16 / 15258 Results
  • November 28, 1993

    PLO Chmn. Arafat, in Helsinki, says success of DoP depends on Israel meeting 12/13 deadline for withdrawal fr. Gaza, Jericho. Israeli PM Rabin responds that "It wouldn't be so terrible if the...

    Read more
  • October 1, 1993

    Jordanian Crown Prince Hassan and Israeli FM Peres meet each other, U.S. Pres. Clinton in Washington. 1st public meeting of Israeli and Jordanian leaders is followed by press conference to...

    Read more
  • January 21, 1993

    Chmn. Arafat, in dramatic phone call on Israeli TV organized by Abie Nathan, who arrived in Tunis 1/20, commends the Knesset for repealing the ban on PLO contacts, calls for forging "apeace of the...

    Read more
  • March 30, 1992

    State Dept. announces Secy. of State Baker has sent letters to Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and the Palestinians inviting them to resume fifth round of peace talks 4/27 in Washington and to...

    Read more
  • March 29, 1992

    EC "troika" meets with FM Levy to discuss peace process and question of Israel's membership in EC. Levy states Israel objects to EC participation in upcoming multilateral talks on arms control and...

    Read more
  • October 6, 1991

    Israeli court sentences peace activist Abie Nathan to 18 months imprisonment for meeting with Chmn. Arafat in Tunis in July. A 1986 Israeli law bars Israelis from meeting with the PLO. (NYT 10/7...

    Read more
  • September 12, 1991

    As signs of breakthrough in prisoner-hostage negotiations, Hawatma wing of the DFLP turns over body of Samir Asad, an Israeli Druze soldier captured in Lebanon and allegedly killed in an Israeli...

    Read more
  • July 14, 1991

    Following decades of Syrian commitment to confrontation, Pres. al-Asad agrees to attend Middle East peace conference in letter answering Bush's 6/1 letter to him urging flexibility in Syria's...

    Read more
  • July 4, 1991

    PLO-Lebanese army ceasefire takes hold in Sidon area after 73 killed, 200 wounded, mostly Palestinians. Under terms of ceasefire agreement, PLO agrees to move heavy weapons out of S. Lebanon,...

    Read more
  • June 29, 1991

    Israel peace activist Abie Nathan meets with PLO Chmn. Arafat in Tunis, third time he has met Arafat and first time since ending a hunger fast protesting Israeli law forbidding Israeli citizens to...

    Read more
  • June 6, 1991

    Prime Min. Shamir rejects Pres. Bush's 6/1 letter calling for Israeli acceptance of greater U.N. role in proposed Arab-Israeli peace talks. Shamir refused proposal for U.N. mediator to be present...

    Read more
  • May 22, 1991

    Sec. of State Baker, in testimony before U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs subcommittee, calls continued building of Israeli settlements "largest obstacle" to convening proposed Middle...

    Read more
  • March 16, 1990

    Two small religious parties, Shas and Agudat Israel, suggesthey would not join Lidud-led coalition as long as Shamir is party leader [NYT 3/ 17]; Los Angeles Times reports growing...

    Read more
  • February 9, 1990

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/lsrael: Israeli peace campaigner Abie Nathan, sentenced to 6 months in prison for meeting with Yasir Arafat, is released 2 months early for good...

    Read more
  • October 3, 1989

    Social/Economic/Political

    Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan is sentenced to six months in prison for meeting last year with Yasir Arafat [NYT, WP 10/4; MET 10/10...

    Read more
  • June 13, 1982

    Military Action:

    Lebanese cease-fire shattered as Israeli troops move on Baabda to control Beirut-Damascus highway and close last exit from city; repeated Israeli air strikes against Beirut...

    Read more

PLO Chmn. Arafat, in Helsinki, says success of DoP depends on Israel meeting 12/13 deadline for withdrawal fr. Gaza, Jericho. Israeli PM Rabin responds that "It wouldn't be so terrible if the withdrawal were delayed by two weeks," while FM Peres, on 1st visit by an Israeli minister to Albania, says "we can still be on time." (MM, WT 11/29)

Palestinian negotiator Ziyad Abu Zayyad suspends his participation in talks with Israelis on confidence-building measures in protest of Israeli position on prisoner release. (MM 11/29)

IDF undercover unit in Gaza kills Fateh Hawks mbrs. Ahmad Abu al-Rish, 23, and Farid Imtair, 21, in gunfight. Al-Rish had been granted amnesty earlier in the week and taken off IDF wanted list. (MM, NYT 11/29)

Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan scuttles M V Peace, the base for his pirate "Voice of Peace" radio station, which ceased broadcasting 10/1. (MM 11/29)

Jordanian Crown Prince Hassan and Israeli FM Peres meet each other, U.S. Pres. Clinton in Washington. 1st public meeting of Israeli and Jordanian leaders is followed by press conference to announce formation of joint comms. on economic cooperation, environment. (NYT, WP 10/2)

Donor nations' conference in Washington pledges $2.1 b. in aid to Palestinian entity over next 5 years. 43 nations represented pledge $600 m. in next year alone. Biggest donor is EC, pledging $600 m. over 5 years, followed by U.S. at $500 m. in same period. Japan promises $200 m. over 2 years, and Scandinavian countries $150 m. over an unspecified time. Saudi Arabia, ending its cutoff of support for Palestinians, promises $100 m. in 1st year, while Israel offers a$25 m. grant and a $50 m. loan. U.S. VP Al Gore delivers keynote address, while Secy. of State Christopher describes conference results as "a striking success however you measure it." PLO Chmn. Arafat, in Tunis, says aid is insufficient, maintaining that "at least we are in need of $5 billion." (NYT, WP, WT 10/2)

Veteran Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan shuts down his pirate "Voice of Peace" radio station after 20 years, saying PLO-Israel accord has created a new era. (WT 10/2)

Chmn. Arafat, in dramatic phone call on Israeli TV organized by Abie Nathan, who arrived in Tunis 1/20, commends the Knesset for repealing the ban on PLO contacts, calls for forging "apeace of the brave," invites PM Rabin to meet. (MM 1/21; Algiers VOP 1/22 in FBIS 1/25; WT 1/23)

European Parliament (the EC's advisory assembly) condemns Israel for the 12/17 deportations, asks EC to consider delaying a planned upgrade in Israel's trade status (see 1/20, 2/1). (MM 1/22)

State Dept. announces Secy. of State Baker has sent letters to Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and the Palestinians inviting them to resume fifth round of peace talks 4/27 in Washington and to make a commitment to moving the negotiations to a venue closer to Middle East. (WP 3/31)

Israel's Palestinian citizens mark annual commemoration of Land Day with a "national holiday" instead of the traditional protests and strikes. Rally is staged in Ramiya, a village which the government does not officially recognize and whose inhabitants face eviction [see 3/22]. Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) organizes Land Day strikes in Gaza, but security forces curfew most areas. (MM 3/30)

EC "troika" arrives in Amman for discussions with Jordanian, PLO officials on peace talks, upcoming multilateral economic talks. (Radio Jordan 3/31 in FBIS 4/1)

PFLP, DFLP-Hawatima faction, Palestine Liberation Front, and Palestinian Popular Struggle Front issue statement in Damascus confirming their support for 1988 Palestine National Council decision calling for confederation between Jordan and an independent Palestinian state. (Radio Monte Carlo 3/30 in FBIS 3/31)

Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan is released from prison [see 3/291. (MM 3/31)

EC "troika" meets with FM Levy to discuss peace process and question of Israel's membership in EC. Levy states Israel objects to EC participation in upcoming multilateral talks on arms control and refugee affairs. (IDF Radio 3/29, Al Hamishmar 3/30 in FBIS 3/31)

FM Levy later announces he will resign from government in wake of friction between him and other Likud leaders. (NYT 3/30)

Pres. Haim Herzog cuts 12 months from the 18-month sentence which peace activist Abie Nathan is currently serving in prison. Nathan, convicted for violating Israeli law forbidding contact with PLO officials, began his sentence in October 1991. (NYT 3/30)

Israeli court sentences peace activist Abie Nathan to 18 months imprisonment for meeting with Chmn. Arafat in Tunis in July. A 1986 Israeli law bars Israelis from meeting with the PLO. (NYT 10/7)

As Palestinian negotiators Faisal Husseini and Hanan Ashrawi return to Israel from Europe, they are told they must face police questioning about whether or not they met with PLO officials in Algiers while abroad. The two reportedly attended the PNC. (NYT 10/7; WP 10/11)

PLO, Jordanian negotiators meeting in Amman reach agreement on formation of joint delegation to peace conference, but do not reach stage of naming delegates. (MEM 10/7; al-Dustur 10/7 in FBIS 10/9)

Israeli undercover forces kill Khalid Hasan Rayyan, a wanted activist, in Balata refugee camp. (MEM 10/7)

For first time in several years, long-range Israeli artillery fires on S. Lebanese city of Tyre in response to rockets fired into "security zone." (MEM 10/9)

