15166 / 15167 Results
  • October 17, 1983

    Military Action:

    Fighting continues between LAF and militiamen in southern suburbs and at Souq al-Gharb and between Druze and Phalange militias in Kharroub; stray shells land near Marine...

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  • October 16, 1983

    Military Action:

    Small arms, machine gun and RPG fire hits Marine positions at airport and university science faculty building during 7-hour battle, Marines use Dragon missiles; LAF...

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  • October 15, 1983

    Military Action:

    Sniper fire hits Marine positions for second day.

    Casualties:

    US says 4-5 snipers killed, 10 wounded when Marines return fire; 2 French soldiers in UNIFIL...

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  • October 14, 1983

    Military Action:

    LAF and militiamen exchange artillery fire at Araya, east of Beirut; LAF positions in Burj al-Barajneh hit by sniper fire; Marines return fire in three-hour battle with...

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  • October 13, 1983

    Military Action:

    Grenade thrown at temporary US Embassy in Beirut; LAF and miltiamen exchange mortar and machine gun fire at Souq al-Gharb; sniping continues in southern Beirut suburbs;...

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  • October 12, 1983

    Military Action:

    LAF and Druze exchange artillery and RPG fire around Souq al-Gharb; heavy fighting in Tripoli between pro- and anti-Syrian militias, Syrian artillery shells Islamic...

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  • October 11, 1983

    Military Action:

    3 US ships carrying standby Marine force of 2000 leave coast of Lebanon, head for US by way of Indian Ocean.

    Political Responses:

    Israel/ Occupied Territories...

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  • October 10, 1983

    Military Action:

    Security committee agrees to use of 600-800 Greek and Italian troops to monitor cease-fire.

    Political Responses:

    Israel/ Occupied Territories: Banks halt...

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  • October 9, 1983

    Military Action:

    LAF and militiamen in southern Beirut suburbs continue sporadic fighting.

    Casualties:

    2 US Marines wounded; US helicopter parked near Marine camp hit by small...

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  • October 8, 1983

    Military Action:

    LAF and Shi'ite militiamen exchange small arms and rocket fire in southern Beirut suburbs; explosives thrown at French MNF patrol in Beirut; cease-fire security committee...

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  • October 7, 1983

    Military Action:

    Cease-fire holds generally; LAF positions in southern suburbs and in Beirut come under sniper fire; grenade thrown at IDF vehicl in Sidon.

    Casualties:

    1 LAF...

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  • October 6, 1983

    Military Action:

    Commander of IDF-backed local militia in Adloun, South Lebanon, killed by car bomb, PLO says Lebanese and Palestinian resistance is responsible.

    Casualties:

    ...

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  • October 5, 1983

    Military Action:

    LAF and Muslim militiamen exchange fire in southern Beirut suburbs; pro- and anti-Syrian militias in Tripoli battle overnight with RPGs, mortars, machine guns; IDF and...

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  • October 4, 1983

    Military Action:

    Relatively light exchanges of fire between unidentified gunmen and LAF in southern suburbs; sniper fire directed at Deir al-Qamar; IDF patrol attacked with light arms, RPGs...

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  • October 3, 1983

    Military Action:

    Mortar and machine gun fire from unidentified sources directed at LAF position near Khaldeh; artillery and RPG fire exchanged in Beirut suburbs of Ain Rummaneh and Chiah;...

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  • October 2, 1983

    Casualties:

    Phalange militia releases 200 Druze civilians held hostage during fighting.

    Political Responses:

    Palestinians/ Lebanese: Jumblatt visist 300-600 Druze and other...

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  • October 1, 1983

    Casualties:

    300 Christians in Beirut demonstrate at presidential palace against continued siege of Deir al-QRmar by Druze militia.

    Political Responses:

    Palestinians/ Lebanese...

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  • September 30, 1983

    Military Action:

    Artillery fire exchanged between LF and PSP militias in Kharroub area south of Beirut; sniper fire continues against LAF and LF positions; Western military sources say...

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  • September 29, 1983

    Military Action:

    Sniper fire continues around LAF base at Souq al Gharb; IDF position in Beqaa fired on from position near Kamed e-Loz; Israeli gunboats reportedly seize Cypriot ship bound...

