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  • July 14, 1998

    In Amman, King Hussein discusses peace process with Labor Chmn. Barak. The king then leaves for the U.S. for an irregular medical checkup to treat a fever he has been suffering for almost 2 wks. (...

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  • April 28, 1998

    In Cairo, PM Netanyahu, Pres. Mubarak meet for 1st time since 5/27/97 for talks on peace process. Mubarak also receives U.S. Asst. Secy. of State Indyk to discuss upcoming PA-Israeli...

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  • May 16, 1997

    U.S. special envoy Dennis Ross extends his stay in the region an extra day to follow up on Palestinian Authority (PA) complaints regarding U.S. mediation (see 5/15); meets separately with PA head...

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  • May 6, 1997

    FBI begins investigating whether a "senior U.S. government official" has been passing highly sensitive information to Israel. U.S. officials say that in 1/97, the National Security Agency...

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  • July 8, 1996

    Before leaving for the U.S. to meet with Pres. Clinton, PM Netanyahu swears in Sharon as infrastructure M; appoints Eliahu Ben-Elissar as new amb. to the U.S., effective 9/1. (ITV, QY 7/8 in FBIS...

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  • July 29, 1982

    Military Action:

    Beirut truce holds as Habib works intensively to break deadlock (only a few PLO mortar rounds fired near airport, in response to IDF attempted advances); IDF reports "...

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In Amman, King Hussein discusses peace process with Labor Chmn. Barak. The king then leaves for the U.S. for an irregular medical checkup to treat a fever he has been suffering for almost 2 wks. (IDF Radio, JTV, RJ 7/14 in WNC 7/15; JTV 7/14, JT 7/15 in WNC 7/16)

Zalman Shoval replaces Eliahu Ben-Elissar as Israeli amb. to the U.S. (IDF Radio 7/17 in WNC 7/20; WJW 8/6)

Lawyers for Nahum Manbar, an Israeli convicted of selling poisonous gas material to Iran, seeks to have his case declared a mistrial after learning that PM Netanyahu phoned the presiding judge during the proceedings to demand a harsh sentence for Manbar. (MM 7/14; WT 7/15) (see 6/17)

PA State Security Court (SSC) sentences PSF agent Fahmi al-Tawil to death for the murder of another PSF officer, Hamdi al-Krajha. The SSC is outside the PA civilian, military court system; frequently holds secret trials, without legal representation. (LAW 7/15)

After 2 days of high-level talks in Damascus, Iraq, Syria sign oil pipeline agmt. (WT 7/13, Iraqi News Agency 7/14 in WNC 7/15; MM 7/15; al-Quds al-Arabi 7/15 in WNC 7/16)

In Cairo, PM Netanyahu, Pres. Mubarak meet for 1st time since 5/27/97 for talks on peace process. Mubarak also receives U.S. Asst. Secy. of State Indyk to discuss upcoming PA-Israeli talks set to begin in London 5/4. (MM 4/28; al-Ahram, al-Jumhuriyya [Cairo], MENA, RE, al-Wafd [Cairo] 4/28 in WNC 4/30; MM, NYT, WT 4/29; MA, SA 4/29, al-Akhbar [Cairo] 4/30 in WNC 5/1; PR 5/1; al-Ittihad 5/1 in WNC 5/6)

2-day Palestinian-Egyptian Higher Comm. mtg. opens in Gaza. (al-Quds 4/28 in WNC 4/30; NYT, WT 4/29; MENA 4/29 in WNC 5/1; MEI 5/8)

PM Netanyahu announces that world Likud chmn. Shoval, a fmr. amb. to the U.S., will return to Washington this summer to replace current amb. Eliahu Ben-Elissar. (WT 4/29; WJW 4/30; JP 5/9)

Contradicting UN officials, Iraq claims that the 2/22 agmt. with the UN does not entitle inspectors to an unlimited number of visits over an indefinite period, wants to limit weapons inspections. (WP, WT 4/29; MM 5/1) (see 4/27)

U.S. special envoy Dennis Ross extends his stay in the region an extra day to follow up on Palestinian Authority (PA) complaints regarding U.S. mediation (see 5/15); meets separately with PA head Yasir Arafat, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu, PA Local Government M Saeb Erakat, Arafat chief dep. Mahmud Abbas. Israel, PA say that they are no closer to resuming negotiations. (AFP, al-Dustur 5/16 in WNC 5/19; NYT, WP, WT 5/17; MM 5/19; MM 5/20; ITV 5/17 in WNC 5/22)

EU special envoy Miguel Moratinos says that U.S. special envoy Ross's failed mission to the region highlights the need for a larger European role in the peace process. (AFP 5/16 in WNC 5/19)

At Secy. of State Madeleine Albright request, Israeli FM David Levy comes to Washington to discuss the peace process. (MM, NYT, WT 5/16; ITV 5/16 in WNC 5/19; MM 5/19)

Israeli amb. to the U.S. Eliahu Ben-Elissar accuses the U.S. of spying on the Israeli embassy; says that PM Netanyahu should "strenuously object" to U.S. wiretapping of embassy phones, which, he claims, is how the U.S. obtained information on Mega, an alleged Israeli spy. Officially, Israel says that Mega is Mossad's nickname for the CIA desk officer for Israel affairs--a legitimate intelligence contact. The U.S. says only that the case is still open. (MM 5/16; YA 5/16 in WNC 5/19; WP, WT 5/17) (see 5/6, 5/8)

