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  • September 7, 2004

    The IDF makes a predawn missile strike on a group of Hamas mbrs. practicing maneuvers on an old soccer field in Gaza City, killing 14 Hamas mbrs., wounding around 25. Palestinians fire a Qassam...

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  • September 3, 2004

    The IDF pulls out of Dayr al-Balah after demolishing another 3 Palestinian homes. The IDF also fires on 2 Palestinians approaching a closed military zone nr. the Qarni crossing in Gaza, killing 1...

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  • August 26, 2004

    After Palestinians fire several Qassam rockets toward Sederot (causing no damage or injuries) and a mortar at Gush Katif (damaging a building), the IDF closes the Rafah crossing linking Egypt and...

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  • August 19, 2004

    The IDF fires on residential areas of Nablus but by evening lifts the curfew, withdraws troops, ending Operation Full Court Press. The IDF fires on 2 Palestinians who stray into a closed military...

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  • August 18, 2004

    The IDF launches a predawn air strike on the home of wanted Hamas mbr. Ahmad Jabari in Gaza City, assassinating 2 Hamas mbrs. and 1 Islamic Jihad mbr. (all relatives of Jabari), killing 2...

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  • August 16, 2004

    The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) fires missiles at 4 Palestinians allegedly preparing to fire a Qassam rocket fr. Bayt Hanun into Israel, killing 2; continues large-scale operations (dubbed...

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  • August 5, 2004

    The IDF pulls out of Bayt Hanun, pulls back from the outskirts of Jabaliya r.c., ending Operation Active Shield, revealing the widespread destruction (including an estimated 3,900 dunams bulldozed...

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  • August 2, 2004

    The IDF fatally shoots 2 AMB mbrs., 1 Islamic Jihad mbr. who approach Gaza’s Aley Sinai settlement; raids a bedouin encampment northwest of Jerusalem, ordering them to leave the area within 10...

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  • July 31, 2004

    The IDF sends troops into Balata r.c., sparking stone-throwing, then firing on demonstrators, wounding 1; fires warning shots at 100s of Palestinian women, children marching to protest the ongoing...

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  • July 30, 2004

    The IDF fires on a funeral procession for ARB head Abu Sitta in Khan Yunis, killing a 12-yr.-old Palestinian boy, wounding 7; fatally shoots 4 Palestinians laying a roadside bomb nr. a Israeli...

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  • July 29, 2004

    The IDF assassinates ARB Rafah cmdr. ‘Amr Abu Sitta and his dep. Zaki Abu Zarqa, firing a missile at their car as they drive in Rafah; fatally shoots Islamic Jihad Tulkarm cmdr. Zahir Ashqar in an...

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  • July 23, 2004

    The IDF expands operations in Bayt Hanun; fires on residential areas of Rafah, damaging a number of rooms in a nearby hospital, injuring 1 patient; demolishes 5 Palestinian homes in Rafah;...

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  • July 21, 2004

    The IDF bulldozes a main street, a deserted Palestinian home, water and sewerage networks nr. Bayt Hanun; fires on residential areas of Dayr al-Balah. Late in the evening, the IDF sends troops,...

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  • July 20, 2004

    The IDF shells a house in Gaza’s Shatti r.c. in an attempt to assassinate PRC n. Gaza cmdr. ‘Abd al-Karim al-Quka, who, along with 4 Palestinians, is injured. The IDF also denies an ailing 60-yr.-...

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  • July 19, 2004

    The IDF fatally shoots a 17-yr.-old Palestinian boy throwing stones at troops in Balata r.c.; fires on residential areas of Khan Yunis, wounding 2 Palestinian girls (ages 3 and 12) in their homes...

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  • July 13, 2004

    The IDF raids Jenin, fatally shoots local Islamic Jihad cmdr. Numan Tahayna in an assassination, also searches a hospital; conducts arrest raids, searches houses, bulldozes 159 dunams in al-Qarara...

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  • July 12, 2004

    The IDF raids Khan Yunis, bulldozes a Palestinian home that the IDF claims is a “militant gun post,” killing 1 wheelchairbound Palestinian trapped inside, despite pleas fr. his family to halt the...

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  • July 10, 2004

    In continuing operations in the Bayt Hanun area, the IDF fires on residential areas of Bayt Hanun; shells residential areas nr. Jabaliya. The IDF also fires on residential areas of Rafah, fatally...

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  • July 7, 2004

    An IDF drone fires a missile at a Palestinian car in Gaza City; the 3 Hamas mbrs. in the car escape the assassination attempt unharmed, but 3 Palestinian bystanders are wounded. The IDF also...

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  • June 29, 2004

    Despite continuing IDF operations in Bayt Hanun, Palestinians fire 5 Qassam rockets fr. the area at Sederot, lightly injuring 1 Israeli. In Bayt Hanun, the IDF fatally shoots a 15-yr.-old...

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  • June 28, 2004

    Hamas fires 5 Qassam rockets into Sederot, killing an Israeli man and a 3-yr.-old boy, seriously injuring the boy’s mother in the 1st fatal Palestinian rocket attack inside Israel. Sharon convenes...

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  • June 21, 2004

    The IDF fires on a delegation of British, UN officials touring the destruction in Rafah, causing no injuries; Britain lodges a formal complaint with Israel. Nr. Salfit, the IDF also fires a new...

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  • June 18, 2004

    The Palestinian Resistance Comms. (PRCs) fire a new Nasser 3 rocket, with a longer range than the Qassam 2, at Sederot, causing minor damage to a wall, garden shed; also fire 2 mortars at Gaza’s...