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  • September 28, 1983

    Military Action:

    Cease-fire continues to hold; some firing reported by PSP militia on LAF position near Khaldeh, and between PSP and LF in Kharroub area south of Beirut, Amal militia and...

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  • September 27, 1983

    Military Action:

    Cease-fire holds generally; sniper fire and fighting between LAF and Amal militia in southern suburbs of Beirut; LF and PSP militias exchange artillery fire near Baissour;...

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  • September 26, 1983

    Military Action:

    Cease-fire takes effect at 0600 hours, sniper fire near Souq al-Gharb and RPG attack on LAF post near Q3br Chamoun are only reported violations.

    Casualties:

    2...

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  • September 25, 1983

    Military Action:

    Heavy fighting in Burj al-Barajneh tapers off in afternoon; LAF resists attack on Souq al-Gharb; shelling resumes in Chouf during evening; shells fall on East Beirut...

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  • September 24, 1983

    Military Action:

    LAF, using tanks and artillery, fights day long battle with Amal militia in Burn al-Barajneh, Hayy es-Selloum and Chiah; Marines evacuate 2 outposts east of airport...

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  • September 23, 1983

    Military Action:

    Heavy fighting erupts in southern Beirut suburbs between LAF and Amal miliita; US Marine compound at airport hit by artillery and mortar rounds; US warships and Marine...

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  • September 22, 1983

    Military Action;

    French Army HQ and Italian munitions depot in Beirut hit by rockets; 4-8 French Super Etendard jet fighters, based on French carrier Foch, attack PSP and Syrian gun...

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  • September 21, 1983

    Military Action:

    Fighting continues around Souq al-Gharb, with anti-government forces, reportedly including Hitten and Yarmouk brigades of PLA, using tanks and smokescreens; artillery and...

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  • September 20, 1983

    Military Action:

    US Marines, Army officers make first reported visit to LAF positions at Souq al-Gharb, gather intelligence, consult on target coordinates; LAF adds 2 battalions to 4...

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  • September 19, 1983

    Military Action:

    2 US warships engage in first direct military support of LAF, bombard PSP positions near Souq al-Gharb with 350+ rounds of 5-inch shells (heaviest naval bombardment since...

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  • September 18, 1983

    Military Action:

    National Salvation Front attacks Lebanese Air Force base at Jbeil with estimated 50 Katyushas, no damage to planes reported; Air Force bombs anti- government artillery and...

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  • September 17, 1983

    Military Action:

    US warships respond to shelling in area of US Ambassador's residence and Defense Ministry, where US advisers are based, fire an estimated 60 rounds from 5-inch guns,...

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  • September 16, 1983

    Military Action:

    1500 men in 2 LAF battalions open broad offensive along ridge between Souq al-Gharb and Bais- sour, make some advances; Lebanese Air Force enters combat for first time...

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  • September 15, 1983

    Military Action:

    Relatively light exchanges of artillery and machine gun fire between LAF units and PSP militia at Souq al-Gharb and Khaldeh; IDF position 8 mi. east of Tyre attacked with...

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  • September 14, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF patrol of 8 APCs, 2 Centurion tanks enters Saadiyat, 8 mi. north of Awali, assists LAF and LF in battle with PSP.

    Casualties:

    Several dozen detainees...

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  • September 13, 1983

    Military Action:

    1200 LAF troops resist 4 assaults by PSP militia at Souq al-Gharb; fighting between LF and PSP militias continues south of Beirut around Mishref, Barja and Saadiyat;...

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Military Action:

Fighting continues between LAF and militiamen in southern suburbs and at Souq al-Gharb and between Druze and Phalange militias in Kharroub; stray shells land near Marine base at airport.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: New Finance Minister Yigal Cohen-Otgad right-wing member of Herut party with business interests and residence in West Bank, named by Shamir.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: PSP official says Druze refugees have begun to occupy homes abandoned by Christian refugees in Chouf villages as part of new civil administration policy.

US and Other Countries: Reagan appoints McFarlane as national security adviser, replacing William Clark; Marine commander in Beirut says sniper fire in past few days originates from gunmen newly arrived in area; US states officially for first time that Marines and other MNF units are the targets of attacks.

