15236 / 15237 Results
  • July 3, 1983

    Political Responses:

    Palestinians/ Lebanese: PLO delegation meets Syrian foreign minister, Fateh rebels; Habib returns to Beirut.

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  • July 2, 1983

    Political Responses:

    Palestinians/ Lebanese: Fighting resumes between PLO factions in Beqaa valley, Lebanese officials report 6 killed, 10 wounded; 6-member delegation of PLO Executive...

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  • July 1, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF roadblock fired on east of Beirut; light arms fire at IDF patrol from Syrian-controlled territory in Beqaa.

    Casualties:

    Kidnappings, arson, and cutting of...

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  • June 30, 1983

    Military Action:

    Syrian Army tanks and forces surround Shtawra; PLO rebel forces move toward Baalbek; cease-fire reported between PLO factions.

    Casualties:

    1 Lebanese civilian...

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  • June 29, 1983

    Military Action:

    Fateh units reportedly move northward from Shtawra, regroup around Baalbek; light arms fire at IDF roadblock near Aley.

    Casualties:

    IDF shoots, kills resident...

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  • June 28, 1983

    Military Action:

    PLO rebels, supported by PFLP-GC and Saiqa fighters, launch series of attacks against loyalist positions along Beirut-Damascus highway toward Shtawra, taking 3 to 6...

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  • June 27, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF exhanges artillery fire with Katyushas and mortars fired from Syrian-controlled territory in Beqaa; artillery and rocket exchanges in Chouf.

    Casualties:

    2...

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  • June 26, 1983

    Military Action:

    Grenade thrown at IDF convoy near Sidon; IDF reports 4 other attacks on its positions over weekend; Syrian forces maintain encirclement of loyalist PLO positions.

    ...

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  • June 25, 1983

    Casualties:

    Bomb explodes in Sidon shop, 1 killed; 2 explosions reported in Ain al-Hilweh camp.

    Political Responses:

    Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat travels to Prague, condemns...

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  • June 24, 1983

    Military Action:

    4 attacks on IDF positions reported: 2 shells fired near Amiq in eastern sector, RPGs fired at roadblock south of Sidon, light arms fire at convoy near Jezzine; fighting...

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  • June 23, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF moves into battle zone in Chouf; mortars and RPGs fired from Syrian-controlled areas at IDF position in Beqaa.

    Casualties:

    IDF lifts restriction order on...

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  • June 22, 1983

    Military Action:

    Syrian Army encircles loyalist Fateh positions in Beqaa, prevents movement of arms and ammunition; Muslim militias battle in Tripoli.

    Casualties:

    10 killed in...

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  • June 21, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF patrol attacked with RPGs near Zahrani River, WAFA reports joint Lebanese-Palestinian force responsible.

    Casualties:

    1 Border Policeman killed, 3 soldiers...

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  • June 20, 1983

    Military Action:

    Syrian Army convoy ambushed on coastal road south of Tripoli; IDF tanks fire at Druze and Christian positions in Chouf as artillery duels continue.

    Casualties:

    ...
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  • June 19, 1983

    Political Responses:

    Israel/ Occupied Territories: Deputy PM Ehrlich dies after stroke.

    Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat begins meeting of Fateh Revolutionary Council in Damascus, no...

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  • June 18, 1983

    Military Action:

    RPGs fired at IDF position in Beqaa; Katyusha rocket fired near Kfar Yatar in South Lebanon.

    Casualties:

    Woman shot and killed in Burj al-Shamali refugee camp...

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  • June 17, 1983

    Casualties:

    Lebanese Army corporal and 3 civilians killed in Tripoli, most shops close in mourning for Thursday's killings; 3 Palestinian-owned shops in Sidon destroyed by bombs; bomb...

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  • June 16, 1983

    Casualties:

    15 killed, 20 wounded in Tripoli when unidentified gunmen open fire on pedestrians; 5 wounded by bomb attacks on 4 Christian-owned shops in West Beirut; IDF siege at Deir Qanoun...

