27 / 15237 Results
  • April 17, 1997

    Russian dep. FM Posuvalyuk discusses state of the peace process with Crown Prince Hassan in Amman, then heads to Israel. (RJ 4/16 in WNC 4/18) (see 4/16)

    Arafat, IDF Chief of Staff Lt. Gen...

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  • August 17, 1990

    U.S. warships in Gulf halt but do not board 2 Iraqi cargo vessels in 1st test of naval blockade; allow vessels to sail on after ascertaining ships carried no cargo [NYT 8/18].

    State Dep't...

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  • June 18, 1990

    P.M. Shamir invites Syrian Pres. Asad "to come, to talk, to conduct negotiations and maybe to get to peace." Shamir also criticizes U.S. for delaying decision on whether to continue U.S.-PLO...

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  • May 17, 1990

    Swedish Save the Children organization releases 1,000-page report accusing IDF of systematic violence against Palestinian children in O.T. JDS 5/17 in FBIS 5/17; NYT, WT, LAT, CSM, MEM 5/ 17; FJ 5...

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  • March 30, 1990

    Thousands of Palestinians and Israeli Arabs hold protest marches in rallies marking 14th anniversary of Land Day; strike is observed in O.T. and Arab villages in Israel; about 10,000 Israeli Arabs...

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  • March 20, 1990

    Pres. Chaim Herzog asks Shimon Peres to try to form new Israeli gov't. [JTS 3/20 in FBIS 3/21; NYT, WT, WP, LAT 3/21].

    Israeli gov't. press office head Yosi Olmert says 3/19 U.S. State Dep'...

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  • February 23, 1989

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israel closes 4 schools in Gaza following demonstrations [FBIS 2/24].

    Arab World: In Cairo, Arafat holds press conference with...

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  • November 14, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli pres. Chaim Herzog calls upon Likud leader Shamir to form new government; Shamir invites Labor into coalition [WP 11/15].

    ...
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  • May 20, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli pres. Chaim Herzog reduces to 15 years the sentences of 3 members of the Jewish Underground serving life sentences for the...

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  • May 9, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli High Court denies government request to deport Mubarak 'Awad before hearing his appeal, but says he must remain in jail until...

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  • April 1, 1988

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Unified National Command of the Uprising's leaflet no. 12 calls for protests during upcoming visit of Sec. of State Shultz [LAT 4/1]....

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  • November 10, 1987

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Jewish settlers open fire on demonstrating secondary school students in Gaza Strip; 1 schoolgirl is killed [WP 11/11]. Police arrest 2...

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  • April 9, 1987

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Curfew is imposed on Ramallah after student protesters throw stones, molotov cocktail at troops. Curfew also ordered for Balatah and...

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  • April 6, 1987

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Military court finds Al-Najah U. Prof. Sa'eb Erakat guilty of incitement in connection with an editorial calling for Palestinians to "...

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  • June 25, 1986

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli President Chaim Herzog grants blanket amnesties to Shin Bet Security Service Head Avraham Shalom and three of his deputies (none...

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  • February 16, 1986

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Pres. Chaim Herzog pardoned 2 more members of Jewish settler underground last week, Boaz and Ya'acov Heinemann UP 2/16]. Israel was...

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  • January 18, 1986

    Social/Economic/Political

    Arab World: New York Times reports PLO officials are seriously considering Soviet offer to help mend relations with opposition Palestinian factions [NYT 1...

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  • December 6, 1985

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Paestinian political prisoner Jibril Rajub, from West Bank, enters third week of hunger strike to protest his detention without charge...

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  • December 4, 1985

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Asst. Sec. of State Richard Murphy meets in Jerusalem with 9 leading Palestinians from the occupied territories in what is described as...

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  • August 6, 1985

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli authorities arrest 4 al-Najah U. students without charges, jail them under administrative detention orders. Army claims they are...

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  • May 21, 1985

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: DM Rabin states recently-released Palestinian prisoners now residing in Occupied Palestine/Israel will be rearrested if commandos kidnap...

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  • January 18, 1984

    SOCIAL/POLITICAL:

    Arab World: Adjournment of Islamic Summit delayed over issue of Egypt's readmission to membership.

    Other Countries: Israeli Pres. Chaim Herzog arrives in Kinshasa...

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  • December 1, 1983

    SOCIAL/POLITICAL:

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Imam of Katibeh Mosque in Gaza given 18 mos. prison term for "incitement" after denouncing murder of Hebron U. students last July. Gaza artist,...

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  • November 29, 1983

    Military Action:

    Heavy shelling by PSP militia, rockets and artillery fall in area from East Beirut north to Jounieh, and in airport area; Pentagon reportedly decides to keep battleship New...

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  • May 5, 1983

    Military Action:

    4 hours of artillery and rocket barrages between Phalange and Druze militias over 20 mile arc from Chouf to Junieh, Beirut suburbs worst hit since last summer; helicopter...