Military Action:

Small arms, machine gun and RPG fire hits Marine positions at airport and university science faculty building during 7-hour battle, Marines use Dragon missiles; LAF positions near airport also attacked; IDF patrol attacked, battles civilians during Shi'ite religious festival in Nabatieh.

Casualties:

1 Marine killed, 3 wounded by sniper fire in Beirut; 1 civilian killed, 7-10 wounded when IDF opens fire in Nabatieh, 4 IDF soldiers injured, 4 military vehicles burned, curfew imposed.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Estimated Im Israeli workers strike for 2 hours to protest government economic policies.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Officer of Higher Islamic Council of Lebanon calls on Shi'ite residents of South Lebanon to resist IDF occupation, warns Israel not to close bridges across Awali river.

Military Action:

Sniper fire hits Marine positions for second day.

Casualties:

US says 4-5 snipers killed, 10 wounded when Marines return fire; 2 French soldiers in UNIFIL wounded by roadside explosion south of airport.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Cease-fire security committee meets, agrees to ask for 400 observers each from Greece, Italy; Amal militia denies responsibility for shooting at Marines.

Military Action:

LAF and militiamen exchange artillery fire at Araya, east of Beirut; LAF positions in Burj al-Barajneh hit by sniper fire; Marines return fire in three-hour battle with gunmen after US positions at airport hit by snipers; loyalist Fateh forces in Tripoli police cease-fire between militias of IUM and Lebanese CP.

Casualties:

1 Marine killed, 1 wounded by sniper fire, US casualties since end of August are 5 killed, 43 wounded.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Amal and PSP militias suspend participation in cease-fire security committee.

US and Other Countries: Reagan meets McFarlane, senior administration officials, to review Middle East policy; Reagan and Shultz meet Gemayel's national security adviser in Washington; State Dept. reportedly has approved plan to convert military aid program to Israel from 50-50 loan-grant to all grant basis; State Dept. refused comment on reports that US has secret plan to equip two Jordanian brigades as mobile strike force.

Military Action:

Grenade thrown at temporary US Embassy in Beirut; LAF and miltiamen exchange mortar and machine gun fire at Souq al-Gharb; sniping continues in southern Beirut suburbs; heavy fighting continues for second day in Tripoli, PLO guerrillas under Arafat separate combatants, cease-fire called.

Casualties:

1 Marine wounded by grenade; 60 killed, 130 wounded in 2 days of Tripoli fighting, mostly members of Lebanese Communist Party.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Israeli Finance Minister resigns after public disclosure of his proposal to dollarize the economy, replacing the shekel with the dollar as legal tender.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Preparatory meeting for reconciliation talks takes place in Beirut, all invited factions send representatives except Karame, Franjieh and Edde.

Military Action:

LAF and Druze exchange artillery and RPG fire around Souq al-Gharb; heavy fighting in Tripoli between pro- and anti-Syrian militias, Syrian artillery shells Islamic Unification Movement positions; IDF position near Tyre attacked with small arms fire.

Casualties:

6 LAF soldiers wounded at Souq al-Gharb; 47 killed, 70 wounded in Tripoli; Islamic Unification Movement [IUM] forces occupy most positions of pro-Syrian militia in Tripoli; 1 IDF soldier wounded near Tyre.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Cease-fire security committee fails to meet as Amal delegate protests LAF arrest of Shi'ite soldiers returning home; Gemayel announces talks will begin on October 20 at undisclosed venue.

US and Other Countries: Reagan signs legislation authorizing Marines to remain in Lebanon for 18 months, but disclaims any concession of the constitutional authority of a President to deploy troops without Congressional approval.

Military Action:

3 US ships carrying standby Marine force of 2000 leave coast of Lebanon, head for US by way of Indian Ocean.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Cabinet devalues shekel 23%, now worth approx 80 to $1 [2 months ago it was 53 to $1]; food subsidies cut 50%, bread and dairy prices rise 50%, gasoline rises 23%, panic buying ensues; government to make $ lb in budget cuts, offers plan to protect commercial bank stockholders.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Jumblatt rejects presidential palace as meeting site, proposes Greek ship anchored inside Lebanese waters; LAF Chief of Staff travels to Jumblatt's village, meets Druze defectors, delays return to his command; IDF reportedly establishing new militias in South Lebanon; Haddad cites medical reasons, relinquishes command of his militia.