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  • June 16, 2004

    IDF undercover units raid Jenin, assassinate AMB mbr. Majid al-Sa‘di, also fatally shooting a Palestinian bystander. The IDF also demolishes 3 Palestinian homes in Wadi al-Silqa; fires on...

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  • June 8, 2004

    The IDF fires missiles at 2 car repair shops (suspected weapons factories) in Gaza’s Shatti r.c., destroying them, causing no injuries; begins bulldozing work on al-Quds University campus in Abu...

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  • June 1, 2004

    The IDF shells Tal al-Sultan, hitting an UNRWA school, injuring 2 students in their classroom; raids Qabatya nr. Jenin, surrounding and firing on a home sheltering a wanted AMB mbr., then firing...

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  • May 13, 2004

    The IDF sends reinforcements into Rafah to search for the remains of the 5 soldiers killed on 5/12, firing missiles at 2 groups of Palestinians laying roadside bombs (killing 11 Palestinians,...

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  • May 9, 2004

    In Gaza, 2 Islamic Jihad gunmen open fire on Jewish settlers holding a memorial service at the roadside site nr. Khan Yunis where 5 Jewish settlers were killed on 5/2, causing no injuries; IDF...

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  • April 19, 2004

    The IDF conducts major house searches and arrest raids in Silwad, home of the exiled Damascus-based Hamas political leader Khalid Mishal and Izzeddin al-Qassam Brigades West Bank cmdr. Ibrahim Ma’...

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  • April 18, 2004

    The IDF fires on international, Israeli, Palestinian peace activists staging a nonviolent demonstration against the separation wall nr. Biddu, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 8; demolishes the PA...

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The IDF makes a predawn missile strike on a group of Hamas mbrs. practicing maneuvers on an old soccer field in Gaza City, killing 14 Hamas mbrs., wounding around 25. Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket at Neve Dekalim, causing no damage or injuries; the IDF retaliates by firing on residential areas of Khan Yunis, hitting a 9-yr.-old Palestinian girl in the head as she sits inside an UNRWA school, seriously wounding her. The IDF also bars an ailing Palestinian fr. crossing a Bayt Furik checkpoint to reach a hospital in Nablus, allowing him to die; fires live ammunition, tear gas at Palestinians waiting to cross the Abu Huli checkpoint; bulldozes 15 d. and 150 olive trees nr. Ma’on settlement nr. Hebron; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Araba nr. Jenin, Hebron and neighboring Dura, al-Khadir nr. Bethlehem, Nablus, Salfit, Tulkarm r.c.; fires on residential areas of Rafah; searches homes, levels land, partially demolishes a Palestinian home in Khan Yunis. Palestinians fire 2 mortars at Gush Katif, a Qassam rocket at Sederot, causing no damage or injuries. Israel releases 137 Palestinian prisoners “to relieve overcrowding” in Israeli jails. A Palestinian dies of injuries received during the IDF raids on Rafah in 5/04. (AFP, BBC, JAZ, MM, UNRWA press release, WP, WT 9/7; IDF Radio, JAZ, MENA, VOI, VOP, YA 9/7 in WNC 9/9; MM, NYT, PR, WP, WT 9/8; JT, al-Quds, VOP 9/8 in WNC 9/10; NYT, PCHR 9/9; XIN 9/9 in WNC 9/14)

The IDF pulls out of Dayr al-Balah after demolishing another 3 Palestinian homes. The IDF also fires on 2 Palestinians approaching a closed military zone nr. the Qarni crossing in Gaza, killing 1 Palestinian; fires on 2 Palestinians who enter a closed military zone nr. Rafah Yam settlement, killing 1 Palestinian, seriously wounding 1; severely beats a Palestinian in Hebron; fires 3 missiles at a Palestinian warehouse (alleged weapons factory) in Gaza’s Maghazi r.c., destroying the building, causing a serious fire but no injuries; raids the al-Anwar library of Hebron’s Islamic Charitable Society, confiscating 100s of books, 25 computers, documents, equipment; sends troops into al-Fara’ r.c., fires on stone-throwing Palestinians who confront them; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Nablus and in Hebron, Salfit, Thinnaba nr. Tulkarm, Tulkarm r.c. Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket at Sederot, causing no damage or injuries. Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba fire on neighboring Palestinian homes, causing damage but no injuries. (VOP 9/3, MA 9/5 in WNC 9/7; WP 9/4; PCHR 9/9)

After Palestinians fire several Qassam rockets toward Sederot (causing no damage or injuries) and a mortar at Gush Katif (damaging a building), the IDF closes the Rafah crossing linking Egypt and Gaza; shuts main roads in Gaza to Palestinian traffic, dividing the Strip into thirds; attempts to assassinate for a 2d time (the 1st was on 5/15/00) Islamic Jihad military cmdr. Muhammad Khalil by firing rockets at his Rafah home, wounding him and 5 family mbrs., killing 1 Palestinian neighbor. Senior AMB mbr. Shadi Awamir is killed, 2 Palestinians are injured in a mysterious explosion in his home in Gaza City in what may be an assassination. The IDF demolishes 12 Palestinian homes, fires on residential areas in Rafah; conducts a major raid on Nablus, firing on the Old City fr. helicopters, searching and occupying Palestinian homes as gun posts, clashing with local Palestinians, wounding at least 15 (including 5 children); fires on Palestinians waiting to cross Gaza’s Abu Huli crossing, wounding 3; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Bayt Dajan nr. Nablus, Hebron, Ramallah. (VOI 8/26 in WNC 8/28; NYT, WP 8/27; HA, VOI 8/27 in WNC 8/31; PCHR 9/2) 

