomacy seeking to resume peace talks. (QPAR 4/19 in FBIS 4/20)

Palestinian dentist, an UNRWA and Red Crescent official, is assassinated in Sidon, Lebanon. Fateh blames FRC, Mossad. Two FRC mbrs. are found dead in Sidon. (RFL 4/19 in FBIS 4/20; Voice of the PLO [Baghdad] 4/20 in FBIS 4/21)

Saudi FM Prince Saud Faisal calls on Gulf states to release funds to PLO, including the 5% "PLO tax" on Palestinian workers halted after the Gulf war. King Fahd pledges a contribution to the Jerusalem Fund. (MM 4/20; WT 4/20; SPA 4/19 in FBIS 4/20)

IDF undercover units shoot 1 Palestinian dead in West Bank, 1 in Gaza Strip. (MM 4/20)

Faisal Husseini and Haydar 'Abd al-Shafi condemn 3/1 killings in Tel Aviv. Husseini receives letter from Secy. of State Christopher through U.S. consul-general in Jerusalem. (Qol Yisra'el, HaAretz 3/2 in FBIS 3/2; al-Quds 3/5 in FBIS 3/8)

U.S. severs contacts with Hamas, saying they were cultivated to keep up with "developments in the Islamic world," denying any "political dialogue." Hamas will for the first time appear in the State Dept.'s annual report on terrorism, tobe issued 4/1. (WT 3/3)

PLO Exec. Comm. mbr. Mahmud Abbas meets with Russian FM Kozyrev in Moscow, discusses deportees. (al-Hayat 3/4 in FBIS 3/8)

Israeli Health Min. Haim Ramon (Labor) and Interior Min. Aryeh Deri (SHAS) urge govt. to consider unilateral withdrawal from the Gaza Strip. (NYT 3/3; Qol Yisra'el 3/2 in FBIS 3/2)

Council of Jewish Settlements in Judea, Samaria and Gaza calls on settlers to open fire if attacked with stones (first in air to deter, then at body if endangered). IDF strongly rebukes lst-ever such call by settlers. (HaAretz 3/3 in FBIS 3/3)

Peace Now reports settlement expansion in at least 8 sites. (Al Hamishmar 3/2 in FBIS 3/3)

Israeli driver stoned and shot dead by Palestinians in Rafah, Gaza Strip. Shots fired from an Israeli car being stoned in East Jerusalem kill 1 Palestinian. (MM 3/2; NYT 3/3; IDF Radio, Qol Yisra'el 3/2 in FBIS 3/3)

Israeli Supreme Court begins hearing to determine final ruling on the legality of the 12/17 deportation of 415 Palestinians to Lebanon. (MM, NYT 1/18)

Deported Palestinian symbolically dismantle tents, hold protest march near Zumayriyya crossing point in southern Lebanon to mark 1 month since expulsion (NYT 1/18; VOL 1/17 in FBIS 1/19)

Egyptian FM 'Amr Musa and FM Peres meet in Jerusalem, discuss deportees issue. (MM 1/18; IDF Radio, Qol Yisra'el 1/17 in FBIS 1/19)

Peace Now accuses Israeli govt. of expanding settlements in areas where it pledged to curtail growth; criticizes road building program in o.t. at expense of roads inside the green line. (MM 1/18)

IDF shoots 3 Palestinians dead during clashes in Shati' camp, Gaza Strip. (MM 1/18)

U.S. shoots down Iraqi jet, mounts cruise missile attack on Iraqi industrial park near Baghdad, in response to Iraq's restriction of UN weapons inspectors and repudiation of the "no-fly zones." (NYT, WP 1/18)

Israeli govt. submits proposed amendment to Knesset that would permit contacts with the PLO. (Qol Yisra'el 11/30 in FBIS 12/1)

Ramallah-based Palestinian Public Opinion Research Center releases poll of 1,000 o.t. residents on peace process. 68% said the negotiations have "a chance" for achieving peace; 25% see no hope in negotiations, whatever the terms. 76% accept autonomy if it leads to Palestinian sovereignty, 61% say rejectionists have no reliable agenda to confront the peace process. (al-Fajr 12/1 in FBIS 12/3)