Military Action:

Security committee agrees to use of 600-800 Greek and Italian troops to monitor cease-fire.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Banks halt sales of foreign currency, Stock Exchange remains closed, shekel declines 5.5% against dollar in day; Knesset approves Shamir government by 60-53 vote.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Rival PLO factions exchange small arms fire in struggle over control of two Fateh offices in Damascus.

Arab Governments: Syria and Saudi Arabia agree to use of Lebanese presidential palace at Baabda as venue for national reconciliation talks; Gemayel issues invitations to talks, reportedly beginning October 19.

Military Action:

LAF and militiamen in southern Beirut suburbs continue sporadic fighting.

Casualties:

2 US Marines wounded; US helicopter parked near Marine camp hit by small arms fire.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Government closes Tel Aviv Stock Exchange indefinitely following major sell-off of bank shares as investors seek funds to purchase dollars, estimated $60m foreign currency purchased last week, value of bank stocks, estimated at $7.5b, expected to drop 15%-40%.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat calls for resumption of dialogue with Jordan at all levels; staff of WAFA bureau in Damascus reportedly joins rebellion; Jumblatt says 31 officers, 600 troops have defected from LAF to Druze forces.

Arab Governments: Syrian officials meet McFarlane, who then returns to Beirut.

Military Action:

LAF and Shi'ite militiamen exchange small arms and rocket fire in southern Beirut suburbs; explosives thrown at French MNF patrol in Beirut; cease-fire security committee orders halt to Druze-Christian fighting in Kharroub mountains.

Casualties:

1 LAF soldier, 2 civilians killed in Beirut fighting; IDF raids office of Lebanese national news agency in Sidon, arrests and interrogates 2 reporters, confiscates film.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Lebanese government asks UNIFIL to renew its mandate, expiring October 19, for further 6 months.

Military Action:

Cease-fire holds generally; LAF positions in southern suburbs and in Beirut come under sniper fire; grenade thrown at IDF vehicl in Sidon.

Casualties:

1 LAF soldier, 2 civilians killed by sniper fire; Druze and Phalange militias exchange 44 civilian hostages; 1 IDF soldier wounded in Sidon attack; Red Cross convoy permitted to enter Deir al-Qamar, where estimated 25,000 Christian refugees and 3000 Phalange militiamen remain under siege; fighting during past month has created an estimated 140,000 new refugees in South Lebanon.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Arens confirms IDf is considering closing the 2 bridges across its Awali line to vehicles (currently 8000 per day), restricting traffic to pedestrians with special passes.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat says he expects Syrian at.ack on Baddawi and Nahr al-Bared camps within two or three days.

Military Action:

Commander of IDF-backed local militia in Adloun, South Lebanon, killed by car bomb, PLO says Lebanese and Palestinian resistance is responsible.

Casualties:

IDF arrests 40 suspects after Adloun bombing; Sidon mayor estimates that 10,000 refugees from fighting to the north are sheltering in public buildings; export trade from Israel to Lebanon, about $ 10m monthly, reportedly returns to normal after cease-ffre.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: 100th reserve soldier jailed for refusing to serve in Lebanon.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat accuses Syria and US of secret pact to eliminate PLO from Lebanon.

US and Other Countries: US says Soviet Union plans to deploy mobile SS-21 missile,with range of 75 mi, in Syria.

Military Action:

LAF and Muslim militiamen exchange fire in southern Beirut suburbs; pro- and anti-Syrian militias in Tripoli battle overnight with RPGs, mortars, machine guns; IDF and Syrian forces in Beqaa exchange artillery and machine gun fire.

Casualties:

6 killed in Tripoli fighting. Political Responses:

US and Other Countries: Pentagon proposes to sell additional 253 APCs plus .50-cal. machine guns to Lebanon.

Military Action:

Relatively light exchanges of fire between unidentified gunmen and LAF in southern suburbs; sniper fire directed at Deir al-Qamar; IDF patrol attacked with light arms, RPGs east of Tyre.

