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  • June 13, 2015

    Egyptian authorities open the Rafah border crossing for passage in and out of Gaza, as the PA announced they would on 6/10. They will keep the crossing open through 6/19. IDF troops stationed nr....

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  • July 19, 2014

    Israeli attacks by land, air, and sea on the Gaza Strip continue, killing 47 Palestinians. A unit of al-Qassam Brigades fighters enters Israeli territory through a cross-border tunnel and kills...

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  • July 5, 2012

    IDF troops on the n. Gaza border nr. Bayt Hanun fire warning shots at Palestinians scavenging for recyclable goods in the former settlement sites, wounding 1 Palestinian. Unidentified Palestinians...

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  • March 25, 2010

    Netanyahu returns to Israel without an agreed draft blueprint. Though he is welcomed home by a small group of supporters with signs saying “Obama, No You Can’t” and “Netanyahu Stand Strong,” he...

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  • April 28, 2009

    The UN reports that in the previous wk., Palestinians and the IDF exchanged gunfire across the border nr. the Nahal Oz crossing (causing no injuries) and that the IDF fired “randomly” into Gaza nr...

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  • January 14, 2009

    Egypt announces that Gaza- and Damascus-based Hamas officials have agreed on a cease-fire offer to be present to Israel (see Quarterly Update). Israel agrees to send an envoy to Cairo on 1/15 to...

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  • May 30, 2008

    In Gaza, the IDF makes an air strike on an agricultural storehouse in al-Qarara, missing the target, damaging a house, causing no injuries. The IDF also sends tanks, bulldozers into s. Gaza to...

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  • May 2, 2008

    IDF soldiers manning the Sufa crossing fire on nearby Palestinian residential areas, causing no reported injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF patrols in, fires on residential areas of Nablus,...

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  • December 23, 2007

    Israel rejects Hamas’s latest call (ca. 12/20) via Egypt for a cease-fire, vows to continue “counterterrorist operations” to deter rocket fire. Dep. PM Haim Ramon says Israel’s strategic goal is...

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  • December 17, 2007

    Israel allows another 216 Gazans to leave Gaza through the Erez crossing for the Hajj (see 12/16); makes another “exceptional” opening of Sufa crossing to allow entry of livestock (85 truckloads...

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  • December 16, 2007

    Israel allows 487 Gazans to leave Gaza via the Erez crossing for the Hajj; makes an “exceptional” opening of Sufa crossing (closed since 10/28/07) to allow entry of livestock for the upcoming Id...

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  • December 2, 2007

    As gestures to Abbas before the Annapolis summit, Israel allows 250 Palestinians students (out of more than 600) with valid foreign student visas to leave Gaza for Egypt via the Erez crossing to...

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  • November 29, 2007

    The Israeli High Court rules that government fuel cuts to Gaza are legal but delays cuts to Gaza’s electricity plants pending further study. The IDF sends bulldozers, tanks through the Sufa...

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  • November 22, 2007

    Israel allows a shipment of lamb into Gaza through the Sufa crossing (permanently closed as of 10/28/07). The IDF fatally shoots an unarmed Palestinian (reportedly suicidal) who approaches the...

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  • October 28, 2007

    To increase pressure on Hamas, Israel announces that it will begin curtailing fuel shipments to Gaza by up to 11% and that it has permanently closed the Sufa crossing (closed on 10/26 and 10/27...

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  • September 16, 2007

    In Gaza, the IDF withdraws troops fr. al-Fakhari, ending an arrest campaign that began on 9/15, temporarily detaining 4 Palestinians, arresting 3 others. An IDF tank operating inside Gaza nr. the...

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  • June 26, 2007

    Abbas issues a presidential decree banning all militias, including the AMB, which vows to ignore the order. Meanwhile, the IDF withdraws fr. an area n. of Jabaliya r.c. occupied on 6/22; bulldozes...

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  • May 3, 2007

    The IDF sends bulldozers, tanks into Gaza nr. Sufa crossing to level land; troops also discover and dismantle 2 roadside bombs. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in...

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  • April 30, 2007

    The IDF sends troops into Gaza nr. the Sufa crossing to level land in search of tunnels. Also in Gaza, angry Palestinians storm the Egyptian legation in Gaza City, demanding that Egypt release 5...

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  • March 12, 2007

    IDF troops at the Sufa crossing fire across the border into Gaza for no apparent reason. Palestinians fire an antitank missile at an IDF observation post nr. the Gaza border fence n. of Bayt Hanun...

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  • March 8, 2007

    Israel allows the Rafah crossing to Egypt to open for departures for the 1st time since 3/6, sparking a surge by 100s of Palestinians seeking to exit that leaves a 61-yr.-old Palestinian dead; PA...

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  • March 2, 2007

    Palestinians detonate a roadside bomb nr. an IDF bulldozer operating inside Gaza nr. Sufa crossing, causing no injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in and...

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  • February 8, 2007

    IDF troops on the n. Gaza Border nr. Bayt Lahiya shoot, wound a Palestinian collecting scrap metal nr. the border fence. Islamic Jihad fires 6 rockets fr. Gaza toward the IDF post at the Sufa...

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  • February 7, 2007

    IDF troops on the Gaza border n. of Sufa crossing fire heavy machine guns into Gaza at a group of Palestinians preparing to launch rockets, wounding 1. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest...

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  • November 20, 2006

    In Gaza, the IDF makes an air strike on a car driving in Gaza City, assassinating Hamas mbrs. ‘Abd al-Qadir Habib, Basil Obaid, wounding 5 bystanders, including a 2-yr.-old boy; sends bulldozers...

