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  • May 16, 2000

    Across the West Bank and Gaza, clashes subside btwn. Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and Palestinian demonstrators as the IDF, Palestinian Authority (PA) police cooperate to disperse the protesters,...

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  • June 22, 1998

    IDF demolishes 23d Palestinian home this mo., bringing to 81 the number of Palestinian homes demolished since the beginning of the year. By comparison, 171 Palestinian homes were demolished in...

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  • June 4, 1998

    In Palermo, Italy, 2-day Euro-Mediterranean mtg. (attended by 15 EU FMs, 12 Mediterranean FMs) closes. This is an ad hoc mtg., outside the normal cycle of "Barcelona" conferences, held to set...

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  • June 1, 1998

    Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, Syria, the PA, the Arab League hold mtg. in Lebanon to prepare for Euro-Mediterranean meeting next wk. in Italy; also discuss...

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  • April 21, 1998

    In Cairo, Lebanese PM Hariri discusses Israel's proposal for s. Lebanon withdrawal with Pres. Mubarak. (MENA, RE, RL 4/21 in WNC 4/23; ESC Television 4/22 in WNC 4/28)

    ...
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  • January 7, 1998

    U.S. special envoy Ross meets with PM Netanyahu. (ITV 1/7 in WNC 1/11; WP 1/8; ITV 1/8 in WNC 1/11; RE 1/9 in WNC 1/12; JP 1/17)

    In Amman, King Hussein meets with Labor Chmn. Barak. No...

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  • November 15, 1997

    Secy. of State Albright meets with Arafat in Bern, Switzerland. (NYT 11/15)

    Israel, Turkey, U.S. begin 11 days of naval exercises in the Mediterranean. (WT 11/9)

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  • November 9, 1997

    Likud convention opens. Netanyahu aides lobby for abolition of party primary election system, which would give Netanyahu more control over selection of candidates. Netanyahu gives speech,...

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  • October 10, 1997

    A Jordanian trying to sneak into Israel is shot dead by the Israeli border guards. (ITV 10/11, al-Dustur 10/12 in WNC 10/15)

    EU releases to Jordan $44 m. for economic reform projects...

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  • September 2, 1997

    After a weekend mtg. with Pres. Asad in Damascus, EU special envoy Miguel Moratinos says that Syria wants to rejoin the peace process. (WT 9/3)

    Israel, Turkey, U.S. announce plans to hold...

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  • April 15, 1997

    U.S. special envoy Ross arrives in the Middle East; holds talks in Gaza with Arafat, in Jerusalem with Netanyahu. (WP 4/15; CSM, WP 4/16)

    EU-Mediterranean business conference opens in Malta...

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  • March 11, 1997

    In Moscow, PM Netanyahu, Pres. Boris Yeltsin discuss expanding economic, political ties. (WP, WT 3/12; ITAR-TASS 3/12 in WNC 3/14; JP 3/22)

    22 Jordanian deputies call on the government to...

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  • February 5, 1997

    In Tehran, Iranian FM Velayati, Lebanese Amb. Munir Talhuq discuss expanding bilateral relations. (IRNA 2/5 in WNC 2/7)

    U.S. jet on military maneuvers in the Mediterranean crashes off the...

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  • November 29, 1996

    EU-Arab Parliamentary Dialogue holds executive mtg. in advance of its full session 11/30-12/1, which will be the 1st in 8 yrs. The 14 executive delegates decide to lobby for the postponement of...

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  • June 17, 1996

    In Jerusalem, the new Knesset is sworn in. Netanyahu signs final coalition agmts. (with UTJ [4 seats], Yisrael BaAliya [7 seats]) needed to secure his coalition government. Debate with Sharon over...

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  • February 24, 1995

    NATO opens talks with 5 North African, Middle Eastern nations (incl. Israel, Egypt) in Bonn as part of its new focus on maintaining Mediterranean security in the face of rising Islamist movements...

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  • February 18, 1995

    At opening of 3-day private conference on peace in the Mediterranean in Paris, Arafat strongly criticizes Israel for obstructing negotiations, closure. FM Shimon Peres says Israel appreciates...

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  • March 28, 1994

    6 Fateh Hawks killed by 7 mbrs. of IDF undercover unit disguised as Palestinians while distributing leaflets after rally in Jabaliya r.c., Gaza Strip. At least 2 of the Hawks shot point-blank,...

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  • April 24, 1991

    At joint news conference in Damascus, Sec. Baker says his latest diplomatic mission has failed to bridge major differences between Israel and Syria over how to organize peace conference. Baker...