Peace Now releases o.t. demographic survey, concluding that settlement movement in o.t. has failed, with inflated govt. investment over the years resulting in a small number of settlers who only provoke violence. Yesha Council (of Jewish Communities in Judea, Samaria and Gaza) charges Peace Now with tailoring facts to fit their political orientation. (IDF Radio 11/30 in FBIS 12/1; MM 12/1)

Al-Quds al-Arabi publishes interview with Chmn. Arafat criticizing Syria for "adopting" the ten rejectionist factions, Iran and the Gulf states for supporting Hamas. (MM 12/1)

Katyusha rocket fired at IDF post in "security zone" (first such firing since 11/12), followed by bombardment of SLA positions north of zone. Israel, SLA shells Iqlim al-Tuffah region. (Radio Lebanon, VOL 12/1 in FBIS 12/1)

Housing Min. Benyamin Ben-Eliezer meets with reps. of Peace Now, who urge him to immediately suspend construction on the 10,000 housing units in the o.t. that are being allowed to continue, charge that construction is continuing in some "political settlements." Ben-Eliezer announces his min.'s budget for 1993 will not include funds to protect Jewish residents of East Jerusalem. (MM 8/17; Qol Yisra'el 8/16 in FBIS 8/18)

Seven Palestinian factions issue statement in Damascus calling for general strike in o.t. on 8/24, Arab boycott of negotiations with Israel. (MM 8/17)

Secy. of State Baker meets with Pres. Mubarak in Cairo, then travels to Damascus to meet with Pres. Asad, FM Faruk al-Shara'. (Syrian Arab Republic Radio 7/22 in FBIS 7/22; WP 7/23)

Peace Now reports there are 10,443 housing units under construction in W. Bank and Gaza Strip, 8,000 of which are in advanced stages. Population of these units could add 50,000 settlers to the current total of about 120,000. (WP 7/23)

Political committees in o.t. headed by Sari Nusseibeh issue statement warning against "excessive optimism" in Palestinian approach to negotiations. (ITV 7/22 in FBIS 7/24)

Mahmud Abu Hasan al-Zarini, "no. 2 fugitive in the o.t." and leader of Fateh-affiliated Black Panthers in Janin, is shot dead by undercover Border Police in Janin. Suspected collaborator and his father are killed in Kafr Ra'i, near Janin, by Palestinian militants. (MM 7/23; Qol Yisra'el 7/23 in FBIS 7/24)

IDF squad breaks into, searches Gaza home of Palestinian delegation mbr. Zakariya al-Agha. IDF later states that his home was not searched, but that the roof was needed as a temporary lookout post. (Al-Agha, who lives on the 2nd floor of a 4-story building, asserted that soldiers entered and remained only in his apartment.) (Qol Yisra'el 7/22 in FBIS 7/23)

IDF upholds restriction of Gazan laborers under the age of 20 from travelling to Israel for work, stating most violence is committed by those under 20. (Ha'Aretz 7/22 in FBIS 7/24)

After meeting with Gaza Strip farmers, Israeli ag. min. upholds ban on marketing Palestinian goods in Israel, but says Israel must better facilitate Gazan exports to EC. (HaAretz 7/23 in FBIS 7/24)

United Torah Jewry submits motion of no-confidence in Rabin govt. to protest appointment of Shulamit Aloni as education min. (Qol Yisra'el 7/22 in FBIS 7/22)

General Electric Co. pleads guilty to charges of fraud and corrupt business practices in connection with its sale of military jet engines to Israel in the 1980s, agreeing to pay nearly $70 million in fines. A GE manager had conspired with Israeli Gen. Rami Dotan to divert $27 million in U.S. military aid with fraudulent vouchers. Dotan is now serving 13 years in Israel, which refuses to hand him over to U.S. investigators. (WP 7/23)

