34 / 15258 Results
  • June 26, 2013

    In the West Bank, the IDF conducts house searches and arrest raids in 3 villages nr. Hebron, Tulkarm, and 1 nearby village, Nablus, Tubas, and 1 village nr. Ramallah at night; patrols in Jenin and...

    Read more
  • June 29, 2012

    Debate over moving toward a universal draft threatens to split Netanyahu’s newly expanded coalition. UltraOrthodox groups, angry over calls to remove their exemption from service based on...

    Read more
  • December 13, 2011

    Quartet officials open 2 days of meetings in Israel and Ramallah aimed at reviving peace talks. Palestinian advocacy groups note “a growing disconnect between the Quartet talks and the situation...

    Read more
  • April 18, 2004

    The IDF fires on international, Israeli, Palestinian peace activists staging a nonviolent demonstration against the separation wall nr. Biddu, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 8; demolishes the PA...

    Read more
  • November 22, 2002

    The IDF retakes Bethlehem, which had had only a small troop presence since the IDF turned the security of city over to the PSF on 8/19/02; imposes a curfew; surrounds the Church of the Nativity to...

    Read more
  • May 28, 2002

    Early in the morning, IDF tanks enter Jenin town, troops clash with residents, fatally shooting 1 Palestinian (who is allowed to bleed to death over 3 hrs.), detaining wanted Hamas mbr. Rami Awad...

    Read more
  • May 19, 2002

    A Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) suicide bomber dressed as an IDF soldier detonates a device in a Netanya market, killing 2 Israelis, wounding 50. The PFLP says...

    Read more
  • May 10, 2002

    Israel backs off its attack on Gaza, sends home some reserves called up on 5/9. The Church of the Nativity standoff ends: 13 Palestinians are sent to Cyprus, where they will stay while their final...

    Read more
  • May 4, 2002

    The CIA, EU, Vatican become directly involved negotiations to end the stand-off at Bethlehem's Church of the Nativity. The IDF fatally shoots another Palestinian inside the church; blows up a...

    Read more
  • May 3, 2002

    The IDF sends troops into Nablus, raiding and demolishing a building and a car, killing 3 Palestinians, including (possibly assassinating) senior Hamas mbr. Ali Hudairi, detaining 8 Hamas mbrs.; 1...

    Read more
  • May 2, 2002

    In Bethlehem, the IDF fires on 3 Palestinians who attempt to leave the Church of the Nativity, killing 1 Palestinian, severely wounding 2 others; the dead, wounded are evacuated later in the day....

    Read more
  • May 1, 2002

    The IDF sends tanks, APCs into Tulkarm, imposes a curfew. After the PA transfers 6 wanted Palestinians to British-U.S. custody, Israel lifts its 34-day siege of the Ramallah compound, grants...

    Read more
  • April 30, 2002

    Overnight, the IDF pulls out of Hebron. In Rafah, 3 Palestinians, including a 2-yr.-old Palestinian girl, are killed by IDF tank, machine gun fire. In Bethlehem, 26 Palestinians inside the Church...

    Read more
  • April 29, 2002

    The IDF stages a major predawn incursion into Palestinian areas of Hebron, conducting house-to-house searches, arresting 150 Palestinians, killing 10 Palestinians, including apparently...

    Read more
  • April 27, 2002

    At least 2 Hamas gunmen dressed in IDF uniforms raid Adora settlement, fatally shooting 5 Jewish settlers, injuring 7. The IDF pursues the pair, fatally shoots 1 dead in the nearby Palestinian...

    Read more
  • April 26, 2002

    The IDF raids Qalqilya, killing (possibly assassinating) local PFLP leader Ra'id Nazil, detaining 16 Palestinians. The IDF also conducts arrest raids into Jenin and Nablus, arresting 26...

    Read more
  • April 25, 2002

    The IDF sends tanks into PA-controlled Hebron, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 4 before withdrawing. In Gaza, the IDF fatally shoots 4 Palestinians who allegedly try to infiltrate Kefar Darom...

    Read more
  • April 24, 2002

    In Gaza, the IDF fatally shoots 3 14-yr.-old Palestinian boys who attempt to sneak into a Jewish settlement, armed with knives, a homemade pipe bomb. The IDF assassinates senior AMB mbr. Yaqub...

    Read more
  • April 23, 2002

    The IDF raids several West Bank villages, arresting 26 Palestinians. In Hebron, Palestinian gunmen fatally shoot 3 collaborators. This evening, the IDF sets off controlled explosions in the jail...

    Read more
  • April 22, 2002

    An IDF soldier is killed during a raid on a village nr. Nablus; a total of 5 Palestinians are killed by the IDF during the day, including senior AMB mbr. Marwan Zallum who is assassinated in...

    Read more
  • April 21, 2002

    The IDF completes its withdrawal to the outskirts of Nablus, including evacuating Jewish settlers fr. Joseph's Tomb, which the IDF retook on 2/11/02; pulls out of all of Ramallah, except for...

    Read more
  • April 17, 2002

    Before dawn, the IDF sends tanks into the Jerusalem suburbs of Abu Dis, Azariyya, and Sawahira al-Sharqiyya, declaring a curfew. In Azariyya, troops conduct building-to-building searches,...

    Read more
  • April 16, 2002

    The IDF makes a predawn incursion into Tulkarm to arrest 4 wanted Hamas mbrs., pulls out later in the day. IDF tanks encircle Askar. In Bethlehem, the IDF allows 2 Palestinians to be evacuated fr...

    Read more
  • April 15, 2002

    Sharon says the IDF will pull out of Jenin, Nablus and begin to discharge reservists within a wk. but will stay in Bethlehem, Ramallah until wanted Palestinians there are captured or exiled. The...

    Read more
  • April 13, 2002

    The IDF makes new incursions into 6 Palestinian villages, including Burkin (next to Jenin r.c.); lifts the curfew in Jenin r.c. for several hrs. In Bethlehem, IDF soldiers shoot a Palestinian in...