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  • June 15, 1983

    Military Action:

    Artillery exchanges continue for second day between pro- and anti-Syrian Christian forces in Batrouna, north of Beirut; light arms fire from Syrian-controlled area in Beqaa...

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  • June 14, 1983

    Military Action:

    Artillery fire exchanged between Phalangist and Druze militias in Souk al-Gharb and Aitat villages; IDF reports 3 attacks, no casualties: RPGs fired at convoy, small arms...

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  • June 13, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF and Syrian tanks reportedly exchange fire in Beqaa valley, IDF denies report; IAF planes practice dives over Tyre, fly into Syrian airspace; light arms fire at IDF...

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  • June 12, 1983

    Military Action:

    Roadside bombs explode near IDF convoys in Aley and Sidon; shots fired at IDF position near Kamed al-Luz; 2 vehicles belonging to IRC blown up by unknown elements in Sidon...

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  • June 11, 1983

    Military Action:

    Remote controlled bomb explodes near IDF checkpoint at Khaldeh, misses IDF convoy, injures 6 Lebanese.

    Casualties:

    Demonstration in Beqaa valley town of...

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  • June 10, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF patrol attacked northeast of Tyre; 2 APCs and checkpoint near Sidon attacked.

    Casualties:

    3 IDF soldiers killed, 7 wounded, 1 captured in Lebanese...

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  • June 9, 1983

    Military Action:

    Bomb explodes near IDF patrol between Tyre and Sidon, unreported number of casualties, road closed; 2 rockets explode near IDF positions south of Beirut.

    Casualties...

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  • June 8, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF imposes indefinite curfew on 11 towns and villages in South Lebanon, begins house-to-house search for arms and guerrillas, eventually detains 200 civilians on suspicion...

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  • June 7, 1983

    Casualties:

    Bomb explodes outside shop in Ain al-Hilweh; IDF turns back about 100 trucks carrying food and merchandise from Beirut to Sidon.

    Political Responses:

    Palestinians...

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  • June 6, 1983

    Military Action:

    Artillery fire between rival militias in Chouf mountains.

    Casualties:

    General strike in most Muslim-dominated areas of Lebanon marks first anniversary of...

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  • June 5, 1983

    Casualties:

    Prisoners at Ansar camp burn tents, throw stones at guards, shout slogans, IDF surrounds but does not enter camp.

    Political Responses:

    Palestinians/ Lebanese:...

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  • June 4, 1983

    Political Responses:

    Israel/ Occupied Territories: 150,000 attend Peace Now demonstration in Tel Aviv to mark first anniversary of Lebanon war, demand withdrawal of IDF; stones thrown, road...

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  • June 3, 1983

    Military Action:

    Bazookas fired at IDF patrol near Nabatieh, IDF position in Beqaa; small arms fire at IDF forces on Beirut-Damascus road.

    Casualties:

    Residents of Tyre,...

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  • June 2, 1983

    Military Action:

    Statistics for May show 60 separate attacks on IDF positions.

    Political Responses:

    Israel/ Occupied Territories: Arens says if Syria continues to reject...

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  • June 1, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF reinforcements, moved into Beqaa during last week's build-up of forces, begin to pull back, estimated 10,000 troops involved.

    Casualties:

    1 IDF soldier...

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  • May 31, 1983

    Military Action:

    IDF building new roads in South and East Lebanon, bypassing villages; IDF constructing new fortifications in Bekaa.

    Casualties:

    IDF arrests Lebanese suspected...

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  • May 30, 1983

    Military Action:

    Gun battle between UNIFIL troops and Haddad militia near village of Kneise; hundreds of Syrian troops withdraw from Bekaa, return to Damascus; 2 mortar shells fired at US...

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Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: PLO delegation meets Syrian foreign minister, Fateh rebels; Habib returns to Beirut.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Fighting resumes between PLO factions in Beqaa valley, Lebanese officials report 6 killed, 10 wounded; 6-member delegation of PLO Executive Committee travels from Tunis to Damascus; Fateh Central Committee meets in Tunis.

US and Other Countries: Reagan orders Shultz, completing visit to Southeast Asia, to return to Middle East

Military Action:

IDF roadblock fired on east of Beirut; light arms fire at IDF patrol from Syrian-controlled territory in Beqaa.