The IDF fires on residential areas of Nablus but by evening lifts the curfew, withdraws troops, ending Operation Full Court Press. The IDF fires on 2 Palestinians who stray into a closed military zone in Rafah, injuring 1, then fatally shoots another Palestinian youth who attempts to reach him to provide aid; later shells residential areas of Rafah, killing a 62-yr.-old Palestinian; fires tear gas, live ammunition at Palestinians waiting to cross al-Mahatin checkpoint nr. Dayr al-Balah in central Gaza; fires on residential areas of Brazil r.c., Khan Yunis (seriously damaging a hospital); bulldozes 60 d. of agricultural land, shells residential areas in Wadi al-Silqa in s. Gaza; occupies a building under construction in Hebron as a military post. Late in the evening, the IDF sends bulldozers into Khan Yunis, demolishing 4 Palestinian homes. Palestinians fire 5 Qassam rockets at Sederot, lightly inuring 1 Israeli. (HA, XIN 8/19; NYT 8/20; PCHR 8/26)

The IDF launches a predawn air strike on the home of wanted Hamas mbr. Ahmad Jabari in Gaza City, assassinating 2 Hamas mbrs. and 1 Islamic Jihad mbr. (all relatives of Jabari), killing 2 bystanders, wounding 7; Jabari is moderately wounded. The IDF lifts the curfew on all of Nablus, except the Old City and al-‘Ayn r.c.; seals al-Fara’ r.c. nr. Nablus, patrolling streets, firing on stone-throwing youths who confront the troops; fires missiles at 2 workshops in Gaza City (alleged to be weapons factories), destroying both but causing no injuries; demolishes 2 Palestinian homes, 4 shops in Rafah; fires on residential areas of Khan Yunis, Rafah; raids, confiscates equipment and files fr. a charitable association nr. Bethlehem; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Dahaysha r.c., Nablus, Qalqilya; begins bulldozing a 350 dunams (d.; 4 d. = 1 acre) nr. Qalqilya for construction of the separation wall. Palestinians fire 2 Qassam rockets at Gaza’s Neve Dekalim settlement, lightly injuring 2 Jewish settlers; detonate a roadside bomb by an IDF tank in Gaza, causing some damage but no injuries. Jewish settlers fr. Pdu’el raze olive trees, place barbed wire around a plot of Palestinian land outside Salfit. Some 60 internationals, 20 Palestinians who began a Freedom March along the separation wall route to protest the wall’s construction in Zababda nr. Jenin on 7/30 arrive at their destination, Jerusalem, a day ahead of schedule. (NYT, PCHR, WP 8/18; PCHR 8/19, 8/25)

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) fires missiles at 4 Palestinians allegedly preparing to fire a Qassam rocket fr. Bayt Hanun into Israel, killing 2; continues large-scale operations (dubbed Operation Full Court Press) in Nablus that began on 8/7, imposing a curfew, fatally shooting a Palestinian standing on his roof, firing on stone-throwing Palestinians who confront the troops; blows up 3 residential buildings housing 13 Palestinian families (76 individuals) in Rafah; fires on residential areas of Brazil refugee camp (r.c.), Khan Yunis, Rafah; bulldozes 2 wells, a commercial building in Bayt Hanun; conducts arrest raids, house searches in villages outside Hebron, Jenin, Ramallah. Late in the evening, the IDF sends troops into Bayt Hanun, orders Palestinians to evacuate several homes nr. Erez Crossing, searches and digs around homes for several hrs. looking for tunnels. Islamic Jihad fires 2 mortars at Gaza’s Gush Katif settlement as a solidarity gesture with the Palestinian prisoners (on hunger strike since 8/15), causing no damage or injuries. A Palestinian dies of injuries received earlier. (AP 8/16; PRCS press release, WP, WT 8/17; PR 8/18; PCHR 8/19)

The IDF pulls out of Bayt Hanun, pulls back from the outskirts of Jabaliya r.c., ending Operation Active Shield, revealing the widespread destruction (including an estimated 3,900 dunams bulldozed, 10,000s of trees razed) wrought since it entered and sealed the area on 6/28. At the Bayt Hanun municipal office, 6 armed, masked AMB mbrs. break up a news conference called by 3 PC mbrs. to discuss the pullout, denounce the PA for failing to do anything while the area was under siege. After the pullout, Palestinians fire at least 7 Qassam rockets toward Sederot and the Negev, causing no damage or injuries. The IDF also fires on, shells residential areas of Khan Yunis (wounding a Palestinian inside a hospital nearby, seriously damaging a home), nr. Gaza City; fires on, demolishes 3 Palestinian homes in Khuza nr. Khan Yunis; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Bethlehem, Halhul nr. Hebron, Ramallah. A 12-yr.-old Palestinian dies of injuries received earlier. Some 150 Jewish settlers erect tents on a new unauthorized settlement outpost nr. Hebron, harass local Palestinians. Sharon orders 3,700 acres of Palestinian land to be annexed to Ma’ale Adumim settlement for construction of a new neighborhood, linking the settlement to Jerusalem 4 mi. to the west. (AP, BBC, HA, MA, MM, REU 8/5; VOI, VOP 8/5 in WNC 8/7; VOI 8/5 in WNC 8/10; AFP, MM, NYT, WT 8/6; al-Quds 8/6 in WNC 8/10; PR 8/11; PCHR 8/12; NYT 8/18)