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  • March 22, 1983

    Military Action:

    74 US Army training specialists, including 28 Green Berets, arrive in Beirut; residents of Nabatiyeh protest against I DF detention of Jibsheet sheikh.

    Casualties:...

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  • March 11, 1983

    Militarv Action:

    IDF is conducting detailed census of South Lebanon, distributing 27-page questionnaire to mayors.

    Casualities:

    Lebanese car mechanic killed by IDF in Barouk...

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Russian dep. FM Posuvalyuk discusses state of the peace process with Crown Prince Hassan in Amman, then heads to Israel. (RJ 4/16 in WNC 4/18) (see 4/16)

Arafat, IDF Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Amnon Shahak, Shin Bet head Ami Aylon hold mtg. on security coordination Gaza. U.S. special envoy Ross also attends. (ITV 4/18 in WNC 4/21; MA 4/23 in WNC 4/24)

IDF demolishes home of a relative of suicide bomber Ghanimat in Surif, leaving 10 people homeless. (LAW 5/6) (see 4/16)

Fmr. Israeli pres. (1983+n93) Chaim Herzog dies in Tel Aviv. (NYT, WT 4/18; JP 4/26)

U.S. warships in Gulf halt but do not board 2 Iraqi cargo vessels in 1st test of naval blockade; allow vessels to sail on after ascertaining ships carried no cargo [NYT 8/18].

State Dep't reports Iraqi officials have moved 35 Americans from Baghdad hotel to another hotel where communications with U.S. diplomats have been cut off [NYT 8/18].

1,000 Iranian prisoners, held by Iraq since Iraq-Iran war, are released under supervision of Red Cross [INA 8/17 in FBIS 8/17].

Citizen's Rights Movement MK Yossi Sarid, who supports Palestinian state in O.T., writes in HaAretz: "If it is permissible to support Saddam Hussein, who murdered tens of thousands of 'opponents of the regime' . . . perhaps it is not so terrible to back the policies of Shamir, Sharon, and Rabin. In comparison with Saddam Hussein's crimes, the Israeli government's sins are as white as the driven snow" [MEM 8/17; WP 9/1].

Israeli Pres. Chaim Herzog, speaking on Israeli radio, charges that the world has overfocused on Arab-Israeli conflict, and lost sight of more dangerous issues in the Middle East; he blames media for ignoring "bloodshed in the Arab world" [MEM 8/17].

PLO's Salah Khalaf says in interview that PLO is not pro-Iraqi, but pro-Arab, and seeks an Arab solution to the problem [MEM 8/17].

Israeli troops shoot dead 2 guerrillas in Israel's self-declared "security zone" in S. Lebanon [MET 8/28]. 

P.M. Shamir invites Syrian Pres. Asad "to come, to talk, to conduct negotiations and maybe to get to peace." Shamir also criticizes U.S. for delaying decision on whether to continue U.S.-PLO dialogue [WP, NYT, LAT 6/19; JTS 6/18 in FBIS 6/19].

White House spokesperson Marlin Fitzwater says Pres. Bush has written "lengthy" letter sent to Shamir over past few days offering congratulations on new gov't. and discussing U.S.-Israeli relations [WP, WT 6/19; MEM 6/22 (details of letter in MEM 7/27)].

Tel Aviv court charges Israeli Ami Popper, 21, with the 5/20 murders of 7 Palestinians. Five-man psychiatric panel rejects notion that Popper is "derranged," as Israeli authorities had first claimed [IDF 6/18 in FBIS 6/18; LAT 6/ 19].

Cairo declines Shamir's 6/15 call for Israeli-Egyptian summit, saying Egypt expects "concrete actions towards peace and establishment of dialogue in Cairo with Palestinians and not mere messages conveying good intentions" [MAP 6/18 in FBIS 6/19].

In letter to Israeli Pres. Chaim Herzog released today, Theo Klein, former head (1983-89) of France's 700,000-strong Jewish community, says Israel should meet PLO [MEM 6/19].

Swedish Save the Children organization releases 1,000-page report accusing IDF of systematic violence against Palestinian children in O.T. JDS 5/17 in FBIS 5/17; NYT, WT, LAT, CSM, MEM 5/ 17; FJ 5/21].

Israeli Pres. Chaim Herzog grants Yitzhak Shamir addtional 21 days to try to form gov't. [JDS 5/17 in FBIS 5/18; WP, NYT, WT 5/18; MET 5/29].

U.S. and Arab nations break off talks designed to reach compromise of text of a UN Sec. Council resolution criticizing Israeli settlement in O.T. [NYT 5/18].

Despite objections from U.S. and Israel, WHO passes resolution increasing direct assistance to Palestinians in O.T. [NYT 5/18].

Arab League Sec.-Gen. Chedli Klibi is handed memorandum from Bush admin. offering advice to Arab states on occasion of upcoming Arab League summit [MEM 5/23; INA 5/23 in FBIS 5/24].