Casualties:

Kidnappings, arson, and cutting of water and electricity supplies continue in Chouf region.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Grenade damages IDF jeep in Hebron, central area of city closed; Begin, other officials meet Habib, reportedly reject setting a deadline for unilateral IDF withdrawal; declassified Foreign Ministry files detail relations between Israel and Lebanese Phalangists during 1948-51 period.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: PLO Executive Committee calls for cease-fire between rival factions, sends mediation team to Syria.

Arab Governments: Joint Saudi-Algerian delegation leaves Damascus.

Military Action:

Syrian Army tanks and forces surround Shtawra; PLO rebel forces move toward Baalbek; cease-fire reported between PLO factions.

Casualties:

1 Lebanese civilian wounded by IDF fire after remote controlled bomb explodes near IDF patrol.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Habib returns to Israel from Lebanon; Hebron municipality electric pylons uprooted, Kiryat Arba settlers claim responsibility.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: PLO Executive Committee meets in Tunis, PFLP-GC and Saiqa representatives not present; Abu Nidal group confirms its support for Fateh rebels.

Arab Governments: Syria says it rejects logic of the independence of Palestinian decisions when they concern the Arab-Israeli conflict.

US and Other Countries: US reportedly proposes that Israel agree to a 'date certain' for total, unilateral withdrawal of IDF from Lebanon.

Military Action:

Fateh units reportedly move northward from Shtawra, regroup around Baalbek; light arms fire at IDF roadblock near Aley.

Casualties:

IDF shoots, kills resident of Kfar Sir, southwest of Ansar, when villagers throw stones at patrol; military governor of Hasbaya area of South Lebanon informs village leaders of administrative measures based on expectation that IDF will remain for at least 5 years.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Settlers claim responsibility for burning Arab-owned bus near Hebron in retaliation for stone-throwing at Israeli bus.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Habib opens talks in Beirut.

US and Other Countries: Shultz says Syrian control of PLO could facilitate a withdrawal of foreign forces from Lebanon.

Military Action:

PLO rebels, supported by PFLP-GC and Saiqa fighters, launch series of attacks against loyalist positions along Beirut-Damascus highway toward Shtawra, taking 3 to 6 positions.

Casualties:

15 killed, 20 wounded among Fateh loyalists, commander of Yarmouk brigade reportedly captured by rebels; Lebanese police report total of 28 deaths in Beqaa fighting since Monday.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat travels to Algiers.

Arab Governments: Egypt's newly appointed ambassador to Israel says he will not take up residence there as long as Israeli troops remain in Lebanon without timetable for their withdrawal; Habib meets King Fahd in Riyadh, then travels to Cairo.

Military Action:

IDF exhanges artillery fire with Katyushas and mortars fired from Syrian-controlled territory in Beqaa; artillery and rocket exchanges in Chouf.

Casualties:

2 IDF soldiers wounded by small arms fire in Beqaa; 3 killed, 6 missing in Chouf fighting; IDF arrests 20 at Rashidieh camp.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: After meeting with Habib, Begin tells Knesset committee that US does not oppose redeployment under certain circumstances; military government lifts closure order on parts of central Hebron, imposed 2 weeks ago following grenade attack on building occupied by settlers.

US and Other Countries: Reagan signs legislation authorizing $251 m. military and economic assistance to Lebanon; Defense Dept. to provide Lebanese Army with $57 m. worth of military gear.

Military Action:

Grenade thrown at IDF convoy near Sidon; IDF reports 4 other attacks on its positions over weekend; Syrian forces maintain encirclement of loyalist PLO positions.

Casualties:

2 IDF soldiers wounded in grenade attack.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Grand Mufti of Jerusalem issues statement urging PLO rebels to support Arafat, promises martyr status to any Muslim who assassinates Assad; 700 West Bank representatives of student, professional, political and trade union organizations meet at Al-Aqsa mosque, criticize Syrian and Libyan intervention in Palestinian affairs, call on rebels to support present PLO leadership; Habib arrives in Israel for talks with Begin, Shamir, Arens, reportedly will seek to delay IDF redeployment until Begin-Reagan meeting on July 27.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat returns to Tunis; PFLP official calls Arafat expulsion from Syria an insult to the entire PLO; PFLP and DFLP, split since 1969, announce merger to enhance unity of PLO.