The IDF fatally shoots 2 AMB mbrs., 1 Islamic Jihad mbr. who approach Gaza’s Aley Sinai settlement; raids a bedouin encampment northwest of Jerusalem, ordering them to leave the area within 10 days to make way for separation wall construction; bulldozes 80 dunams of land nr. al-Walaja for construction of the separation wall; fires on residential areas of ‘Ayn Bayt al-Ma’ r.c., Bayt Lahia, Rafah; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Bethlehem, nr. Jenin, and in Hebron, Nablus, Qalqilya, Tulkarm camp. In Gaza City, a Palestinian police officer tosses 2 grenades into a jail cell holding alleged collaborators, wounding 7, who are taken to al-Shifa hospital; 1 Palestinian dies of his injuries; 2 others are later killed by masked Hamas gunmen who storm the hospital’s intensive care unit. Palestinians fire 2 Qassam rockets at Sederot, causing some damage. An ailing Palestinian woman dies after being barred by Israel fr. leaving Gaza to receive medical treatment in Egypt, despite intervention by the PA Health Min. The Israeli DMin. approves plans to build 600 new housing units in Ma’ale Adumim settlement. (MM, REU 8/2; VOI 8/2 in WNC 8/4; MA 8/2 in WNC 8/4; MM, NYT, WP 8/3; VOP 8/3 in WNC 8/5; PR 8/4; AP, IDF Radio, MA, PCHR 8/5; NYT 8/6; al-Quds 8/6 in WNC 8/10; WP 8/26)

The IDF sends troops into Balata r.c., sparking stone-throwing, then firing on demonstrators, wounding 1; fires warning shots at 100s of Palestinian women, children marching to protest the ongoing military operations, wounding 1 child; fires on residential areas of Rafah; bulldozes a plot of agricultural land in Jabaliya r.c.; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Wadi al-Silqa. In Nablus, 6 Palestinians (1 of them armed; reportedly mbrs. of an AMB splinter group) kidnap 3 foreign church workers (1 American, 1 British, 1 Irish); the PA General Intelligence secures their release, the kidnappers escape, no motive is given. Separately, 12 armed mbrs. of the AMB Jenin faction raid, set fire to the empty office of newly appointed Jenin governor Qaddura Musa and the local PA General Intelligence headquarters, demanding that the PA do more to support “the wanted fighters, the prisoners, and the injured.” Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket at the Negev, causing no damage or injuries. (ITV, JAZ, VOP, XIN, YA 7/31, VOP 8/1 in WNC 8/3; WP, WT 8/1; PR 8/4; PCHR 8/5)

The IDF fires on a funeral procession for ARB head Abu Sitta in Khan Yunis, killing a 12-yr.-old Palestinian boy, wounding 7; fatally shoots 4 Palestinians laying a roadside bomb nr. a Israeli border fence e. of al-Bureij r.c; sends troops into Nablus, sparking stone-throwing, then firing on demonstrators, wounding 1 stone-thrower, 1 bystander; fires missiles at a 3-story building in Gaza City owned by the family of a female suicide bomber, demolishing the structure, injuring 2 Palestinians; raids a wedding party in Bayt Jala, arrests 2 guests; fires on residential areas of Rafah; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Bayta, the central Gaza Strip. Palestinians fire 4 Qassam rockets at Sederot, bringing the total number of rockets fired at the town in the past 3 days to 14; none caused damage or injuries. Palestinian, Israeli, international peace activists begin a 3-wk. Freedom March to protest the separation wall; the march begins in Zababda nr. Jenin and plans to end in Jerusalem on 8/19. (VOI, VOP 7/30 in WNC 8/3; NYT, WT 7/31; WT 8/1; PR 8/4; PCHR 8/5)

The IDF assassinates ARB Rafah cmdr. ‘Amr Abu Sitta and his dep. Zaki Abu Zarqa, firing a missile at their car as they drive in Rafah; fatally shoots Islamic Jihad Tulkarm cmdr. Zahir Ashqar in an exchange of gunfire during an arrest raid in Tulkarm. The IDF also tightens access to Bayt Hanun; steps up bulldozing in Jabaliya r.c.; demolishes 18 Palestinian homes in Rafah; shells residential areas of Khan Yunis; fires on residential areas of Dayr al-Balah, Rafah; conducts arrest raids, house searches in ‘Azun and al-Zawiyya nr. Qalqilya, Bayta, Dahaysha r.c., Tubas, Tulkarm r.c. An AMB mbr., an Islamic Jihad mbr. are killed in an explosion outside Gaza’s Netzer Hazani settlement, reportedly when laying a roadside bomb. Palestinians fire 2 Qassam rockets at Sederot, causing no damage or injuries. (MM 7/29; MENA, VOI 7/29 in WNC 7/31; NYT, WP 7/30; PR 8/4; PCHR 8/5)

The IDF expands operations in Bayt Hanun; fires on residential areas of Rafah, damaging a number of rooms in a nearby hospital, injuring 1 patient; demolishes 5 Palestinian homes in Rafah; conducts arrest raids in Hebron, Rafah, Tubas, Yatta. In Bayt Hanun, a Palestinian family attempts to stop 4 armed AMB mbrs. fr. launching a Qassam rocket fr. their property; 1 AMB mbr. fires on the family, killing a 15-yr.-old Palestinian boy, wounding 2 others. (VOI, VOP, YA 7/23 in WNC 7/27; NYT 7/24; PCHR 7/29)