Washington Times reports American Jewish leaders have helped broker a deal between U.S., Israel, and Ethiopia that would allow some 3,000 Falashas to emigrate to Israel [WT 6/17].

Israel establishes new police unit, Gid'onim, to deal with security problems in Jerusalem; 30-man team, from IDF elite units, will "engage in intelligence missions, deal with hostile elements, thwart terrorist activities, and handle disturbances in Jerusalem" [JDS 5/17 in FBIS 5/18; MEM 5/18].

Jerusalem Magistrate Court will hear deliberations on Jewish settlement in St. John's Hospice; Judge Ya acov Betzalel reports that court sessions will begin in late October, status quo will remain in effect until then [JDS 5/17 in FBIS 5/18].

Abbie Nathan, arrested 5/16, is released on $5,000 bail after admitting he met Arafat in Tunis [MET 5/29].

Israeli police arrest Jewish man they describe as "mentally deranged" on suspicion of desecrating c.250 Jewish graves in Lod on 5/13 (cf. 5/27) [NYT, WT 5/17; WP 5/18]. 

Thousands of Palestinians and Israeli Arabs hold protest marches in rallies marking 14th anniversary of Land Day; strike is observed in O.T. and Arab villages in Israel; about 10,000 Israeli Arabs attend main rally in Arraba; police in Taibeh use tear gas to disperse stone throwers [NYT 3/31].

Displeased with current politicking, Pres. Chaim Herzog says in monthly radio address "In the light of present political events, I once again publicly express my opinion on the urgent need for change in the electoral system" [LAT 3/ 31].

IDF issues new guidelines on firing plastic bullets; only company commanders with telescopic sights and soldiers given special training are allowed to shoot plastic bullets [JDS 3/30 in FBIS 3/30].

Poll of 506 Moscovites, conducted by Institute of Sociology of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, finds 48% believe anti-Jewish feeling in on the rise in USSR [NYT 3/30].

Pres. Chaim Herzog asks Shimon Peres to try to form new Israeli gov't. [JTS 3/20 in FBIS 3/21; NYT, WT, WP, LAT 3/21].

Israeli gov't. press office head Yosi Olmert says 3/19 U.S. State Dep't report to Congress is "not relevant to reality" and that PLO continues to engage in terrorism [IGP 3/21 in FBIS 3/21].

IDF will interrupt new recruits' basic training to send them to O.T. for short tours of duty, beginning at end of March [JPD 3/20 in FBIS 3/20].

Jimmy Carter cancels visit to Tunis as Arafat is in Namibia [RMC 3/20 in FBIS 3/21].

General strike called for by UNLU is observed in O.T. [JDS 3/20 in FBIS 3/20].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israel closes 4 schools in Gaza following demonstrations [FBIS 2/24].

Arab World: In Cairo, Arafat holds press conference with Israeli journalists, reaffirms willingness to accept three-part state consisting of Israel, Palestine, Jordan. Soviet F.M. Shevardnadze arrives in Baghdad for talks with Iraqi pres. Saddam Husayn [FBIS 2/24].

Other Countries: Egyptian pres. Mubarak, Jordan's King Hussein meet with Pres. Bush at Japanese emperor Hirohito's funeral, ask him to back Middle East peace conference; Israeli pres. Chaim Herzog urges Bush to wait [WP, LAT 2/24].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: In al-'Ayzariyyah Israeli civilians shoot, wound 4 Palestinians after their car was stoned. At least 6 other Palestinians are wounded throughout O.T. [FBIS 2/24].

Arab World: South Lebanese Army (SLA) forces shoot, kill 3 DFLP guerrillas attempting to cross Israel's northern border [FBIS 2/24, NYT 2/24].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli pres. Chaim Herzog calls upon Likud leader Shamir to form new government; Shamir invites Labor into coalition [WP 11/15].

Other Countries: Washington Post publishes report, documents alleging that American Israel Public Affairs Committee endorses candidates and is connected to other pro-Israel PACs that distribute campaign funds [WP 11/14]. Pres. Reagan says that PLO is making "some progress" at the PNC meeting in Algiers [WP 11/15].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Nablus troops shoot, wound 18-year-old Palestinian. In Gaza 3 Palestinians are shot, wounded by Israelis. Military authorities destroy or seal 9 Palestinian homes in the occupied territories. Troops arrest 54 Palestinians during sweep of the W. Bank [WP 11/15].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli pres. Chaim Herzog reduces to 15 years the sentences of 3 members of the Jewish Underground serving life sentences for the assault on Hebron University in 1983 in which 3 Palestinians were killed [WP 5/21].

Arab World: U.S. ambassador to UN Vemon Walters arrives in Damascus for talks with Pres. Asad. Walters tries to win release of the 18 foreign hostages held in Lebanon. [NYT 5/21].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: 21 Palestinians are injured during clashes at Beach and jabalya camps. Curfew is imposed on Beach refugee camp. Army seals off roads to Jerusalem to stop Palestinians from going to Jerusalem for Friday prayers [FJ 5/22].