FM Levy arrives in Beijing as prelude to previously-announced decision that Israel, China will soon establish diplomatic relations. China announces it will attend multilateral talks scheduled to be held shortly in Moscow; China had been previously barred from attending because it did not recognize Israel. (NYT 1/23, 1/24)

U.S. Sen. Patrick Leahy outlines to Senate his proposal for U.S. response to loan guarantees to Israel whereby new settlement halted and amount requested is reduced by the amount spent by Israel to complete settlements under construction. (NYT 1/23)

IDF, Border Guards, police, and Shin Bet (internal security service), raid Ramallah, al-Bira, Nablus, and surrounding refugee camps in early morning hours, arrest 130 alleged PFLP activists. (MM 1/22)

Peace Now issues report on settlement activity in o.t. (NYT 1/23, MM 1/22)

UN Gen. Assembly votes to repeal resolution 3379, passed in 1975, which characterized Zionism as a "form of racism and racial discrimination." Vote was 111 in favor, 25 against, 13 abstentions (six Arab countries-Egypt, Kuwait, Morocco, Tunisia, Oman, Bahrain-did not vote). (NYT, WP 12/17)

Stand-off between Israeli and Palestinian negotiators continues in Washington. (MM 12/17)

Israeli court allows Palestinian family to move back into Silwan shortly before a second court ruling overturns the decision and orders the family re-evicted. Police, however, decide to allow family to stay pending clarification. Courts are currently hearing five cases involving title to homes in Silwan. (MM 12/17)

U.S. State Dept. urges Israel to halt provocative actions by settlers [see 12/15]. (MM 12/17)

Knesset mbr. Yossi Sand presents reply by state attorney's office to high court of justice which implies that legal status of settlements is temporary. Court had requested state's opinion in response to appeal on settlements question lodged before court by Peace Now movement. (Qol Yisra'el 12/16 in FBIS 12/17)

Israel, EC sign agreement by which Israel will receive 7-year, $205 mill. loan. Israel will receive a further $36 mill. in interest subsidies. (Davar 12/18 in FBIS 12/18)

Israeli authorities claim two infiltrators were found drowned off the Gaza coast. (NYT 12/18)

Kuwaiti immigration dept. announces that Palestinian, Jordanian residents can renew their residency permits if they prove they did not collaborate with Iraqi forces during occupation of Kuwait. (MM 12/16)

U.S. Secy. of State Baker meets with PM Shamir in Jerusalem, discusses loan guarantee controversy. Baker also delivers a draft letter outlining U.S. "assurances" to Israel and the Palestinians concerning proposed peace conference. Talks with Palestinians are inconclusive, and Baker suggests they travel to meet him in Amman for follow-up discussions. (WP 9/17)

Israeli peace movement Peace Now issues report claiming Israeli government has decided to invest $50 million in schemes to encourage Israeli investment ino.t., including tax relief, grants, and state guarantees. One fourth of funds would go for building factories, remainder on labor-intensive projects. (MEM 9/17)

Housing min. Ariel Sharon states 15,780 homes have been built in o.t. since April 1990, the first time Sharon has announced such a figure as housing minister

Following decades of Syrian commitment to confrontation, Pres. al-Asad agrees to attend Middle East peace conference in letter answering Bush's 6/1 letter to him urging flexibility in Syria's position toward Middle East peace talks. (WP, LAT 7/15; WP 7/17)

Contents of the letter were not revealed, but U.S. officials hinted that it accepted Bush's proposals on terms of peace conference, and that al-Asad apparently renounced his earlier demands for an active UN role and for the conference to remain in constant session. (MEM 7/16, 7/22)

PLO Chmn. Arafat meets with King Hussein, Jordanian Prime Min. Tahir al-Masri, in Amman on U.S.-led peace efforts. (MEM 7/15)

Israel lifts trade sanctions against South Africa following similar U.S. decision. Ban on military contracts remains, although secret military deals continue. (LAT 7/15)

Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan arrested upon arrival in Israel following 6/29 meeting with Yasir Arafat in Tunis, an act which violates Israeli law. Nathan staged hunger strike in June to protest the law, under which he served 122 days in prison in 1990 for meeting Arafat. (MEM 7/15)

Israeli Peace Now movement wins legal battle to prevent establishment of Jewish cemetery in West Bank near Jerusalem. Defense ministry, religious affairs ministry informed Israeli high court of justice of their agreement tocancel proposal. (MEM 7/15)

Bush admin. abandons policy of shooting down combat helicopters that Iraqi gov't. is using against rebels, saying they are not part of temporary cease-fire agreement. Admin. says helicopters will be attacked "only if they threaten U.S. forces or coalition forces" [NYT, LAT, WP 3/27].

German gov't. announces it will pay in full all monetary pledges it made to U.S. for Gulf war, increasing chances that U.S. will either "break even or make a small profit" on the war [LAT, WP 3/27].

Israeli group Peace Now publishes study asserting that gov't. has budgeted more than $500 million during current fiscal year on settlements in o.t. and related expenses. Highest official gov't. estimate on such spending is $200 million, given in report to U.S. earlier in the year [NYT 3/27].

Syrian officials says Damascus is planning to double its 20,000-member military force in Gulf as part of efforts by Arab nations opposing Iraq to strengthen security in region [NYT 3/27].

Iran and Saudi Arabia officially restore diplomatic ties [WT 3/27].

West Bank settler is killed near Ramallah in what Israeli army calls "planned attack" by Palestinians; IDF expropriates land near killing site to set up army camp [JDS 3/27 in FBIS 3/27; CSM 3/28; MET 4/9].

In Gaza, IDF paints yellow lines along major traffic arteries in Palestinian towns leading to main locations, such as Civil Admin. bldgs. Lines are intended to help direct soldiers and vehicles to safety in event of riots [YA 3/27 in FBIS 3/27]. 

After 3 days of debate, both houses of Congress vote to give Pres. Bush authority to go to war against Iraq. Senate approves use of military force by 52-47 vote; House vote is 250-183 [NYT, LAT, WP 1/13; WT 1/14].

UN Sec.-Gen Perez de Cuellar arrives in Baghdad to discuss Gulf crisis, says he is not carrying "any specific proposals" [INA 1/12 in FBIS 1/14; NYT, LAT, WP 1/13].

Meeting with Sec. Baker in Damascus, Pres. Asad calls on Saddam Hussein to leave Kuwait immediately, so Arab world can close ranks and confront Israel. Asad also says if Iraq withdraws and is later attacked, Syria will fight alongside the Iraqis; statement is repeated by Syrian F.M. [DDS 1/12 in FBIS 1/14; NYT, WP 1/13; MEM 1/14]; Sec. Baker meets with Pres. Mubarak in Cairo [MENA 1/12 in FBIS 1/14].

Diplomats in Ankara say that despite giving no political signs of opening 2d anti-Iraq front, Turkish troop strength has steadily increased to at least 120,000 soldiers near the Turkish-Iraqi border [NYT 1/13].

Yasir Arafat arrives in Baghdad for talks with Iraqi officials, including Tariq Aziz [AFP 1/12 in FBIS 1/14].

Peace Now rally calling for peace between Israel and Palestinians is attended by "many thousands" including many MKs [JDS 1/12 in FBIS 1/14].

Anti-war protests occur in Washington and Bonn [WP 1/13].

State Dep't. orders expulsions of all but 4 Iraqi diplomats from embassy in Washington, saying action is taken to "reduce Iraq's ability to orchestrate terrorism" if war begins [WP 1/13].

Sec. Baker holds 4-hour meeting with Soviet F.M. Shevardnadze in New York on Gulf situation; agree on need to increase pressure on Iraq. Baker begins meeting by praising Shevardnadze's UN speech [NYT, WP 9/27].

Sec. Baker also meets with Israeli F.M. Levy [JPD 9/26 in FBIS 9/26]; Levy says Israel will not move forward with Israeli-Palestinian peace process until after Gulf crisis is settled [JPI 10/6].