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  • November 16, 2006

    In Gaza, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) pulls out of al-Shuka nr. Rafah, ending a 3-day incursion, during which 7 Palestinian homes were destroyed, roads and water networks were damaged; makes an...

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  • September 14, 2006

    The IDF makes an arrest raid into Rafah, fatally shooting a Palestinian bystander outside his home; makes an air strike destroying a Palestinian house in Rafah that allegedly hid the opening of a...

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  • August 23, 2006

    In Gaza, the IDF begins allowing limited humanitarian and food supplies through the Kerem Shalom, Sufa crossings (closed since 6/25); sends an undercover unit into Abasan in s. Gaza to capture...

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  • July 21, 2006

    Overnight, the IDF withdraws fr. alMaghazi r.c., leaving a total of 207 d. of land, 4 Palestinian homes demolished, 9 other homes partially demolished. Also in Gaza, the IDF fires a tank shell at...

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  • July 13, 2006

    Overnight, the IDF makes air strikes destroying the PA FMin. building in Gaza City, wounding 13 bystanders (including 6 children); makes an air strike on Khan Yunis, killing 1 Islamic Jihad mbr.,...

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Egyptian authorities open the Rafah border crossing for passage in and out of Gaza, as the PA announced they would on 6/10. They will keep the crossing open through 6/19. IDF troops stationed nr. the inactive Sufa border crossing nr. Rafah shoot and injure a mentally handicapped Palestinian man approaching the border fence. In the West Bank, Palestinians shoot and damage Israeli cars nr. Nablus, according to the IDF. IDF troops conduct late-night raids in c. Hebron, 1 village and al-‘Arub r.c. near the city, and 1 village nr. Ramallah, arresting 3 Palestinians and issuing arrest summons to 2 others; patrol in 1 village nr. Ramallah. In East Jerusalem, Israeli forces clash with Palestinians in Silwan and the Old City; no Palestinians are seriously injured. (MNA 6/10; MNA 6/13; WAFA 6/14; PCHR 6/18)

Dep. chief of Hamas’s political bureau Musa Abu Marzuq flies from Gaza to Doha, Qatar, to put “final touches” on a long-term cease-fire proposal with Hamas leader Khalid Mishal, according to Egyptian officials. (MNA 6/15; JP, YA 6/16)

Israeli attacks by land, air, and sea on the Gaza Strip continue, killing 47 Palestinians. A unit of al-Qassam Brigades fighters enters Israeli territory through a cross-border tunnel and kills Israeli soldiers nr. Sufa, e. of Rafah. The Hamas armed wing says that 5 soldiers are killed while the IDF says it is only 2. In fighting in Gaza City, Palestinian fighters wound 3 Israeli soldiers. The armed Palestinian groups fire around 90 rockets into Israel, killing 1 and wounding 3 in a bedouin village in the Negev. The IDF says that its forces have unearthed and destroyed 34 “terror tunnels,” 5 of which crossed the Gaza border fence. The IDF says that Palestinian factions have used up or lost around half of their rocket supplies, with 30–40% destroyed by Israeli attacks, and 10–20% fired into Israel. In the West Bank, IDF troops clash with Palestinian youth in n. Bethlehem, injuring 3 with live ammunition. There are also clashes in Hebron, where IDF troops shoot and injure 1 Palestinian, and in al-‘Arub r.c., where 5 are injured. The IDF conducts house searches and arrest raids in 1 village nr. Hebron at night; patrols in Hebron and 1 village, al-‘Arub r.c. and al-Fawar r.c. nearby, in 5 villages nr. Ramallah, and 2 villages nr. Jericho during the day. (AFP, AP, HA, MNA, REU, YA 7/19; PCHR 7/20)

Meanwhile, French FM Fabius holds talks with Netanyahu about a cease-fire. After the meeting, Fabius tells reporters that“the call for a cease-fire has not been heard, and on the contrary, there’s a risk of more civilian casualties.” Senior Hamas official Usama Hamdan says that Turkey and Qatar are trying to help secure an end to the violence. (AFP, AP, HA, MNA, REU, YA 7/19)

IDF troops on the n. Gaza border nr. Bayt Hanun fire warning shots at Palestinians scavenging for recyclable goods in the former settlement sites, wounding 1 Palestinian. Unidentified Palestinians fire 1 Qassam rocket fr. Gaza into Israel, causing no damage or injuries. OCHA reports that over the past 3 days, Israel has allowed Gaza authorities to import 20,000 tons of construction aggregates that have been stored at the Sufa crossing since it was closed in 10/2007. In the West Bank, the IDF patrols in 2 villages nr. Jericho and Ramallah in the morning; in 2 villages nr. Jenin and Jericho in the afternoon; and in Jericho, 1 nearby village, and 2 villages nr. Ramallah late at night. Jewish settlers fr. Taffuh settlement nr. Nablus cut down at least 120 olive trees in the nearby Palestinian village of Yatma. Jewish settlers also seize 5 d. of Palestinian agricultural land nr. al-Khadir village nr. Bethlehem and install a mobile home. (TOI 6/5; PCHR 7/12; OCHA 7/13)

Ha’Aretz journalist Uri Blau, who used leaked classified government documents for several reports he published, confesses to reduced charges of possessing classified information without authorization but ‘‘with no intention to harm national security’’ in exchange for 4 mos. community service. (WP 7/6) (see 5/31/12)

Netanyahu returns to Israel without an agreed draft blueprint. Though he is welcomed home by a small group of supporters with signs saying “Obama, No You Can’t” and “Netanyahu Stand Strong,” he reportedly feels “humiliated” by Obama and is “truly stunned by the Obama administration’s unprecedented willingness to criticize Israel over building in the annexed part of Jerusalem.” (NYT, WP 3/26)