Arab World: Palestinian factions clash in Shatila and Burj al-Barajinah camps. Arafat loyalists are flushing out Palestinian dissidents. Fighting isaimed at securing better positions before impending entry of Syrian forces. [WP 5/20, NYT 5/21].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli High Court denies government request to deport Mubarak 'Awad before hearing his appeal, but says he must remain in jail until hearing [WP, CSM 5/10]. Govemment drops charges that 'Awad had organized or participated in violence and that Palestinian Center for the Study of Non-Violence was financed by PLO [WP 5/10]. Chaim Herzog is sworn in for 2d 5-year term as president [MET 5/19]. Israeli authorities seize 40 taxis operating between Jerusalem and Ramallah on charges that owners owe taxes [FJ 5/15].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: In Duhayshah refugee camp, Palestinian bystander is killed when Israeli troops open fire on demonstrators; during funeral, mourners clash again with soldiers. Camp is ordered under curfew. At least 3 Palestinians are wounded during other W. Bank clashes. In Gaza Strip, 2 Palestinians are severely beaten by soldiers. Curfew is imposed in Jabalya refugee camp [WP 5/10].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Unified National Command of the Uprising's leaflet no. 12 calls for protests during upcoming visit of Sec. of State Shultz [LAT 4/1]. All telephone lines to Gaza Strip are cut [NYT 4/2]. Police officer is stabbed, slightly injured in Jerusalem; attacker is arrested [NYT, WP 4/2]. Two Palestinians wounded during demonstrations in W. Bank village of Yamun die from injuries [NYT 4/2]. Pres. Chaim Herzog orders release from prison of Yitzhaq Ganiram and Ira Rappaport, serving sentences for attacks on Palestinian students and 2 W. Bank mayors [NYT 4/2].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Army lifts 3-day old curfew on W. Bank and Gaza Strip at 3 am; 5-hour nightly curfew will continue in Gaza; media ban is lifted [LAT 4/1]. By noon, 20 refugee camps and villages are sealed off or placed under curfew [NYT 4/2]. Army reports 2Palestinian youths are killed, 13 others injured when patrol opens fire after it is attacked with firebombs in village of Idna, near Hebron; Palestinian sources report youths were killed when troops attacked mosque to disperse rockthrowing protesters [NYT, WP 4/2]. 

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Jewish settlers open fire on demonstrating secondary school students in Gaza Strip; 1 schoolgirl is killed [WP 11/11]. Police arrest 2 Galilee Arabs on suspicion of murdering Israeli soldier [FJ 11/15].

Arab World: PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat meets with King Hussein of Jordan in Amman [FJ 11/15].

Other Countries: Israeli Pres. Chaim Herzog holds talks with U.S. Pres. Reagan and Sec. of State Shultz, addresses U.S. Congress [WP 11/11].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli troops use tear gas, live ammunition to disperse Islamic University students protesting murder of schoolgirl; 2 students are reported injured [WP 11/11]. Israeli soldiers and border guards uproot 1,200 olive trees from Negev land owned by al-Nassarah tribe; 3 tribe members are injured [FJ 11/15].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Curfew is imposed on Ramallah after student protesters throw stones, molotov cocktail at troops. Curfew also ordered for Balatah and Tulkarm camps [FJ 4/12].

Arab World: Reports charge Jordanian Minister of Occupied Territories Affairs Marwan Dudin was involved in disappearance of funds [FJ 4/12].

Other Countries: Christian Science Monitor reports American Civil Liberties Union has filed lawsuit challenging use of McCarran-Walter Act in case of 7 Palestinians arrested by INS 1/26 [CSM 4/9]. Israeli F. M. Peres concludes 3 days of talks with Soviet representatives in Rome [NYT 4/10]. King Hussein and members of Jordanian government meet with British P. M. Thatcher to discuss possibility of Middle East peace conference [IN 4/10]. Israeli Pres. Herzog on state visit to W. Germany asks Bonn not to sell submarines to Saudi Arabia [LAT 4/10].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Military authorities impose curfews on 2 towns and 2 refugee camps on W. Bank after demonstrations in support of prison hunger strike [CSM 4/10].