USSR and EC issue joint statement in New York on resolved conflicts in Middle East  [NYT 9/27].

In 1st phase of planned over $20 billion arms sale to Saudi Arabia, Pres. Bush decides to include the most sophisticated M- 1 tanks and other weapons worth $7.5 billion as immediate response to Iraqi threat [NYT, WP 9/27; LAT 9/28].

With spot-market oil prices topping $40 a barrel, Pres. Bush announces plans to sell 5 million barrels of oil from U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve to curb "intensive and unwarranted speculation in oil futures" [LAT, NYT, WP 9/27; CSM 9/28].

25 Jordanian trucks with 400 tons of Palestinian-financed food parade through Baghdad as Iraq tries to demonstrate ineffectiveness of embargo (LAT 9/27].

PLF leader Abul Abbas warns of "war without limits" if Iraq is attacked; threatens to strike against U.S. and W. Europe [LAT 9/27].

Diplomatic note from Iraq to embassies in Baghdad threatens death to anyone caught hiding Western civilians; Sec. Baker calls the note "repugnant" [WP, WT 9/27].

Palestinians in O.T. observe general strike in support of Iraq [WT, CSM 9/27; FJ 10/1]; while leading Palestinians, including Faisal Husayni, meet with Israeli members of Peace Now group [FJ 10/1; MET 10/9].

Palestinian economic experts estimate O.T. losses from Gulf crisis to be about $405 million [QDS 9/26 in FBIS 9/27]. 

Compromise proposal under which UN Sec. Council would send special envoys to investigate violence in O.T. falls through as U.S. supports Israel's opposition to proposal [WP 5/27].

UNLU issues call no. 57 condemning 5/20 Rishon le Zion killings [BVP 5/26 in FBIS 6/5].

Estimated 50,000 Israelis and Palestinians organized by Peace Now gather in Tel Aviv to protest Rishon le Zion killings [FJ 6/4].

In Jerusalem, Senator Bob Dole urges Israel to move toward peace talks, says American support for Israel diminishes with every report of violence in O.T. [WT, LAT 4/16].

Israeli Peace Now group holds small demonstration in Jerusalem's Old City, protesting Jewish nationals' occupation of building owned by Greek Orthodox Church [NYT, LAT 4/16].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: With Soviet Jewish immigrants arriving in Israel at rate of more than 1,000 per week, Israeli officials acknowledge they do not have plan to handie the immigration, and new housing construction is months away [NYT 1/18].

Israeli political and military leaders react with alarm to Senator Robert Dole's suggestion that some U.S. aid to Israel be reapportioned to E. Europe [WP, LAT 1/ 18].

Arab World: In 2 interviews, Arafat expresses frustration over slowness of peace process. Arafat says to Cairo weekly Al Mussawar if peace efforts stop he will "immediately announce [his] resignation." Speaking in Baghdad, Arafat accuses Arabs of "impotence" vis-a-vis Israel, decries Arabs more concerned with events in Lebanon than in O.T., and criticizes Shamir's plan to resettle Soviet Jews in W. Bank [NYT 1/18].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli police announce that it has removed police officer from his post for "committing brutalities" during the 12/30 Peace Now rally in Jerusalem [FJ 1/29].

General strike called for by UNLU is observed in O.T. Leaflet attributed to Hamas sharply attacks Arafat for his willingness to recognize Israel [FBIS 1/171.

At least 2 Palestinians are wounded in clashes with IDF troops in O.T. [FBIS 1/ 18].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Speaking to Likud members, P.M. Shamir responds to comments about increasing Soviet Jewish immigration, saying "big immigration requires Israel to be big as well" [FBIS 1/22, 1/30].

Maj. Shay Talmon, commander of IDF battalion in W. Bank, tells Jerusalem judge that some soldiers insert live bullets into magazines for plastic bullets. IDF spokesperson reports that between 20 July 1988 and 8 July 1990, 125 Palestinians were killed "by plastic bullets." [FBIS 1/26].