IDF troops on the s. Gaza border fire on Palestinians scavenging for construction materials nr. the Sufa crossing site 150 m fr. the border, wounding 1; a 15-yr.-old Palestinian boy is wounded in a similar incident on the n. Gaza border. Israeli naval vessels fire on Palestinian fishing boats off the n. Gaza coast, seriously wounding 1 fisherman. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts late-night arrest raids, house searches in and around Jenin town and r.c. (OCHA, PCHR 4/1)

The UN reports that in the previous wk., Palestinians and the IDF exchanged gunfire across the border nr. the Nahal Oz crossing (causing no injuries) and that the IDF fired “randomly” into Gaza nr. the Qarni and Sufa crossings (causing no injuries). In the West Bank, the IDF makes synchronized daytime raids on 4 villages s. of Jenin, patrolling in the streets, firing live ammunition and percussion grenades at residential areas, causing no injuries and making no arrests. The UN reports that over the previous wk. Jewish settlers have razed 200 d. of Palestinian land (including 50 d. of olive groves) w. of Salfit to expand Burkan settlement. A PA court sentences Hebron resident Anwar Breghit to death by hanging, convicting him of selling private Palestinian land to Israelis when he sold a plot in Bayt Umar village to Karme Tzur settlement; the sentence must be approved by PA Pres. Mahmud Abbas. (NYT, OCHA, PCHR 4/29; PCHR 5/7)

Egypt announces that Gaza- and Damascus-based Hamas officials have agreed on a cease-fire offer to be present to Israel (see Quarterly Update). Israel agrees to send an envoy to Cairo on 1/15 to be briefed on the plan. Meanwhile, Israel’s intense air, naval, and ground assaults on Gaza continue.

Combat notes: Under cover of air strikes and heavy shelling, IDF troops take up new positions in s. Gaza’s al-Fukhari area nr. the Sufa crossing (occupying several homes and expelling the residents) and al-Shuka village; Israeli fire is so intense that rescuers cannot reach the wounded or retrieve the dead. The IDF reports carrying out approximately 120 air strikes today (70 of them after nightfall) that kill 10s of Palestinians. Targets include at least 24 groups of armed Palestinians, 16 smuggling tunnels, at least 10 suspected weapons depots (including a Rafah mosque), and 24 rocket launching sites (killing senior IQB cmdrs. Walid Za‘abud and Muhammad Dash nr. al-Zaytun). Air strike target areas include Bani Suhayla, Bayt Lahiya, Gaza City (areas northwest of the city and al-Nasser, al-Sabra, al-Sha‘af, Shaykh Ridwan, al-Shuja‘iyya, Tal al-Hawa, al-Yarmuk, al-Zaytun), Khan Yunis, Khuza, al-Mughraqa, Nussayrat r.c., al-Qarara, Rafah, al-Shabura r.c., Twam, Yibna r.c. Heavy artillery and tank fire are reported in and around Bayt Lahiya (white phosphorous suspected), al-Bureij r.c., Gaza City (al-Sabra, al-Tuffah), Jabaliya town and r.c. Naval bombardment centers on Rafah’s Tal al-Sultan neighborhood.

Palestinians fire 14 rockets and 2 mortars, including 4 Grads (2 each in Ashdod and Beersheba), into Israel, causing no injuries. Gaza medical workers put the estimated Palestinian toll at 1,018 dead (including an estimated 300 children), 4,700 injured. The IDF reports 27 soldiers wounded (1 severely, 2 moderately, 24 lightly), mostly in ground fighting with Palestinians n. Gaza, including 7 soldiers wounded (1 severely, 1 moderately, 5 lightly) by a Palestinian antitank missile. The Israeli toll stands at 13–14 dead, more than 150 wounded.

Humanitarian notes: The IDF allows at least 108 truckloads of humanitarian aid into Gaza during the lull. A group of Israeli human rights groups (including Amnesty International–Israel, B’Tselem Gisha, Physicians for Human Rights–Israel) characterize Israel’s restrictions on aid and access to Gaza by relief groups and medial workers as a “blatant violation of the laws of warfare and raises the suspicion, which we ask be investigated, of the commission of war crimes.” (AP, BBC, CBS News, HA, IDF, IFM, JAZ, MM, QA, REU, RFM, XIN 1/14; AYM, HA, IDF, IFM, IHY, JAZ, MA, MM, NYT, PCHR, WP, WT, YA 1/15; ITIC 1/19; PCHR 1/22, 1/29)

The IDF conducts late-night arrest raids, house searches in and around Hebron and Jenin, in Bayt Sahur, and nr. Nablus. (PCHR 1/22)

Unidentified assailants fire 3 rockets fr. s. Lebanon into n. Israel. (Up to a dozen rockets total may have been fired, with others landing inside Lebanon). The IDF returns fire. No damage or injuries are reported. (MM, MNR 1/14; WP 1/15)