As signs of breakthrough in prisoner-hostage negotiations, Hawatma wing of the DFLP turns over body of Samir Asad, an Israeli Druze soldier captured in Lebanon and allegedly killed in an Israeli air raid on Palestinian positions, to Red Cross in Vienna, whereupon it was flown to Israel. Also on the plane was DFLP official 'Ali 'Abdullah Muhammad Abu Hilal, deported from o.t. in 1986 and whose return was part of the DFLP-Israeli exchange. (NYT 9/13; Qol Yisra'el 9/13 in FBIS 9/13)

Pres. Bush threatens to veto proposed legislation which includes loan guarantees to Israel if Congress passes the legislation over his pleas to postpone the vote. (NYT 9/13)

Poll of Palestinians in o.t. conducted by al-Bayadir al-Siyasi Press Foundation during first week of September indicates 48.6% want PNC to approve participation in proposed peace conference; 46.7% opposed participation and 4.7% had no opinion. (al-Sha'b [Jerusalem] 9/12 in FBIS 9/18)

During "national congress" in Amman of DFLP members supporting dissident leadership of Yasir 'Abd Rabbuh, 'Abd Rabbuh announces failure of mediation efforts between his faction and that loyal to long-time DFLP leader Nayif Hawatma, including efforts made by Chmn. Arafat and PFLP Gen. Secy. George Habash. 'Abd Rabbuh notes that his group will retain the name DFLP but will abandon Marxism-Leninism and concept of "democratic centralism," and indicates his group's willingness to accept proposed peace conference. Hawatma wing, which has criticized recent peace initiatives, denounces 'Abd Rabbuh faction as "deviationist" (al-Ra'i 9/13 in FBIS 9/17)

Israeli court in Ramla convicts peace activist Abie Nathan of meeting with PLO officials, upon Nathan's admission that he held two meetings with Chmn. Arafat. (Qol Yisra'el 9/12 in FBIS 9/18)

U.S. State Department declares 9/11 Middle East Watch report on human rights abuses in Kuwait was "too harsh." (MEM 9/12)

Following decades of Syrian commitment to confrontation, Pres. al-Asad agrees to attend Middle East peace conference in letter answering Bush's 6/1 letter to him urging flexibility in Syria's position toward Middle East peace talks. (WP, LAT 7/15; WP 7/17)

Contents of the letter were not revealed, but U.S. officials hinted that it accepted Bush's proposals on terms of peace conference, and that al-Asad apparently renounced his earlier demands for an active UN role and for the conference to remain in constant session. (MEM 7/16, 7/22)

PLO Chmn. Arafat meets with King Hussein, Jordanian Prime Min. Tahir al-Masri, in Amman on U.S.-led peace efforts. (MEM 7/15)

Israel lifts trade sanctions against South Africa following similar U.S. decision. Ban on military contracts remains, although secret military deals continue. (LAT 7/15)

Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan arrested upon arrival in Israel following 6/29 meeting with Yasir Arafat in Tunis, an act which violates Israeli law. Nathan staged hunger strike in June to protest the law, under which he served 122 days in prison in 1990 for meeting Arafat. (MEM 7/15)

Israeli Peace Now movement wins legal battle to prevent establishment of Jewish cemetery in West Bank near Jerusalem. Defense ministry, religious affairs ministry informed Israeli high court of justice of their agreement tocancel proposal. (MEM 7/15)

PLO-Lebanese army ceasefire takes hold in Sidon area after 73 killed, 200 wounded, mostly Palestinians. Under terms of ceasefire agreement, PLO agrees to move heavy weapons out of S. Lebanon, restrict remaining 5,000 fighters, armed only with light infantry weapons, to the 'Ayn al-Hilwa and al-Mi'a wa Mi'a refugee camps. Army agrees not to enter camps as long as cease-fire remains in effect. Government states discussions on civil and social rights of Palestinians in Lebanon will take place. Government also agrees to release PLO prisoners. In Tunis, PLO Chmn. Arafat backs accord, telephones approval. Fighting came as result of attempt by Lebanese government to disarm all armed group in Lebanon. Army control of area could limit attacks on Israeli-backed forces in the "security zone" in S. Lebanon. (MEM 7/5; NYT, LAT 7/6)

Hunger strike among Palestinian prisoners spreads to Tel Mond prison, the seventh prison now on strike. (MEM 7/8)

At press conference with Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan, PLO Chmn. Arafat declares willingness to have portions of Palestine National Charter which "threaten" Israel deleted as part of peace treaty in return for reciprocal Israeli measures. (MEM 7/5) 