Casualties:

1 civilian killed, 1 wounded in Deir al-Qamar.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat says at least 2 Syrian brigades have surrounded his forces in Tripoli area; McFarlane returns to Beirut from Europe via Israel

Military Action:

Mortar and machine gun fire from unidentified sources directed at LAF position near Khaldeh; artillery and RPG fire exchanged in Beirut suburbs of Ain Rummaneh and Chiah; US Marines placed on highest state of alert as mortars fall near compound; car bomb explodes as IDF vehicle passes southeast of Tyre.

Casualties:

2 IDF soldiers wounded in car bomb explosion.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Lebanese Cabinet meets in emergency session, states that efforts to arrange time and place for national reconciliation talks remain unsuccessful; 45 more LAF officers and soldiers join other "conscientious objectors" at Hammana Barracks, refuse to take part in LAF operations until national agreement on use of LAF is achieved, accuse LAF of giving US-provided weapons, ammunition, and artillery target coordinates to Phalange militia; 23 Fateh military staff officers in Damascus defect to PLO rebels.

US and Other Countries: Greek PM meets Jumblatt in Athens.

Casualties:

Phalange militia releases 200 Druze civilians held hostage during fighting.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Jumblatt visist 300-600 Druze and other soldiers reportedly defecting from LAF, says LAF should be united, return to barracks until national reconciliation is achieved; Gemayel accuses Jumblatt of wanting to partition Lebanon; Haddad admitted to Israeli hospital, reportedly suffers from cancer.

Casualties:

300 Christians in Beirut demonstrate at presidential palace against continued siege of Deir al-QRmar by Druze militia.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Jumblatt announces formation of civilian administration in Chouf and Aley areas under Druze control.

Military Action:

Artillery fire exchanged between LF and PSP militias in Kharroub area south of Beirut; sniper fire continues against LAF and LF positions; Western military sources say Syria is blocking entry of Palestinian guerrillas to Chouf and evacuating those already there.

Casualties:

1 LF militiaman killed, several wounded by snipers in Deir al-Q;mar.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Talks on formation of government of national unity between PM-designate Shamir and Labor leader Peres break down.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Cease-fire security committee agrees to put roads leading to airport under LAF control, remove militia checkpoints on roads south of Beirut, exchange persons kidnapped during fighting by opposing militias, permit Red Cross to enter battle areas.

Arab Govemnments: Mubarak, on official visit to US, meets Reagan, other administration officials, calls for reactivation of September 1982 Reagan plan.

US and Other Countries: Shultz and Syrian Foreign Minister discuss monitoring of Lebanon cease-fire, Syria reportedly objects to use of UN observers.

Military Action:

Sniper fire continues around LAF base at Souq al Gharb; IDF position in Beqaa fired on from position near Kamed e-Loz; Israeli gunboats reportedly seize Cypriot ship bound for Tripoli, arrest 25 Palestinians on board.

Casualties:

Beirut airport reopens; MEA reports loss of $13.7 million during 32 days of airport closure; IDF bulldozes house of family of suspected guerrilla in Ain al-Hilweh camp; relief agency workers report 3 other houses destroyed in Burj alShemali camp near Tyre on September 12, average of 50 Palestinians arrested weekly by IDF.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Cease-fire security committee holds second meeting, agrees to avoid shelling of airport.

US and Other Countries: Senate approves resolution invoking War Powers Act and authorizing 18-month Marine deployment by 54-46 vote, House agrees to accept Senate bill by vote of 253-156.

Military Action:

Cease-fire continues to hold; some firing reported by PSP militia on LAF position near Khaldeh, and between PSP and LF in Kharroub area south of Beirut, Amal militia and LAF in southern suburbs; US Army Special Forces unit resumes training of LAF cadres, interrupted at end of August.

Casualties:

1 French soldier wounded by grenade in Beirut.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Cease-fire committee holds first meeting; 600 Fateh loyalists, expelled from Beqaa, welcomed at Baddawi refugee camp in Tripoli.

US and Other Countries: House votes 270-161 to invoke War Powers Act, authorizes deployment of Marines in Lebanon for 18 months

Military Action:

Cease-fire holds generally; sniper fire and fighting between LAF and Amal militia in southern suburbs of Beirut; LF and PSP militias exchange artillery fire near Baissour; bomb explodes as IDF vehicle passes near Marjayoun; fighting breaks out in Baddawi refugee camp near Tripoli between Fateh and PFLP-GC factions, Arafat forces exchange artillery fire with Syrian troops.