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  • January 20, 1991

    Iraqi television broadcasts interviews with 7 allied pilots shot down and taken prisoner; Pentagon officials believe pilots' statements to be coerced [INA, ATS 1/20 in FBIS 1/22; NYT, LAT, WT, WP...

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  • January 17, 1991

    After day of multinational force bombing successes against Iraq, Baghdad fires as many as 8 SCUD missiles at Israel, hitting Tel Aviv, Haifa, and less populated areas [NYT, LAT, WT, WP, MEM 1/18...

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  • December 18, 1990

    EC foreign ministers call off scheduled meeting with Iraqi F.M. Aziz, deciding not to negotiate with Iraq until Washington and Baghdad talk first [LAT, WT 12/19; CSM 12/20]; EC ministers decide to...

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  • September 2, 1990

    UN Sec.-Gen. Perez de Cuellar leaves Amman for Paris after 2 days of talks with Iraqi F.M. Aziz that left Perez de Cuellar "dis-appointed" [RMC 9/2 in FBIS 9/4; LAT, NYT, WP 9/3; CSM 9/4; MET 9/11...

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  • September 15, 1989

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli inner cabinet meets for the second time in 72 hours to discuss Egypt's 10-point-plan [LAT 9/ 16]. Israel denies that it carried...

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  • September 14, 1989

    Military Action

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli troops shoot, kill Palestinian activist in the Gaza Strip, prompting large demonstration. Army reports Mohammad Arafat Akraa was shot...

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  • April 9, 1989

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Palestinians observe general strike in O.T. [FJ 4/17].

    Military Action Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Hebron soldier shoots, kills...

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  • September 17, 1987

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: At Hebron University, police use tear gas and live ammunition to disperse student demonstration marking 5th anniversary of Sabra and...

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  • February 5, 1987

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: P. M. Shamir says releasing Arab prisoners in accord with demands of Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine is "out of the...

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  • August 25, 1986

    Social/Economic/Political

    Other Countries: Spain allows Mossad to collect information on 5,000 Palestinians living in Spain, vows not to give Palestinians Spanish citizenship, al-...

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  • February 7, 1986

    Social/Economic/Political

    Arab World: Col. Mu'ammar Qadhdhafi has ordered his air force to intercept any Israeli civilian plane within range over Mediterranean and force it to land in Libya...

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Across the West Bank and Gaza, clashes subside btwn. Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and Palestinian demonstrators as the IDF, Palestinian Authority (PA) police cooperate to disperse the protesters, who are marking the 52d anniversary of the Nakba and demanding the release of Palestinians held by Israel. Around 50 Palestinians suffer light injuries. (CSM, WP 5/17; MENA 5/16 in WNC 5/17; WJW 5/18) (see 5/15)

U.S. special envoy Dennis Ross meets with PA head Yasir Arafat in Ramallah, Israeli PM Ehud Barak in Jerusalem. (CSM, NYT, WP, WT 5/17; al-Quds 5/17 in WNC 5/18)

In preparation for a withdrawal fr. s. Lebanon, the IDF turns over its naval radar station at Ras Bayada on the Mediterranean to its proxy militia, the South Lebanon Army (SLA), and begins moving heavy equipment out of Surayqi post nr. Marja'uyun. (WT 5/17; NYT 5/18) (see 5/15)

Also in s. Lebanon, an elementary school in Arab Salim is hit by 3 IDF shells. Fortunately, the strike occurs during recess, when children are outside the building, so there is some material damage but no injuries. A similar incident at the same school on 12/16/99 injured 20 students. (MM, WT 5/17)

IDF demolishes 23d Palestinian home this mo., bringing to 81 the number of Palestinian homes demolished since the beginning of the year. By comparison, 171 Palestinian homes were demolished in 1997. (NYT, WT 6/23) (see 6/18)

Mbrs. of Elad settler group raid a Palestinian bakery in East Jerusalem, claim that it is located on land which is to be confiscated by Israel. (PR 6/26)

Egypt, Turkey sign memorandum of understanding on construction of pipeline which would transport natural gas fr. Egypt to Turkey via the Mediterranean. (Anatolia 6/22 in WNC 6/23)

UNSCOM claims to have proof, based on evidence obtained in confidential U.S. army laboratory analysis, that Iraq put VX nerve gas in missile warheads before the 1991 Gulf War. (WP 6/23; MM 6/24, 6/25) (see 6/18)

Hamas's Shaykh Yasin arrives in Egypt fr. the Sudan on his way home to Gaza. (MENA 6/22 in WNC 6/23) (see 6/8)

Lebanese authorities arrest 10 suspects in connection with grenade attack nr. U.S. embassy 6/21. (RL 6/22 in WNC 6/23)