Israel peace activist Abie Nathan meets with PLO Chmn. Arafat in Tunis, third time he has met Arafat and first time since ending a hunger fast protesting Israeli law forbidding Israeli citizens to contact PLO officials [see 6/6]. (WP 6/30)

Prime Min. Shamir rejects Pres. Bush's 6/1 letter calling for Israeli acceptance of greater U.N. role in proposed Arab-Israeli peace talks. Shamir refused proposal for U.N. mediator to be present at talks, as well as proposal that conference, including representatives from superpowers and European community, reconvene periodically. Shamir insisted that international contingent bepresent merely for opening ceremonies. He also seeks clarification of composition of Palestinian participants. (NYT, LAT 6/8; Radio Israel 6/9)

Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan ends 37-day hunger strike in response to appeal from Israeli Pres. Haim Herzog. Nathan's highly-publicized strike failed to prompt Knesset to rescind law forbidding Israelis from meeting with PLO members. (NYT 6/7)

Sec. of State Baker, in testimony before U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs subcommittee, calls continued building of Israeli settlements "largest obstacle" to convening proposed Middle East peace conference. Remarks come in wake of four new settlements established in occupied territories since Baker began his recent peace initiative. (See JPS 80, doc. D2)

More than 200,000 Israelis now live in occupied territories. (NYT, WP, LAT 5/23)

Pres. al-Asad and Lebanese Pres. Ilyas al-Hirawi sign a "Treaty of Brotherhood, Cooperation and Coordination" in Damascus. (See JPS 80, doc. B9). Treaty establishes joint Syrian-Lebanese institutions for coordinating defense, security, foreign and economy policy, under authority of higher council comprising the two country's presidents, prime ministers and parliamentary speakers. Treaty transforms Syrian influence in Lebanon into formal role.

Treaty calls for Syria to redeploy its 40,000 troops in Lebanon in Biqa' valley. Syrian troops currently effectively control two-thirds of Lebanon.

Lebanese Maronite Catholic Patriarch Nasr Allah Sufayr opposes accord, stating that it would lead to Syrian domination of Lebanon. Israel voiced opposition to the accord as well. (NYT, WP, LAT 5/23)

Israeli def. ministry confirms that Polish Pres. Walesa promised Def. Min. Moshe Arens that Poland will not sell tanks to Syria out of deference to Israel. (LAT 5/22)

Knesset erupts into shouting match when Knesset Speaker Dov Shilansky (Likud) calls on Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan to halt his 25-day fast. Nathan began fast 3/25 to protest Israeli law forbidding Israelis to meet with members of PLO. Shilansky's statement came in wake of failed motion to abolish law. Nathan has publicly met Yasir Arafat several times since law was passed, serving 122 days in prison in 1990 as result. (NYT 5/23; MEM 7/15)

Los Angeles Times reports that Coca-Cola Company was removed last month from list of companies boycotted by Arab League for their dealings with Israel. Japanese car manufacturer Toyota also reported last month that it will begin selling cars in Israel in 1992, a departure from its policy of dealing solely with Arab countries. (LAT 5/22) 

Two small religious parties, Shas and Agudat Israel, suggesthey would not join Lidud-led coalition as long as Shamir is party leader [NYT 3/ 17]; Los Angeles Times reports growing pressure on Shamir to resign [LAT 3/17].

Senate Democratic Leader George J. Mitchell (D-ME) sharply attacks Pres. Bush for "heavy-handed blunder," that "contributed to the recent political crisis in Israel." Mitchell is referring to Bush's 3/3 statement [LAT 3/17].

In letter dated 3/16 from Sec. Baker to Rep. Mel Levine (D-CA), Baker softens U.S. stand on Israeli settlements in E. Jerusalem, writing "Clearly, Jews and others can live where they want, East or West, and the city must remain undivided" [NYT 3/13].

Arafat meets in Tunis with Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan, who spent 4 months in prison for previous meeting with Arafat [BVP 3/17 in FBIS 3/20].

Jimmy Carter arrives in Jordan from Syria for talks about Middle East [MET 3/27-4/2].

In London, King Hussein meets with PLO advisor Bassam Abu Sharif [WAKH 3/16 in FBIS 3/19].

Israeli military reports killing 3 Palestinians, allegedly DFLP members, inside Israel's "security zone" in S. Lebanon [MET 3/27-4/2].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/lsrael: Israeli peace campaigner Abie Nathan, sentenced to 6 months in prison for meeting with Yasir Arafat, is released 2 months early for good behavior. He vows to continue the activities for which he was jailed [NYT, FBIS 2/12; MET 2/20].