Arab World: Four Israeli helicopters attack PLO positions in 'Ayn al-Hilwah in S. Lebanon, killing 2 and wounding 6 [NYT 4/10]. Syrian troops reinforce their posts around Beirut's Shatila and Burj al-Barajinah refugee camps; 47 wounded Palestinians are evacuated from Burj al-Barajinah [NYT, IN 4/10].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Military court finds Al-Najah U. Prof. Sa'eb Erakat guilty of incitement in connection with an editorial calling for Palestinians to "learn how to endure and reject and resist" all forms of occupation; 'Iraqat's lawyer is appealing the decision to the High Court, asking court to decide the limits of free speech in the occupied territories [NYT 4/7]. Estimated 200 women, many relatives of prisoners, join in peaceful march from Jerusalem's Red Cross offices to Damascus Gate where it is broken up by police; 11 women are arrested [FJ 4/12]. Military authority imposes curfew on Ramallah town center after student demonstration. The Friends Boys School is ordered closed for 1 week [FJ 4/12]. Israeli, after thrown stone breaks his windshield, opens fire on East Jerusalem's Salah al-Din Street, wounds 2 Palestinians [FJ 4/12]. Military court orders 'Abd al-Fattah Ziyarah expelled from Gaza to Egypt [FJ 4/12].

Other Countries: Israeli Pres. Herzog arrives in W. Germany for official state visit [WT 4/6; FT 4/7]. Herzog and W. German Pres. von Weizsacker visit Bergen-Belsen concentration camp [LT 4/7].

Military Action

Arab World: Cease-fire allows 5 truck-loads of food donated by Kuwait to enter Beirut's Shatila refugee camp, the second supply operation since November [GU 4/7].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli President Chaim Herzog grants blanket amnesties to Shin Bet Security Service Head Avraham Shalom and three of his deputies (none of whom had been charged) for any crime they may have committed inconnection with the April 1984 beating deaths of 2 Palestinian bus hijackers and the alleged subsequent cover-up; Shalom resigns after all-night talks with senior cabinet ministers; P.M. Peres and F.M. Shamir oppose creation of commissionf inquiry to investigate the affair [WP 6/26; NYT 7/14, 7/15].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Pres. Chaim Herzog pardoned 2 more members of Jewish settler underground last week, Boaz and Ya'acov Heinemann UP 2/16]. Israel was third world's largest arms producer, producing $1.342 billion worth, between 1980-84, according to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute [JP 2/16].

Arab World: Yasir Arafat begins talks with Egyptian Pres. Husni Mubarak on stalled M.E. peace efforts [JP 2/17].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli soldiers shot and killed Gaza resident yesterday when he fled after being detained for questioning; a second man escaped [NYT, WP 2/16]. West Bank shepherd Ziyad Muhammad Yunis was wounded on 2/13 while resisting arrest near Hebron [JP 2/17]. Israeli soldiers arrested several other Palestinians, confiscated a herd of sheep in the incident [FJ 2/21]. Bombs go off in Haifa, Afula, Beit She'an, causing no injuries or damage [JP 2/17].

Arab World: Lebanese police find severely beaten body of Lebanese Jewish hostage Ibrahim Benesti; Organization of the Oppressed of the Earth issues statement saying he was executed for spying for Israel [BG 2/17].

Social/Economic/Political

Arab World: New York Times reports PLO officials are seriously considering Soviet offer to help mend relations with opposition Palestinian factions [NYT 1/19]. Amsterdam News reports Israeli Pres. Chaim Herzog declared 1/20 Martin Luther King, Jr. Day in Israel [AN 1/18].

Other Countries: U.S. Asst. Sec. of State Murphy meets with King Hussein in London [NYT 1/19].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Paestinian political prisoner Jibril Rajub, from West Bank, enters third week of hunger strike to protest his detention without charge or trial [FJ 12/6]. Pres. Chaim Herzog pardons 2 members of Jewish underground convicted of conspiring to blow up Dome of the Rock [NYT, WP, JP 12/9].

Arab World: National Catholic Reporter reports SLA and Israeli army hold hundreds of prisoners-mostly Shi'a, but including some Palestinians-in S. Lebanon detention center at Khiam; detainees are tortured, held without charge, denied access to lawyers [NCR 12/6].

Other Countries: Sec. of State Shultz describes Syria as being of "key importance," indicates U.S. is trying to persuade Damascus to join M.E. peace process [JP 12/8].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Asst. Sec. of State Richard Murphy meets in Jerusalem with 9 leading Palestinians from the occupied territories in what is described as "routine" discussion of peace prospects. The 9 include Zafir al-Masri, Rashad al-Shawa, lliyas Furayj, and Hanna Siniora [JP, JTA 12/5; FJ 12/6]. Israeli authorities issue deportation order against Yunis Jabir Rajub from Dura village, near Hebron, stating he has been working for Abu Musa faction of Fateh since his release in 5/20 prisoner exchange [JP 12/5]. Avi Tzur and Claude Malka, former aides to former Agriculture Min. Michael Dekel, are arrested in connection with investigation into fraudulent West Bank land sales [JP 12/5]. Pres. Chaim Herzog addresses Israeli Communist party convention in Haifa, the first Israeli president to do so [LT 12/5].

Arab World: Boston Globe reports PLO leadership decided in last week's meeting that fighting units must now seek approval from PLO military council before conducting any operations; attacks will only be carried out in Israel and occupied territories [BG 12/4].