Arab Governments: Syria describes Arafat as a defeatist who has chosen the path of the wilderness.

Casualties:

Bomb explodes in Sidon shop, 1 killed; 2 explosions reported in Ain al-Hilweh camp.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat travels to Prague, condemns attempts by Arabs and non-Arabs to put up violent opposition to the PLO and its independent national decisions.

Arab Governments: Jordan condemns Arafat expulsion as attempt to destroy independence of legitimate Palestinian institutions.

Military Action:

4 attacks on IDF positions reported: 2 shells fired near Amiq in eastern sector, RPGs fired at roadblock south of Sidon, light arms fire at convoy near Jezzine; fighting continues in Chouf.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat expelled from Syria, escorted to Damascus airport by Syrian security officials, placed on flight to Tunis; Abu Jihad also declared persona non grata in Syria and Syrian-controlled areas of Lebanon.

US and Other Countries: Habib and Draper begin visit to Middle East in effort to persuade Syria to withdraw its troops; GAO issues heavily censored report on US aid to Israel, says US likely to come under more pressure to provide grants and concessions as Israel's debt grows.

Military Action:

IDF moves into battle zone in Chouf; mortars and RPGs fired from Syrian-controlled areas at IDF position in Beqaa.

Casualties:

IDF lifts restriction order on village of Arab Selim.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Arens says IDF will not leave any positions unless assured the vacuum will be filled by friendly forces.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat says Syria is blockading all supplies to PLO forces under his command, says problem is not with rebel leaders but with Syria, which is using them to bring PLO under its control; Arafat returns to Damascus, meets Soviet ambassador, receives message from Andropov; Fateh convoy ambushed near Homs, 12 killed; Lebanese official says inquiry into Sabra and Shatila is continuing, earlier reports were from unauthorized first draft.

Military Action:

Syrian Army encircles loyalist Fateh positions in Beqaa, prevents movement of arms and ammunition; Muslim militias battle in Tripoli.

Casualties:

10 killed in Tripoli fighting.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Fateh rebel leader Abu Musa denies Syrian tank support in recent fighting; PLO Research Center in Beirut closed and sealed by Lebanese authorities.

Arab Governments: 20 Palestinian students, said to be members of the PFLP, expelled from Egypt.

US and Other Countries: Shultz says conditions under which a partial IDF withdrawal takes place would determine whether or not it was a setback; Dutch foreign ministry says its 612-man battalion with UNIFIL cannot do its job under Israeli occupation and will be withdrawn on October 19 if situation remains unchanged.

Military Action:

IDF patrol attacked with RPGs near Zahrani River, WAFA reports joint Lebanese-Palestinian force responsible.

Casualties:

1 Border Policeman killed, 3 soldiers wounded in ambush near Zahrani, village of Arab Salim sealed; several residents arrested; 6 killed, 9 wounded as gunmen attack worshippers in Tripoli mosque.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Fateh rebels, supported by PFLP-GC and Syrian troops and tanks, overrun 8 loyalist positions in eastern Lebanon, take control of Palestinian positions along highway between Syrian border and Shtawra; commander of loyalist Yarmouk brigade reportedly held by Syrian Army; Arafat travels from Damascus to Tripoli, says he will not return to Damascus until Syria ends support of rebels; Syrian news agency SANA carries full text of rebel statement for first time.

Military Action:

Syrian Army convoy ambushed on coastal road south of Tripoli; IDF tanks fire at Druze and Christian positions in Chouf as artillery duels continue.