In Palermo, Italy, 2-day Euro-Mediterranean mtg. (attended by 15 EU FMs, 12 Mediterranean FMs) closes. This is an ad hoc mtg., outside the normal cycle of "Barcelona" conferences, held to set priorities for preparation for the 4/99 Euro-Mediterranean conference planned for Stuttgart, Germany. The Barcelona process focuses on 3 areas for Mediterranean cooperation, unification: politics and security; economics and finance; social and cultural issues. The last mtg. was held in 3/97. (RJ 6/4, SA 6/5 in WNC 6/8; JTV 6/5 in WNC 6/9; JP 6/13)

Jordan, U.S. end their annual 1-mo. joint military maneuvers in the Jordanian desert. (JTV 6/4 in WNC 6/8)

Palestinian High Court orders PA police to release Hamas spokesman `Abd al-Aziz Rantisi, who was arrested 4/9. PA police refuse to comply. (PCHR press release 6/4)

After 2 days of closed door briefings, Richard Butler, exec. chmn. of the UN Special Comm. (UNSCOM) in charge of Iraqi weapons inspections, gives the UN Security Council (UNSC) a "road map" of missing information UNSCOM needs before it can decide whether to lift sanctions; says Iraq could fulfill obligations by 10/98 if it continues its recent cooperative attitude. Iraq rejects agenda as nonstarter. (WP 6/5; NYT, WP 6/6; MM 6/26)

Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, Syria, the PA, the Arab League hold mtg. in Lebanon to prepare for Euro-Mediterranean meeting next wk. in Italy; also discuss possible Arab summit on the peace process. (SANA 6/1, RL, VOL 6/2 in WNC 6/3; WT 6/2; MM 6/4; al-Jumhuriyya 6/6 in WNC 6/9)

In Amman, Jordan's King Hussein opens 2 days of talks with Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah on possibility of holding an Arab summit. (MM 6/1; al-Aswaq, JTV, MBC, RJ 6/1, AFP, al-Dustur, RJ 6/2 in WNC 6/3; VOA 6/3 in WNC 6/4; al-Ittihad,al-Ra'i 6/3, al-Ra'i 6/5 in WNC 6/8, 6/9; MM 6/12; al-Watan al-Arabi 6/12 in WNC 6/15; MEI 6/19)

U.S. Supreme Court rules (6-3) to send case against AIPAC brought by 6 fmr. government officials back to the Federal Election Comm. (FEC) for a decision based on new election laws. The 6 officials, led by James Akins, claim that AIPAC should be treated legally as a political action comm., meaning its membership lists, donations records would be made public. (WJW 6/4) (see 1/14)

Nr. Hebron, Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba set fire to 2 Palestinian-owned cars. (WT 6/3)

In Cairo, Lebanese PM Hariri discusses Israel's proposal for s. Lebanon withdrawal with Pres. Mubarak. (MENA, RE, RL 4/21 in WNC 4/23; ESC Television 4/22 in WNC 4/28)

11 EU, North African FMs meeting at Mediterranean Forum session in Majorca issue statement, urging Israel to comply with peace accords, make a credible redeployment fr. the West Bank; expressing support for Palestinian self-determination, creation of a Palestinian state. (MM 4/21)

Jordan urges its "neighbors" to prevent armed groups fr. infiltrating into the kingdom. Over the past wk., the Jordanian press has report several attempts by Hizballah units to cross into Jordan fr. Syria, but government refuses to confirm or deny stories. (JT 4/21 in WNC 4/23)

U.S. special envoy Ross meets with PM Netanyahu. (ITV 1/7 in WNC 1/11; WP 1/8; ITV 1/8 in WNC 1/11; RE 1/9 in WNC 1/12; JP 1/17)

In Amman, King Hussein meets with Labor Chmn. Barak. No details of mtg. are released. (JT 1/10 in WNC 1/13) (see 1/4)

Israel approves construction of 574 new housing units in Efrat settlement, 94 units in Elkana settlement, both in the West Bank. (ITV 1/7 in WNC 1/10; MM, WP 1/8; ITV 1/8 in WNC 1/11; WP 1/9; al-Dustur 1/9 in WNC 1/12; MEI, PR 1/16)

Israel, Turkey, U.S. begin naval maneuvers in the Mediterranean, which will last until 1/9. Jordan is the only country to accept Turkey's invitation to send an observer. (RJ, SANA 1/7 in WNC 1/10; MM, NYT, WP, WT 1/8; MA, YA 1/8 in WNC 1/11; MENA 1/9 in WNC 1/12; MEI 1/16) (see 1/5)