Other Countries: World Jewish Congress launches global campaign to persuade Vatican to give formal diplomatic recognition to Israel [JTA 12/5; WP 12/7]

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli authorities arrest 4 al-Najah U. students without charges, jail them under administrative detention orders. Army claims they are local leaders of Fateh, PFLP, and DFLP [FJ 8/9]. Nine Palestinian ex-prisoners released in the 5/20 prisoner exchange are served with deportation notices. Army states they can be deported because they cannot prove residency before original detentions. The 9 are from a group of 31 (out of the 1,150 ex-prisoners released 5/20) who do not have West Bank or Gaza IDs. They had all been told upon release they must leave when their residency permits expire this week. Some have nowhere to go. The Red Cross is looking into their cases [CT 8/7].) The High Court orders a delay in the deportation of one of the ex-prisoners, 'Abd al-Mujid Rudad, who argued that his whole family lives in Tulkarm and that during his 17 years of detention he repeatedly expressed regret for his political activities [WP 8/7]. The defense minister and the military govemor of the Tulkarm area have 45 days to explain why they should not prevent his deportation [JP 8/7]. Defense Min. Yitzhak Rabin justifies recent security measures; says Israel will use "whatever means are effective" tomaintain order [LAT 8/7]. Israeli govemment inaugurates new settlement, Adura, near Hebron, first since Peres took office [PI 8/7]. The Jewish Telegraphic Agency reports announcement by Austrian-Arab Society in Vienna that Hospice Hospital will reopen as a full-scale hospital afterenovation. Agreement was reportedly worked out between Franz Cardinal Koenig, archbishop of Vienna, and Tahir Kan'an, Jordanian minister for the occupied territories [JTA 8/7]. Israel Radio announces that none of the security officers involved in storming of Israeli bus hijacked by Palestinians last year will be charged in the deaths of two of the four hijackers [NYT 8/7]. Reuters reports that Rabbi Meir Kahane is giving 60 youths paramilitary training in a summer camp in the West Bank [TS 8/6]. Thirty-member delegation including Texas and Oklahoma oilmen and 6 U.S. congressmen arrives in Israel on fact-finding mission organized by Council for a Secure America, group established last year to support U.S. legislation aimed at promoting domestic production of oil and gas [JP 8/6]. New U.S. Ambassador to Israel Thomas Pickering presents credentials to President Chaim Herzog, reiterates U.S. opposition to new security measures, emphasizes U.S. support for Israel [CT 8/7].

Arab World: Seventeen representatives of Arab League member states assemble in Casablanca for Arab summit meeting [NYT 8/7]. Half the states attending are not represented by their heads of state [FT 8/7]. Fifteen pro-Syrian Muslim, Druze opposition leaders, and Greek Orthodox figures meet in Shtawra under Syrian sponsorship; proclaim National Unity Front to demand changes in Lebanon's system of political representation, now favoring the Maronites; call for a "democratic and secular" state with wide-ranging constitutional and electoral reforms [WP 8/7].

Military Action

Arab World: Suicide bomber riding a mule kills himself, the animal, and wounds at least one other in Hasbayya. Bomber is identified as Jamal Sati, 23, Sunni Muslim student and local Communist party chief [LAT 8/7]. 

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: DM Rabin states recently-released Palestinian prisoners now residing in Occupied Palestine/Israel will be rearrested if commandos kidnap Israelis in the future for bargaining purposes [JP 5/22]. Amid calls by Likud bloc that the suspects be pardoned in wake of 5/20 release of Arab prisoners, Pres. Chaim Herzog states he will deal with clemency requests regarding the Jewish underground defendants only after sentencing [JP 5/23]. Settlers block Emmanuel-Jerusalem road protesting 5/19 attack on Israeli bus [JP 5/22].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: IDF arrest 42 Palestinians celebrating 5/20 release of prisoners by Israel [LM 5/23]. 3 residents of al-Fardis (all former prisoners released in 5/20 prisoner exchange) agree to leave village after some 50 residents of Tekoa settlement raid village, demanding their expulsion. Settlers also harass residents of Hebron, Qalqiliya [JP 5/22, 23].

Arab World: Action in Lebanon: Fighting continues between Amal, Lebanese Army's 6th Brigade and Palestinian fighters in Sabra, Shatila, Burj al-Barajneh; pro-Arafat and Abu Musa forces join together to defend camps; at least 30 killed; Nabih Berri states he will never permit return of armed Palestinians to S. Lebanon [NYT 5/22].

SOCIAL/POLITICAL:

Arab World: Adjournment of Islamic Summit delayed over issue of Egypt's readmission to membership.

Other Countries: Israeli Pres. Chaim Herzog arrives in Kinshasa for 1st visit to a black African nation since Yom Kippur war.

MILITARY ACTION:

Arab World: Dr. Malcolm Kerr, President of American University of Beirut, gunned down near his office by unknown assailant. 