Arab World: Arafat returns to Cairo for second visit in less than a week to meet with Pres. Mubarak [FBIS 1/16].

Other Countries: Italy's ambassador to Israel, Alberto Bartoli, files protest on behalf of the European Community with Israeli Foreign Ministry over police handling of 12/30 Peace Now rally. [LAT 1/15].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: 2 Israeli border policemen are suspended and ordered to stand trial for fatally shooting 18-year-old Palestinian on 12/28 after military authorities viewed ABC News videotape of shooting [LAT 1/15].

Israeli military demotes Lt. David Lior to sergeant and sentences him to 45 days in prison for mistreating a Palestinian prisoner [LAT 1/15].

IDF closes Jericho-area al-Buhturi secondary school on grounds that students threw rocks at soldiers; all UNRWA schools in Jalazun camp are closed for the same reason [FJ 1/22].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: D. M. Rabin states that Israel is holding 11,000 Palestinians behind bars [FBIS 5/26]. Peace Now calls for evacuation of Kiryat Arba on grounds that it is provoking civil war [FJ 5/29].

Arab World: Arab summit declares support for resolutions passed at 19th PNC, calls for continued economic support of intifadah [FBIS 5/30].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: In 'Arurah settlers shoot, wound 3 Palestinians [FBIS 5/26, FJ 5/29].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Jerusalem Post reports Peace Now has launched "Talk peace with the PLO now" campaign UP 12/10].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Gaza City Israeli troops shoot, kill 15-year-old Palestinian. At Ansar II prison Palestinian detainee is shot, killed after stabbing guard. In W. Bank at least 9 Palestinians are shot. In Gaza troops shoot 3 Palestinians [LAT 12/12, FJ 12/19].

Social/Economic/Political

Arab World: King Hussein surrenders claims of sovereignty over W. Bank; calls on the PLO to take responsibility for W. Bank [NYT 7/31].

Military

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Police arrest Faysal al-Husayni for engaging in "subversive, hostile activities" and for working with Fateh; Husayni had recently told Peace Now rally that he favors two-state solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict [WP 8/1]. In Beach camp 70 Palestinians are injured during demonstrations aIsraelis lift curfew [FJ 8/7]. In Gaza City 5 Palestinians are injured during demonstrations. Clashes also occur in Duhayshah, Balatah, 'Ayn Bayt al-Ma', Tulkarm, Qalqiliyyah camps and Husan village [FJ 8/7].

Arab World: Egyptian and Saudi governments are pressuring W. German government to cancel agreement with Israel to build submarines; W. Germany forbids sale of arms to areas of high tension [FJ 8/7].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Peace Now holds rally in Huwara on the W. Bank, attended by some 2,000 Israelis, but officials ruled Arabs could not attend [NYT 5/28]. In Nablus a total strike is observed [FJ 6/5].

Military

Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Ramallah, Bethlehem, and throughout the Gaza Strip Palestinians clash with Israeli troops. In Beach camp troops seal a number of houses [FJ 6/5]. Moshe Levinger, leader of Gush Emunim, enters a Palestinian home in Hebron, assaults 5-year-old girl [FJ 6/5].

Arab World: Syria deploys forces in Beirut's southern suburbs in order to halt 3-week-old battle between Amal and Hizballah [WP 5/28].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Jerusalem, thousands join in Peace Now demonstrations. Protest in Haifa draws close to 5,000 Israeli Arabs and Jews [WP 2/14]. Merchants strike throughout occupied territories [FJ 2/14]. Israel orders all government schools in E. Jerusalem closed [FJ 2/21].

Other Countries:

Military Action: In Rome 50,000 marchers protest Israel's policy in the occupied territories [NYT 2/16]. 