Casualties:

3 to 7 Syrian soldiers, including 2 officers, killed in Tripoli ambush; Palestinian residents of Burj al-Shamali demonstrate for increased IDF protection against Phalangist militiamen following several murders last week; 2 injured in West Beirut bombings.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Political figures, trade unions, university students and women's organizations in West Bank and Gaza express public support for Arafat.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Fateh Revolutionary Council, with 40 of 73 members present, meets in Damascus, condemns mutiny, decides on formal inquiry into corruption, conduct of PLO officers during Israeli invasion of Lebanon, supports by-passing Fez plan in favor of military optioni; PLO officer and head of Palestine Research Center in Beirut detained by Lebanese authorities; report on Sabra and Shatila massacres by Lebanon's military prosecutor finds no responsibility on part of political and military leaders of Phalange Party, implies involvement of Haddad forces, assigns legal responsibility to IDF, recommends no prosecutions at present time.

US and Other Countries: Shultz and other officials discuss implications of IDF redeployment with national security adviser to Gemayel; Gemayel to visit Washington on July 22; EEC summit meeting votes to reopen links with Israel, unfreeze financial aid package blocked since invasion.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Deputy PM Ehrlich dies after stroke.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat begins meeting of Fateh Revolutionary Council in Damascus, no rebel leaders reportedly present; Abu Ziad, Arafat aide, wounded in shooting incident after guerrilla training camp near Damascus taken over by Fateh rebels; Fateh loyalists retake PLO battalion HQ previously occupied by rebels.

Military Action:

RPGs fired at IDF position in Beqaa; Katyusha rocket fired near Kfar Yatar in South Lebanon.

Casualties:

Woman shot and killed in Burj al-Shamali refugee camp, IDF arrests Phalangist militiamen; 2 occupants of car die when it explodes in Hamra district of Beirut.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Heavy fighting between Fateh factions in several areas of the Beqaa, Arafat says Libyan tank unit initiated attack; WAFA begins operations from Tripoli.

Casualties:

Lebanese Army corporal and 3 civilians killed in Tripoli, most shops close in mourning for Thursday's killings; 3 Palestinian-owned shops in Sidon destroyed by bombs; bomb destroys bakery in Sabra camp; boobytrapped watermelon explodes in Nabatieh; siege of Deir Qanoun lifted, 78 villagers remain under arrest.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Fateh rebels from September Martyrs battalion briefly occupy hospital at Bar Elias in Beqaa; Fateh loyalists attempt to recapture supply office in Damascus.

Casualties:

15 killed, 20 wounded in Tripoli when unidentified gunmen open fire on pedestrians; 5 wounded by bomb attacks on 4 Christian-owned shops in West Beirut; IDF siege at Deir Qanoun continues for 6th day, ICRC says it has been refused permission to enter the village on 15 occasions.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: US Ambassador Lewis meets Begin, delivers invitation to visit Washington on July 27; Hebron central market area under curfew.

US and Other Countries: Senior State Dept. officials meet Israeli officials reportedly to discuss plans for IDF redeployment, measures to pressure Syrian troop withdrawal.

Military Action:

Artillery exchanges continue for second day between pro- and anti-Syrian Christian forces in Batrouna, north of Beirut; light arms fire from Syrian-controlled area in Beqaa and south of Beirut at IDF positions.

Casualties:

2 car bombs damage West Beirut building where 2 Lebanese MPs have offices; 3 killed in Tripoli fighting; IDF shoots and kills man in Ain al-Hilweh camp.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Government defeats 2 opposition motions in Knesset calling for inquiry into conduct of Lebanon war.

Arab Governments: Syria urges Lebanese resistance to expand its operations to include not only IDF but those collaborating with it at all levels.

Military Action:

Artillery fire exchanged between Phalangist and Druze militias in Souk al-Gharb and Aitat villages; IDF reports 3 attacks, no casualties: RPGs fired at convoy, small arms fire at military police HQ and roadside bomb as convoy passes near Ansar prison camp; fighting in Tripoli between pro- and anti-Syrian groups.

Casualties:

1 person killed, 15 injured in Tripoli fighting.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Lebanese parliament approves troop withdrawal agreement by 65-2 vote, with 4 abstentions.

US and Other Countries: Weinberger says US-Israel memorandum of understanding on strategic cooperation against Soviet threats in Middle East, suspended since December 1981, could be restored any time Israeli government wishes.