SOCIAL/POLITICAL:

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Imam of Katibeh Mosque in Gaza given 18 mos. prison term for "incitement" after denouncing murder of Hebron U. students last July. Gaza artist, Fathi Ghabin's detention extended for producing "inciting" posters. Raphael Eitan and Chaim Herzog lead public castigation of 6 Israeli POWs returned by PLO in November prisoner exchange and 2 others still captive for cowardly surrender. Gush Emunim settlers camp at Joseph's Tomb in Nablus declaring to create permanent Jewish presence there; Peace Now warns of demonstration next day, supports DM Zipori's position that encampment is illegal. Teachers in 10 Israeli gov't. schools in Ramallah and al-Bireh strike over low wages. Life sentences given 2 Palestinians charged with killing Ramallah Village League head (1981), and an attack on IDF officer imposed as "(mayor" of al-Bireh; 2 others sentenced to 12-14 years for attacking Israeli settler in Hebron.

Arab World: Arafat accepts outline of Saudi-organized ceasefire in Tripoli. After letter from Pres. Reagan reiterating US position, King Hussein says he is prepared to resume talks with Arafat on joint Palestinian-Jordanian approach to negotiations with Israel; in light of current struggle in Tripoli, Hussein promises to put "no conditions on him. " Rebel spokesman asserts Tripoli fighting results from Arafat's refusal to heed Coordination Committee proposals. Tyre municipality opens special employment office for men released from Ansar prison; appeals to UNRWA to provide jobs.

Other Countries: Meeting in Washington, Pres. Gemayel and Reagan agree to stand by May 17 Lebanese-Israeli agreement. US Sec. of Defense Weinberger tells Jewish leaders of Synagogue Council of America that Arafat is "irrelevant" to future of Middle East. Chile's FM ends visit to Israel; agreement reached to expand mutual trade and agricultural cooperation. Abu Ja'far, Dir. of PLO Political Dep't holds talks with Soviet charge d'affaires in Tunis; also received GDR, DPRK, Rumanian, Polish and Czech ambassadors on occasion of Int'l. Day of Solidarity with Palestinian People. Major oil co.s shipping under Liberian flag pressure Liberian gov't. to cancel plans for embassy in Jerusalem; ambassador reported looking for alternative location in Tel Aviv.

MILITARY ACTION:

Arab World: Palestinian casualties in Lebanon mountain artillery exchanges: 2 PFLP fighters, 1from Struggle Front, 2 from Liberation Army and 1 from al-Saiqa killed; 2 from Struggle Front wounded. Israel-backed militia chief in S. Lebanon, Abu Saleh, quits to renew loyalty to Amal militia. 1983 to date, 71 Druze quit Israeli military for religious reasons (compares with 19 in 1982).

Military Action:

Heavy shelling by PSP militia, rockets and artillery fall in area from East Beirut north to Jounieh, and in airport area; Pentagon reportedly decides to keep battleship New Jersey stationed off Lebanon indefinitely.

Casualties:

5-7 killed, 30 wounded in East Beirut; LF militiamen kidnap Shi'ite civilians south of Beirut, Amal militiamen kidnap 60 Christian employees of MEA from buses on way to airport, later released; Beirut power station damaged, electricity rationing resumes.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: 36th anniversary of UN vote to partition Palestine marked by demonstrations and protests throughout West Bank; IDF disperses Nablus demonstration with teargas; large demonstration in support of Arafat at Birzeit; settler injured by stone near Beit Omar, Hebron, 6 suspects arrested; estimated 500 Jewish settlers hold protest march through Nablus under heavy IDF protection, settlers establish command post near Tomb of Joseph in Nablus, say they will remain there until IDF takes stronger measures against Palestinians, chief-of-staff Levy flies in for meeting; President Herzog says IDF prisoners released by PLO had surrendered shamefully, press and military personnel question enthusiastic reception given to returnees.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat says he will leave Tripoli.

US and Other Countries: Reagan and Shamir end talks, agree on joint political-military committee, to begin meeting in January, to enhance Israeli-US cooperation, objectives include military planning, maneuvers, prepositioning of US equipment in Israel; other areas of agreement are: US willing to negotiate accord on duty-free trade and to permit $550 m. military aid to be spent on development of Lavi fighter, including $250 m. to be spent in Israel; US and Israel reaffirm commitment to May 17 Israeli-Lebanese troop withdrawal agreement; US reportedly will make cluster bomb technology available to Israel for production there, Shamir and Arens agree in principle not to use the weapons against civilians.

Military Action:

4 hours of artillery and rocket barrages between Phalange and Druze militias over 20 mile arc from Chouf to Junieh, Beirut suburbs worst hit since last summer; helicopter carrying US Marine commander fired on, no injuries; artillery and rocket battles in Tripoli between pro- and anti-Syrian militias; Gemayel orders Lebanese Army and Air Force to attack and silence any positions firing on Beirut; IDF officers in Bekaa say Syrian military activity in the area is defensive, no signs of preparation for attack.