Iranian pres. Khatami uses CNN interview to address the U.S. people, urging them to break down the "wall of mistrust between us." He calls for cultural exchange with the U.S., expresses regret for 1979 hostage-taking but criticizes U.S. policies, says there is no need for political ties. State Dept. responds by proposing direct talks. Khatami also calls Israel a "racist terrorist state," denounces terrorism (which harms innocents) but expresses support for "peoples who fight for the liberation of their land." (MM, NYT, WP 1/8; MM 1/9; MEI 1/16)

Secy. of State Albright meets with Arafat in Bern, Switzerland. (NYT 11/15)

Israel, Turkey, U.S. begin 11 days of naval exercises in the Mediterranean. (WT 11/9)

Likud convention opens. Netanyahu aides lobby for abolition of party primary election system, which would give Netanyahu more control over selection of candidates. Netanyahu gives speech, condeming concessions to the PA. (NYT 11/10)

In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia's King Fahd, Iranian FM Kamal Kharrazi discuss improving bilateral relations. (NYT 11/10)

Italy's Pres. Scalfaro arrives in Syria to discuss EU-Mediterranean partnership, bilateral economic ties, cooperation in various fields. (SATN 11/9 in WNC 11/12)

Iran ratifies the CWC. (WP 11/10) (see 11/3)

Palestinian prisoner dies in PA custody, reportedly as a result of a heart attack. Family charges medical negligence. (Palestinian Human Rights Monitoring Group press release 11/11) (see 10/14)

2 Iraqi planes violate northern U.S. no-fly zone. (WP 11/13) (see 11/2)

In s. Lebanon, an exposive device detonates as SLA car passes, injuring 3 passengers, 1 civilian nearby. (VOL 11/8 in WNC 11/12)

A Jordanian trying to sneak into Israel is shot dead by the Israeli border guards. (ITV 10/11, al-Dustur 10/12 in WNC 10/15)

EU releases to Jordan $44 m. for economic reform projects. The $44 m. is part of a $110 m. package fr. the "MEDA project," an aid instrument adopted in 7/96 following the 11/95 Barcelona conference to launch EU-Mediterranean partnership. (JT 10/18 in WNC 10/22)

After a weekend mtg. with Pres. Asad in Damascus, EU special envoy Miguel Moratinos says that Syria wants to rejoin the peace process. (WT 9/3)

Israel, Turkey, U.S. announce plans to hold joint naval exercises in the Mediterranean 11/15-25. Egypt, Syria protest; Turkey says that they may send observers if they like. (MM 9/4)

In Hebron, Jewish settlers throw stones at Palestinian laborers, lay down in the street to distrupt work on a U.S.-financed project to renovate al-Shuhada street, which was outlined in the Agreed Minute attached to the Hebron Protocol. David Muirhead, the American overseeing the project, says that the Israel police responded to the needs of the settlers only, did not come to the aid of the Palestinians, beat him and others, threw him into a van and detained him until the U.S. Consulate intervened. State Dept. calls on Israel to ensure security for the workers, calls incident"simply unacceptable." (NYT, WT 9/3; PR 9/12; JP 9/13)

In s. Lebanon, an Israeli explosive device detonates, injuring 2 Lebanese civilians. (RL 9/2 in WNC 9/4)

U.S. special envoy Ross arrives in the Middle East; holds talks in Gaza with Arafat, in Jerusalem with Netanyahu. (WP 4/15; CSM, WP 4/16)

EU-Mediterranean business conference opens in Malta. Arafat, Israeli FM Levy meet on the sidelines in the highest level contact since talks broke down in 3/97. (CSM, MM, WT 4/15; Radio France Internationale [Paris] 4/15 in WNC 4/16; CSM, MM 4/16; De Volkskrank [Amsterdam], SANA 4/16 in WNC 4/17; CSM, NYT, WP 4/17; MEI, PR 4/18)

On the sidelines of the Malta conference, Jordanian FM Tarawnah, Syrian FM Shara` discuss improving bilateral relations. (al-Dustur 4/23 in WNC 4/24)

In Surif, 3 critically ill Palestinians die when IDF troops enforcing curfew deny them access to medical treatment. (NYT 4/16)

Israeli police recommend felony indictments in the Bar-On affair be sought against Justice M Hanegbi, chief of staff Avigdor Lieberman, Netanyahu political ally and Shas head Arye Deri. (ITV 4/15 in WNC 4/16; MM, WP, WT 4/16; YA 4/16 in WNC 4/17) (see 2/28)