Israel and Czechoslovakia renew diplomatic ties that were severed in 1967 [LAT 2/10; MET 2/20].

Arab World: The New York Times reports that a rift has developed between Egypt and the PLO over the 2/4 bus attack in Egypt. Egypt finds PLO's qualified condemnation of the attack as hampering the peace process, while PLO is seen as reluctant to give Egypt too great a role in the process [NYT 2/10].

Other Countries: 73 U.S. Senators have signed a letter to Pres. Bush urging against cutting aid to Israel and Egypt. The letter was drafted by Senators Levin and Wilson [LAT 2/10].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: General strike called for by UNLU is observed in O.T. [FBIS 2/9; FJ 2/12].

20-year-old Qabatya resident is shot dead by Israeli soldiers after attacking soldiers with knife [FBIS, FJ 2/12].

At least 7 Palestinians are wounded throughout O.T. [FJ 2/12].

Social/Economic/Political

Occupied Palestine/Israel: Israeli peace activist Abie Nathan is sentenced to six months in prison for meeting last year with Yasir Arafat [NYT, WP 10/4; MET 10/10; JP 10/14].

Arab World: Syrian official condemns proposals for elections in O.T., claiming they would not lead to independence for Palestinians [WP 10/4].

Military Action

Occupied Palestine/Israel: 16 W. Bank Palestinians are arrested for flying Palestine flags. Israeli court sentences 2 Palestinians to 6 years, 30 months, respectively, for membership in organizations. At least 18 Palestinians are wounded throughout O.T. [FBIS 10/3]. IDF soldier is wounded by rock in E. Jerusalem [FBIS 10/4]. 

Military Action:

Lebanese cease-fire shattered as Israeli troops move on Baabda to control Beirut-Damascus highway and close last exit from city; repeated Israeli air strikes against Beirut; fierce fighting south of city; Israeli troops advance to within yards of Lebanese presidential palace (no fighting with Lebanese Army reported, as well as no resistance from units guarding Baabda); Palestinian camps and neighborhoods hit for seventh day, as well as Beirut Barbir district (not a Palestinian area, it suffers many casualties); Israel claims hundreds of PLO guerrillas surrender south of Beirut near Khalde; battles go on in Ain el-Hilweh refugee camp outside Sidon; Israeli ship intercepts Lebanese passenger ship leaving Beirut, diverts it to Haifa.

Syrian units hit by Israelis along highway, despite cease-fire; Syrians disappear from Beirut streets, leaving Palestinian units in their place.

Casualties:

Israeli casualties approach 150 dead, 900 wounded; ICRC says 600,000 made home-less by fighting (20 percent of Lebanese population); Lebanese Army sources say 1,500 Beirut residents, mostly civilian, killed so far and that Israeli cluster bombs have been dropped on Palestinian refugee camp (Burj al-Barajneh) near airport, as well as Armenian hospital 16 miles SE of Beirut; hospitals in Christian Beirut refuse to handle casualties among Palestinians or combatants; correspondents report bodies buried 30-deep in mass graves at southern Beirut refugee camp; bodies stacked up decomposing at Barbir hospital (Sharon denies numbers of dead, dislocated); conditions in Beirut deteriorate as garbage rots, water main is broken, raising fears of epidemics.

Political Responses:

Israel/Occupied Territories: Some Israelis feel US troops in Lebanon would restrict Israeli moves, give de facto US recognition to the PLO on a day-to-day basis; Israel announces revenue-raising measures to pay for the war (costs estimated at $600 m. and may fuel inflation); as condition for withdrawal, Israel demands removal of Palestinian and Syrian forces from Lebanon, an internationally su-pervised demilitarized zone to guarantee security of Galilee; Israeli philanthropist Abie Nathan announces plans to take chocolate to Palestinian children as other Israelis offer to help rebuild Lebanon; several hundred Israelis demonstrate against invasion, massacre of civilians.

Palestinians/Lebanese: a 7-member committee is named by Sarkis to handle negotiations with the Israelis; Hasbaya merchants do business in Israeli shekels.

Arab Govemments: Saudi King Khalid dies; Egyptian President Mubarak flies to Saudi Arabia to give condolences; Syrians withdraw from Beirut.

US and Other Countries: Ships sent to Jounieh to evacuate Italians and French; Assistant Secretary of State Elliot Abrams, addressing the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, accuses the PLO of providing arms, training to guerrilla forces in El Salvador, Guatemala, perhaps Honduras.