    Read more
  • April 12, 2002

    A female AMB suicide bomber detonates a device at a bus station in Jerusalem, killing 6 Israelis, injuring around 50. In Jenin r.c., eyewitnesses report that IDF bulldozers are burying Palestinian...

    Read more
  • April 10, 2002

    A Hamas suicide bomber (a Jenin resident) detonates a device on a bus in Haifa, killing 4 IDF soldiers, 4 Israeli civilians, wounding 14. In Jenin, the IDF bulldozes "whole stretches" of...

    Read more
  • April 8, 2002

    The IDF escalates attacks on Jenin r.c., firing at least 20 missiles into residential areas, demolishing occupied buildings to widen narrow allies so tanks can pass, killing at least 30...

    Read more
  • April 7, 2002

    Heavy clashes reported in Jenin r.c., Nablus. At least 14 Palestinians are killed in Nablus. Another Israeli injured in the 3/27 Netanya bombing dies, raising the toll to 25. The IDF reopens Ansar...

    Read more
  • April 2, 2002

    Early this morning, IDF helicopters, tanks attack the PSF West Bank headquarters in Beitunia, where some 200 PSF officers and staff have encamped since 3/30, setting the building ablaze. The CIA...

    Read more

In the West Bank, the IDF conducts house searches and arrest raids in 3 villages nr. Hebron, Tulkarm, and 1 nearby village, Nablus, Tubas, and 1 village nr. Ramallah at night; patrols in Jenin and 1 nearby village, and 1 village each in Bethlehem and Hebron. Jewish settlers attack Palestinian-owned vehicles nr. Nablus, causing damage but no injuries. Settlers also set fire to olive trees nr. Hawara village. (MNA 6/26; PCHR 6/27)

The Israeli army reopens Kerem Shalom and Erez border crossings into the Gaza Strip, closed on 6/23 as a punitive measure following rocket fire. (AFP 6/26)

The Jerusalem municipality approves construction permits for 69 new homes in East Jerusalem settlement Har Homa, a day before U.S. Secy. of State John Kerry is due to arrive for talks in Israel and the West Bank. (AFP, JP 6/26)

UNESCO’s World Heritage Cmte. in Phnom Penh passes a Jordanian-sponsored resolution in an 8–3–10 vote condemning Israeli actions in Jerusalem, such as developments of the Western Wall and Temple Mount site, and resolving to maintain the places of the Old City and Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem on its World Heritage Sites in Danger list. Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs criticizes the resolution, saying it is a “dark day for UNESCO.” (ToI 6/26)

Austria completes the withdrawal of its UNDOF peacekeepers from the Golan Heights, with the remaining 70 departing via Israel. (HA 6/26)

Unidentified gunmen kidnap 2 Egyptian police officers in the s. Sinai, reportedly in revenge for an earlier assault on a Bedouin man by a police officer during a dispute at a petrol station. (Ahram 6/26)

Debate over moving toward a universal draft threatens to split Netanyahu’s newly expanded coalition. UltraOrthodox groups, angry over calls to remove their exemption from service based on religious reasons, raise the issue of service waivers for Palestinian citizens of Israel. The 2002 Tal Law exempting ultra-Orthodox Jews engaged in religious studies was invalidated by the High Court in 2/2012 and is set to expire at the end of 7/2012. (NYT 6/30)

Israel’s Housing Min. publishes tenders for the construction of 171 housing units in Gilo and Pisgat Ze’ev settlements in East Jerusalem. IDF troops on the Gaza border e. of Bureij r.c. catch and arrest 3 Palestinians (including 2 teenagers) attempting to sneak into Israel to find work. In the West Bank, the IDF patrols in 2 villages each nr. Ramallah and Salfit in the morning; and in 2 villages nr. Tulkarm and 1 each nr. Qalqilya and Ramallah late at night. Palestinians (accompanied by Israeli and international activists) hold weekly nonviolent demonstrations against the separation wall, land confiscations, and settlement expansion in Bil‘in, Kafr Qaddum, al-Nabi Salih, and Ni‘lin. IDF soldiers fire live ammunition (al-Nabi Salih only), rubber-coated steel bullets, tear gas, and stun grenades at the protesters; 5 Palestinians are lightly injured by tear gas canisters (4 in Kafr Qaddum, including a child; 1 in Bil‘in). (PCHR 7/5; OCHA 7/13)

UNESCO’s World Heritage Comm. approves (13–6) a Palestinian request to place Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem on its list of world heritage sites at risk because of its urgent need for repairs. The U.S. strongly opposed the request, stating the church was not imperiled. Israel denounces the vote, saying, ‘‘UNESCO is motivated by political and not cultural considerations.’’ (WP 6/30)

Quartet officials open 2 days of meetings in Israel and Ramallah aimed at reviving peace talks. Palestinian advocacy groups note “a growing disconnect between the Quartet talks and the situation on the ground.” (NYT 12/14)