Military Action:

IDF and Syrian tanks reportedly exchange fire in Beqaa valley, IDF denies report; IAF planes practice dives over Tyre, fly into Syrian airspace; light arms fire at IDF convoy near Nabatieh.

Casualties:

Mass escape from Ansar camp reported, IDF tanks and helicopter gunships lead search, IDF denies escapes; Shi'ite religious and political leaders appeal to UN over IDF siege of Deir Qanoun an-Nahr, where 200 residents arrested after Friday's bomb attack; 2 Palestinians, said to be collaborators, killed in Ain al-Hilweh refugee camp.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: IMF report on Israeli economy predicts $6.2 b. trade deficit for 1985 if present policies continue.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat meets PLO officers in eastern Beqaa, says joint Lebanese-Palestinian higher command has been formed to coordinate operations against IDF in Lebanon.

Military Action:

Roadside bombs explode near IDF convoys in Aley and Sidon; shots fired at IDF position near Kamed al-Luz; 2 vehicles belonging to IRC blown up by unknown elements in Sidon.

Casualties:

2 IDF soldiers wounded by explosion in Aley; 3 Lebanese journalists detained by IDF in Sidon for taking photographs, film seized.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Israeli Cabinet endorses Begin statement of its collective responsibility for war in Lebanon; Cabinet instructs Arens to draft plan for IDF redeployment.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat says 2 rebels recently executed for plotting to kill top Fateh commanders were members of Abu Nidal group.

US and Other Countries: Green Beret training chief in Lebanon says Lebanese Army could probably control all parts of the country, can now field 14,000 fighting men.

Military Action:

Remote controlled bomb explodes near IDF checkpoint at Khaldeh, misses IDF convoy, injures 6 Lebanese.

Casualties:

Demonstration in Beqaa valley town of Sahmour against IDF arrest of 22 residents last week; prisoner at Ansar camp shot and killed while reportedly trying to escape.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat meets officials in South Yemen and Kuwait.

Arab Governments: Qadhafi and Assad meet in Damascus.

Military Action:

IDF patrol attacked northeast of Tyre; 2 APCs and checkpoint near Sidon attacked.

Casualties:

3 IDF soldiers killed, 7 wounded, 1 captured in Lebanese National Resistance Front (LNRF) attack near Tyre, 250 suspects held; IDF releases some Lebanese civilians arrested during past 2 weeks; explosion in Baalbek kills Lebanese security chief of Popular Struggle Front, support- ing anti-Arafat forces in PLO; PLO places 6 IDF prisoners in solitary confinement after 3 prisoners at Ansar killed by guards, IDF denies deaths.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Sharon calls for commission to investigate Cabinet activity and decisions during Lebanon war.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Jumblatt says there can be no reconciliation with Christians unless major constitutional changes occur.

Arab Governments: Qadhafi meets King Hussein in Amman.

US and Other Countries: Reagan tells ADL meeting US will be rock of support for Israel, calls on American Jewish leaders to support his Central American policy against same forces that are destabilizing the Middle East: the Soviet Union, Libya and the PLO, working hand in glove with Cuba.

Military Action:

Bomb explodes near IDF patrol between Tyre and Sidon, unreported number of casualties, road closed; 2 rockets explode near IDF positions south of Beirut.

Casualties:

4 IDF prisoners held by PLO say they are in good health and are well treated; demonstrations by Ansar prisoners continue, Gemayel says all innocent detainees should be released.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Israeli Ambassador to US denies charge that water resources were aim of Lebanon war; Druze religious leader in Israel asks Foreign Minister to protect Lebanese Druze from harassment by Phalangists.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat travels to North Yemen.

Arab Governments: Qadhafi visits North Yemen and Saudi Arabia.

US and Other Countries: State Dept. officials and senior US Middle East diplomats meet in Washington to discuss policy; European Parliament calls on EEC to resume normal relations with Israel and lift economic sanctions imposed in June 1982, also supports financial and material aid to Palestinian refugees in Lebanon.