Casualties:

17-19 guerrillas killed, 7 wounded in Tripoli fighting; 1 Italian soldier wounded in Beirut; 2 IDF soldiers wounded near Marjayoun; refugees return in large numbers to Beirut from the south.

Political Responses:

US and Other Countries: Representatives of US, Britain, France, Italy meet in New York, agree on need to keep MNF in place, discuss formation of 600-man observer corps, affiliated to UN, monitor Lebanon cease-fire; Shultz says MNF mission in Lebanon should continue until or even after there is stability, including withdrawal of Israeli, Syrian and PLO forces; Reagan says he will seek Congressional authorization for any substantial expansion in size or role of Marine contingent, will consult if stay beyond 18 months is required.

Military Action:

Cease-fire takes effect at 0600 hours, sniper fire near Souq al-Gharb and RPG attack on LAF post near Q3br Chamoun are only reported violations.

Casualties:

2 LAF soldiers killed at Kaifun; large numbers of pedestrians and motorists take to streets of East and West Beirut for first time in 3 weeks; Lebanese police estimate 806 killed, 1725 wounded in fighting since September 4.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: PM Wazzan submits resignation, Gemayel asks him to remain until new government is formed in reconciliation talks.

US and Other Countries: Congressional Democrats and Republicans criticize Shultz statement that administration would not be bound by proposed legislation invoking War Powers Act.

Military Action:

Heavy fighting in Burj al-Barajneh tapers off in afternoon; LAF resists attack on Souq al-Gharb; shelling resumes in Chouf during evening; shells fall on East Beirut suburbs; US battleship New Jersey, equipped with 16-inch guns capable of firing 2700 pound shells a distance of 22 miles, arrives, bringing number of Sixth Fleet vessels off Beirut to 14.

Casualties:

2 civilians killed, 3 wounded in Beirut shelling; 3 US Marines wounded.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Bomb explodes in central Nablus, 3 Palestinian civilians, IDF soldiers wounded.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Following 3 weks of negotiations, Lebanese and Syrian governments announce that all parties to fighting in Lebanon have agreed to Saudi-American proposals for (1) cease-fire as of Monday morning supervised by neutral observers and implemented by committee drawn from LAF, Amal militia, LF and National Salvation Front, (2) national reconciliation talks between leaders of main religious and political factions, with Syrian and Saudi observers; 1000-1500 PLO loyalists, forced out of Beqaa, held under siege by Syrian forces in Jbab el-Homor Valley, ordered to hand over weapons.

Military Action:

LAF, using tanks and artillery, fights day long battle with Amal militia in Burn al-Barajneh, Hayy es-Selloum and Chiah; Marines evacuate 2 outposts east of airport perimeter; US Marine helicopter fired on, returns fire over Burn al-Barajneh; anti-government artillery hits numerous LAF positions on hills east of Beirut; Marines announce increase in troops ashore from 1200 to 1600.

Casualties:

19 civilians killed, 48 wounded in Beirut suburbs.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Syrian tanks and commando units expel 1000-1500 Fateh loyalists from base near Chtaura in central Beqaa to Hermel area in northeast Lebanon, 3 PLO officers arrested.

Military Action:

Heavy fighting erupts in southern Beirut suburbs between LAF and Amal miliita; US Marine compound at airport hit by artillery and mortar rounds; US warships and Marine shore battery return fire; fighting resumes around Souq al-Gharb; rockets hit Defense Ministry, fall near presidential palace and US Ambassador's residence.

Casualties:

4 Marines wounded; 2 members CBS-TV crew wounded at Souq al-Gharb; 30 LAF soldiers captured, then released, by Amal in Burj al-Barajneh; 11 Muslim civilians reportedly killed by LF in Mraije.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Lebanese National Resistance Front issues warning in Damascus against members of MNF deepening their involvement in Lebanon fighting.

US and Other Countries: Senate Foreign Relations Committee approves by 9-7 vote a resolution authorizing president to keep Marines in Lebanon for further 18 months; European MNF members announce diplomatic initiative independent of US to obtain Lebanon cease-fire.