Jewish settlers take over several abandoned churches in a closed military zone nr. the Jordanian border to protest Jordan’s efforts to intervene with the Israeli government over its 12/12 closure of a footbridge used by nonMuslims to reach the Haram al-Sharif/ Temple Mount; IDF troops remove them and arrest 17. Other settlers block a main West Bank road and stone passing Palestinian vehicles. Later, about 50 Jewish settlers with inside information of IDF plans to remove the Mitzpe Yitzhar settlement outpost nr. Nablus that evening attempt to prevent the evacuation by breaking into an IDF base in the West Bank, setting fires, vandalizing vehicles, clashing with troops, and stoning a senior officer; troops detain 2. PM Netanyahu vows to “act aggressively against those harming Israeli soldiers and their commanders”; DM Ehud Barak condemns both incidents as “home-grown terror.” Late at night, Jewish settler youths enter Nablus to pray at Joseph’s Tomb, but they do so without the usual coordination with and escort of the IDF and deface a mosque. Meanwhile, IDF troops make a brief incursion into c. Gaza to level land and clear lines of sight along the border fence e. of Bureij r.c., firing on surrounding areas to keep Palestinians away, wounding a farmer working his field nearby. IDF troops on the n. Gaza border fire warning shots at Palestinian and international activists staging a nonviolent protest march to the border nr. Bayt Hanun to protests Israel’s imposition of a no-go zone, causing no injuries; also fire warning shots at Palestinians scavenging for construction material in the demolished Erez industrial zone, wounding a 14-yr.-old boy. In the West Bank, the IDF makes a latenight raid on the home of Change and Reform PC mbr. Ayman Daraghmeh, arresting him (making him the 24th Hamas-affiliated PC mbr. now in detention); conducts late-night arrest raids, house searches nr. Salfit. (NYT, WP, WT 12/14; PCHR 12/15; OCHA 12/16; JPI 12/23)

The PA Tourism Min. launches a campaign in Bethlehem coinciding with Christmas called “Palestine Celebrating Hope.” Tourism M Kholoud Daibes says the intention is to convey to the estimated 50,000 foreigners visiting Bethlehem for Christmas “that we have hope of having our own independent state, and we need international support for that.” The initiative includes special tours of the separation wall around Bethlehem and free postcards of the Church of the Nativity, which tourists can mail at the Manger Square post office with Palestinian stamps. (WT 12/14)

The IDF fires on international, Israeli, Palestinian peace activists staging a nonviolent demonstration against the separation wall nr. Biddu, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 8; demolishes the PA Agriculture Min. dir. gen.’s home in Dayr al-Balah; fires on stone-throwing youths in Bethlehem, Burqa, Hebron, Qalandia, villages nr. Ramallah, Silwad; fires on residential areas of Dayr al-Balah, Rafah, Tulkarm; conducts arrest raids, house searches in al-Arub r.c., Dahaysha r.c., Dura. Hamas fires 5 Qassam rockets at Israeli targets in Gaza, causing no damage or injuries. In Gaza City, 10,000s of Palestinians take part in the funeral of Rantisi, his bodyguards; the Church of the Nativity closes its doors for the afternoon in protest of the Rantisi assassination. Late in the evening, 2 Israeli Arabs fire on an Israeli border patrol in the Galilee, causing no damage or injuries; the patrol returns fire, killing 1, wounding 1; the AMB takes responsibility. Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba bulldoze 5 dunams of nearby Palestinian land, clash with Palestinians who attempt to stop them; the IDF intervenes to arrest 3 Palestinians, does not halt the bulldozing. A Palestinian dies of injuries received on 4/16. (PSCT, VOP 4/18 in WNC 4/20; AFP, AP, NYT, WP, WT 4/19; PR 4/21; PCHR 4/22)

The IDF retakes Bethlehem, which had had only a small troop presence since the IDF turned the security of city over to the PSF on 8/19/02; imposes a curfew; surrounds the Church of the Nativity to prevent armed Palestinians fr. seeking refuge there; conducts arrest raids, detaining 20 Palestinians; blows up the house rented by the family of the 11/21 bomber; encircles nearby Dahaysha r.c.; occupies 15 buildings, including a hospital, orphanage, 2 houses, 6 police stations, the local PSF headquarters; occupies as many as 30 Palestinian homes in al-Khadir nr. Bethlehem, expelling the families; raids the home of Israeli UNRWA worker Allegra Pacheco, holding her at gunpoint for 2 hrs., arresting her husband. Senior Irish UNRWA official Iain Hook is fatally shot inside the UNRWA’s Jenin r.c. compound by an IDF soldier who mistook his cell phone for a grenade as an IDF operation unfolded nearby to capture wanted Islamic Jihad mbr. Abdallah Wahash, who is arrested; an 11-yr.-old Palestinian throwing stones at the troops is also shot dead. The IDF also raids, shells residential areas of, demolishes 2 Palestinian homes in al-Qarara; bulldozes 8 dunams of land in al-Qarara, 28 dunams s. of Dayr al-Balah; conducts house searches, arrest raids in Satar al-Sharqiyya (targeting Hamas mbrs.), Tulkarm. A Hamas sniper fatally shoots an IDF soldier on patrol nr. Gush Katif settlement. Palestinians detonate a roadside bomb nr. the Rafah-Egypt border, injuring 2 IDF soldiers. Late this evening, 2 Islamic Jihad suicide bombers detonate their explosives-packed boat next to an Israeli naval patrol boat off the coast of Gaza, injuring 4 IDF soldiers. (HA, MM, NYT, PM, WP, WT 11/22; AFP 11/22 in WNC 11/25; AP, HA, NYT, WP, WT 11/23; NYT, WP 11/24; HA 11/25; NYT, WT 11/26; HA, LAW, PCHR 11/27; CSM, JP, WJW 11/28; HA 12/2; NYT 1/4)

Christian Coalition leaders end a wk. long solidarity visit to Israel, saying they will use their “fact-finding mission” to help galvanize support for Israel in the U.S. (WT 11/27)

Early in the morning, IDF tanks enter Jenin town, troops clash with residents, fatally shooting 1 Palestinian (who is allowed to bleed to death over 3 hrs.), detaining wanted Hamas mbr. Rami Awad and Islamic Jihad spokesman Khalid Hawaj, bulldozing 1 home; troops withdraw to the outskirts of Jenin by midday. IDF operations continue in the Bethlehem area, where troops resume sniper positions around Church of the Nativity, patrol Manger Square, search and vandalize the al-Rowwad Cultural Center. The IDF also detains Palestinian mayor of Jerusalem Jamil Nasir for several hrs. of questioning; conducts arrest raids in Alar, Bayt Anan, Beitunia (arresting senior Hamas mbr. Hassan Yusif), Hebron, Qalqilya, Ramallah, Saida. At least 1 Palestinian gunman infiltrates Itamar settlement, fatally shoots 3 Jewish settlers before being shot dead. Other Palestinian gunmen fatally shoot a Jewish settler driving nr. Ofra settlement. Jewish settlers set fire to 10s of dunams of Palestinian land nr. Nablus. The Israeli High Court approves the IDF's confiscation of 300 dunams of Palestinian land in Bayt Lahia nr. Aley Sinai settlement, effective retroactively to 5/1/02. (HP, MEZ, WP 5/28; GS, HA, HP, LAW, NYT, WP, WT 5/29; PCHR 5/30; MEI 5/31)