In Mina, Saudi Arabia, an estimated 210 Bangladeshi, Indian, Pakistani pilgrims participating in the Hajj are killed, 800 are injured when canisters of cooking fuel ignite tents. At least 70,000 tents are destroyed, leaving 100,000s of pilgrims temporarily without shelter. (CSM, NYT, WP, WT 4/16; MM 4/22, 4/24; MEI 5/2)

SLA releases 7 detainees fr. al-Khiyam prison in s. Lebanon to mark the end of Ramadan. (RL 4/15 in WNC 4/16)

In Moscow, PM Netanyahu, Pres. Boris Yeltsin discuss expanding economic, political ties. (WP, WT 3/12; ITAR-TASS 3/12 in WNC 3/14; JP 3/22)

22 Jordanian deputies call on the government to cancel the 1994 Jordan-Israel peace treaty. (MM 3/11; RJ 3/11, al-Ra'i 3/12 in WNC 3/14; JTV 3/11, JT 3/12 in WNC 3/15)

An IDF soldier is found gravely wounded with 20 stab wounds outside the West Bank settlement he guards. (WP 3/12; CSM 3/13; JP 3/22)

Israel successfully test fires U.S.-financed Arrow-2 missile over the Mediterranean. (WT 3/12; JP 3/22)

Australia, Lebanon sign aviation accord. (RL 3/11 in WNC 3/14)

In Tehran, Iranian FM Velayati, Lebanese Amb. Munir Talhuq discuss expanding bilateral relations. (IRNA 2/5 in WNC 2/7)

U.S. jet on military maneuvers in the Mediterranean crashes off the coast of Israel, killing 4 soldiers. (MM, WT 2/6)

EU-Arab Parliamentary Dialogue holds executive mtg. in advance of its full session 11/30-12/1, which will be the 1st in 8 yrs. The 14 executive delegates decide to lobby for the postponement of ratification of the Euro-Mediterranean agmt. btwn. Europe and Israel to send a signal to Israel that they are unhappy with its current policies toward the peace process. (JT 12/1 in WNC 12/3)

Cameroon seconds Ethiopia's suggestion to find an alternative candidate for the UN secy. gen. position. (CSM, WT 12/3) (see 11/27)

25-mbr. unofficial Jordanian delegation travels to Iraq to discuss strengthening economic ties ahead of implementation of the UN oil-for-food deal. (JT 12/2 in WNC 12/3; RJ 12/5 in WNC 12/9) (see 11/25)

In Jerusalem, the new Knesset is sworn in. Netanyahu signs final coalition agmts. (with UTJ [4 seats], Yisrael BaAliya [7 seats]) needed to secure his coalition government. Debate with Sharon over cabinet position delays presentation of the new government until 6/18; Gesher's David Levy threatens to withdraw fr. the coalition (see 3/12) if Sharon is not given an adequate portfolio. (MM 6/17; QY 6/17 in FBIS 6/17; MM, NYT, WP, WT 6/18; HA 6/18 in FBIS 6/21; WP 6/19; WJW 6/20) (see 6/16)

1-day EU-Mediterranean business conference convenes in Rome. (European Report 6/15) 

NATO opens talks with 5 North African, Middle Eastern nations (incl. Israel, Egypt) in Bonn as part of its new focus on maintaining Mediterranean security in the face of rising Islamist movements. (MM 2/20; CSM 2/24)

Lebanese Pres. Hrawi calls on U.S., Russia to pressure Israel stop naval blockade, shelling of s. Lebanon. (RL 2/24 in FBIS 2/27) (see 2/23)

Islamic Development Fund for Investment and Export Security of the Organization of Islamic Conference says it has earmarked $50 m. for agricultural development in autonomous areas. (VOP 2/24 in FBIS 2/28)

Frank Luntz, close advisor of House Speaker Newt Gingrich who masterminded Republican's 1994 victory, announces he will be advising Likud party leader Benjamin Netanyahu on his 1996 campaign for PM. (WT 2/24)

At opening of 3-day private conference on peace in the Mediterranean in Paris, Arafat strongly criticizes Israel for obstructing negotiations, closure. FM Shimon Peres says Israel appreciates recent PA crackdown on opposition. Pair meet after mtg. to discuss Arafat's comments, Jenin 1st idea. (WT 2/19; QY, VOP 2/19, AFP, RMC 2/20 in FBIS 2/21; NYT 2/20; CSM 2/21; MEI 3/3)