Casualties:

6-7 killed, 25-34 injured in artillery barrages in Chouf and Beirut; 1 IDF soldier killed, 9 injured by artillery shell near convoy; 1 killed, 4 wounded in Tripoli; American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee resumes shipments of cement to assist in reconstruction of refugee camps in South Lebanon.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Israeli officials seek clarification of points in draft troop withdrawal agreement, special envoys Habib and Draper answer questions at Foreign Ministry; Chaim Herzog sworn in as president of Israel, says that political and ethnic tensions among Israeli Jews constitute a danger from within; 500 Arab college and high school students demonstrate in Nazareth against discriminatory recommendations for university tuitionfee policy; Nablus court issues 6 more injunctions preventing private company from preparing land for Elkana D settlement near Bidya; Jerusalem resident, beaten by yeshiva students while rescuing elderly woman last month, hospitalized in serious condition after being beaten again; physician and lawyer in Ramallah jailed after their offices searched by Israeli tax collectors seeking retroactive payment of value added tax, boycotted by West Bank professionals and merchants.

Arab Governments: Jordanian official says there are no prospects for the resumption of political dialogue between King Hussein and PLO Chairman Arafat on a joint stand to enter peace process; Syrian President Assad visits Riyadh, meets King Fahd; Ba'ath Party official says that after Syria's heavy sacrifices it has the right to discuss, take issue with and even oppose particular PLO action, criticizes Arafat for treating all Arab states alike.

US and Other Countries: US lifts unofficial ban on Navy ships visiting Israel, supply ship USS Savannah docks at Haifa to replenish stocks of Sixth Fleet ships anchored off Beirut; Jewish businessmen in Virginia form political action committee (PAC) to back pro-Israeli candidates; National Association of Arab Americans' spokesman says 24 PACs have been formed by pro-Israeli, Jewish American activists, NAAA considers forming PACs as well.

Military Action:

74 US Army training specialists, including 28 Green Berets, arrive in Beirut; residents of Nabatiyeh protest against I DF detention of Jibsheet sheikh.

Casualties:

5 IDF soldiers wounded by mines in Chouf mountains.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: In secret Knesset ballot for state president, 7 defect from Likud bloc to help elect Labor candidate Chaim Herzog, 61 to 57; Israel Space Agency holds first meeting, aims to launch satellite in approximately 10 years; National Committee for Defense of Arab Lands rejects Interior Ministry's call to cancel Land Day celebrations planned for March 30, will hold 3 regional gatherings and 2 marches; representatives of Palestinian national institutions in Hebron area discuss emergency situation facing villages and schools as result of curfews and other repressive measures.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: President Gemayel and Habib discuss troop withdrawal for Jordanian participation in peace talks.

US and Other Countries: US officials say agreement near on troop withdrawal, Israel has dropped demand for residual force in Lebanon, Haddad's forces will be incorporated into Lebanese Army, low level but not diplomatic relations between Israel and Lebanon will be established; Congressional study concludes that Lebanese Army will not be effective force for 2 years, the time required to train and equip 5 brigades; statement by 10 EEC heads of state calls for urgent withdrawal of all foreign forces from Lebanon, says Israeli West Bank settlements are major and growing obstacle to peace and should be halted, PLO should declare itself in favor of negotiations and should be associated with them.

Militarv Action:

IDF is conducting detailed census of South Lebanon, distributing 27-page questionnaire to mayors.

Casualities:

Lebanese car mechanic killed by IDF in Barouk mountains, allegedly resisting arrest.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Labor Party nominates Chaim Herzog, former Israeli UN ambassador, as candidate for President, Likud nominates Supreme Court Justice Menahem Elon; 20 weapons stolen from security company in Tiberias; police request detention orders against 38 Jewish zealots held for plotting armed takeover of Temple Mount, but plot denied by head of Kiryat Arba yeshiva, who says some of his students had only planned to hold their morning prayers there; Carter motorcade tours towns and settlements of West Bank, protests continue; IDF uses water cannon with indelible dye for first time as large scale counter demonstration technique; Village League leaders meet on West Bank with Likud MP, offer to sell land for industrial zone.

US and Other Countries: Israeli Foreign Minister Shamir and Lebanon negotiations delegate David Kimche arrive in Washington for meetings with Shultz and Habib; Israel rejects latest US proposal for sharing of military data from Lebanon war, intends to provide information in absence of any formal agreement, hopes to resume delivery of F-16s and speed approval of US funds for production of Lavi jet; 57 members of House send letter to Defense Secretary Weinberger urging agreement with Israel on military data sharing, state that Israel used over 100 US-developed weapons systems in Lebanon not previously utilized in full-scale combat, including F-15 and F-16 fighters, Sparrow AIM-7F and TOW anti-tank missiles.