Arafat ratifies the Basic Law (the PA's constitution). (HA 5/28; WT 5/30; AFP, Interfax 5/30 in WNC 5/31; NYT 5/31; WT 6/1; AYM 6/1 in WNC 6/3)

The Knesset House Comm. votes (12-5) to restrict the movement of Israeli MK Ahmad Tibi for the remainder of his term, arguing that his works promote the interests of the PA and the residents of the occupied territories. Tibi was vocally critical of Operation Defensive Shield, participated in many peace marches. (Adalah press release 5/29)

A Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) suicide bomber dressed as an IDF soldier detonates a device in a Netanya market, killing 2 Israelis, wounding 50. The PFLP says the attack is to protest the PA's continued detention of the group's leader, Ahmad Saadat, under U.S.-British supervision in connection with the 10/01 PFLP assassination of Tourism M Rehavam Ze'evi. The IDF sends tanks, APCs into Ramallah after shots are fired at a Jewish settler driving nearby; troops withdraw to the outskirts of the city a short time later. The IDF also makes incursions into several villages nr. Hebron, Tulkarm; partially demolishes 2 factories, bulldozes a strip of agricultural land, 7 greenhouses nr. Qarni crossing in Gaza; lifts a week-long 24 hr. curfew on the al-Mawasi area of Gaza. (AP, Palestine Media Center 5/19; AFP 5/19 in WNC 5/20; NYT, WP, WT 5/20; Interfax 5/20 in WNC 5/21; WT 5/21; LAW 5/22; JPI 5/31)

Israel releases tenders for the construction of 957 housing units in Jewish settlements. (HA 5/19; WT 5/21)

The European Union (EU) says that Belgium, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Spain have agreed to take the 13 Palestinians deported to Cyprus on 5/10 as part of the Israeli-PA deal to end the Church of the Nativity stand-off. (AFP, CNA 5/19 in WNC 5/20; NYT 5/20)

Around 90 Peruvian converts to Judaism are airlifted to Israel to take up residence in Alon Shvut, Karmei Tzur settlements. The Ashkenazi chief rabbinate sent a delegation of rabbis on a 2 wk. mission to impoverished rural areas Peru in early 5/02 to convert anyone "who said they were willing to immigrate to Israeli immediately." (HA 7/19; WT 7/24)

Israel backs off its attack on Gaza, sends home some reserves called up on 5/9. The Church of the Nativity standoff ends: 13 Palestinians are sent to Cyprus, where they will stay while their final destinations are worked out; 26 Palestinians are bussed under U.S. emb. watch to Gaza, where they are freed to a hero's welcome; the remaining 84 civilians, clergy are allowed to go free after an identity check; the church is inspected and found to be dirty but only with minor damage. The IDF withdraws troops to the outskirts of Bethlehem by the end of the day. In Beersheba, 2 Palestinians detonate an explosive device, injuring 4 Israelis; Israeli police capture both. In Tulkarm, the IDF blows up the home of the 3/27 Hamas suicide bomber, leaving 21 family mbrs. homeless, severely damaging a home next door. Israel says it has now arrested 4 Jewish settlers in the plot to bomb Maqassid Hospital on 4/29 (see 4/28). In Gaza, the PSF arrests another 7 Hamas mbrs.; Israel complains they are low-level mbrs. (HA, LAW, MM, WP 5/10; AYM, MENA 5/10, QA, al-Quds 5/11 in WNC 5/13; NYT, PCHR, WP, WT 5/11; HA, WT 5/12; JP 5/16; MENA 5/16 in WNC 5/17; MEI 5/17; NYT 5/18)

The CIA, EU, Vatican become directly involved negotiations to end the stand-off at Bethlehem's Church of the Nativity. The IDF fatally shoots another Palestinian inside the church; blows up a doctor's office nr. Manger Square, saying it contained bomb-making chemicals. The IDF fatally shoots a 2d Palestinian in Gaza. (NYT, WP, WT 5/5; NYT, WP 5/6)

The IDF sends troops into Nablus, raiding and demolishing a building and a car, killing 3 Palestinians, including (possibly assassinating) senior Hamas mbr. Ali Hudairi, detaining 8 Hamas mbrs.; 1 IDF soldier is also killed. In Bethlehem, 4 PSF officers inside the Church of the Nativity surrender to the IDF. (JP [Internet], MM 5/3; NYT, WP, WT 5/4)

In Bethlehem, the IDF fires on 3 Palestinians who attempt to leave the Church of the Nativity, killing 1 Palestinian, severely wounding 2 others; the dead, wounded are evacuated later in the day. The IDF continues arrest raids in Tulkarm, detaining at least 5 Hamas mbrs. In Rafah, 1 Palestinian is mortally wounded by IDF gunfire in her home. (B'Tselem press release 5/9; MM, NYT, WP, WT 5/3)

Arafat emerges fr. his Ramallah office for the 1st time since 12/3/01, tours Ramallah to assess the damage. (HA 5/2; MENA 5/2, AKH 5/3 in WNC 5/6; NYT, WP, WT 5/3; WP 5/4; al-Nahar 5/4 in WNC 5/6; al-Quds 5/8 in WNC 5/9)

