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  • September 18, 1983

    Military Action:

    National Salvation Front attacks Lebanese Air Force base at Jbeil with estimated 50 Katyushas, no damage to planes reported; Air Force bombs anti- government artillery and...

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  • August 12, 1982

    Military Action:

    IDF forces hit West Beirut with 11-hour bombing raids (Lebanese authorities suspend negotiations in protest as Reagan demands end to attacks; IDF calls cease-fire at 5 PM,...

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Military Action:

National Salvation Front attacks Lebanese Air Force base at Jbeil with estimated 50 Katyushas, no damage to planes reported; Air Force bombs anti- government artillery and troop positions near Souq al-Gharb and Aabadiye; LAF units hold positions at Souq al-Gharb and Kaifun under heavy rocket and artillery fire; Amal militia and LAF fight 6-hour battle in southern Beirut suburbs.

Casualties:

5-16 civilians killed, 13-42 wounded, vehicles and buildings damaged in rocket attack on Jbeil.

Political Responses:

Israel/Occupied Territories: Demonstrations in West Bank and Israel commemorate Sabra and Shatila massacres, 25 Palestinians and Israelis arrested in East Jerusalem.

Military Action:

IDF forces hit West Beirut with 11-hour bombing raids (Lebanese authorities suspend negotiations in protest as Reagan demands end to attacks; IDF calls cease-fire at 5 PM, ending heaviest sustained air raids in Beirut since invasion; bombing follows continuous artillery that began Wednesday); IDF makes heavy deployment of troops in northern mountain, coastal areas, including Dbayieh, Jounieh, Byblos, Akoura bluff (only five miles south of Syrian troops guarding Tripoli); all Palestinian areas hit as well as Manara area; IDF forces in East Beirut heavily reinforced.

Casualties:

Lebanese police estimate 128 killed, over 400 wounded; Berbir hospital takes direct hit after being heavily shelled; Lebanese police unit hit.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Israeli cabinet halts bombardment of West Beirut after confrontation with Sharon, takes steps to curb his freedom to order strikes.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Salam, responding to raids, tells Habib to "go home"; Wazzan refuses to negotiate during bombing, reportedly resigns but continues to function in office; Salam charges US with responsibility for IDF bombings.

Arab Governments: Saudi King Fahd calls Reagan.

US and Other Countries: Reagan expresses "outrage" to Begin, threatens to withdraw US from negotiations unless bombing stops (fears rise that Habib mission will fail). UN: Security Council votes to renew demand that Israel permit UN officers to monitor cease-fire, supported by US.