Military Action;

French Army HQ and Italian munitions depot in Beirut hit by rockets; 4-8 French Super Etendard jet fighters, based on French carrier Foch, attack PSP and Syrian gun emplacements near Sofar, Dour Choueir and elsewhere, first combat use of airpower by MNF; rockets hit Lebanese Air Force base at Jubeil, LAF positions at Khalden; battle for Souq al-Gharb continues.

Casualties:

4 French soldiers wounded in HQ shelling, 2 others wounded by grenade thrown at truck, French casualties now total 50 wounded, 16 killed; Italian MNF munitions depot destroyed.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: 600-2000 Druze civilians demonstrate in Beirut against US support for LAF and LF, march to temporary US Embassy, present letter to US official.

US and Other Countries: House Foreign Affairs Committee by 30-6 vote approves compromise formula to allow deployment of US troops in Lebanon for additional 18 months.

Military Action:

Fighting continues around Souq al-Gharb, with anti-government forces, reportedly including Hitten and Yarmouk brigades of PLA, using tanks and smokescreens; artillery and rocket fire hits Yarze and Baabda areas; US ships fire salvos for third consecutive day; Gemayel tours LAF positions along Souq al-Gharb-Kaifun ridge.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Shamir, with majority in Knesset, is invited to form new government, extends invitation to Labor Alignment to join government of national unity; Sharon calls on US to send Marines into Chouf, use naval and air power to stop Druze forces, send warning to Syria and Soviet Union; Israeli acting mayor cancels Hebron council's successful petition to High Court for injunction against expansion of Jewish settlements in town's center.

US and Other Countries: Reagan says Marines' participation in MNF is absolutely crucial to ending Soviet-sponsored aggression against Lebanon; House Appropriations Committee votes 20-16 to cut off funds for Marines in MNF on December 1 unless Reagan invokes War Powers Act.

Military Action:

US Marines, Army officers make first reported visit to LAF positions at Souq al-Gharb, gather intelligence, consult on target coordinates; LAF adds 2 battalions to 4 already at Souq al-Gharb, US ships fire 40+ rounds at anti-government artillery and rocket batteries east of Yarze; SAM-5 reportedly fired at US Navy F-14 on reconnaissance flight over Beirut, no damage; Amal militia continues attack on LAF units south of Beirut.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: IDF reportedly will intervene in Lebanon fighting if PLO seeks to gain foothold south of Damour River line.

US and Other Countries: Reagan administration and Congressional leaders of both parties agree on compromise formula to authorize Marines to remain in Lebanon for further 18 months under War Powers Act, no change in number, role or deployment; US names new ambassadors to Lebanon, Saudi Arabia; Italy positions warplanes at British base on Cyprus to support its MNF contingent; British naval task force begins assembling in eastern Mediterranean.

Military Action:

2 US warships engage in first direct military support of LAF, bombard PSP positions near Souq al-Gharb with 350+ rounds of 5-inch shells (heaviest naval bombardment since Vietnam war) after militiamen penetrate Souq al-Gharb defenses, capture 3 strategic hilltops; PSP says it downed Lebanese Air Force fighter-bomber; air Force attacks, damages anti-aircraft batteries near Batroun, north of Beirut; artillery barrages hit East Beirut; 24 hour curfew imposed in Beirut's southern suburbs; bomb damages IDF convoy near Nabatieh.

Casualties:

Heavy but unspecified casual- ties reported on both sides of Souq al- Gharb battle, including casualties from naval bombardment; 5 IDF soldiers wounded near Nabatieh.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Druze citizens of Israel demonstrate outside US Embassy in Tel Aviv to protest US military support for LAF.

US and Other Countries: US officials say use of naval gunfire at Souq al-Gharb (when no direct threat to US personnel existed), is necessary because successfui LAF defense of the area is vital to safety of US personnel, and loss of the position could undermine stability of Gemayel government; French Foreign Minister says US shelling is not best way to solve Lebanese crisis.

Military Action:

National Salvation Front attacks Lebanese Air Force base at Jbeil with estimated 50 Katyushas, no damage to planes reported; Air Force bombs anti- government artillery and troop positions near Souq al-Gharb and Aabadiye; LAF units hold positions at Souq al-Gharb and Kaifun under heavy rocket and artillery fire; Amal militia and LAF fight 6-hour battle in southern Beirut suburbs.