The IDF bulldozes a main street, a deserted Palestinian home, water and sewerage networks nr. Bayt Hanun; fires on residential areas of Dayr al-Balah. Late in the evening, the IDF sends troops, military vehicles, helicopters into Rafah, firing on residential areas, demolishing 18 Palestinian homes; fires missiles at a workshop in Khan Yunis, destroying it. Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket into a Negev kibbutz, damaging a home but causing no injuries. Armed AMB mbrs. kidnap Nablus local governate head Fadil Shuli; accuse him of collaboration with Israel, corruption, failing to provide local security; release him after several hrs. without explanation. (JTA, MA, MM, PR 7/21; JAZ, VOI 7/21 in WNC 7/23; PCHR 7/22; VOI 7/22 in WNC 7/24; PR 7/28)

The PC votes to support the recommendations of a report prepared by a recently appointed special comm. on the political and security situation in the Palestinian territories, urging Arafat to accept Qurai‘’s resignation, appoint a new government with expanded powers that could restore stability in Gaza, undertake comprehensive reforms. (MM 7/21; JAZ, VOP 7/21 in WNC 7/23; NYT, WP, WT 7/22; HJ 7/23 in WNC 8/3; NYT 7/26)

The IDF shells a house in Gaza’s Shatti r.c. in an attempt to assassinate PRC n. Gaza cmdr. ‘Abd al-Karim al-Quka, who, along with 4 Palestinians, is injured. The IDF also denies an ailing 60-yr.-old Palestinian passage through a checkpoint to a Nablus hospital, allowing him to die; continues bulldozing operations in Bayt Hanun, demolishing 2 PSF posts; demolishes 3 Palestinian homes, 26 shops, an olive oil factory in Barta nr. Jenin for construction of the separation wall, firing on stone-throwing Palestinians who confront the troops, injuring 6; fires on residential areas of Nablus; conducts arrest raids, house searches in villages around Jenin, Nablus, Ramallah and in Anata, Hebron. Palestinians fire 2 Qassam rockets into the Negev, causing no damage or injuries. An unknown assailant shoots, seriously wounds Executive Authority (EA) mbr. and fmr. information M Nabil ‘Amr twice in the leg in an attempted assassination, firing through a window at ‘Amr, inside his Ramallah home. ‘Amr, who has previously called for reforms in the PA, had just returned home from a TV interview in which he criticized Arafat’s performance. (BBC, WP 7/20; VOI 7/20 in WNC 7/22; MM, NYT, PR, REU, WT 7/21; JAZ 7/21 in WNC 7/23; CSM, PCHR, PM 7/22; DUS, HJ 7/23 in WNC 7/27; al-Ra’i 7/24 in WNC 7/29; VOP 7/29 in WNC 7/31; AYM 7/30 in WNC 8/3; MM 8/3; PR 8/4)

The IDF fatally shoots a 17-yr.-old Palestinian boy throwing stones at troops in Balata r.c.; fires on residential areas of Khan Yunis, wounding 2 Palestinian girls (ages 3 and 12) in their homes; fires on stone-throwing Palestinians nr. Nablus, injuring 5; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Dayr al-Balah, Hebron, Jenin, Nablus, Ramallah, Tulkarm; continues bulldozing operations in Bayt Hanun, demolishing 2 Palestinian homes; starts bulldozing Palestinian agricultural land for construction of a new road fr. Erez Crossing to the e. of Bayt Lahia. Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket at the Negev, causing no damage or injuries. (VOI 7/19 in WNC 7/21; PR 7/21; PCHR, PM 7/22)

To calm protests in Gaza, Arafat named Brig. Gen. ‘Abd al-Raziq al-Majayda as head of public security for the West Bank and Gaza, making him Musa Arafat’s superior. The AMB, National and Islamic Higher Coordinating Comm. for the Intifada (NIHC) say the change is insufficient, only true reforms and halt to corruption will improve conditions in Gaza. Qurai‘says his resignation stands. (BBC, MM 7/19; AN, al-Quds 7/18 in WNC 7/21; NYT, WP, WT 7/20; JAZ, SA, VOP 7/20 in WNC 7/22; SA 7/21 in WNC 7/23; PR 7/23; MEI 7/23)

The IDF raids Jenin, fatally shoots local Islamic Jihad cmdr. Numan Tahayna in an assassination, also searches a hospital; conducts arrest raids, searches houses, bulldozes 159 dunams in al-Qarara; conducts arrest raids in Wadi al-Silqa, detaining 50 men and boys, taking them to an IDF base for questioning, releasing all but 5, plus bulldozing 1 Palestinian home, 51 dunams of land; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Aida r.c., Bayt Iqsa nr. Ramallah, al-Bireh, Dayr Sharaf nr. Nablus, Hebron, Jayous nr. Qalqilya; fires missiles at a workshop in Gaza City, completely destroying it; fires on residential areas of Khan Yunis, al-Maghazi. Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket at Gush Katif (causing light damage but no injuries), an antitank rocket at an IDF post in Rafah (causing no damage or injuries). A Jewish settler deliberately runs into an elderly Palestinian man with his car nr. Bethlehem, killing him. (VOI, VOP 7/13 in WNC 7/15; NYT, PR, WT 7/14; VOP 7/14 in WNC 7/16; PCHR 7/15)