In Washington, the quartet (represented by Annan, Ivanov, Powell, Solana) announce plans to convene a FM-level "regional peace conference" in summer 2002 to secure a cease-fire and revive peace talks, rebuild the Palestinian security apparatus, boost humanitarian aid to and economic conditions of the Palestinians. (AP 5/2; HA, MM, NYT, WP, WT 5/3; Interfax 5/3 in WNC 5/6; MM 5/7; al-Safir 5/10 in WNC 5/13)

The IDF sends tanks, APCs into Tulkarm, imposes a curfew. After the PA transfers 6 wanted Palestinians to British-U.S. custody, Israel lifts its 34-day siege of the Ramallah compound, grants Arafat freedom of movement, withdraws to the outskirts of Ramallah. In Bethlehem, an IDF sniper wounds 1 Palestinian inside the Church of the Nativity, evacuates him for treatment. Later, the IDF directs gunfire, smoke grenades at the Church of the Nativity complex, wounding 3 Palestinians, starting fires in the Franciscan and Greek Orthodox monasteries that burn uncontrolled for 20 mins. before being extinguished by those inside (the IDF bars fire fighters fr. the scene); 2 more Palestinians in the church surrender. In Gaza, 4 Palestinians, including an 11-mo.-old girl are killed by IDF fire. (MM 5/1; AFP, ITAR-TASS, SA 5/1 in WNC 5/2; HA, MM, NYT, WP, WT 5/2; MM 5/3; QA 5/3 in WNC 5/6; JP 5/10)

Overnight, the IDF pulls out of Hebron. In Rafah, 3 Palestinians, including a 2-yr.-old Palestinian girl, are killed by IDF tank, machine gun fire. In Bethlehem, 26 Palestinians inside the Church of the Nativity (half civilians, half PSF) surrender to the IDF. The PA says that at least 53 Palestinians (including 21 civilians) have been confirmed killed in Jenin r.c., 22 Palestinians are reported missing. The IDF detains 2 Palestinian cameramen working for Reuters; 1 is released later in the day. (WP, WT 5/1; WP 5/5)

The IDF stages a major predawn incursion into Palestinian areas of Hebron, conducting house-to-house searches, arresting 150 Palestinians, killing 10 Palestinians, including apparently assassinating wanted Hamas mbr. Tarik al-Dufashi. The IDF threatens to raid Hebron hospital in search of 15 wanted Palestinians; destroys several buildings, including a TV station. In Bethlehem, an IDF sniper fatally shoots a Palestinian inside the Church of the Nativity. The IDF does not begin a withdrawal fr. Ramallah, with Israel demanding that the PA hand over PFLP head Saadat, Arafat aide Fuad Shubaki (wanted by Israel in connection with the Karine A affair) in addition to the 4 PFLP mbrs. The IDF bulldozes land in Rafah r.c., sparking clashes. (CNN, GS, WP, WT 4/29; MENA 4/29 in WNC 4/30; MM, NYT, WP, WT 4/30; AYM, al-Quds 4/30 in WNC 5/1; MEI 5/3)

At least 2 Hamas gunmen dressed in IDF uniforms raid Adora settlement, fatally shooting 5 Jewish settlers, injuring 7. The IDF pursues the pair, fatally shoots 1 dead in the nearby Palestinian village of Tufah; the other escapes. In Bethlehem, an IDF sniper seriously injuries another Palestinian inside the Church of the Nativity. (NYT, WP 4/28; HA, MM 4/29; MEI 5/3)

The IDF raids Qalqilya, killing (possibly assassinating) local PFLP leader Ra'id Nazil, detaining 16 Palestinians. The IDF also conducts arrest raids into Jenin and Nablus, arresting 26 Palestinians. In Bethlehem, IDF snipers again fire on the Church of the Nativity, seriously injuring 2 Palestinians, who are evacuated for treatment; 4 PSF officers surrender to the IDF. In Ramallah, 100s of Palestinians demonstrate outside the PA compound against Arafat's confinement, clash with the IDF, leaving 11 injured. In Gaza, 15,000 Palestinians attend a Hamas rally calling fo the continuation of the armed intifada. The IDF detains without explanation Agence France-Presse's (AFP) Palestinian photographer Hossam Abu Alan. (AFP, HA, MM, REU 4/26; NYT, WP, WT 4/27; al-Quds 4/27 in WNC 4/29; WP 5/4)

The IDF sends tanks into PA-controlled Hebron, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 4 before withdrawing. In Gaza, the IDF fatally shoots 4 Palestinians who allegedly try to infiltrate Kefar Darom settlement, sparking an exchange of gunfire with local PSF officers that leaves 1 PSF mbr. dead. A 7th Palestinian is fatally shot at an IDF checkpoint elsewhere. In Bethlehem, IDF snipers fatally shoot 2 Palestinians inside the Church of the Nativity, but the IDF allows 9 Palestinian children, 2 corpses to be evacuated. In Arafat's Ramallah compound, a PA judge sentences 4 PFLP mbrs. to terms of 1-18 yrs. for their involvement in the Ze'evi assassination; Israel dismisses the trial as invalid, repeats demands their extradition. In Jenin r.c., Palestinians reject U.S.-donated emergency aid, saying the U.S. is culpable in the destruction of the camp. The IDF begins constructing a security fence, buffer zone along 7.5 km of the Green Line nr. Tulkarm. (CNN, Irish Times [Internet], Jewish Telegraphic Agency, MM, NYT, WT 4/25; AFP, USIS Washington File, WP, WT 4/26; AYM 4/26 in WNC 4/29; AFP, HA, MM 4/30; JP 5/16; AYM 5/16 in WNC 5/21)