Military Action:

IDF imposes indefinite curfew on 11 towns and villages in South Lebanon, begins house-to-house search for arms and guerrillas, eventually detains 200 civilians on suspicion of involvement in terrorist activities; 2 rockets hit port of Jounieh, north of Beirut; fighting continues in Chouf mountains.

Casualties:

2 IDF soldiers killed, 2 wounded, 4 civilians, 1 policeman wounded by Beirut car bomb; 2 killed in Jounieh; 3 killed, 2 wounded in Chouf mountains; 1 killed, 2 wounded in Aley; protests continue for 4th day at Ansar detention camp, Gemayel reportedly pressing IDF for release of prisoners.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Knesset votes 55 to 47 against Labor Party motion for immediate pull-back of IDF; reports circulate that Begin is in gloomy state of mind, avoiding most public appearances.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat meets Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, receives support for unity in PLO, travels to Qatar.

US and Other Countries: Reagan meets Lebanese Foreign Minister Salem.

Casualties:

Bomb explodes outside shop in Ain al-Hilweh; IDF turns back about 100 trucks carrying food and merchandise from Beirut to Sidon.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat meets PM Gandhi in New Delhi; Lebanese parliamentary committees approve troop withdrawal agreement, full debate to take place next week.

Arab Governments: Libyan infantry battalion arrives in Syria to join Libyan volunteers in Beqaa valley.

 

Military Action:

Artillery fire between rival militias in Chouf mountains.

Casualties:

General strike in most Muslim-dominated areas of Lebanon marks first anniversary of Israeli invasion; demonstrations in Nabatieh and Rashidieh camp; one man killed in exchange of fire between townships south of Beirut; detainees at Ansar continue protest, burn 20 tents.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Labor Party calls for judicial inquiry into government's handling of Lebanon war; Deputy PM Ehrlich says Sharon gave inaccurate information to Cabinet to justify military operations.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Fateh rebels want formation of provisional committee, election of new leaders; Arafat meets Saudi leaders in Jeddah; Habash seeks support for end to armed confrontations, settlement of Fateh dispute by Central Committee and senior PLO leaders; Lebanese FM travels to Washington for talks with Reagan, Shultz.

Arab Governments: Syrian official says Shultz will not be welcome in Damascus; efforts to mediate PLO dispute made in Damascus by Algerian President Benjedid and Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah.

Casualties:

Prisoners at Ansar camp burn tents, throw stones at guards, shout slogans, IDF surrounds but does not enter camp.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Armed units from PFLP-GC, Abu Nidal and Iranian Revolutionary Guards reportedly join Fateh rebel position in Beqaa; Arafat says PLO will fight for independence of Palestinian decision-making.

US and Other Countries: US reportedly urges Israel to hold its present positions in Lebanon until Syria agrees to withdraw its troops

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: 150,000 attend Peace Now demonstration in Tel Aviv to mark first anniversary of Lebanon war, demand withdrawal of IDF; stones thrown, road blocks set up in Nablus by Al-Najah students, tear gas, rubber bullets used, 30 students, 6 Israeli security forces injured, university closed for rest of school year.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: PLO loyalists and rebels exchange heavy fire at checkpoint near Baalbek, casualties estimated at 4 to 16 dead, 7 to 17 wounded, 400-500 Palestinian civilians intervene to halt fighting; Arafat travels from Romania to Algeria.

Arab Governments: Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah in Libya for talks with Qadhafi.

Military Action:

Bazookas fired at IDF patrol near Nabatieh, IDF position in Beqaa; small arms fire at IDF forces on Beirut-Damascus road.

Casualties:

Residents of Tyre, mostly women and children, demonstrate for release of prisoners from Ansar detention camp.

Political Responses:

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat visits Yarmouk Brigade in Beqaa, then travels via Damascus to Romania.

Military Action:

Statistics for May show 60 separate attacks on IDF positions.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Arens says if Syria continues to reject Israeli-Lebanese agreement it is only a matter of weeks before Israel takes its next step; Labor Party backs immediate IDF withdrawal from Chouf, total withdrawal in 2 to 3 months.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: PFLP and DFLP give support to rebel demands but call for unity and reforms within framework of PNC; PFLP-GC announces support for rebel demands; Fateh central committee meets in Beqaa valley.