In Gaza, the IDF makes an air strike on an agricultural storehouse in al-Qarara, missing the target, damaging a house, causing no injuries. The IDF also sends tanks, bulldozers into s. Gaza to level land nr. Khuza. Several 1,000 Hamas supporters take part in a nonviolent march fr. Rafah to the Sufa crossing to protest the ongoing siege; IDF troops at the crossing fire on them, wounding 6. Israeli naval vessels fire at Palestinian fishing boats off the Rafah and Bayt Lahiya coasts, forcing them to return to shore. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Nablus, nr. Hebron; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international activists taking part in the weekly nonviolent demonstration against the separation wall in Bil‘in (injuring 3); fires tear gas, percussion grenades at a similar protest al-Ma‘sara (no injuries reported). Jewish settlers fr. several settlements around Hebron attempt to occupy a disused IDF base e. of Bayt Sahur, but are removed by the IDF. In Dayr al-Balah, Islamic Jihad mbrs. kidnap, severely beat a mbr. of a rival Islamic Jihad faction. (OCHA 6/4; PCHR 6/5)

IDF soldiers manning the Sufa crossing fire on nearby Palestinian residential areas, causing no reported injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF patrols in, fires on residential areas of Nablus, causing no injuries; conducts late-night arrest raids, house searches in Jenin town and r.c. and Nablus, and nr. Hebron and Ramallah; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international activists taking part in the weekly nonviolent demonstration against the separation wall in Bil‘in (10s suffer tear gas inhalation) and beat demonstrators at a similar protest in al-Masa’ra (lightly injuring 3). In Hebron, a Jewish settler rams his car into the convoy of the U.S. envoy overseeing road map compliance, Gen. William Fraser, causing damage but no injuries, while other settlers demonstrate against his visit; Fraser’s delegation cuts its visit short. Outside Ramallah, 15 Jewish settlers fr. Yad Ta’ir attack, beat, threaten to shoot 2 Palestinian families picnicking; they flee when 1 of the Palestinians warns him that he is a UN employee, pointing to his car, which has a UN emblem. Nr. Hebron, 3 Jewish settlers attack several Palestinians; international peace activists intervene to protect the Palestinians, prompting more settlers to join the attack; the IDF intervenes, ordering the Palestinians to leave the area. In n. Gaza, Hamas-affiliated police attempt to break up a dispute btwn. rival PFLP factions, sparking an exchange of fire that leaves 1 policeman, 1 PFLP mbr. wounded. In Rafah, DFLP, Hamas mbrs. exchange fire, killing 1 Palestinian bystander, wounding a 2d. Islamic Jihad mbr. Ussama al-Houbi dies of injuries sustained in the 4/30 IDF assassination of Islamic Jihad’s Qiq. (HA 5/2; OCHA 5/7; PCHR 5/8)

Israel rejects Hamas’s latest call (ca. 12/20) via Egypt for a cease-fire, vows to continue “counterterrorist operations” to deter rocket fire. Dep. PM Haim Ramon says Israel’s strategic goal is to overthrow Hamas in Gaza using military and economic pres sure. Islamic Jihad, declaring that it would not adhere to a truce, fires 5 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, damaging 2 commercial buildings but causing no injuries; another rocket lands inside Gaza, damaging a Palestinian home in Bayt Hanun, causing no injuries. Before the 2d post-Annapolis mtg. of the Palestinian and Israeli negotiating teams on 12/24, Olmert’s government reopens the Sufa crossing (closed since 10/28/07) for up to 30 trucks/day, but also seeks Knesset approval for $25 m. to construct 500 settlement housing units in Har Homa in Jerusalem and 240 units in Ma’ale Adumim outside of Jerusalem; it is unclear whether the money is for units already approved for construction (see 12/4) or involves new building plans. Meanwhile, in Gaza, the IDF fires on unarmed Palestinians (including a child) on their land nr. the border fence e. of Dayr al-Balah, wounding 1; shells a Hamas border patrol e. of al-Bureij r.c., killing 2 Hamas mbrs. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Hebron. (NYT, WT 12/24; NYT 12/25; OCHA 12/26; PCHR 12/27)

Israel allows another 216 Gazans to leave Gaza through the Erez crossing for the Hajj (see 12/16); makes another “exceptional” opening of Sufa crossing to allow entry of livestock (85 truckloads of livestock have been allowed in since 12/16). The IDF makes air strikes on 2 cars in Gaza City, assassinating 6 Islamic Jihad mbrs. including senior cmdr. and master rocket maker Majid Harazin (who had been on Israel’s wanted list for 9 yrs. and targeted for assassination 3 times previously), his senior lieutenant Jihad Dhahir in the 1st strike and another senior rocket designer, Karim Dadu, in the 2d strike; 5 children are wounded in the 1st strike. In the West Bank, the IDF arrests senior Reform and Change employee Murad Badir Shahin, raids his Hebron home. (NYT 12/17; WP 12/18; NYT, OCHA 12/19; PCHR 12/27)

Israel allows 487 Gazans to leave Gaza via the Erez crossing for the Hajj; makes an “exceptional” opening of Sufa crossing (closed since 10/28/07) to allow entry of livestock for the upcoming Id al-Adha holiday. Palestinians fire a rocket fr. Gaza into Israel, lightly injuring an Israeli child inside a home. In Khan Yunis, a Palestinian teenager is injured when he accidently triggers a homemade bomb. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in alFara‘a r.c., nr. Bethlehem. A bomb explodes underneath the empty car of a Hamas mbr. in Gaza City, causing no injuries. A dispute erupts btwn. a Fatah-affiliated family and Hamas mbrs. flying party flags in the family’s neighborhood; police intervene to resolve the situation peacefully. (NYT 12/17; OCHA 12/19; PCHR 12/27)