FBI begins investigating whether a "senior U.S. government official" has been passing highly sensitive information to Israel. U.S. officials say that in 1/97, the National Security Agency intercepted a transmission btwn. 2 Israeli intelligence officers in Washington and Tel Aviv, discussing a request by Israeli Amb. to the U.S. Eliahu Ben-Elissar to activate a alleged mole code-named Mega to obtain the secret letter of assurances fr. fmr. Secy. of State Christopher to Arafat, which was attached to the Hebron protocol and has never been made public. The transmission suggests that Mega has provide information to Israel in the past. Israel denies spying. (WP 5/7; NYT, WP 5/8; MM 5/8; IDF Radio, ITV, YA 5/8 in WNC 5/9; MM, WP, WT 5/9; SANA 5/12 in WNC 5/13; MEI 5/16; JP 5/17)

Arafat, Israeli pres. Weizman meet in advance of U.S. special envoy Ross's arrival 5/8. (MM, WT 5/6; ITV 5/6 in WNC 5/7; CSM, MM, NYT, WP 5/7; AFP, YA 5/7 in WNC 5/8; WJW 5/8; JP 5/10; MM 5/12)

After Arafat-Weizman mtg., an Israeli-PA-U.S. security mtg. is held to discuss resuming coordination. (MM 5/7; ITV 5/7 in WNC 5/8)

Egyptian pres. Mubarak accepts Iran's invitation to attend the 12/97 OIC mtg. in Tehran but says that Egypt is not considering resuming diplomatic relations with Iran (severed after Egypt signed its peace treaty with Israel in 1979). (WT 5/7)

Iran's FM Velayati arrives in Beirut for mtg. with FM Buwayz. (VOL 5/6 in WNC 5/7; IRNA 5/7 in WNC 5/8)

Israeli police forcibly evacuate 30 Jewish settlers fr. a shack they had set up nr. Nablus in an attempt to expand Yitzhar settlement. (MM, NYT 5/7; IDF Radio 5/7 in WNC 5/8; PR 5/16)

IDF demolishes 2 Palestinian homes in Jerusalem, Ramallah for being constructed without a permit. (LAW 5/6; PR 5/16) (see 5/5)

A bomb explosion in s. Lebanon blamed on Israel kills 2 civilians, injures 2. A 2d bomb at the same site is dismantled. In a separate incident, Israeli planes attack suspected Hizballah targets in the Biqa` Valley, injuring 1 civilian. (RL, VOL 5/6 in WNC 5/7; WP 5/7)

Before leaving for the U.S. to meet with Pres. Clinton, PM Netanyahu swears in Sharon as infrastructure M; appoints Eliahu Ben-Elissar as new amb. to the U.S., effective 9/1. (ITV, QY 7/8 in FBIS 7/9; MM, NYT, WP, WT 7/9; WT 7/10; MA 7/10, HA 7/11 in FBIS 7/11; WJW 7/11; JP 7/13, 7/20; CSM 7/23; WT 7/24)

Before leaving for the U.S., Israeli PM Netanyahu meets with Golan settler leaders, who present him with a development plan; says he will act to accelerate the plan's implementation upon his return, he has no plans of withdrawing fr. the Heights. (QY, SARR 7/8, SARR 7/9 in FBIS 7/9; SARR 7/16 in FBIS 7/17)

In a press conference on Netanyahu's upcoming visit, White House spokesman Michael McCurry refuses 3 times to state U.S. policy on Israeli settlements, says position has not changed but there is no "usefulness" in restating the U.S. view. Later, on condition of anonymity, a White House officials reaffirms that the U.S. believes settlements complicate negotiations. Administration seeks to avoid clash with Netanyahu on the settlement issue before 11/96 elections. (WT 7/9)

Turkish PM Erbakan's government wins (278-265) confidence vote. Israel, Syria send their congratulations. (CSM, MM, NYT, WP 7/9; MA, SARR 7/9 in FBIS 7/9; MM 7/11) (see 6/28)

Military Action:

Beirut truce holds as Habib works intensively to break deadlock (only a few PLO mortar rounds fired near airport, in response to IDF attempted advances); IDF reports "terrorists" infiltrated lines near Hamia in eastern Lebanon.

Casualties:

Lebanese Red Cross appeals to UNICEF to get water, electricity restored; PLO blocks UNRWA from taking food warehoused in Beirut for distribution in IDF-occupied southern Lebanon; heavy damage from IDF raids, including increasing numbers of phosphorus victims.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Ben-Elissar says IDF responses to PLO/Syrian cease-fire violations won't necessarily be "proportionate"; Labor Party condemns continued bombing, shelling of Beirut; Health Minister Shostak charges ICRC with inflating casualty figures; Israeli Ambassador Soffer, in Geneva, attacks World Council of Churches resolution condemning Israeli invasion as "libelous"; Israel will seek to boost tourism by encouraging tours of Israel by Lebanese and Lebanese-Americans; Colonel Eli Geva, 14- year veteran who resigned his command, is dismissed from the IDF.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat outlines withdrawal plan to Wazzan; Arafat, Salam meet; Habib reportedly tells Sarkis he has secured agreements to meet PLO conditions.

Arab Governments: Arab League endorses PLO withdrawal once PLO is guaranteed safe passage out of Beirut and once future security of Palestinians remaining in Lebanon is assured.

US and Other Countries: US Administration says major hurdles remain, stepped-up IDF actions counterproductive to negotiations; Canada protests harassment of its Beirut Ambassador by IDF; ultra-orthodox rabbis in Britain protest several Israeli government actions, including invasion.

UN: Security Council debate opens on Egyptian/ French draft resolution (which links Beirut crisis to overall settlement of Palestinian problem); SC passes, 14-0, Spanish resolution demanding that IDF lift the blockade of Beirut (is first time in history that US does not participate in Security Council vote; Kirkpatrick claims insufficient time to consult with Washington, says resolution lacks balance).