The IDF raids Khan Yunis, bulldozes a Palestinian home that the IDF claims is a “militant gun post,” killing 1 wheelchairbound Palestinian trapped inside, despite pleas fr. his family to halt the demolition; the IDF demolishes another 30 Palestinian homes completely, 3 partially during the day. The IDF also demolishes a factory, bulldozes land, searches homes in Bayt Hanun; demolishes 1 Palestinian home in Dahaysha r.c., 1 in Jenin, 1 nr. Ramallah; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Bethlehem, Hebron, Qalqilya, Ramallah. Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket at the Negev, detonate a roadside bomb nr. an IDF patrol in Rafah, in neither case causing damage or injuries. (NYT 7/12; VOI, VOP 7/12 in WNC 7/14; NYT 7/13; VOI 7/13 in WNC 7/15; PR 7/14; PCHR 7/15)

In continuing operations in the Bayt Hanun area, the IDF fires on residential areas of Bayt Hanun; shells residential areas nr. Jabaliya. The IDF also fires on residential areas of Rafah, fatally shooting a 16-yr.-old Palestinian girl inside her home; conducts arrest raids in Tulkarm. Nr. Gaza City, 3 PRC mbrs. are killed when their car mysteriously explodes, also killing a Palestinian bystander, in what may be an assassination. Palestinians fire 2 Qassam rockets at the Negev, causing some damage to 1 home in a kibbutz; detonate a roadside bomb nr. an IDF vehicle in southern Gaza, causing no damage or injuries. (PSCT, VOI, VOP 7/10 in WNC 7/13; NYT 7/11; VOI 7/11 in WNC 7/13; PCHR 7/15)

An IDF drone fires a missile at a Palestinian car in Gaza City; the 3 Hamas mbrs. in the car escape the assassination attempt unharmed, but 3 Palestinian bystanders are wounded. The IDF also assassinates wanted AMB mbr. Issam Mahamid, fatally shooting him as he walks in Balata r.c.; bulldozes 240 dunams of citrus trees east of Jabaliya r.c.; fires on residential areas of Rafah, seriously wounding a 4-yr.-old boy in the head. Palestinians fire 2 Qassam rockets at Sederot, causing no damage or injuries. (VOI 7/7 in WNC 7/9; PCHR 7/8; MM 7/10; PCHR 7/15; PM 7/22)

Despite continuing IDF operations in Bayt Hanun, Palestinians fire 5 Qassam rockets fr. the area at Sederot, lightly injuring 1 Israeli. In Bayt Hanun, the IDF fatally shoots a 15-yr.-old Palestinian standing on a roof; bulldozes a main road through the town; a Hamas mbr. is killed when a roadside bomb he is planting detonates prematurely. The IDF also expands Bayt Hanun operations to include Jabaliya r.c.; fires on residential areas of Khan Yunis, Rafah; conducts house searches, arrest raids nr. Bethlehem, Hebron, Nablus, Qalqilya. Jewish settlers uproot Palestinian trees along the road leading to their unauthorized settlement outpost of Ma’ale Shomron nr. Qalqilya. A Palestinian teenager dies of injuries received on 6/20. (VOI, VOP 6/29 in WNC 7/1; MM, NYT, PR, WP, WT 6/30; PCHR 7/1)

Hamas fires 5 Qassam rockets into Sederot, killing an Israeli man and a 3-yr.-old boy, seriously injuring the boy’s mother in the 1st fatal Palestinian rocket attack inside Israel. Sharon convenes his security cabinet, which declares that the IDF will respond with “harsher measures than in the past” in Gaza. During the day, the IDF blows up 2 abandoned 5-story apartment buildings in al-Qarara hiding the entrance of the tunnel to the IDF post attacked on 6/27; bulldozes 21 Palestinian homes, 101 dunams of agricultural land; demolishes a cement factory. The IDF also fatally shoots a mentally handicapped Palestinian who enters a closed military zone nr. Rafah; rockets the empty al-Jil press office in Gaza City, injuring 2 bystanders; fires on residential areas of Khan Yunis, Rafah. Late in the evening, IDF tanks roll into Bayt Hanun in n. Gaza, launching Operation Active Shield, allegedly meant to prevent Qassam rocket fire. In the West Bank, the IDF destroys 80 wells in Yamun nr. Jenin; fires on residential areas of Jenin town and r.c.; conducts arrest raids nr. Bethlehem, Hebron, Jenin, Ramallah. An Israeli businessman who frequently travels to the West Bank is found fatally shot in Bayt Rima nr. Ramallah; the AMB claims responsibility, alleging that he conducted illegal business with corrupt PA officials. (MM 6/28; VOP, MA, VOI 6/29 in WNC 7/1; MM, NYT, WP, WT 6/29; MM, PR 6/30; PCHR 7/1; MEI 7/9)

The IDF fires on a delegation of British, UN officials touring the destruction in Rafah, causing no injuries; Britain lodges a formal complaint with Israel. Nr. Salfit, the IDF also fires a new type of gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international peace activists staging a nonviolent protest against the separation wall, sending some 50 protesters to the hospital with severe convulsions, temporary blackouts, impaired vision, difficulty breathing; troops then raid a local hospital that treated the injured, beat medical workers. The IDF also fires on residential areas of Dayr al-Balah, Khan Yunis; conducts arrest raids and house searches, demolishes 2 Palestinian homes, severely damages 11 in Wadi al-Silqa.Palestinians fire a mortar at Kefar Darom settlement, killing a Thai worker in a greenhouse; fire a Qassam rocket toward Israel, causing no damage or injuries. Unidentified assailants fire 25 shots at the empty, parked car of senior Fatah mbr. and Arafat loyalist Hani al-Hassan; Hassan blames Palestinian collaborators. (JTA 6/21; VOI 6/21 in WNC 6/23; MM 6/22; PR 6/23; PCHR 6/24; NYT 6/25)