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Curfews continue in Qalqiliyyah, 'Anabta, Bayt 'Ur alTahta, Bayt Ummar, as well as in Am'ari, Jalazun, Tulkarm, and Dayr al-Balah camps. Military lifts 9-day-old curfew in Tulkarm [FJ 2/21]. In Nablus area, Israeli troops use tear gas and rubber bullets in clash with demonstrators, wounding Balatah camp youth. Clashes are also reported in al-Birah, Ramallah, Abu Dis village, Jerusalem-area village of Jabal al-Mukabir, Shu'fat camp, and Gaza [FJ 2/21].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Nazareth, more than 7,000 Israeli Palestinians demonstrate peacefully in solidarity with Palestinians in occupied territories. MK 'Abd al-Wahab Darawshah announces at demonstration that he is resigning from Labor party to protest army's policy of beating Palestinians in W. Bank and Gaza Strip [WP 1/24; CSM 1/25]. Between 30,000 and 50,000 Israeli Jews participate in Peace Now-organized rally in Tel Aviv [WP 1/24; NYT 1/25]. Curfew on Jerusalem's al-Tur neighborhood is lifted after all male residents are rounded up, interrogated; 4 are arrested [WP 1/24]. Commercial strike continues in W. Bank despite army policy of breaking locks to force merchants to open [FJ 1/24].

Other Countries: Morris Abram, head of Conference of Presidents of Am. Jewish Organizations, criticizes Israel's policy of beating demonstrators [WP 1/25]. Asst. Sec. of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Richard Murphy meets with Arab League representative Clovis Maksoud and diplomats from Jordan, Tunisia, and Kuwait to discuss U.S. role in Middle East peace process [NYT 1/24].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/lIsrael: Israel says it will increase supervision of soldiers in the field after charges of excessive brutality. Soldiers raid Am'ari refugee camp near Ramallah, arresting at least 11 [NYT 1/24]. Scattered demonstrations occur in Ramallah, Nablus, and Bethlehem areas. Most curfews remain in effect [FJ 1/24].

Arab World: Syrian troops detain 3 Palestinians leaving Shatila camp [FBIS 1/25].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli Labor Minister Moshe Katsav says workers from S. Lebanon and Europe will join Israeli high school students to replace Palestinian laborers. Education Minister Yitzhaq Navon orders mobilization of high school students to help harvest citrus crops [NYT 1/18]. Police Minister Chaim Bar-Lev denies Israeli police fired tear gas into mosques in 1/15 clash. UNRWA sends 8 trucks of food to wait at gates of refugee camps until army allows them to enter. UN Undersec. Gen. Marrack Goulding ends week-long visit [LAT 1/18]. Israeli High Court delays deportation of 4 Palestinians until after their appeals are heard [LAT 1/18; CSM 1/19]. Peace Now stages demonstration outside P. M. Shamir's office to begin week of activities protesting situation in occupied territories [FBIS 1/21]. Demonstration at UNRWA headquarters in Gaza City condemns occupation, demands UNRWA be allowed access to camps [FJ 1/24]. Military court orders Gaza attorney Raji al-Surani to pay IS 1,500 fine or spend 15 days in prison for refusing to defend a client [FJ 1/24].

Arab World: Amal leader Nabih Birri announces end of 3-year siege of W. Beirut's Burj al-Barajinah and Shatila refugee camps and S. Lebanon's Rashidiyyah camp [LAT 1/18].

Other Countries: In interview, PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat denies local leaders in occupied territories challenge his position, calls for UN peacekeeping force in W. Bank and Gaza Strip. Israeli Ambassador to the UN Benjamin Netanyahu said violence must be ended before talks begin, denies Israel is preventing food from reaching W. Bank and Gaza Strip [LAT 1/18].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israel maintains round-the-clock curfews on all 8 Gaza Strip refugee camps, lifts all W. Bank curfews except in town of Salfit [LAT, NYT 1/18]. Soldiers teargas demonstrators outside Ramallah church. Youths stone soldiers breaking locks on Ramallah stores to force owners to open; at least 1 soldier is injured. Residents of al-Mazra'ah al-Sharqiyyah are prevented from leaving village for 10th straight day. Several are injured in Balatah when Israeli troops open fire on protesters. Demonstrators in Jalazun blockade roads, stone soldiers, attack Israeli central region commander [FJ 1/24].