In Gaza, the IDF fatally shoots 3 14-yr.-old Palestinian boys who attempt to sneak into a Jewish settlement, armed with knives, a homemade pipe bomb. The IDF assassinates senior AMB mbr. Yaqub Sarayra in Bani Na`im, also killing a 2d Palestinian; fatally shoots 15-yr.-old Palestinian stone thrower in. Jenin. A mysterious explosion in Jabaliya kills 3 Palestinians. In Bethlehem, an IDF sniper fatally shoots a Palestinian inside the Church of the Nativity as he passes by a window; 2 PSF officers inside the church surrender to IDF custody. (AP 4/24; NYT, WP, WT 4/25)

The IDF raids several West Bank villages, arresting 26 Palestinians. In Hebron, Palestinian gunmen fatally shoot 3 collaborators. This evening, the IDF sets off controlled explosions in the jail that walls on Arafat's offices in the Ramallah compound. The IDF, Palestinian officials open talks on ending the Church of the Nativity siege; 3 Armenian Orthodox monks surrender, leave their dormitory in the church complex. The IDF lifts the curfew on Bethlehem for 2 hrs. (AFP, AP 4/23; MM, NYT, WP, WT 4/24; XIN 4/24 in WNC 4/25; MM 4/25; JP, MEI 5/3)

An IDF soldier is killed during a raid on a village nr. Nablus; a total of 5 Palestinians are killed by the IDF during the day, including senior AMB mbr. Marwan Zallum who is assassinated in Hebron. In his Ramallah compound, Arafat opens a military trial of 4 PFLP mbrs. (not including PFLP head Ahmad Saadat) wanted by Israel for involvement in the Ze'evi assassination; AMB gunmen fire on 3 Palestinian collaborators in Manara Square, killing 1, wounding 2. In Bethlehem, a serious exchange of gunfire is reported nr. the Church of the Nativity; the IDF confiscates the credentials of 17 journalists trying to approach the area. The IDF lifts the curfew in Dahaysha for 3-4 hrs. (AP, HA, Israeli Trade Min. press release, MM 4/22; NYT, WP, WT 4/23; Le Monde, al-Quds 4/23 in WNC 4/24; NYT, WP, WT 4/24; QA 4/24 in WNC 4/25; MA 4/26 in WNC 4/29; MM 4/30; MEI 5/3)

The IDF completes its withdrawal to the outskirts of Nablus, including evacuating Jewish settlers fr. Joseph's Tomb, which the IDF retook on 2/11/02; pulls out of all of Ramallah, except for maintaining a cordon around Arafat's compound. Sharon announces the end of the "1st stage" of Operation Defensive Shield. Areas vacated by the IDF today report severe vandalism and looting, including attempting to blow open bank safes to steal cash reserves. In Nablus, hospital officials say a total of 75 Palestinians were killed, 160 seriously injured since 4/3; the IDF says 1 soldier died fighting in Nablus, 9 were wounded. In Bethlehem, 5 Palestinians fr. the Church of the Nativity surrender. In Dahaysha, the IDF conducts house-to-house searches, detaining at least 16 palestinians. (JP [Internet] 4/21; MENA 4/21 in WNC 4/22; JT, MM, NYT, WP 4/22; AYM 4/23 in WNC 4/29; MM 4/29)

Before dawn, the IDF sends tanks into the Jerusalem suburbs of Abu Dis, Azariyya, and Sawahira al-Sharqiyya, declaring a curfew. In Azariyya, troops conduct building-to-building searches, sometimes forcing families to evacuate, blowing doors of homes, vandalizing cars and other property. A Palestinian is fatally shot by the IDF while driving nr. Karma; an ill Palestinian baby dies after 10 days without medication. The IDF withdraws some tanks fr. Jenin r.c. Palestinians begin to reenter the camp, excavate bulldozed areas; 5 intact bodies are recovered before troops reenter, reimpose the curfew. In Bethlehem, an IDF sniper shoots, wounds 1 Palestinian in the Church of the Nativity who moved past an open door. (WP 4/17; NYT, WP 4/18; al-Quds 4/18 in WNC 4/22)

Powell holds a final mtg. with Arafat, stating afterward, "We are disappointed with Chmn. Arafat's performance. We believed all along that he could have done more." He also says CIA Dir. George Tenet may come to the region soon to discuss ways for reforming the PA security forces. (AFP, AP, HA 4/17; MENA, XIN 4/17 in WNC 4/18; NYT, WP, WT 4/18)

The IDF makes a predawn incursion into Tulkarm to arrest 4 wanted Hamas mbrs., pulls out later in the day. IDF tanks encircle Askar. In Bethlehem, the IDF allows 2 Palestinians to be evacuated fr. the Church of the Nativity, 1 who has suffered a severe abdominal wound since the siege began, another who has epilepsy; captures, questions, releases a Palestinian youth who sneaks out of the church to find food. Later, heavy IDF gunfire is reported around the church, sparking a fire in the Greek Orthodox monastery in the church complex. Hamas reportedly fires rockets at a Jewish settlement in Gaza, causing no damage; the IDF directs tank, machine gun fire at the suspects, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 2. The IDF also fatally shoots a Palestinian outside Hebron, a Palestinian boy play in his yard in Nablus. The UNRWA is able to distribute food to 20-30% of the estimated 3,000 refugees still in Jenin r.c.; PRCS says that 7 Palestinians have been rescued fr. demolished buildings there in the past 24 hrs. Aid workers try to deliver food to Balata but are barred, assaulted by IDF soldiers. (AP, NYT, PRCS press release, UNRWA press release, UPMRC, WP 4/16; B'Tselem press release 4/17)

Powell holds a final mtg. with Sharon, says an international peace conference may be held in 6/02. (NYT, WP, WT 4/17)