Arab Governments: Syria says its rejection of the Israeli-Lebanese withdrawal agreement is final and not open to negotiation.

US and Other Countries: Habib returns to US; House authorizes $251m economic and military aid to Lebanon.

UN: UNIFIL reports 8 incidents of harassment of its troops by Lebanese militiamen, some accompanied by IDF, during last week of May.

Military Action:

IDF reinforcements, moved into Beqaa during last week's build-up of forces, begin to pull back, estimated 10,000 troops involved.

Casualties:

1 IDF soldier wounded, 1 guerrilla captured in Beirut attack; IDF arrests more than 100, mostly Lebanese, after massive search operation around Tyre, Sidon and Nabatieh, prison camp set up for 50 women detainees; 1 IDF soldier wounded by remote controlled bomb near Sidon, several villagers arrested.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Begin defends policies against Labor criticism in Knesset; Deputy Foreign Minister, in New York, says he will discuss unilateral IDF pull-back to more defensible lines with US officials this week.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Declaration by Fateh rebels opposes Reagan plan, Israeli-Lebanese agreement, Fez resolution, withdrawal of PLO forces from Lebanon, says military struggle is only way to liberation.

Arab Governments: Assad makes one-day official visit to Libya, says Israeli-Lebanese agreement is in its death stage.

Military Action:

IDF building new roads in South and East Lebanon, bypassing villages; IDF constructing new fortifications in Bekaa.

Casualties:

IDF arrests Lebanese suspected of participation in guerrilla attacks.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: Military statistics for year ending March 31 show increase in West Bank incidents of 69% over previous year, rise in use of molotov cocktails and grenades, 4417 street disturbances (increase of 79%), 35 schools closed, 66 towns, villages and camps subjected to curfews, 2 Israelis killed, 174 injured, 11 Palestinians killed, 90 injured; policeman to stand trial on torture charges after investigation of complaints by Arraba resident; Attorney General refuses to make public the Karp report on Jewish vigilantism in West Bank; Cabinet economic decisions will raise cost of imports by 7.5%, levy .3% tax on cash withdrawals from banks as partial means of financing Lebanon occupation; 8 Jewish religious students arrested in Jerusalem on suspicion of vandalizing Arab home near their yeshiva; 2 Gaza Strip Arabs sentenced to life imprisonment for grenade attack on Israeli bus in which 8 passengers were injured.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Christian and Druze leaders meeting this week to ratify truce agreement covering Chouf region, terms include entry of Lebanese Army assisted by MNF as peacekeeping force, removal of roadblocks and exchange of prisoners, temporary amnesry, reconstruction assistance for damaged villages; PFLP and DFLP seek to mediate rebellion within Fateh.

Arab Governments: Syrian President Assad forms government committee to mediate Fateh rebellion, Syrian troops reinforce guard around main PLO offices and institutions in Damascus.

US and Other Countries: US defense sources say both Israel and Syria have received US aerial reconnaissance photos since 1976; former Israeli Defense Minister Sharon, accompanied by numerous bodyguards, arrives at Montreal airport under massive security precautions.

Military Action:

Gun battle between UNIFIL troops and Haddad militia near village of Kneise; hundreds of Syrian troops withdraw from Bekaa, return to Damascus; 2 mortar shells fired at US Marine positions near Beirut airport.

Casualties:

1 UNIFIL soldier killed, IDF denies Haddad's forces responsible; IDF casualty figures since last June show 490 killed, 2951 wounded.

Political Responses:

Israel/ Occupied Territories: National Police HQdenies Army radio report that police want to use dogs to control West Bank demonstrations; 2000 attend rally outside Knesset to call for withdrawal of IDF from Lebanon, organized by Parents Against Silence group; Housing and Construction Ministry warns prospective purchasers of West Bank land to check ownership and registration.

Palestinians/ Lebanese: Arafat postpones Fateh Revolutionary Council meeting, tours PLO positions in northern Lebanon.