Casualties:

5-16 civilians killed, 13-42 wounded, vehicles and buildings damaged in rocket attack on Jbeil.

Political Responses:

Israel/Occupied Territories: Demonstrations in West Bank and Israel commemorate Sabra and Shatila massacres, 25 Palestinians and Israelis arrested in East Jerusalem.

Military Action:

US warships respond to shelling in area of US Ambassador's residence and Defense Ministry, where US advisers are based, fire an estimated 60 rounds from 5-inch guns, targets reportedly are artillery positions in Chouf; fighting continues between LAF and PSP forces along Souq al-Gharb Baissour ridge, hand-to-hand combat reported in Kaifun; Lebanese Air Force renews attacks on artillery positions; 3 British aircraft carriers head for eastern Mediterranean.

Casualties:

PSP reports 15 militiamen, 45 LAF soldiers killed.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: 4 Palestinians wounded by grenade thrown into Hebron market shop.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Abu Nasser, commander of September Martyr's Battalion, says 500 anti-Arafat men are fighting with PSP and Amal militias against LAF; PSP spokesman says 150 Palestinians were in Aley but are not longer involved in battles.

Arab Governments: Syria says it will retaliate if areas it controls in Lebanon are attacked by US Marine or Navy units supporting LAF.

Military Action:

1500 men in 2 LAF battalions open broad offensive along ridge between Souq al-Gharb and Bais- sour, make some advances; Lebanese Air Force enters combat for first time since 1976, 5 Hunter Hawkers attack PSP and Palestinian positions; heavy shelling hits Beirut hillsides, neighborhoods in East and West Beirut; shells land in Marine compound at airport, and near British Embassy.

Casualties:

LAF losses are 2 killed, 11 wounded; 1 Lebanese plane downed, another damaged; 9 PSP T-54 tanks destroyed.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/Lebanese: Arafat retums to Lebanon for first time since June, is warmly received at Baddawi refugee camp near Tripoli.

US and Other Countries: Reagan administration says efforts by Congres- sional Democrats to invoke War Powers Act may endanger US forces.

Military Action:

Relatively light exchanges of artillery and machine gun fire between LAF units and PSP militia at Souq al-Gharb and Khaldeh; IDF position 8 mi. east of Tyre attacked with bazookas; Lebanese Air Force planes overfly PSP positions in Chouf; Israeli jets fly reconnaissance mission over Beirut.

Casualties:

2 French soldiers wounded by hand-grenade thrown by passing motorcyclists, total French casualties are 15 killed, 42 wounded in past year; 1 IDF soldier killed, 7 wounded near Tyre.

Political Responses:

Israeli/ Occupied Territories: Begin submits formal resignation as prime minister.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Cease-fire discussions, mediated by McFarlane and Prince Bandar, continue in Damascus, Beirut and Cyprus.

US and Other Countries: Senate Democrats introduce resolution requiring Reagan to acknowledge that US troops are engaged in hostilities, thereby invoking need for Congressional approval under War Powers Act to keep Marines in Lebanon longer than 60-90 days.

Military Action:

IDF patrol of 8 APCs, 2 Centurion tanks enters Saadiyat, 8 mi. north of Awali, assists LAF and LF in battle with PSP.

Casualties:

Several dozen detainees released from Ansar prison camp, 4700 remain. Political Responses:

US and Other Countries: US admits it asked Israel, on behalf of Lebanon, to use its army and air force to attack PSP positions in Chouf about a week ago, but Israelis refused.

Military Action:

1200 LAF troops resist 4 assaults by PSP militia at Souq al-Gharb; fighting between LF and PSP militias continues south of Beirut around Mishref, Barja and Saadiyat; British jets fly reconnaissance missions; grenades thrown at Haddad militia office in South Lebanon; rocket fired at IDF position north of Tyre; IDF commando unit lands on beach near Tripoli, fires mortars at PLO positions.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Arens says Lebanese Druze have responsibility to prevent PLO forces from participating in Chouf battles or approaching IDF lines along Awali river.

US and Other Countries: Marines in Lebanon are authorized to call on US naval and air power to assist LAF and other MNF units if they are being attacked in a way that endangers Marines.