The Palestinian Resistance Comms. (PRCs) fire a new Nasser 3 rocket, with a longer range than the Qassam 2, at Sederot, causing minor damage to a wall, garden shed; also fire 2 mortars at Gaza’s Kefar Darom settlement, causing no damage or injuries. The IDF fires missiles at 2 metal workshops (suspected Hamas weapons factories) in Gaza City, destroying the buildings but causing no injuries. The IDF also bulldozes 77 dunams of agricultural land in Bayt Hanun, 37 dunams nr. Khan Yunis; demolishes 2 Palestinian homes in al-Qarara, 1 in Rafah; fires on residential areas of, conducts arrest raids in Askar r.c., then fires on stone-throwing Palestinians who confront the troops, wounding 4; raids residential areas nr. Dayr al-Balah, firing on homes, arresting several Palestinians, occupying and partially demolishing 1 house, destroying a fence and gas pipelines to a fuel station; conducts arrest raids in Hebron, Jenin, nr. Nablus. (HA, MA, MM, REU 6/18; VOI, VOP 6/18, VOI 6/19 in WNC 6/22; WP 6/20; PCHR 6/24)

IDF undercover units raid Jenin, assassinate AMB mbr. Majid al-Sa‘di, also fatally shooting a Palestinian bystander. The IDF also demolishes 3 Palestinian homes in Wadi al-Silqa; fires on protesting youths in Balata r.c. (seriously injuring 3), residential areas of Rafah; conducts arrest raids in al-Bireh, al-Duha nr. Bethlehem, Hebron, Nablus, Tulkarm. Wanted Hamas mbr. Awni Taha is killed in a mysterious explosion inside his Gaza City home, apparently while preparing explosives. Palestinians fire 2 Qassam rockets at Sederot, causing no damage or injuries. PA Education M Na‘im al-Humus says that the IDF recently sent letters to several Palestinian colleges and universities warning that they could be shut down if they continue “incitement activities.” (XIN 6/16; VOI, VOP 6/16 in WNC 6/18; NYT, PCHR 6/17; HA 6/18; VOP 6/16 in WNC 6/18; NYT 6/20; PR 6/23; PCHR 6/24)

The IDF fires missiles at 2 car repair shops (suspected weapons factories) in Gaza’s Shatti r.c., destroying them, causing no injuries; begins bulldozing work on al-Quds University campus in Abu Dis for construction of the separation wall around Jerusalem, breaking agreements not to build on university land; demolishes a Palestinian home in Rafah; conducts arrest raids in Dahaysha r.c., Jenin, al-Khadir; fires on Palestinian, Israeli, international demonstrators staging a nonviolent protest against the separation wall nr. Qalqilya, wounding 2 Palestinians (1 with live ammunition); fires on residential areas nr. Khan Yunis, Ramallah. Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket into Sederot, causing no damage or injuries. In response, the IDF shells a Gaza City building housing a Hamas office, causing a fire, wounding 2 Palestinians. Israel says that all 187 Israeli businesses will be withdrawn fr. the Erez Industrial Zone for their own protection, leaving some 5,000 Palestinians unemployed. Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba, escorted by IDF soldiers, throw stones at Palestinians in Hebron. (Globes, Qol Yisra’el Radio 6/8; VOI, VOP 6/8 in WNC 6/10; HA, MM, NYT, WP 6/9; VOI, YA 6/9 in WNC 6/11; PCHR 6/10)

The IDF shells Tal al-Sultan, hitting an UNRWA school, injuring 2 students in their classroom; raids Qabatya nr. Jenin, surrounding and firing on a home sheltering a wanted AMB mbr., then firing on stone-throwing youths who confront them, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 5, arresting the wanted man; demolishes 8 Palestinian homes, 7 shops, 2 poultry farms completely, 6 homes partially in Rafah; demolishes a Palestinian home in Hazma nr. East Jerusalem; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around ‘Ayn Sultan r.c. nr. Jericho, Bayt Sahur nr. Bethlehem, Qalqilya, Nablus, Tulkarm; fires on residential areas of Abasan nr. Khan Yunis, Rafah; fires on a mentally handicapped Palestinian who strays into a closed military zone, wounding him; dynamites an apartment in Tulkarm, severely damaging 3 other units in the building; shells residential areas of Khan Yunis, Rafah. Palestinians fire 2 Qassam rockets into Israel, damaging a building in an industrial park in Sederot but causing no injuries. Some 130 PA security officers and personnel hold a sit-in outside the Force 17 offices in Dayr al-Balah to protest corruption and mistreatment by their superiors and their impossible working conditions, saying it is impossible to do their jobs for lack of equipment, training, means of communications. (AP, HA 6/1; VOP 6/1 in WNC 6/3; UNRWA press release 6/2; PCHR 6/3; PR 6/9; MEI 6/11)