As gestures to Abbas before the Annapolis summit, Israel allows 250 Palestinians students (out of more than 600) with valid foreign student visas to leave Gaza for Egypt via the Erez crossing to resume their studies abroad; makes an “exception” to the closure of the Sufa crossing to allow entry of gravel for an emergency sewage rehabilitation project in n. Gaza. Hamas mbrs. engage an IDF unit that moves into n. Gaza nr. Bayt Lahiya, causing no injuries; the IDF returns fire, killing 3 Hamas mbrs. Palestinians fire mortars fr. Gaza at an IDF base inside Israel, lightly wounding 4 soldiers; the IDF responds with tank fire, killing 1 armed Palestinian, wounding 3 armed Palestinians, 3 bystanders. Late in the evening, the IDF makes an air strike on a Hamas training camp nr. Dayr al-Balah, killing 3 Hamas mbrs. In the West Bank, the IDF fires on a Palestinian family picnicking nr. Ramallah, killing 1 Palestinian; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Hebron, nr. Bethlehem. (WT 12/3; OCHA 12/5; PAP, PCHR 12/6)

The Israeli High Court rules that government fuel cuts to Gaza are legal but delays cuts to Gaza’s electricity plants pending further study. The IDF sends bulldozers, tanks through the Sufa crossing to search for smuggling tunnels, bulldozing 1 Palestinian home. At least 10 Jewish settlers fr. Ma’on nr. Hebron block a Palestinian road lining Yatta and Khirbat Tuba; the IDF observes but does not intervene. (NYT 12/1, 12/2; OCHA 12/5; PCHR 12/6)

Israel allows a shipment of lamb into Gaza through the Sufa crossing (permanently closed as of 10/28/07). The IDF fatally shoots an unarmed Palestinian (reportedly suicidal) who approaches the border fence nr. Qarni crossing. In the West Bank, the IDF uproots a grove of 150 olive trees nr. Salfit. (OCHA 11/28; PCHR 11/29)

To increase pressure on Hamas, Israel announces that it will begin curtailing fuel shipments to Gaza by up to 11% and that it has permanently closed the Sufa crossing (closed on 10/26 and 10/27 for the weekend), leaving Kerem Shalom (fully controlled by Israel) the sole crossing point for goods and humanitarian aid. (Officially the government calls the move “self-defense.”) Israel says that it will allow into Gaza “the minimum amount of food and medicines necessary to avoid a humanitarian crisis.” In Gaza, the IDF shoots, wounds a Palestinian fisherman laying nets on the Bayt Lahiya coast; sends troops into al-Shuka, where they exchange tank and heavy machine gun fire with armed Palestinians firing RPGs, leaving 1 Hamas mbr., 1 IDF soldier dead, 2 IDF soldiers wounded; conducts land-leveling operations inside the Gaza border nr. Dayr al-Balah, firing on residential areas, causing no reported injuries. Palestinians fire an RPG at an IDF jeep patrolling the Gaza border e. of al-Maghazi r.c., missing the target, causing no damage or injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Nablus, nr. Bethlehem, Hebron, Jenin, Ramallah. Jewish settlers fr. Itamar nr. Nablus harass Palestinians harvesting olives nearby; the IDF intervenes, forcing the settlers to leave. In Gaza City, some 300 PA workers stage a peaceful sit-in to protest nonpayment of their salaries. (NYT, WP, WT 10/29; OCHA 10/31; PCHR 11/1)

In Gaza, the IDF withdraws troops fr. al-Fakhari, ending an arrest campaign that began on 9/15, temporarily detaining 4 Palestinians, arresting 3 others. An IDF tank operating inside Gaza nr. the Sufa crossing triggers a roadside bomb, causing damage but no injuries. Palestinians fire 2 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, causing no damage or injuries; the IDF dispatches helicopters to fire on the Bayt Hanun launch site, causing no reported injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF sends troops into Jabal Juhan nr. Hebron to break up an armed clash between 2 Palestinian clans and impose a curfew, later firing on mbrs. of 1 clan who violate the curfew, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 4; sends troops into Ramallah, firing on stonethrowing youths who confront them, mortally wounding a 16-yr.-old Palestinian, denying access to an ambulance (he subsequently bleeds to death); denies an ailing Palestinian with a valid permit for medical treatment permission to cross a checkpoint to reach a Jerusalem hospital, allowing him to die; conducts arrest raids, house searches in al-Arub r.c. nr. Hebron, Bethlehem, Jenin town and r.c. In Rafah, unidentified assailants detonate a bomb outside the home of a prominent local Fatah mbr., causing damage but no injuries. (OCHA 9/19; PCHR 9/20)

Abbas issues a presidential decree banning all militias, including the AMB, which vows to ignore the order. Meanwhile, the IDF withdraws fr. an area n. of Jabaliya r.c. occupied on 6/22; bulldozes 3 plots of Palestinian land nr. the Erez crossing, the border fence e. of Dayr al-Balah, and the Sufa crossing. The Israeli navy fires on Palestinian fishermen off the Gaza City coast, forcing them back to shore. In the West Bank, the IDF raids Jenin r.c., surrounds the home of a wanted Islamic Jihad mbr., sparking an exchange of gunfire that leaves 1 Palestinian bystander (a relative of the wanted man) dead; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Balata r.c. (firing percussion grenades that spark a fire, damaging a restaurant) and nr. Bethlehem, Hebron. Jewish settlers fr. Beit Hadasah severely beat a 13-yr.-old Palestinian boy in Hebron. (OCHA, WP 6/27; PCHR, WP 6/28)

The IDF sends bulldozers, tanks into Gaza nr. Sufa crossing to level land; troops also discover and dismantle 2 roadside bombs. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in Nablus; patrols areas around Hebron, firing on stonethrowing Palestinians who confront the troops, wounding 2 Palestinians. In Tel Aviv, some 100,000 Israeli demonstrators demand Olmert’s resignation for his handling of the 2006 Lebanon war, corruption in his administration, and failure to improve social services and public education. Turnout reportedly is half of what organizers anticipated. (HA, MM 5/3; MM, NYT, WP, WT 5/4; HA 5/5; OCHA 5/9; PCHR 5/10)

