Wednesday, March 20, 1991

U.S. Air Force fighter shoots down 1 of 2 Iraqi fighter-bombers spotted above Tikrit, Iraq. Planes were flying in violation of temporary Gulf war cease-fire and in defiance of American warnings that Iraqi combat planes in the air would be fired upon [NYT, LAT, WP, WT 3/21; DUS 3/21 in FBIS 3/22; MET 4/2].

Appearing before Senate Foreign Relations Committee, U.S. ambassador to Iraq April Glaspie says she warned Saddam Hussein that U.S. would come to defense of Arab allies in Gulf, and that Saddam "clearly" assured her that Iraq would not seize Kuwait [NYT, LAT, WP, WT 3/21].

Kuwaiti cabinet resigns in effort to defuse growing public anger at apparent gov't. paralysis and increasing demands for democracy [LAT, NYT, WP, WT 3/21; KUNA 3/20 in FBIS 3/20; MET 4/2].

In measure attached to Gulf war spending bill, Senate votes 92-8 to officially halt the $57.2 million in economic and military aid to Jordan this year in retaliation for Jordan's support of Iraq (cf. 3/21, 3/22) [NYT, LAT, WP, WT 3/21].

Iranian embassy officially opens in Amman as Iran and Jordan restore diplomatic relations, putting into effect agreement reached last January [JTE 3/21 in FBIS 3/21; MET 4/2].