Sharon says the IDF will pull out of Jenin, Nablus and begin to discharge reservists within a wk. but will stay in Bethlehem, Ramallah until wanted Palestinians there are captured or exiled. The IDF enters 2 more West Bank villages; lifts the curfews on Bethlehem, Ramallah for a few hrs. In Ramallah, IDF commando units arrest Fatah's Barghouti (see 4/2). The IDF now says it has detained more than 5,000 Palestinians since 3/29. UNRWA workers are allowed part way into Jenin r.c. for the 1st time since 4/3 but are barred fr. distributing food, water, medicine. Journalists who reach the center of the camp say the IDF has "obliterated" 2 city blocks of the main residential area, the "smell of decomposing bodies" hangs in the air, but wks. of work will be needed to determine if a massacre took place. In Bethlehem, 2 ailing Palestinians fr. the Church of the Nativity surrender; the IDF allows relief workers to bring water, medical supplies to those still inside. The IDF, Palestinian gunmen briefly exchange fire nr. Manger Square, leaving 1 Palestinian, 2 soldiers wounded. The IDF fatally shoots 1 Palestinian nr. Qur'a r.c., 1 in al-Doha; a 3d Palestinian dies of injuries received earlier. (Addameer press release, HA, UPMRC 4/15; MM, NYT, WP, WT 4/16; MA 4/16 in WNC 4/18; B'Tselem press release, HA 4/17; AFP, WJW 4/18; MEI 4/19; SA 4/29 in WNC 4/30)

The IDF makes new incursions into 6 Palestinian villages, including Burkin (next to Jenin r.c.); lifts the curfew in Jenin r.c. for several hrs. In Bethlehem, IDF soldiers shoot a Palestinian in the Church of the Nativity complex, allow him to bleed to death. Those inside the church say they are almost out of food and water, can no longer pump water fr. their well because the IDF has cut electricity. In Nablus, aid workers rescue an elderly Palestinian couple fr. the rubble of their home, which was bulldozed on 4/5, killing 8 family mbrs. including 3 children. Also in Nablus, the IDF arrests most-wanted AMB mbr. Naseer Awais. In Ramallah, the IDF ransacks, occupies the Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center, several PA offices. Reporters allowed entry into to the old cities of Bethlehem, Nablus report major damage to historic buildings, several Bethlehem University buildings (including the library), many new projects financed with donor aid for the Bethlehem 2000 celebrations. (Sakakini Center press release 4/13; WP 4/14; WP 4/15; AYM 4/22 in WNC 4/25)

A female AMB suicide bomber detonates a device at a bus station in Jerusalem, killing 6 Israelis, injuring around 50. In Jenin r.c., eyewitnesses report that IDF bulldozers are burying Palestinian bodies; Israel says it is merely burying the dead to prevent a health crisis; the IDF says it plans to move corpses to a remote "enemy's cemetery" in the Jordan Valley. Sharon's office says the 200 Palestinians in the Church of the Nativity can end their siege by either submitting themselves to trial in an IDF military court or going into exile abroad. The IDF raids the PA Agriculture Min. offices in Ramallah; fatally shoots a Palestinian shopkeeper in Bayt Sahur. In Gaza's Jabaliya r.c., 30,000s Palestinians attend a Hamas rally. (AP, HA, LAW 4/12; NYT, PCHR, WP, WT 4/13; MM 4/16)

In talks with Powell, Sharon refuses to set a timetable for withdrawal fr. PA areas, says he will not hold any political talks as long as violence continues, recommends a Madrid-style peace conference once a cease-fire is in place. (AP, CNN, MM 4/12; NYT, WP, WT 4/13; XIN 4/15 in WNC 4/16; MM 4/16; MENA, al-Quds 4/16 in WNC 4/17; MEI 4/19; al-Quds 4/19 in WNC 4/22)

A Hamas suicide bomber (a Jenin resident) detonates a device on a bus in Haifa, killing 4 IDF soldiers, 4 Israeli civilians, wounding 14. In Jenin, the IDF bulldozes "whole stretches" of Palestinian homes in the area where 13 soldiers were killed on 4/9; unconfirmed reports accuse the IDF of burying bodies during the demolitions to hide evidence of a massacre. Villages around Jenin reportedly have taken in 1,000s of Palestinians fleeing the camp in recent days. In Nablus, medical workers say 11 Palestinians were killed in overnight clashes with the IDF, another 63 injured, bringing the toll since the incursion in the city began to around 60; the IDF destroys 4 alleged bomb-making factories, then pulls back fr. the old city market area, eases attacks in Nablus and nearby al-`Ayn r.c. (where 25 homes reportedly have been destroyed), calls on survivors to surrender. In Bethlehem, the IDF shoots, wounds an Armenian monk standing at the window of his room in the Church of the Nativity complex; shoots dead 2 Palestinians who attempt to sneak out of the church to get food, medicine for those inside. Israel rejects an appeal by the Vatican, Greek Orthodox Church, Armenians for a "safe conduct" agmt. to end the standoff. The IDF bars a UN relief convoy fr. bringing food, emergency supplies into Ramallah. A World Bank delegation says it obtained access to the PA Central Bureau of Statistics, PA Education Min. and found both ransacked, computers stripped of hard drives, files purged, safes blasted open, some $10,000 stolen. Late this evening, the IDF pulls out of Qabatiyya, Samua, Yatta. (AP, CNN, HA, JP [Internet], MM, PMC 4/10; MM, NYT, WP, WT 4/11; al-Quds 4/11 in WNC 4/12; MEI 4/19; WP 4/20)

After 3 days of consultations with Arab leaders, Powell meets in Madrid with senior quartet reps. (EU foreign policy dir. Javier Solana, Russian FM Igor Ivanov, UN Secy.-Gen. Annan), who issue a statement fully backing his mission. (RMC 4/10 in WNC 4/11; MM, NYT, WP 4/11)