The IDF sends troops into Gaza nr. the Sufa crossing to level land in search of tunnels. Also in Gaza, angry Palestinians storm the Egyptian legation in Gaza City, demanding that Egypt release 5 Palestinians it has jailed without charge for 3 yrs. after they illegally entered Egypt seeking medical treatment (Egypt claims they are Hamas mbrs.); PA police force demonstrators out of the building, firing in the air, causing no injuries; Egypt denounces the incident. In the West Bank, the IDF patrols, fires on residential areas of Bita nr. Nablus, detaining 3 Palestinian teenagers who threw stones at the troops; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Bethlehem, nr. Tulkarm, and in Balata r.c., Nablus. In Hebron, unidentified gunmen fire on the home of the local PSF head, causing damage but no injuries. Palestinian schoolteachers hold a 1-day strike to protest the PA’s failure to pay their salaries. (NYT 5/1; OCHA 5/2; PCHR 5/3)

IDF troops at the Sufa crossing fire across the border into Gaza for no apparent reason. Palestinians fire an antitank missile at an IDF observation post nr. the Gaza border fence n. of Bayt Hanun, causing no damage or injuries. The IDF patrols, raids stores in Ithna nr. Hebron, firing tear gas and percussion grenades at stone-throwing Palestinian youths who confront the troops, then raids and searches an elementary school, detaining children, beating several; sends undercover units into Jenin to ambush and arrest a carload of 3 Palestinians; imposes a curfew on Hawara s. of Nablus; conducts late-night arrest raids, house searches in and around Tulkarm town and r.c., and in Hebron, Nablus. In Gaza City, unidentified gunmen kidnap BBC correspondent Alan Johnston. Around 1,000 newly graduated Fatah security mbrs. demonstrate in Rafah demanding immediate positions in the PA security forces. ESF, Fatah mbrs. exchange fire in Bayt Hanun, causing no reported injuries. In Gaza, some 500 family mbrs. of Palestinians held by Israel hold a rally calling for more PA and international action to secure a prisoner release. (WP 3/12; OCHA 3/14; PCHR 3/15)

Israel allows the Rafah crossing to Egypt to open for departures for the 1st time since 3/6, sparking a surge by 100s of Palestinians seeking to exit that leaves a 61-yr.-old Palestinian dead; PA presidential guardsmen controlling the exit use clubs, fire at the ground to push back travelers seeking to exit, wounding 7 and prompting the European Union (EU) observers to close the crossing. The IDF also sends bulldozers into Gaza e. of Bureij r.c. to level land. Palestinians shut the Sufa crossing to protest the attack today on the Palestinian director of the crossing by unknown gunmen (no injuries reported). In the West Bank, the IDF storms a mosque, several houses in Hebron nr. the settler-only bypass road Route 60, threatening to demolish the mosque if there were any more stone-throwing from the area (the IDF cmdr. involved is later suspended for his actions); fires on stone-throwing Palestinians in Tubas nr. Jenin, wounding 3 Palestinian teenagers and a 60-yr.-old bystander; shoots, wounds an unarmed Palestinian attempting to cross the separation wall nr. Abu Dis; conduct arrest raids, house searches in Tulkarm and nr. Bethlehem, Jenin, Ramallah (firing on stone-throwing youths who confront the troops, wounding 2 with live ammunition). PA security force mbrs. demonstrate in Gaza City and Bureij r.c. to protest the PA’s nonpayment of salaries, local banks’ automatic deduction of debts owed from the partial salary payments that are automatically deposited. (WT 3/9; OCHA 3/14; PCHR 3/15)

Palestinians detonate a roadside bomb nr. an IDF bulldozer operating inside Gaza nr. Sufa crossing, causing no injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Jenin r.c., in Nablus, nr. Bethlehem; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, tear gas, percussion grenades at 10s of Palestinians, as well as Israeli and international activists taking part in the weekly nonviolent demonstration against the separation wall in Bil‘in, injuring 15. In Nablus, 2 Palestinians are injured when they accidentally trigger unexploded IDF ordnance. (OCHA 3/7; PCHR 3/8)

IDF troops on the n. Gaza Border nr. Bayt Lahiya shoot, wound a Palestinian collecting scrap metal nr. the border fence. Islamic Jihad fires 6 rockets fr. Gaza toward the IDF post at the Sufa crossing, causing no damage or injuries, prompting the IDF to shut the crossing. In Nussayrat r.c., a Palestinian is injured when an explosive device he is preparing explodes prematurely. In the West Bank, the IDF sends undercover units in a car with Palestinian license plates into Baqa al-Sharqiyya nr. Tulkarm to ambush, arrest 2 wanted Palestinians; surrounds, photographs a municipal building in ‘Azun; fire live ammunition, tear gas, percussion grenades at 10s of Palestinians holding a peaceful demonstration in Hebron against Israel’s construction work at the Haram alSharif/Temple Mount, wounding 2 Palestinians; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Hebron, Tulkarm; bulldozes 400 m2 of Palestinian land nr. the entrance to ‘Azun for construction of an observation tower; confiscates 400 m2 of Palestinian land in Hebron for another observation tower. In Nussayrat r.c., 500 Palestinian children organized by an NGO demonstrate against the ongoing intra-Palestinian violence and for a national unity government. Some 400 Palestinian women, children attend a similarly rally organized by Islamic Jihad, the PFLP in Dayr al-Balah. The NIHC organizes a peaceful demonstration in Rafah against Israel’s construction at the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount. (MM 2/8; OCHA 2/14; PCHR 2/15)