In Stockholm, PA Planning M Nabil Shaath, Israeli Dep. FM Yossi Beilin, Israeli academics and Oslo agmt. architects Ron Pundik, Yair Hirschfeld hold talks on "flower exports" fr. Gaza. Mtg. is rumored to be attempt to jump-start PA-Israeli talks. (Svenska Dagbladet 2/21 in FBIS 2/24)

6 Fateh Hawks killed by 7 mbrs. of IDF undercover unit disguised as Palestinians while distributing leaflets after rally in Jabaliya r.c., Gaza Strip. At least 2 of the Hawks shot point-blank, according to witnesses. Jabaliya placed under curfew following incident. Fateh Gaza leadership calls for 3-day strike. PLO Chmn. Arafat calls emergency mtg. of leadership. (NYT, WP, WT 3/29)

Curfew imposed on Nablus and surrounding r.c.s. (MM 3/28)

Yediot Aharonot reports IMI, German companies Preusag, Kaiser, unnamed Jordanian company cooperating on 10-yr., $10 b. plan for digging "new" Jordan River to supply desalinated Mediterranean Sea water to Israel and Jordan. (WT 3/30)

King Hussein, speaking to ambassadors of permanent UNSC mbrs., conditions Jordanian return to Arab-Israeli peace talks on end to searches (part of international embargo on Iraq) of ships bound for Jordan's Red Sea port of Aqaba. (MM 3/28; NYT 3/29)

At joint news conference in Damascus, Sec. Baker says his latest diplomatic mission has failed to bridge major differences between Israel and Syria over how to organize peace conference. Baker sharply criticizes Israel's 4/23 opening of new settlement [NYT, WP, CSM 4/25; DDS 4/24 in FBIS 4/25; MET 5/7].

Iraqi and Kurdish leaders say they have reached broad new agreement that will allow Kurds to return home. Jalal Talabani, leader of one of largest Kurdish groups, says agreement provides for new measure of autonomy for Kurdistan, and guarantees of democracy and pluralism [NYT, WP, LAT, MEM, WT 4/25; CSM 4/26; INA, RMC, AFP 4/24, ADS 4/25 in FBIS 4/25; MET 5/7].

Saudi Arabia says it will accept and shelter all Iraqi refugees in southern Iraq, and will build camp to accommodate as many as 50,000 people [NYT 4/25].

U.S. symbolically hands over American control of part of southern Iraq to UN forces; imminent departure of American troops is raising fears among refugees that UN troops will not defend them from Saddam's army [NYT, WP, LAT 4/25].

Kuwaiti official says new gov't.'s 1st act will be to downgrade relations with Algeria, Yemen, Jordan, and Sudan, which backed Iraq in Gulf war [LAT 4/25].

Knesset members from Labor, Citizens' Right Movement, and Mapam head Israeli delegation that leaves for Spain and international conference: "The Dialogue of Mediterranean Citizens." Palestinians from o.t. and PLO representatives are also attending [MEM 4/24].

U.S. ambassador to Israel William Brown files an official protest with Israeli gov't. about establishment and/or expansion of settlements in West Bank; Housing Min. Sharon says that Israel has no intention of meeting U.S. demands to slow or stop settlement: "... we built in the past, we build now, and we will build in the future" [MEM 4/25].

21-year-old Palestinian is shot dead in Rafah by IDF after he disobeys order to halt [MEM 4/25; FJ 4/29]. 

Iraqi television broadcasts interviews with 7 allied pilots shot down and taken prisoner; Pentagon officials believe pilots' statements to be coerced [INA, ATS 1/20 in FBIS 1/22; NYT, LAT, WT, WP 1/21].

Iraq launches barrage of at least 9 SCUD missiles at Dhahran and Riyadh; most or all are shot down by Patriot anti-missile defenses [SPA 1/20 in FBIS 1/22; NYT, LAT, WT, WP 1/21].

U.S. command concludes that after 4 days of bombardment, most of Iraq's air force has escaped serious damage; however, future role Iraqi planes can take in war is viewed by U.S. as limited [NYT, WT 1/21]; U.S. also says that Iraqi nuclear facilities have been heavily bombed; light allied losses are credited to early strikes against Iraqi radar [WP 1/21].

U.S. airlift delivers to Israel 2 Patriot anti-missile defense systems and U.S. crewmen to operate them. U.S. also sends carrier USS Forrestal to eastern Mediterranean to help Israel should Iraq send war planes at Tel Aviv; Israel says it did not request carrier, and its presence "could only be for purposes unrelated to Israel" [IDF 1/20 in FBIS 1/23; NYT, LAT, WT, WP 1/21].

Beginning visit to Algeria, Yasir Arafat reiterates linkage between Gulf war and Palestinian issue; calls for Arabs to stop fighting each other [AVP, AGS 1/20 in FBIS 1/22].