The IDF escalates attacks on Jenin r.c., firing at least 20 missiles into residential areas, demolishing occupied buildings to widen narrow allies so tanks can pass, killing at least 30 Palestinians; 2 IDF soldiers are also killed. Some 200 Palestinian women, children suffering fr. dehydration walk out of the camp, 5 days after the IDF cut off water, electricity, food, ambulance access. The ICRC says it has only been allowed to evacuate 3 injured Palestinians fr. the camp, 2 of whom were arrested by the IDF. IDF troops throw percussion, smoke grenades into St. Catherine's church and convent in the Church of the Nativity complex, setting a conference hall afire; exchange gunfire with PSF officers who leave the church to put out the blaze, killing 1. After 45 mins., the IDF allows fire fighters into the church to extinguish the blaze, which causes serious damage. In Nablus, the IDF orders Palestinian men age 19-60 to surrender, in some cases threatening to destroy homes if Palestinians do not turn themselves in. The IDF also allows ICRC and PRCS medics into Nablus to removed the wounded, bodies of 10 Palestinians killed in recent days of fighting; another 14 bodies were buried in a mosque courtyard earlier, when they could not be removed. In Ramallah, the IDF lifts the curfew for several hrs.; raids, damages offices of 2 Arab TV stations. (CNN, WP 4/8; MM, NYT, WP, WT 4/9; JT, al-Quds 4/9 in WNC 4/10)

Bush publicly reiterates his call for Sharon to halt incursions, immediately begin a withdrawal, telling him "I meant what I said." Zinni presses the issue privately with Sharon, who says the IDF will begin pulling out of Qalqilya, Tulkarm within hrs. but will maintain a tight cordon around the 2 towns; vows attacks on other areas will continue "until the mission is completed," after which he would willing to hold Madrid-style negotiations with "moderate and responsible Middle Eastern leaders." (MM 4/8; MM, NYT, WP, WT 4/9; MM 4/10)

Heavy clashes reported in Jenin r.c., Nablus. At least 14 Palestinians are killed in Nablus. Another Israeli injured in the 3/27 Netanya bombing dies, raising the toll to 25. The IDF reopens Ansar 3 prison to hold Palestinian detainees. The Evangelical Lutheran Church reports that the IDF has severely damaged the Lutheran Christmas Church in Bethlehem, breaking in 31 doors and 57 windows, shooting holes in sinks, demolishing computers, vandalizing the gift shop. Some 200 Palestinian fighters, civilians, clergy remain in the Church of the Nativity, surrounded by IDF troops. A PA security court in Gaza condemns 5 collaborators to death, sentences a 15-yr.-old collaborator to life in prison. (NYT, WP, WT 4/8; MENA 4/8 in WNC 4/9)

Powell says Bush's 4/4 demand for an Israeli withdrawal without delay was only a "request"; says he is not expecting to secure a cease-fire during his upcoming trip. The Israeli cabinet "overwhelmingly" approves continuing the operation, even if it means defying the U.S. (AFP 4/7; SA 4/7 in WNC 4/8; NYT, WP, WT 4/8; JT, al-Zaman 4/8 in WNC 4/9; WP, WT 4/9; WP 4/17 MEI 4/19)

Early this morning, IDF helicopters, tanks attack the PSF West Bank headquarters in Beitunia, where some 200 PSF officers and staff have encamped since 3/30, setting the building ablaze. The CIA intervenes to secure the safe evacuation of the staff, surrender of 180 officers, but some refuse to leave. In Ramallah, the IDF continues house-to-house searches, stumbling upon 22 PSF officers hiding in an apartment, fatally shooting 2 though none resist arrest; raids, shuts Ramallah's al-Quds Educational TV, arresting 2 employees; revokes the credentials of 2 Abu Dhabi TV journalists, threatens legal action against CNN and NBC for broadcasting fr. Ramallah; confiscates 3 ambulances, detains 9 paramedics. PRCS suspends services in Ramallah, noting the IDF now has 15 medical workers in custody. This afternoon, the IDF lifts the Ramallah curfew for 3 hrs. so residents can buy food, bury those killed since 3/29 (bodies have been double-stacked in morgues, with no electricity). In Bethlehem, IDF troops order all men age 14-45 to surrender; fight their way to the doorway of the Church of the Nativity, where some 200 Palestinian gunmen, civilians have now sought refuge; fire on 20 journalists on the balcony of the Star Hotel, injuring 1; fire a warning shot at a clearly marked Reuters car. Palestinians also take refuge in Bethlehem's Omar Mosque, Santa Maria Church, the Russian Orthodox Church and hospice; the IDF surrounds those holy sites, occupies Bethlehem University as its main staging area. In Aida and Dahaysha, the IDF orders Palestinian women age 15-25, men age 14-45 to surrender. A Palestinian suicide bomber detonates a device at an IDF checkpoint into Jerusalem, killing only himself, causing no injuries. At least 7 Palestinians are killed today, including 2 motorists ambushed by settler vigilante group Tears of the Orphans and Martyrs (see 3/5) nr. Tulkarm, a mother and son shot by the IDF and allowed bleed to death, a woman shot dead by an IDF sniper as she left a Ramallah hospital (troops fire on medical workers attempting to retrieve her body). 3 Israelis injured in the 3/27 Netanya attack die, bringing the toll of the bombing to 23; 1 Israeli injured in the 3/31 Haifa attack dies, bringing that toll to 16. Israel expands its list of "wanted" Palestinians to include some of Arafat's top aides, including intelligence chief Tawfiq Tirawi, PSF 2d in command in Gaza Rashid Abu Shabak, Fatah tanzim leader Marwan Barghouti, but not PSF heads Dahlan or Rajub. (AP, HA, PRCS press release, NYT, WP, WT 4/2; MENA 4/2 in WNC 4/3; NYT, WP, WT 4/3; WP 4/4; QA 4/4 in WNC 4/5; MEI 4/5)

Sharon tells envoys of EU, Russia, UN they may meet with Arafat if they agree to escort him into exile. Peres proposes that Arafat "voluntarily" leave the territories asylum in foreign country. (AP, HA, MM 4/2; AFP 4/2 in WNC 4/3; NYT, WP 4/3)