On the 3d day of talks brokered by King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia in Mecca, Abbas, Hamas head Khalid Mishalsign an agmt. charging Haniyeh to form a national unity government within 5 wks., calling an immediate intra-Palestinian cease-fire. (MM 2/8; MM, NYT, UNIS, WP, WT 2/9; Daily Star, MM, NYT, WP, WT 2/10; MM 2/12)

IDF troops on the Gaza border n. of Sufa crossing fire heavy machine guns into Gaza at a group of Palestinians preparing to launch rockets, wounding 1. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Nablus, in Abu Dis, and nr. Bethlehem, Ramallah, Tulkarm. Fatah mbrs. loyal to Dahlan manning a checkpoint in Gaza City fire on the car of PA Culture Min. dir. gen. ‘Izz al-Din al-Masri (Change and Reform) when his driver refuses to stop for inspection; no injuries are reported. In Bethlehem, unidentified assailants set fire to 2 cars, a shop owned by prominent Hamas mbrs. An 8-yr.-old Palestinian boy dies of injuries received during clashes btwn. the ESF, presidential guard on 2/1 in Bureij r.c. (OCHA 2/14; PCHR 2/15)

In Gaza, the IDF makes an air strike on a car driving in Gaza City, assassinating Hamas mbrs. ‘Abd al-Qadir Habib, Basil Obaid, wounding 5 bystanders, including a 2-yr.-old boy; sends bulldozers into areas nr. the Sufa crossing to demolish 2 Palestinian homes, into Khan Yunis to demolish 3 greenhouses. In the West Bank, the IDF fatally shoots a Palestinian teenager who approaches soldiers nr. Jericho carrying a toy gun; sends undercover units into Bethlehem, arresting a wanted Islamic Jihad mbr.; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Bethlehem (sealing the Orphan Care Society in Bethlehem) and in Abu Dis nr. East Jerusalem, Qabatya nr. Jenin. A Palestinian dies of injuries received in a 1/5 attack on Jabaliya. (NYT, WT 11/21; OCHA 11/22; PCHR 11/23)

In Gaza, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) pulls out of al-Shuka nr. Rafah, ending a 3-day incursion, during which 7 Palestinian homes were destroyed, roads and water networks were damaged; makes an air strike on the homes of a mbr. of the Popular Resistance Comms. (PRCs) in Jabaliya refugee camp (r.c.), a mbr. of the Hamas-dominated Executive Support Force (ESF) in Rafah (also destroying 3 neighboring houses) after warning the residents to leave; makes air strikes destroying another home in Rafah, 1 in Bayt Lahiya, a workshop in Khan Yunis also giving advanced warning; bulldozes 3 homes nr. the Sufa crossing in Rafah; sends bulldozers into Abasan nr. Khan Yunis to level land. Palestinians fire 3 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, causing no damage or injuries. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Jenin and in Bethlehem, Balata r.c. and Dayr Ishtiyya nr. Nablus (searching a mosque), Tulkarm. (NYT 11/17; OCHA 11/22; PCHR 11/23)

The IDF makes an arrest raid into Rafah, fatally shooting a Palestinian bystander outside his home; makes an air strike destroying a Palestinian house in Rafah that allegedly hid the opening of a smugglers tunnel (warning the residents in advance to evacuate), severely damaging 8 nearby homes; bulldozes 3 d. of agricultural land nr. Sufa crossing. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts arrest raids, house searches in Bethlehem, nr. Hebron. Some 20 armed Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba attack a Palestinian house in Hebron, beat 2 Palestinians. (PCHR 9/21)

In Gaza, the IDF begins allowing limited humanitarian and food supplies through the Kerem Shalom, Sufa crossings (closed since 6/25); sends an undercover unit into Abasan in s. Gaza to capture senior Hamas mbr. Yunis Abu Daka, firing on his home, killing his brother Yusuf Abu Daka, then conducts air strikes on the house causing severe damage (Yunis Abu Daka is not captured). In the West Bank, the IDF sends an undercover unit into Jenin, driving a car with Palestinian license plates, that shoots, seriously wounds Islamic Jihad’s West Bank military cmdr. Hussam Jaradat in an assassination attempt; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Hebron and Qalqilya, in Bethlehem and Nablus, nr. Jenin. A previously unknown group called the Holy Jihad Brigade releases a video tape of 2 Fox News journalists kidnapped in Gaza City on 8/14, demanding that the U.S. release all Muslims fr. its jails within 72 hrs., marking the 1st time that a Palestinian militant group has made demands of a foreign country other than Israel, which is not mentioned in the statement; all major Palestinian groups denounce the kidnapping and deny involvement. PA civil servants launch a series of strikes to press PA PM Ismail Haniyeh’s government to take action to pay back salaries. (Miftah 8/23; NYT, PCHR, WP, WT 8/24; OCHA 8/25; PCHR 8/31; NYT 9/1)

Without explanation, the IDF shells Shaba‘ village, inside Lebanon, fr. the disputed Shaba‘ Farms region, causing no damage or injuries. In s. Lebanon, 3 Lebanese troops are killed when they accidentally detonate an unexploded IDF missile that they are trying to disarm; an IDF soldier is killed, 3 are wounded when they accidentally trigger one of the 1,000s of Israeli landmines left over fr. Israel’s previous occupation. (NYT, WP 8/24)