Saddam Hussein replies to Pres. Gorbachev's 1/18 letter; says U.S. committed aggression, that Pres. Bush has grudge against Arabs [INA 1/21 in FBIS 1/22].

After day of multinational force bombing successes against Iraq, Baghdad fires as many as 8 SCUD missiles at Israel, hitting Tel Aviv, Haifa, and less populated areas [NYT, LAT, WT, WP, MEM 1/18].

Saddam Hussein defies 2d day of bombing in Baghdad by touring Iraq's capital; vows to defeat multinational force and liberate Palestine; calls on all Arabs to help resist U.S. [NYT, LAT, WP, MEM 1/18].

Anti-U.S. demonstrations erupt in Algeria, smaller protests in European cities but European gov'ts. give full backing to war effort; Iran condemns U.S.-led invasion; Pres. Gorbachev blames Iraqi intransigence for war, but only after trying to get Pres. Bush to postpone attack long enough for Soviet diplomats to try to speak to Saddam Hussein; Japan pledges additional aid for allied effort [MEM 1/17; NYT 1/18].

Turkey's parliament authorizes U.S. fighters and bombers to launch attacks on Iraq from Incirlik Air Base near Adama on the Mediterranean [NYT, LAT, MEM 1/18].

New York Times reports of CIA's psychological warfare against Iraq: broadcasting anti-Saddam propaganda into Iraq, circulat- ing audio and video cassettes depicting Saddam's regime as corrupt, and smuggling radios into Iraq to receive American broadcasts [NYT 1/19].

Curfew in Gaza continues; Israel places West Bank under curfew [JDS, IDF 1/17 in FBIS 1/17].

PLO Executive Committee issues statement decrying U.S. for beginning Gulf war and calling for worldwide resistance [AVP, MAP, AFP 1/17 in FBIS 1/18; MEM 1/17; WP 1/18].

EC foreign ministers call off scheduled meeting with Iraqi F.M. Aziz, deciding not to negotiate with Iraq until Washington and Baghdad talk first [LAT, WT 12/19; CSM 12/20]; EC ministers decide to extend grants and loans to number of Mediterranean countries, including Syria [DDS 12/19 in FBIS 12/20].

Sec. Baker indicates that even if Iraq pulls out of part of Kuwait before 1/15, the U.S. would not shrink from military measures to push Iraqis all the way out [NYT 12/19].

Amnesty International issues report asserting Iraqi occupation forces in Kuwait have tortured and killed hundreds of people, including 300 premature babies who died because incubators were stolen [WP, MEM 12/19; NYT 12/20].

'Al Hamishmar reports Israel is concerned by U.S. readiness to consider increasing number of UNRWA workers in o.t. so that they can serve as observers and report findings to UN Sec.-Gen. [HAM 12/19 in FBIS 12/20].

Israeli soldiers shoot and wound 18 Palestinians in o.t. during strike to protest Israeli plans to deport 4 Palestinian leaders [JPD 12/19 in FBIS 12/20; MEM 12/18; NYT 12/19; FJ 12/24; MET 1/1].

Israeli Maj.-Gen. Yitzhak Mordechai is named to succeed retiring Maj.-Gen. Yossi Peled as OC Northern Command [MEM 12/19].

UN Sec.-Gen. Perez de Cuellar leaves Amman for Paris after 2 days of talks with Iraqi F.M. Aziz that left Perez de Cuellar "dis-appointed" [RMC 9/2 in FBIS 9/4; LAT, NYT, WP 9/3; CSM 9/4; MET 9/11].

PFLP leader George Habash meets with Saddam in Baghdad for first time in 14 years (en route, visited Amman for first time since September 1970) [LAT, NYT, WP, MEM 9/3; JTE 9/3 in FBIS 9/6; BADS 9/2 in FBIS 9/7; CSM 9/4].

Conflicting media reports surround rumors that Habash will move his base from Damascus to Baghdad, and Hawatmeh from Damascus to Amman [LAT, MEM 9/3; JTE, AFP 9/3 in FBIS 9/6; MET 9/1 1].

Sources say DFLP leader Nayef Hawatmeh is struggling to keep control of his group after making known his support for Syria [LAT, NYT, WP 9/3].

Greek frigate leaves naval base to join multinational force in Mediterranean [LAT 9/3].

3 Palestinians were killed by Israelis during August, equaling July's total as the lowest monthly death toll since the intifada began [LAT 9/3].

Iraqi authorities in Baghdad have begun to issue ration cards for the purchase of basic commodities [AFP 9/2 in FBIS 9/4].