The IDF sends reinforcements into Rafah to search for the remains of the 5 soldiers killed on 5/12, firing missiles at 2 groups of Palestinians laying roadside bombs (killing 11 Palestinians,seriously injuring 1), fatally shooting 1 Palestinian, wounding 10s, occupying and demolishing a number of Palestinian homes. The IDF also sends troops back into Gaza City, demolishing 6 apartment buildings completely, severely damaging several others plus a mosque, firing missiles at a group of Palestinians allegedly planting explosives, killing 4 Palestinians, wounding 13. In addition, the IDF fires live ammunition, tear gas at 100s of Palestinians who have been waiting to cross the Abu Huli checkpoint in s. Gaza for 2 days, seriously injuring 1; conducts major arrest raids in Bayt Awa nr. Hebron, in and around Tulkarm r.c. and town; demolishes a Palestinian home in Ramallah; occupies 2 Palestinian homes in al-Qarara as observation posts. Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket at a Jewish settlement in Gaza, lightly damaging 2 houses, lightly injuring 1 settler. (AFP, AP, BBC, HA, NYT, WP 5/13; MA, MENA, PSCT, VOI, VOP, YA 5/13 in WNC 5/15; NYT, WP, WT 5/14; VOI, YA 5/14 in WNC 5/18; PCHR 5/20)

In Gaza, 2 Islamic Jihad gunmen open fire on Jewish settlers holding a memorial service at the roadside site nr. Khan Yunis where 5 Jewish settlers were killed on 5/2, causing no injuries; IDF troops return fire, killing both men, and then demolish 11 Palestinian homes, bulldoze 22 dunams of land that allegedly provided cover for the gunmen. The IDF also fatally shoots a Palestinian who strays too close to the separation wall nr. Abu Dis; conducts arrest raids in Bethlehem, Qabatya. Palestinians fire a Qassam rocket at the Negev, causing no damage or injuries. (VOI 5/9 in WNC 5/11; AP, MM, NYT 5/10; VOP 5/10 in WNC 5/12; PR 5/12; PCHR 5/13)

Sharon tells his cabinet that he plans to present a revised unilateral disengagement plan in about 3 wks. The announcement divides the cabinet, with some mbrs. threatening to quit if Sharon does not go through with his original plan, others vowing to quit if he does. (HA, VOI, YA 5/9 in WNC 5/11; NYT, WP 5/10; MM 5/11)

The IDF conducts major house searches and arrest raids in Silwad, home of the exiled Damascus-based Hamas political leader Khalid Mishal and Izzeddin al-Qassam Brigades West Bank cmdr. Ibrahim Ma’ari Hamid, arresting 70 Palestinians (including Hamid’s 5 brothers, 9 of Hamid and Mishal’s sons, among other relatives). The IDF also fatally shoots a Palestinian at a checkpoint nr. Gaza’s Kissufim crossing into Israel; shoots, mortally wounds a stone-throwing Palestinian in al-Fawwar r.c., denies medics access, allowing him to bleed to death; handcuffs a 12-yr.-old Palestinian boy to the hood of a jeep nr. Biddu, using him as a human shield to prevent Palestinians demonstrating against the separation wall there fr. throwing stones at them; raids 3 Palestinian schools in Silat al-Dahir nr. Jenin, orders teachers and students home, declares schools closed for 2 days; stages a late-night raid on al-Fawwar r.c. nr. Hebron, fatally shooting a Palestinian, occupying a 3-story apartment building as a base, conducting house-to-house searches; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Dayr al-Balah, Jenin, and in Dura (confiscating files fr. the offices of an Islamic charity), Jalazun r.c., Nablus, Rafah; bulldozes a Palestinian home in Dayr al-Balah. Palestinians attack an IDF post at Hawara checkpoint s. of Nablus, killing 1 IDF soldier; attack an Israeli border patrol unit in Hebron, overturning their jeep, injuring 3 officers; fire 2 Qassam rockets at Gaza’s Nisanit settlement, wounding 1 Jewish settler; fire several rockets into Israel, causing no damage or injuries. (VOI, VOP, YA 4/19 in WNC 4/21; NYT 4/20; VOP 4/20 in WNC 4/22; PCHR 4/22; PR 5/5)

The IDF fires on international, Israeli, Palestinian peace activists staging a nonviolent demonstration against the separation wall nr. Biddu, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 8; demolishes the PA Agriculture Min. dir. gen.’s home in Dayr al-Balah; fires on stone-throwing youths in Bethlehem, Burqa, Hebron, Qalandia, villages nr. Ramallah, Silwad; fires on residential areas of Dayr al-Balah, Rafah, Tulkarm; conducts arrest raids, house searches in al-Arub r.c., Dahaysha r.c., Dura. Hamas fires 5 Qassam rockets at Israeli targets in Gaza, causing no damage or injuries. In Gaza City, 10,000s of Palestinians take part in the funeral of Rantisi, his bodyguards; the Church of the Nativity closes its doors for the afternoon in protest of the Rantisi assassination. Late in the evening, 2 Israeli Arabs fire on an Israeli border patrol in the Galilee, causing no damage or injuries; the patrol returns fire, killing 1, wounding 1; the AMB takes responsibility. Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba bulldoze 5 dunams of nearby Palestinian land, clash with Palestinians who attempt to stop them; the IDF intervenes to arrest 3 Palestinians, does not halt the bulldozing. A Palestinian dies of injuries received on 4/16. (PSCT, VOP 4/18 in WNC 4/20; AFP, AP, NYT, WP, WT 4/19; PR 4/21; PCHR 4/22)