Overnight, the IDF withdraws fr. alMaghazi r.c., leaving a total of 207 d. of land, 4 Palestinian homes demolished, 9 other homes partially demolished. Also in Gaza, the IDF fires a tank shell at a home in Gaza City, alleging that a Hamas mbr. on the roof was preparing to fire an RPG, killing a handicapped Palestinian on the roof, 3 relatives inside, wounding 2; shells areas nr. Khan Yunis and the Sufa crossing in the south and in n. Gaza, wounding at least 6 Palestinian civilians. In the West Bank, the IDF withdraws troops fr. Nablus, ending a 3-day operation; before leaving, troops blow up the main government offices (killing a Palestinian bystander), fire on stone-throwing Palestinians youths, wounding 21. The IDF also conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Qalqilya. (WP 7/21; NYT, PCHR 7/22; PCHR 7/27; B’Tselem 8/3)

The IDF calls up 3 battalions (several 1,000) additional reserves, positions troops and armor on the n. Israel border in preparation for “limited” ground operations to “mop up” Hizballah strongholds and weapons sites, continues pinpoint special forces operations inside s. Lebanon, urges residents to evacuate n. of the Litani River immediately (see 7/20; local officials estimate that 70% of the southern population has left). The U.S. approves Israel’s request to expedite delivery of precision-guided missiles (including at least 25, possibly 100, 5,000-lb GBU-28 bunker busters) to maintain the intensity of IDF air strikes. IDF artillery hits a UN observation post in Zarit, s. Lebanon, causing extensive damage but no injuries; makes air strikes on the Beirut–Damascus highway and several bridges, targeting empty passenger busses returning fr. Syria after evacuating foreigners; continues air strikes on Baalbek (killing at least 5 Lebanese civilians, wounding 20) and on s. Lebanon. At least 12 Lebanese are killed during the day. Hizballah fires 35–50 rockets into n. Israel, 10 of them hitting Haifa (injuring 3 Israelis) and others hitting Carmiel, Kiryat Shimona, Nahariya, Safad, Tiberias, and several n. Israeli villages. Hizballah acknowledges that 6 Hizballah mbrs. have been killed since 7/12, whereas Israel claims that around 100 have been killed. UN humanitarian relief coordinator Jan Egeland estimates that 500,000 Lebanese are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance, but says that the UN cannot provide it without Israel, Lebanon guaranteeing safe corridors for movement of civilians and aid. Today, Israel allows 1 Greek ship carrying 22 tons of humanitarian goods to enter Beirut. (AP 7/21; NYT, WP, WT 7/22; NYT 8/11)

Overnight, the IDF makes air strikes destroying the PA FMin. building in Gaza City, wounding 13 bystanders (including 6 children); makes an air strike on Khan Yunis, killing 1 Islamic Jihad mbr., wounding a 2d; sends troops into al-Qarara, firing on residential and agricultural areas. During the day in Gaza, the IDF continues to shell n. Gaza, wounding at least 2 Palestinians; fires on residential areas nr. Sufa crossing, wounding a Palestinian child outside his home. In the West Bank, the IDF conducts late-night arrest raids, house searches nr. Salfit; uproots 50 Palestinian trees nr. the separation wall in Bayt Jala for “security reasons.” A Palestinian teenager wounded in a 7/10 IDF air strike on Bayt Hanun dies. (NYT, WP 7/13; PCHR 7/20)

Officially launching Operation Just Reward (ca. 7/18 renamed Operation Change of Direction), the IDF makes predawn air strikes on s. Lebanon that kill at least 44 Lebanese civilians, wound around 100. Hizballah responds by firing some 60 Katyusha rockets on n. Israel, hitting a home in Nahariya (killing 1 Israeli woman, wounding 29), wounding 11 in Safad, and hitting the northern towns of Carmiel, Majdal Qrum, Zarit. During the day, the IDF intensifies its attacks on Lebanon to cut Hizballah supply lines and prevent internal transportation of weapons and fighters, imposing a naval blockade on Lebanese ports north to Beirut and making air strikes on Beirut International Airport, the Lebanese army’s main Rayak air base nr. the Syrian border, a small military airport in Qulayat in n. Lebanon, Hizballah’s al-Manar TV station outside Beirut (wounding 6) and a relay tower in Baalbek (killing 1 Lebanese, wounding 4), a major oil depot in Jiyeh, numerous roads and bridges. AfterIsrael warns Lebanese to evacuate Hizballah-dominated areas of s. Beirut, Hizballah threatens to strike Haifa if Beirut is targeted. When the IDF conducts overflights of Beirut shortly afterward, Hizballah fires 2 Katyushas at Haifa, damaging a hotel but causing no injuries. Israeli-Hizballah exchanges continue late into the evening, with Hizballah firing around 90 rockets and mortars into Israel, hitting some 20 northern towns and killing a 2d Israeli, whileIsrael attacks 100s of targets across Lebanon (mostly in the south, but including hitting Beirut airport a 2d time, with artillery reportedly fired at a rate of 1 shell per minute throughout the day), killing at least another 10 Lebanese. Total casualties for the day are estimated at 54 Lebanese (overwhelmingly civilians) killed and 103 wounded, and 2 Israelis killed and 90 injured (1 seriously, two-thirds being treated for shock). Israel also warns UNIFIL that the IDF will target anyone moving nr. the Blue Line, including UNIFIL observers, prompting UNIFIL to confine its 2,500 troops (who are either unarmed or lightly armed for personal defense only) to barracks. (AP, HA, MSNBC, National Public Radio, REU 7/13; NYT, UNIS, WP, WT 7/14)