Israel extends for 3 months closure orders for West Bank universities of Birzeit, Hebron, and al-Najah [JDS 9/3 in FBIS 9/7; FJ 9/10].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli inner cabinet meets for the second time in 72 hours to discuss Egypt's 10-point-plan [LAT 9/ 16]. Israel denies that it carried out a ballistic missile test on 9/14 over the Mediterranean Sea [MET 9/26].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Nablus, 12- year-old Palestinian boy is shot, killed after troops open fire on stone-throwing crowd; in clash at funeral soldiers shoot, kill 18-year-old [LAT 9/16]. According to local residents, 94 Arab women and children were seized by authorities in midnight roundups during late August and early September and deported to Jordan. Spokesman for Israel's civil administration in W. Bank confirms the report [LAT 9/15]. 

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli troops shoot, kill Palestinian activist in the Gaza Strip, prompting large demonstration. Army reports Mohammad Arafat Akraa was shot fleeing arrest [WP 9/15]. At least 10 Palestinians are wounded by gunfire in O.T. [FBIS 9/15].

Arab World: Soviet news agency Tass reports Israel fired a missile from a site near Jerusalem that landed 800 miles away in the Mediterranean north of Benghazi, Libya [\WP 9/20]. Israeli helicopter gunships fire rockets at two Abu Nidal guerrilla bases east of Sidon, Lebanon. Police report at least 3 people wounded [WP 9/15; MET 9/26].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Palestinians observe general strike in O.T. [FJ 4/17].

Military Action Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Hebron soldier shoots, kills Palestinian. In Jabalya troops open fire, killing 13-year-old Palestinian, wounding 3others [FBIS 4/10, FJ 4/17]. In Gaza, at least 11 Palestinians are injured [FJ 4/17].

Arab World: Israeli gunboat, helicopters kill 4 Palestinian guerrillas attempting to cross into Israel via Mediterranean; Amal anti-aircraft batteries, artillery join battle firing on Israeli forces [FBIS 4/10].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: At Hebron University, police use tear gas and live ammunition to disperse student demonstration marking 5th anniversary of Sabra and Shatila massacres. Demonstrators in Ramallah, al-Birah, and Gaza burn tires, construct barricades, and force stores to close [LAT, FJ 9/20]. Birzeit University administration voluntarily closes university following student demonstrations [FJ 9/20]. Police disperse demonstrators protesting detention of Faysal Husayni, arrest Ishaq al-Budayri, assistant director of Arab Studies Society [FJ 9/20]. Arsonists set fire to 25 dunams of Jewish National Fund forest near Jenin UPI 9/26]. At al-Najah U., Islamic Bloc says it will not accept new university rules governing campus mosque, religious celebrations. Other student groups accept new regulations [FJ 9/20]. Walid Zurba of Jerusalem wins court order preventing Israeli developer from buying rooms in his house [FJ 9/20]. Israeli Ministry of Trade renounces measures adopted by inner cabinet to sever some economic and cultural ties with S. Africa [WP 9/20].

Other Countries: Fawwaz Yunis, Lebanese Shi'i, pleads not guilty in U.S. court to charges related to June 1985 hijacking of Jordanian plane. Attorney Gen. Edwin Meese announces Yunis was captured 9/13 after being lured onto FBI-rented yacht in Mediterranean [WP 9/18; NYT 9/19]. 

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: P. M. Shamir says releasing Arab prisoners in accord with demands of Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine is "out of the question." Other Israeli officials said SLA may release some of its prisoners [PI 2/6].

Other Countries: Italian officials end year-long investigation of terrorist attack at Rome's' Leonardo Da Vinci airport and request indictment of Sabri al-Banna (Abu Nidal) and 2 other Palestinians [WP, NYT 2/6]. U.S. announces abandonment of plans for meeting on counterterrorism strategy. U.S. also announces reduction in naval force in Mediterranean [WP 2/6].

Social/Economic/Political

Other Countries: Spain allows Mossad to collect information on 5,000 Palestinians living in Spain, vows not to give Palestinians Spanish citizenship, al-Ittihad reports (FJ 8/29).

Military Action

Arab World: U.S. and Egypt hold joint military maneuvers in Mediterranean (CSM 8/26).

Social/Economic/Political

Arab World: Col. Mu'ammar Qadhdhafi has ordered his air force to intercept any Israeli civilian plane within range over Mediterranean and force it to land in Libya [NYT, LAT 2/8]. Christian Science Monitor reports Syria has threatened to retaliate at the time and place of its own choosing for Israeli interception of Libyan airliner [CSM 2/7].